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cure the best, and applying certain fertilizers at the time when they are liable to be subjected to the greatest losses by leaching, etc, etc, etc.

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Since the state has annually appropriated a considerable sum of money for publications, and as a much more thorougi knowledge and understanding of the materials used in the manufacture of fertilizers is more and more needed on the part of the farmers in order that they may purchase fertilizers and use them more intelligntly. it is thought well as a means of supplying this information that a series of bulletins dealing with the sources, composition and functions of fertilizers of all sorts should be is. sued by this station. It was my intention to have these bulletins issued with their serial numbers, but as parts of a whole, by the different members of the staff who were best able to write on these particular branches of the subject, so as to produce a comphrehensive and thorough handbook on the whole subject for the information of farmers throughout West Virginia. The first or these bulletins which has to do with the sources and value of the various materials used in the manufacture of commercial fertil izers and some of the principals underlying their use, was prepared at my request by Prof. Hite. This was rather a difficult task to assign him. Not that there was anything so difficult in the subjects treated, as these are being presented by him year after year to classes in Agricultural Chemistry, (that is to say to those having the necessary “prerequisites”), vut to discuss the present status of manuring from the standpoint of that science in regard to which every farmer would be most willing to confess his ignorance and to avoid anything that might savor of the language of that science, and at the same time avoiding all possible technica! statements and making the discussions clear and readable,-that was considerable of a task.

The Horticulturist of the station has accumulated considerable data for another part of this bulletin, dealing principally with the use of fertilizers of all sorts in the production of the various fruits. The Agriculturist has in part completed another bulletin on the subject with reference particularly to the use of manures on field crops.

The Entomological work of the station in addition to that performed by Mr. Rumsey in the work of the San Jose scale, has consisted of a continuance of accumulation of data, publications, etc., in regard to the different broods of Periodical Cicada. (Seventeen year Locust.) A more thorough knowledge of the extent of territory covered by the different broods which appeard in West Virginia have been accumulated than ever before. The brood of 1901 was found to occur in 34 counties and to, or in, the vicinity of 158 Post Offices. The brood of 1902 is now making its appearance in Jefferson and other eastern counties in the state. A circular of warning in relation to it was issued by the station during the year and the information afforded, if observed by fruit growers, will enable them to avoid a large measure of damage to trees planted during the early part of this year.


Hessian Fly and Wheat bulb worm. Some additional data has been accumulated relating to the Hessian fly and wheat bulb

It appears that there was some conficting and contradictory results from farmers trying to follow the recommendations given in Bulletin 67, relating to the dates of sowing wheat to avoid attacks of the fly. However, some exceptionally larg yields of wheat for 1901 are reported from very late sowing, and no perceptible damage has occurred from either the fall or spring brood. While on the other hand there were many fields of late sown wheat, while not severely injured in the fall seems to have suffered very much from the effect of the spring brood. Enough reliable evidence is had to indicate that there has been a great reduction in the number of the fly and that intelligent application of the recommendations given in the bulletin above mentioned, will be of great service and value to growers of wheat in the state.

The Wheat Bulb Worm. This insect appears to be more

numerous this year and more destructive to the present crops of wheat and rye than is the Hessian fly. A small field of rye sown very early was found to be literally ruined by this insect, and it is evident that the rules for sowing wheat at certain normal dates will apply as well for this insect as for the Ilessian fly.

Codling Moth. Some special studies were made last spring and early summer of the Codling Moth, in order to collect desirable data in this state for the use of Prof. Gillett of the Colorado Station, who had been making a special study of this insect.

Reported Outbreak of the Spruce Destroying Beetle. The Entomologist of the station called attention in his last report to the great probability of another outbreak of the Spruce destroying beetle in the spruce forests of Randolph county. Soon after submitting that report a special trip was made into Randolph county at the request of Ex-Senator II. G. Davis, who has large forest holdings in that region, for the purpose of investigating the matter and of ascertaining whether those predictions were based upon facts. The spruce forests on Mill Creek near Huttonsville, and the great spruce area on Shavers Fork of Cheat and the Greenbrier river were visited. The spruce timber in all of this sction was found as reported by the Entomologist in an exceptionally healthy condition, and no indications of the presence of destructive insects as predicted were found.

