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: Recorded in the Holy Scriptures, arranged under their Probable Respective Dates, with a Description of the Places names, and a Supplement on English Versions. "By W. T. LYNN, B.A. F.R.A.S. "This compendious and useful little work."
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THE FINE ARTS, MUSIC, AND THE DRAMA.
THIS WEEK'S ATHENÆUM contains Articles on SCHOOLS OF HELLAS. QUEEN HORTENSE AND HER FRIENDS. COMPANIONS OF THE CONQUEROR.
GEORGE BUCHANAN. ESSAYS AND ADDRESSES. ALICE-FOR-SHORT. COLONEL DAVERON. ITINERANT DAUGHTERS. A WOMAN'S
WAR. LOVE AT ARMS. JANE CABLE. BACHELOR BETTY.
THE NAVY. A SEA-DOG OF DEVON : LIFE OF SIR JOHN HAWKINS. A HISTORY
OF THE FIELD. ROMAN BATH.
JOACHIM COMMITTEE CONCERT.
NEXT WEEK'S ATHENÆUM will contain Reviews of
D. A. CHART'S THE STORY OF DUBLIN.
The ATHENEUM, every SATURDAY, price THREEPENCE, of
JOHN C. FRANCIS and J. EDWARD FRANCIS,
LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1907.
De Laune's book (or at least my copy of
it) has no index, so these inns are not easy CONTENTS.-No. 184.
to find under their names. YOTES :- London Coaching Houses in 1680, 1
The author -T. L. Peacock : Contributions to Periodicals, 2–A'New Light describes the chapter from which this list on the Douglas Cause-"Twopenny Tube,"3—Miss Chud. is compiled as “An Alphabetical Account leigh-Hamlet as a Christian Name-The Regent's Canal, of all the Carriers, Wagoners, and Stage 4-** Totter-out" - John James, Architect - Communion Tokens in New England-Cornish Vergers : Carne Family Coaches that comes [sic] to the several Inns - Bladum": "Siligo,” 5- Richard Baxter on the Pied in London, Westminster, and Southwark, Piper-“ Drowse"=Devil-J. G. Maryin-First Russian Christian Martyr --- Stowe House, 6–" Popular Etymo. | &c., so that in all probability the following
logies" of the Old Homilists-"Neither my eye,” &c. names form a tolerably complete list of QUERIES :-Sir Claude Champion Crespigny's Monument - "Lombard Street to a China Orange," :-Duke of wel
. the hostelries of the metropolis in the latter lington on Unifornis--Shrewsbury Clock : “Point of war part of the reign of Charles II. The word --Gotham in Derbyshire – “Herefordshire Window" Musical Services on Church Towers - Archer Gordon
forming the prefix to the title in ** El Chico Terencio"-MacKeachan Proverb-Rose and every instance except that of Gerrard's Gordon Families, 8-Sir
Henry Docwra-Lady-bird Folk. Hall, I have omitted for alphabetical conlore—“Funeral" : "Burial" - Red Rose of LancasterBarringtons of Cullenagh-Churchwardens' Accounts, 9 —
venience. Regimental Distinctions-Sir G. Monoux-Book for Many
Birthplace, 10- George Romney's House in Cavendish Axe, in Aldermanbury.
Bell, in Friday St.; in Aldersgate St.; in Holborn.
Black Horse, near the Mews-Gate. Sufferings of Slaves — “Prince" Boothby, 14—“Mare. Black Lyon, in Water Lane. boake" "Viere" - Bunyan and Milton Genealogies- Black Swan, in Holborn. * Bat Bearaway"-"Skrimshander,"15—An Early Latin- Blossoms Inn, in Lawrence Lane. English - Basque Dictionary - Lawyers' Wills - "Um
Blue Boar, in Holborn ; in Whitechapel ; without brella "-Sturmy or Esturmy Family--Court Leet—"Jom. inox”: “Wudget" : "Wompus," 16-West's Picture of the
Bull and Mouth, by Aldersgate.
Castle and Falcon, in Aldersgate St.
Chequer, near Charing Cross; in Holborn.
Cock, in Aldersgate St.
Cross Keys, in Gracechurch St.; in Whitecross LONDON COACHING HOUSES IN 1680.
St.; in Wood St. MANY inquiries are made from time to Crown, without Aldgate ; in the Haymarket; in time as to inns in London which have existed Holborn.
