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The State highway between Tucson and Nogales passes the mission and is a good automobile road. The Tucson-Nogales branch of the Southern Pacific Railway passes within a mile of the mission, the nearest railroad station being Tubac, 3 miles to the north.
The best means of travel for the public in reaching the monument is by auto mail hack which leaves Nogales, Ariz., every morning except Monday, arriving at the ruin at 10 a. m., and leaving by the same automobile far Nogales at 5.30 p. m. The round-trip fare is $3. 5 Chains
by Cor. Sec. 30-31 Tumacacori National Monument, Ariz., embracing the E. 3 NW. SW. | SE. and the W. NE. | sw. | SE. 1, sec. 30, T. 21 S., R. 13 E., Gila and Salt River meridian; created September 15, 1908.
MUKUNTUWEAP NATIONAL MONUMENT.
The Mukuntuweap National Monument, Utah, embraces the magnificent gorge of Zion Creek, called the Mukuntuweap Canyon by the Powell Topographic Survey of southwestern Utah, Kanab sheet, and the same is of the greatest scientific interest. The canyon walls are smooth, vertical, sandstone precipices, from 800 to 2,000 feet deep. These walls are unscalable within the limits of the boundaries of the reserve, except at one point about 4 miles from the southern and 6 miles from the northern extremity. The North Fork of the Rio Virgin passes through the canyon, and it is stated that the views into
Mukuntuweap National Monument, Utah, embracing secs. 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16,
21, 22, 23, 26, 27, 28, 33, and 34, T. 40 S., R.°10 W., and all of the Mukuntuweap Canyon in T. 41 s., R. 10 W., Salt Lake meridian; created July 31, 1909.
the canyon from its rim are exceeded in beauty and grandeur only by the similar views into the Grand Canyon of the Colorado.
At intervals along the west wall of the canyon are watercourses which cross the rim and plunge into the gorge in waterfalls 800 to 2,000 feet high.
The monument is best reached by way of the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, through the town of Richfield to Marysvale, in central Utah, where the train is left and either stage or private conveyance taken. This route will take the tourist through the towns of Junction, Panguitch, Glendale, Mount Carmel, and Rockville to Spring. dale. The mileage by this route by horse or automobile is about 135 miles.
The latter part of this route—from Mount Carmel to Rockvilleis rough and a hard road to travel, although it is being driven by autoists every season.
Travelers desiring to visit this monument may obtain accurate information, without cost, by writing the passenger department of the railroad company named, addressing their communications to the city passenger agent, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Those desiring to make the trip by automobile may obtain detailed and definite information concerning roads, hotels, oil, gas, routes, distances, etc., by writing the “ Publicity Bureau, Commercial Club, Salt Lake City," or from the Utah Automobile Association, at Salt Lake City.
SHOSHONE CAVERN NATIONAL MONUMENT.
The Shoshone Cavern National Monument embraces 210 acres of rough mountainous land lying about 3 miles east of the great Shoshone Dam, in Big Horn County, Wyo. It was created by presidential proclamation of September 21, 1909. The cavern entrance is located at the summit of a reef of rocks at the head of a canyon upon the north face of Cedar Mountain, about 4 miles southwesterly from Cody, Wyo., on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railway. The ascent to the entrance from the foot of the mountain is somewhat arduous. From the entrance the cavern runs in a southwesterly direction for more than 800 feet if measured in a direct line.
The best method of reaching the entrance is by means of the canyon leading from the foot of Cedar Mountain to the southwest of Cody on the east side of that mountain and which descends its eastern slope. It is possible to go by automobile or team to the foot of the mountain, a distance of about 2 miles from Cody, and then by a graded road about one-third of the way up the mountain. From the end of this road it is possible to go by foot or on horseback to within 100 feet of the entrance of the cave.
Entering the cave one proceeds for some distance, possibly 500 feet, where it is necessary to descend a steep rocky wall by means of a rope. Continuing, another declivity is encountered, and it is necessary to descend by rope about 30 feet. Advancing farther, possibly 3,000 to 4,000 feet, room after room is encountered, some of which are at least 150 feet in length and 40 or 50 feet in height. Some of these rooms, especially in the extreme interior, are beautifully incrusted with limestone crystals. Here and there as one proceeds through the accessible part of the cave can be seen small openings,
evidently leading into larger openings, but which as yet have not been explored.
The passages leading through the cavern are very intricate, and twist, turn, double back, and descend in other rooms, so that trip through the cave should not be attempted without a competent guide; with supply of ropes, and lamps. Guides can be employed in Cody.
Shoshone Cavern National Monument, Wyo., embracing the SW. SE. 1; W. SE.
SE. * ; SW. I NE. * SE. * ; S. • NW. 1 SE. *; and SE. * SW. 4, sec. 5; the NW. }
This monument is located in the vicinity of Bluff, San Juan County, in the extreme southeastern portion of Utah, and was created originally by presidential proclamation of April 16, 1908. It
8161°—INT 1915—vol 1—68
embraces three separate tracts of land, the largest containing the three great natural bridges, viz: The Sipapu, known locally as the Augusta Bridge; the Kachina, called the Caroline; and the Owachomo, given the local name of the Little Bridge.
A second proclamation, issued by the President September 25, 1909, includes, besides the three bridges originally reserved, a much more extended territory, but within which, along the walls of the canyons in the vicinity of the bridges, are found many prehistoric ruins of
20 zemumma. Monument Boundary Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah, embracing a subtriangular tract in unsur
veyed Tps. 36_and 37 S., R. 17 É., and two smaller tracts, one each in T. 38 S., R. 19 E., and T. 39 S., R. 20 E., Salt Lake meridian ; created September 25, 1909.
cavern and cliff dwellings. There are also two cavern springs containing some prehistoric ruins, which are located approximately 13 and 19 miles southeast of the bridges, respectively. These cavern springs are included within the Natural Bridges Monument. They are located upon the ancient and only trail to the bridges from the south, and are important way stations in the desert surrounding this monument. They are believed to have been originally excavated and used by the prehistoric inhabitants of the vicinity.
In order to reach the various points of interest in this monument it is necessary to use a pack train, with guides and complete camp