Destructive Tan Bark Insects. It was observed that tan bark stored by large tanneries along the W. Va. Central Railroad, harl been injured by certain insects, so it was thought advisable to make some investigations, hoping to discover facts that would leaci to advice beneficial to the owners of it. Much data was collected in regard to it. Several species of the injurious as well as bene. ficial insects associated with the trouble

collected and and brought to the station. At one of the largest tanneries as much as $50,000.00 worth of bark was found to be seriously damaged or totally destroyed. The facts in regard to the depredation of these insects disclosed that bark which had been stored less than two or three years suffered but little if any from their ef. fect. The remedy therefore, is simply to advise that no bark be accumulated for a longer period than two years.


A visit was made by the Entomologist to attend several Scientific Societies and Associations at Denver, Col., during Aug. ust 1901, by authority of the Board of Regents at my request, and several papers upon appropriate subjects were read before different sections of these Associations.

Special Investigation in the Black IIills Forest Reserve. While in attendance at the above mentioned Association, Doctor Hopkins was invited by the Chief of the Bureau of Forestry, l'. S. Department of Agriculture, to go in company with him to inspect certain forest reserves in the Black Hills of South Dakota and Wyoming to collect data which would enable the Entamologist to decide disputed questions between the Government and certain timber-cutting contractors, as to the propriety of cutting certain living timber claimed by the contractors to be seriously infested with the insects. The visit was made at the expense and under the auspices of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, and a report of the investigations has been published as Bulletin 32 of the Division of Entomology, U. S. Department of Agriculture, at Washington.

The Exhibit of Forest Insects at the Pan American Er position. An exhibit in connection with the Forestry Exhibit of the U. S. Department of Agriculture was prepared and installed by the Entomologist of this station at the exposition at Buffalo last year. Two trips to that place were made by him for the purpose of installing same and to pack and ship home the collection.

Another visit was made during this trip to Buffalo by the Entomologist, to the region of Genesea, N. Y., to make investigations in regard to the work of seriously harmful insects in the hickory forests there. Details of the investigation were reported by the Entomologist to the U. S. Department of Agriculture.

Mr. J. L. Webb, of the state of Washington, and a graduati

of its Agricultural College, under come arrangement with the Bureau of Forestry at Washington was detailed to make certain studies of insects under the guidance of Dr. Hopkins at this station, with a view of having him pursue certain work in the Bilreau of Forestry of the Philippine Islands. Such pay as he has received has been from the Department at Washington, and his sojourn here so far as his salary is concerned, has been of no expense to West Virginia.

Systematic Work on the Scolytidae. As many of the special investigations conducted for the United States in other states of the union, the work of the Entomologist during the past year for the most part has been devoted to completing the monographic work of the revision of the Scolytidae family of insects. Detailed studies, descriptions, notes, drawings, etc., have been made of 65 genera and 429 species represented in the collection at the station. I am informed by the Entomologist that this includes original descriptions of 6 genera and 194 species which have been determined as new to science. The Entomologist regards this work as the most important of any that he has done at this station.

As Director of the Station, I attended a meeting of the Association of Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations held at. Washington, in November 1901.

This Association was also attended by Prof. Hite of the station, who was present at that time for the primary purpose of attending the Association of Official Chemists under a general or. der of the Board of Regents. While at this meeting he was a;)pointed Associate Referee on Phosphoric Acid. According to the rulings of the Association he will be Referee for next year, and as such, will have charge of all the work of the Association along this important line. The value of the work by the Committees on phosphoric acid is being more and more clearly recognized, because it has to do with the testing of methods in vogue, and the devising and improving of methods for the determination of phos..

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