Crown and Coach and Horses, in High Holborn. at various periods. In a scarce and curious
Dark House, at Billingsgate. little volume entitled “The Present State of
Dolphin, without Bishopsgate. London,' by Thomas De Laune, published Eagle and Child, in the Strand. in 1681, there is an interesting list of inns Four Swans, in Bishopsgate. or taverns in London and Southwark at George, in Aldersgate St.; by Holborn Conduit; which carriers' carts and coaches called to Gerrards Hall, in Basing Lane.
in West Smithfield; in King St., Westminster. take up goods and passengers, on different
Green Dragon, in Bishopsgate. days of the week, for all parts of the country. Greyhound, in Holborn. The vehicles are variously described as Ipswich Arms, in Cullum St. wagons, coaches, or carriers' carts, and for Katherine Wheel, without Bishopsgate. the greater distances appear to have come
King's Arms, op Holborn Bridge, in Leadenhall St.
King's Head, in Gray's Inn Lane ; in Leadenhall in on one day, and gone out on the following ; St.; in the Old Change; near Charing Cross. whilst those from adjacent towns came in and Maidenhead, in St. Giles's. left on the same day.
Mermaid, in Carter Lane. Some of the most notable houses or those Nag's Hend, without Aldgate.
Pewter Platter, in St. John's St. having curious signs are referred to by Mr. Philip Norman in his val
able work on
Pewter Pot, in Leadenhall St.
Ram, in West Smithfield. * London Signs and Inscriptions,' 1897. Ram's Head, in Fenchurch St. These I have marked with an asterisk. Red Lyon, in Aldersgate St.; in Holborn ; in Red Most of them were in the district now known
Cross St. as “ the City,” or just outside ; one was in
Rose, on Holborn Bridge ; in Smithfield.
Saracen's Head, in Aldgate; in Carter Lane; in Westminster; and those oi Southwark I
Friday St. have tabulated by themselves.
Spread Eagle, in Gracechurch St.
Star, on Fish St. Hill.
other sources (the articles reproduced in Sun Dial, in Old St.
Cole's edition not being included) :Swan, in St. John's St.; near Somerset House. *Swan with Two Necks, in Lad Lane.
1822. “The Poetry of Nonnus.'— London MagaTalbot, in the Strand.
zine, October, pp. 336-9. Three Cups, in Aldersgate St.; in Bread St.
1827. Article on Thomas Moore's 'Epicurean.'Three Nuns, without Aldgate.
Westminster Review, pp. 351-84. Unicorn, in the Hay-market.
1830. Article on Thomas Moore's Letters and Vine, in Bishopsgate St.; in Old St.
Journals of Lord Byron.' – Westminster Review, White Bear, in Lime Street.
April, pp. 269-304. White Hart, at Charing Cross; in High Holborn.
Article on • Memoirs, Correspondence, and White Horse, in Fleet St.; without Cripplegate.
Private Papers of Thomas Jefferson, late PresiWhite Swan, without Bishopsgate ; on Holborn dent of the United States.'– Westminster Review, Bridge.
October, pp. 312-35. Windmill, in Shoe Lane.
Also in the same number one on Chronicles of
London Bridge' (pp. 401-15).
1834. Article on Musical Reminicences,' contain: *George.
ing an account of the Italian opera in England from Greyhound.
1773, by the Earl of Mount Edgecumbe. - London *Half Moon.
and Westminster Rerieur, April to July, pp. 173-87. Katherine Wheel.
1835-6. Article on ‘French Comic Romances.' King's Arms, in Barnaby St.
London and Westminster Review, July to January, King's Head. Queen’s Head.
In the same number one on Bellini (pp. 467-80). Spur. Talbot.
The same number also contains an article *White Hart.
undoubtedly written by Peacock, on The White Horse.
Epicier: Physiology of the French' (pp. There is an interesting note on Gerrards 355–65), founded a critique in the Hall in Stow's 'Survey, under the heading Revue Encyclopédique, Etudes Politiques of Bread Street Ward, and the building sur l'Epicier.' As this article has been up seems to have escaped the Great Fire. It to the present absolutely unmentioned as is also interesting to observe that most, if one of Peacock's, the reasons for its being his not all, of the streets named, exist at the may be given : (1) The subject is a congenial present day. I am not sure if Lad Lane and therefore likely one for him, and the does so ; but it did so recently as 1831, article is entirely written in his style. (2) and is described by Elmes as
" the first
It has the same initials (M. S. 0.) attached turning on the right in Wood Street, going to it that the two other articles in the same from Cheapside ; it extends to Milk Street." number of the London and Westminster bear,
and under which the 'Horæ Dramaticæ Plumstead.
appeared in Fraser's Magazine. (3) It contains the same promise to write an
article on Paul de Kock which Peacock T. L. PEACOCK: CONTRIBUTIONS had made in two other articles in the same TO PERIODICALS.
