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ice-bound at the shores as Capes Lofley there was nothing for it but to weather and Ludlow.

it out in the open. We made a deep-sea “ After turning our boat's head round anchor with three oars to which we lashto try and reach safety at Cape Neale, we ed the ice anchor, and with about twenty ran into the wind two points on our port fathoms of line attached to it from the quarter. We threaded our way amongst bows, brought the boat's head round to the ice, often narrowly escaping collision, the sea. The sea rapidly increased, and with the spray breaking over us, and fre- huge breakers threatened to swallow us quently shipping seas over the weather gunwale. We were all of us soon drenched to the skin; and a snow-storm coming on rendered it difficult to see Cape Neale.

“At 10.30 P.M. the wind increased to fresh gale, and occasionally to a strong gale in the gusts. The now high seas caused her to make so much leeway that weathering Cape Neale looked very improbable. We could proceed under sail no longer, and




We are,



" July

29th, Monday. Matters have not improved in the least. It still blows as hard as ever, and a tremendous sea is running, with often very nasty cross-seas, which render it impossible to head them properly. however, still afloat, and the Mary Harmsworth is fighting a tough battle for us, shipping great deal of wa

ter frequently, but up at every moment. Snow and sleet by incessant bailing we get her clear again. continued throughout the night, and we Three or four times we have been rolled could not see the land at all. It was nearly over by short breakers and half bitterly cold, and we were very tired and filled with water, but she still kept up. hungry, but the boat required such con- “At about 4 P.M. a lump of jagged ice got stant attention in bailing out seas, etc., foul of our sea anchor and cut it adrift. and there were such difficulties in the Of course it was quite impossible to reway of getting at food, that eating was cover it, and we had no means of rigout of the question. Thus we rode the ging another. The one we lost was a little night, expecting every moment to go too light, and the first of the usual three down. Every one was more or less cheer- breakers in succession often washed it ful, although one or two looked very much home on us, leaving the line slack. I concerned; but I saw no fear in any one's put Blomkvist in the bows with an oar face, and all obeyed orders promptly and out to keep the boat's head straight, and without offering suggestions or advice, which such occasions, especially when promptitude of decision is essential to safety, would be particularly troublesome. The barometer fell from 29.75 at 6 P.M. to 29.65 at 9 P.M., to 29.60 at 10 P.M.* (At 10 A. M. it stood at 29.85.)



*“ August 13.-On comparing the aneroid we find it registers six - tenths too high, making 29.60 equal to 29.00."


Armitage rigged the jib aft of the mast "July 30th, Tuesday. The gale blowto steady her and to give her sternway, to ing as hard as ever, but now from the lessen the force of her meeting the waves, north and north west, with constant snowalthough it increased our drifting. Ar- storms, and the swell and cross-seas very mitage and I relieved each other in di- high, the latter being often very tumulturecting the boat's course. The doctor, ous, constantly nearly swamping us with Fisher, and Child bailed her out, and in volumes of water. How the boat kept turn did duty at the bow oar.

on the surface is a wonder.



“During the whole day we only got 'Several times during the day I noticed one or two glimpses of the land through a very remarkable appearance in the sky the snow and sleet, which appeared to be as the wind brought up the snow-storms. growing more and more distant; but what It appeared as if laths of wood were irpart of the land it was we could not dis- regularly distributed over the sky, even tinguish. We all in turn tried to get a to the zenith, wherever the nimbus clouds little sleep, but it was out of the question of the snow-storm covered it; and on the with the seas continually breaking over northern horizon appeared three poles, exus, although, strange to say, when especial- actly resembling three bare masts of a ship ly on duty in directing the boat's course, with the hull hidden by the high waves. I experienced the very greatest difficulty They were white, and at equal distances in keeping myself awake, and once or

or from each other, quite suggesting a plantwice nearly dropped off in spite of my tom ship. The laths, which were also teeth. We were all drenched to the skin, white, appeared straight, and the edges dog-tired, and very hungry and cold. In ran parallel to each other. They all were this manner we spent another night, the of a uniform breadth, and entirely suggale still howling around us with un- gested inch laths. abated fury.

“The boat had now become very defi"Barometer at about noon read 29.40, cient in buoyancy, owing to everything corrected to standard at Cape Flora- we had on board being drenched, and 28.80.

as she rolled she lopped over water first on the starboard and then on the port damaging our boat or drowning ourside. To remedy this as much as possible, selves. She got nearly swamped, howand to give her more freeboard, we threw ever, and loose ice came thumping in upon overboard several articles which could her with the sea and stove in a plank.

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best be spared and were heavy, and so Owing to their weakened condition, Arlightened her considerably. The tiller mitage, the doctor, and Child all got duckhad given way, and Child made another ings in getting ashore; but this, I think. from a harpoon-staff. At 4 P.M. there made little difference, as we were all as came a lull in the gale, which was now wet as we could be already. We at last from the W.S.W., and the horizon partly got everything out of the boat, and haulcleared, showing the nearest land, which ed her up on to the very narrow beach. we concluded to be Cape Grant, but which We were all of us more or less weak, and was too far away (about forty miles) for had considerable trouble in doing this. us to be at all sure. It lay about N.N.E. Blomkvist and I were the strongest of the (true) of us. Seeing a chance of getting party, but we didn't feel any the better out of our trouble, we set the reefed lug for our late little entertainment. Two or and jib, and determined to try and run three of the party were very groggy, and down to the cape, although the wind was could hardly walk. We had had no sleep still very strong, blowing from a moderate and nothing to eat but a biscuit or two gale to a strong breeze.

each since leaving Cape Neale, three days “After six hours' sailing, fairly racing ago, except that Child and I had had a raw through the water at fully six knots an dovekie each, which was the only thing hour, we reached the land, which on in the way of food reachable. The others nearer approach proved to be Cape Grant; I could not induce to share this roughand we ran round to the east side, hoping and-ready repast, but all replied, "I will to find it sufficiently protected by the have a little just now.' Before the lull headland to enable us to land without in the gale occurred we were speculating


upon the probability of having to make for Novaia Zemlia, if it continued to drive us to the S.E., and reckoned up our provisions. We have had a very near squeak for it, and all were mightily glad to be


ground again.

“On landing we each had a nip of the little that remained of our port - wine, and I proposed 'the health of the Mary Harmsworth and the lady whose name she bears,' and coupled Armitage's name with it. His nautical knowledge and experience had been of the utmost service to us. fellows have behaved extremely well, and if we had gone to the bottom, would have done so as becomes



All my


“We found all our spare clothes soaked, and all our property dripping with water. The get-up of some of our party after attempting to change was most ludicrous. One appeared without breeches, but with a very damp blanket wrapped

kiltwise around his lower person. Another presented himself in a complete suit of oil-skins over very moist under-clothes. A third was in a long oil-skin coat; what he had on underneath is a secret known only to himself. A fourth was without boots, but in a pair of cloth moccasins and in my kid - skin leather coat.

All our clothes were more or less wet. Still, a

jollier party never collected in a camp, and our appearance caused great amusement and endless jokes. We slept soundly until noon next day, in spite of our wet clothes and the cold. It was snowing most of the time, and the thermometer hovered about freezing-point; and this, with the damp air and high wind, made it a bit chilly, especially so to people in our circumstances. However, we had the satisfaction of knowing that we had made a very successful journey, which, but for the gale blowing us off the coast, would possibly have been even more so if we could have got through the ice around Cape Mary Harmsworth. I hope yet to have another try, if the weather will allow us and the boat is not too much damaged.

"July 31st, Wednesday. - The gale is blowing very hard again,



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