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of civilization and comfort, and in timor- merchandise; and the storing deep in the ous people generally who believed all they holds of the transports things wanted first, read in the newspapers.
while things not wanted were heaped ou Men go to war to fight. To fight means top. at times to march all night, to go hungry, There were incompetent officials in to get wet. Those with no stomach for plenty-but how could it be otherwise such adventure should stay at home; it is when we consider the attitude of our govnot a pleasuring outing. But the depri- ernment towards the army for the last vations that come as the natural result of thirty years? Not in the memory of the things may be greatly and unnecessarily present generation of officers had there increased through unlearned, stupid man- before been an assembling of the army agement, and of this there was much in -nor even manœuvres in divisions or the Santiago campaign.
corps. Distributed throughout the counIt might not inappropriately be called try, broken up for post and garrison a campaign of blunders. First of all was duty, what else but confusion and blunthe infirmity of purpose at Washington; dering could be expected to ensue when then the choice of Tampa, utterly unsuit- quartermasters and others who had never ed to be either a point of mobilization or seen more than fragments were called departure—its one railroad track was upon for swift and systematic handling blocked for miles and for days with the of large bodies of men? For years the supplies for which the troops were waiting government has cut the army into fragat Tampa. The quartermaster deficiencies mental duty, scattered its staff organizaalone would fill a book-deficiencies so tion, denied it facilities for corps drill, and glaring as to make one stare—the lack its staff experience in transportation, l'eof system in loading transports, which fused to keep reserve stock of munitions, made confusion in the unloading; separa- equipment, etc. And suddenly, when tion of articles that should be together; called on to exhibit all these, naturally mixing of hospital supplies with general we have incompetent and floundering officials. Some excuse can be found for both young; and to the quality of the the individuals, but none for the govern- officers; and to the remarkable personnel ment.
of the troops, in which the man who had Officers were needed at outbreak of the hunted big game, who was fond of outwar who had proved their ability to think of-door sport, the college athlete, the cowclearly and act quickly, who had had ex- puncher, and the miner predominated. perience in organization. Some of these Among those who won especial diswere at hand, notably Generals Miles, tinction we shall remember General Merritt, Brooke, and Wheeler, and one of Wheeler-who, when some of the officers these should have led us to Santiago. The advised retreat from the San Juan ridge general who did lead us, through no es- the night of July 1, gave them picks pecial fault of his, except that of being and shovels, with instruction to dig trencha friend of the Secretary of War, found es and bold them-Generals Hawkins and himself overwhelmed by the scope of an Chaffee, Colonel Roosevelt, Major Wesundertaking beyond anything he had ever sels, Lieutenants Wansborro, Ord - and known. Perhaps the greatest blunder about all the privates. was arning volunteers with Springfield Let it be remembered that to the magrifles shooting 1000 yards and burning nificent qualities of courage, patience, black powder, to fight against Spanish and determination of the line-officers and rifles shooting over 2000 yards and burn- the soldiers we owe Santiago's capitulaing smokeless powder. This was not a tion July 15. blunder; it was criminal.
The campaign has taught us the need Apart from the Rough Riders, the vol- of a regular standing army of 100,000, of unteers did not figure prominently in the reorganization that will provide a staff campaign. The bandsome showing of interchangeable with the line, of reorganthe Rough Riders is to be attributed to ization of our militia into national rather the quality of their two leaders-Colonel than State bodies, of the need of an Alder(now General) Wood — quiet, forceful, shot, and of the need of more of our persistent ; Colonel Roosevelt, dashing, wholesome pulsing Americans taking acenergetic, determined—both courageous, tive interest in national questions.
DANGER TO THE REAR-GUARD
much gravity, “dat de white folks gittin' WHEN the war began with Spain the people ready to be run over.”' in the South were as much interested as those in any other part of the country, and all class
LIMITED ACCOMMODATIONS. es were eager for news from the fleets and the An Americau family now residing in Mexico army. The colored people were even more nu- think they have a very good joke at the exmerous than the white around the bulletin- pense of a young lady from the States, who boards, where the newspapers mixed up, in came to make them a visit recently. Mr. and true yellow fashion, fiction and fact. One day, Mrs. H— met hier at the train, and she inin Asbeville, a negro man, who showed by the troduced a distivguished - looking gentleman marks on his dress that he was a wbitewash who had made her acquaintance on the trip, artist, was on the outskirts of the crowd. A and as they were leaving the station she inlawyer of local note spoke to him :
vited him to call. “Are you going to the wars, Jim ?""
“Does your friend know our address ?” in“What I goin' to de war fur ?"
quired Mrs. H“ To fight for your country, of course."
Oh yes," replied Miss Wisconsin, airily; " I “I don't know nuthin' 'bout fightin'." told him Apartado 29. I remembered it from
“That won't do, Jim. The last war was all having written it on your letters so often, you about you niggers, and this time you have got know. And," she added, complacently, “ I was to do the fighting. This is your country now, very proud of knowing so much Mexican." and the niggers must be made to save it." "Well," said Mr. H-, as they were driv
“ Who goin' to make de nigger fight?" asked ing off, “ I suppose you are expecting to put up Jim, in a sulky tone, and showing more white with all sorts of deprivations down here in this in his eyes than usual. “How yar goin' to queer country, but I feel that I onght to tell make de niggers fight ?"
you that you are likely to find your quarters “Oh, we'll make 'em figlit easy enough," uncomfortably crowded, especially for entersaid the lawyer. “We'll put the niggers in taining." front, and then the white soldiers will stand “Why, won't your parlor hold two ?” behind, and make the niggers do the fighting." “Well, yes, I think our parlor will, but I
“ 'Pears to me,” said Jim, slowly, and with have my doubts about our post-office box""