journal, and which, although thus thrice THOMAS LOVE PEACOCK, who may be
made in its pages, he never fulfilled. said in his teaching and practice to have minster and Foreign Quarterly Rerier, October to
1849. Article on 'Indian Epic Poetry.' -- West. been a bundle of inconsistencies, was a January number. frequent contributor to the periodical lite- 1858. Article on "Chapelle and Bachaumont.'— rature which he always did his best to Fraser's Magazine, April, pp. 302-11. ridicule and abuse. His activity in this
Article on Demetrius Galamus,' Greek transla
tions from the Sanskrit. Fraser's Magazine, respect has been nearly overlooked, for
596-608. neither have his articles been sought out 1859. Article on Müller and Donaldson's History and collected, nor, except for a casual of Greek Literature.'- Fraser's Magazine, Mareli, remark here and there, has any notice been pp. 357-77. taken of them. This statement naturally Finally, a long article on 'Steam Navigadoes not apply to 'The Four Ages of Poetry,' tion' in The Edinburgh Review (1835) may · Horæ Dramaticæ,' and 'Memoir and be mentioned. This was claimed for PeaLetters of Shelley,' which were reprinted in cock by the late Dr. Garnett. If the latter Cole's edition. Some of Peacock's other should be right, this article is certainly the articles are mentioned by name in a letter most glaring example that can possibly be of his addressed to a Mr. L'Estrange, and adduced for showing Peacock's inconsiscontained in Cole's ‘ Biographical Notes.' tency. That he should, immediately after
The following list is derived from this and his scathing remarks on The Edinburgh
Review in 'Crotchet Castle,' have con- honourably acquitted by a decree dated tributed to it, is, however, improbable ; June 25, 1773 (Archives Nationales, AD III. and it is also unlikely that the man who 13, pièce No. 40). Thus, accepting the laughed at Southey for writing the reviews decision of the French court, we must deem of his own poems would show such a want him not guilty of the charges brought against of modesty and good taste as favourably to him. Other circumstances, however, should criticize the very evidence he had himself be carefully weighed before a final verdict is just given before a private committee of pronounced. The judicature of the old the House of Commons. Since the whole régime was utterly corrupt, and it is necessary article is written in anything but Peacock's to investigate all the charges brought against style, and the references to him made in it the Comte de Morangiés before we can form so decidedly speak against the possibility a conclusion with regard to the innocence of his being the author, it would be at least of him or his associates. He was accused interesting to find out upon what grounds of extorting money under false pretences Dr. Garnett attributed it to him.
from a widow and her son, and popular A. B. YOUNG. opinion seems to have been wholly on the
side of the prosecution; but he was an
aristocrat, and powerful influence appears A NEW LIGHT ON THE DOUGLAS to have been exerted to secure his acquittal CAUSE.
( Mémoires secrets de Bachaumont,' vi.
137-40, 142-6, 149–54, 180–81, 214, 254, In a previous note (10 S. iv. 85) I showed 346, 365, 370, 371; vii. 21-2, 27, 32-3, 55, that the statement in Horace Walpole's 66). account of the great Douglas Cause which
Possibly, as the case forms one of the puzzled Sir Denis Le Marchant has been
causes célèbres of France, it may be familiar corroborated by John Taylor, and that the to students of the period, and modern witness said to have been convicted of criticism may have dealt with it already. perjury in another cause in France” must No doubt there are numerous reports in have been the redoubtable Dr. Michel
contemporary French newspapers. I shall Menager. Since I became aware of this be obliged to any reader of: N. & Q.' who accusation I have tried to discover whether will give me information on the subject. it was justified, for, as his evidence decided Menager, of course, played a subservient the verdict in the famous Scotch law suit, part, being merely called as a witness on the fair fame of the French physician is of behalf of Morangiés; but a full review of considerable importance. Moreover, Andrew the whole case will no doubt throw some Stuart has demonstrated in the Letters to light upon his conduct. Voltaire wrote Lord Mansfield' that the testimony of several vigorous pamphlets on behalf of the Menager is entitled to little credit ; and that accused nobleman (v. Brit. Mus. Cat.), who, he should have been proved guilty of bearing according to Bachaumont, showed little false evidence against his neighbour at a gratitude to his champion ("Mémoires subsequent period would appear an appro- secrets,' vii. 347). HORACE BLEACKLEY. priate destiny for the man. Owing to the
Fox Oak, Hersham. kindness of Mr. van Noorden, who has hunted up the facts with his usual acuteness
TWOPENNY TUBE.” (See 9 s. vii. 29, in the Bibliothèque Nationale and the 116, 218, 375.)-As it was in reply to my Archives Nationales of Paris, I have ob
query at the first reference that the date tained some of the particulars that I required. and place of the earliest use of this familiar
Michel Menager was concerned in the nickname for the Central London Railway celebrated affair of Jean François Charles were settled, it is of interest to put upon de Molette, Comte de Morangiés (March, record that, just seven years to the month 1772-Sept., 1773), and was committed to from such employment, it has been the Conciergerie for perjury in September, rendered obsolete, as far as its adjectival 1772 (Archives Nationales, 22 3050, pièce half is concerned, by the decision of the 24 bis). It appears probable that this is company's directors in June, 1907, to have the incident alluded to by Horace Walpole differentiated fares, threepence in certain and John Taylor, but the assertion of the cases being chargeable where the uniform latter that the French physician was sent
twopence had served hitherto. But the to the galleys” is not warranted by the facts. essential word remains, and will become Indeed, after an imprisonment of some
“ tube railways” being now the months, Menager appears to have been accepted Parliamentary and public phrase
for electric lines laid in deep subways. The speare's son (p. 826). The surname of first use of “tube ” as signifying an under this person was Layman: he lived at ground railway, however, was far earlier Horsham, and got into trouble in 1653 than June, 1900, when“ Twopenny Tube for assaulting Richard Slark. was flashed on a receptive world, for it The name Hamlet is without doubt is to be found more than once in an essay exceedingly uncommon. I remember but entitled ' Air Traction,' included in a volume two other examples, both of which occur of such, brought together under the title of in the eighth volume of the Transactions “Subtle Brains and Lissom Fingers,' by of the Leicestershire Architectural and Dr. Andrew Wynter, published in London Archæological Society. They are Hamlet in 1863. Describing a proposed atmospheric Tarrington, 1515 (p. 97); and Hamlett underground line from Euston to the General Dove, 1605 (p. 232). EDWARD PEACOCK. Post Office, by way of Holborn and Smith- Kirton-in-Lindsey. field, it was stated that passengers were [F. J. F. supplied at 8 S. iv. 326 an instance of “ to ride in a dark tube”; that it would the name in 1562 3.] be so arranged that between station and station only one group of carriages could
The REGENT'S CANAL.--From a number of be in the tube at the same time”; that papers and letters in my possession I have -“ as the atmosphere in these railway tubes ascertained that before the Regent's Canal would be circulating every moment, there Act (52 George III.) was promoted, the would be perfect ventilation"; and that occupiers and owners of property on ““ this great city will henceforth have its adjacent to the land to be acquired were lighter traffic and parcels and letters carried canvassed to ascertain their views on two on by a circulation of air ramifying in a schemes—the construction of a canal, or network of tubes through soil.” But the of a canal and railway combined. Their project thus glowingly described failed, and votes are classified as follows: for the the name was so completely lost sight of canal, “ Assent,” “ Dissent,” “Nuter” (sic), that, although the City and South London Speciel” (sic); and for the canal and Railway, the pioneer of all the present railway, Assent," “ Dissent,” “Nuter" (sic),
tubes,' was opened for traffic in the Speciel” (sic). The results are remarkable. winter of 1890, the now familiar title was In " the return of John Stevens to Monday never again heard until “the Twopenny evening, 17 January, 1803,” at Jew's Harp
commenced operations in the summer Gardens, three occupiers and one owner of 1900.
A. F. R. assent to both. In Lisson Grove three Miss CHUDLEIGH.-On looking over Mr. stead Road (i.e., Chalk Farm Road) two
occupiers dissent from both. In the HampE. H. Coleridge's beautiful edition of owners vote“ Speciel ” for each. From * Christabel,' which has recently been pub- another return I note that “ Thomas Lord, lished under the auspices of the Royal occupier of the Cricket Ground,” dissents Society of Literature, I see (p. 14) that from both schemes. Coleridge in a letter to Wordsworth dated
One of the most interesting points thus Tuesday (23 Jan.), 1798, says that he revealed is that the promoters suggested resembles " the Duchess of Kingston, who
a railway (i.e., a horse-drawn tramway), in masqueraded in the character of,' Eve before connexion with the canal, at almost the same the Fall’in flesh-coloured silk.” Although date that a company had commenced the the costume seems to have resembled that Surrey Iron Railway from Croydon to of Eve in her most innocent days, the cha- Wandsworth (see Home Counties' Magazine, racter assumed by Miss Chudleigh, as she vol. ix., Nos. 33 and 34, The Old Croydon styled herself at the time, at the famous Tram Road'). Apart from the papers fancy-dress ball which was commemorated referred to above I have not seen any map by Horace Walpole, was that of Iphigenia.
W. F. PRIDEAUX.
or prospectus of the undertaking, and Mogg's map
London in Miniature (published HAMLET AS A CHRISTIAN NAME.-In a 1 May, 1806), in which the “ Improvements very interesting article in The Cornhill both present and intended are shown, Magazine for June, entitled “Wanted, More contains no indication of it. In direction Knowledge,' which treats of the Quarter it evidently proposed to follow, with some Sessions records of the seventeenth century | modifications, the plans detailed by Robert for Sussex, the writer remarks: “ The Whitworth in his Report and Survey of name Hamlett as a Christian name is surely the Canal proposed to be made on One a rare find. I know of no other but Shake- Level from Waltham Abbey to Moorfields.