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present government on behalf of the fluential and honorable merchant, folpeople of these nations ; and not know. lowed him up to the pillory, with exing how far such proceeding entered pressions of great sympathy, and held into wholly without us may extend in him by the hand while the red-hot iron the consequence of it, do hereby desire was pressed through his tongue, and the that the house may let us know the brand was placed on his forehead. He grounds and reasons whereon they have was next sent to Bristol, and publicly proceeded.” From this, it is not un whipped through the principal streets of likely that the Protector might have that city; and again brought back to been disposed to cleinency. and to look the Bridewell prison, where he remainwith a degree of charity upon the weak ed about two years, shut out from all ness and errors of one of his old and intercourse with his fellow-beings. At tried soldiers who had striven like a the expiration of this period he was re-' brave man, as he was, for the rights leased by order of parliament. In the and liberties of Englishmen; but the solitude of his cell he said the angel of clergy here interposed, and vehement- patience had been with him. Through ly, in the name of God and His Church, the cloud which had so long rested over demanded that the executioner should him, the clear light of truth shone in finish his work. Five of the most emi- upon his spirit; the weltering chaos of nent of them, names well known in a disordered intellect, settled into the the Protectorate, Caryl, Manton, Nye, calm peace of a reconciliation with God Griffith and Reynolds, were deputed and man. His first act on leaving priby parliament to visit the mangled pri- son was to visit Bristol, the scene of his
A reasonable request was made, melancholy fall. There he publicly that some impartial person might be confessed his errors, in the eloquent present, that justice might be done earnestness of a contrite spirit, humbled Nayler in the report of his answers. in view of the past, yet full of thanksThis was refused. It was, however, giving and praise for the great boon of agreed that the conversation should be forgiveness. A writer who was present written down, and a copy of it left with says, the “ assembly was tendered, and the jailer. He was asked, if he was broken into tears; there were few dry sorry for his blasphemies. He said he eyes, and many were bowed in their did not know to what blasphemies they minds." alluded; that he did believe in Jesus In a paper, which he published soon Christ; that He had taken up His after, he acknowledges his lamentable dwelling in his own heart, and for the delusion. “ Condemned forever," he testimony of Ilim he now suffered. “I says,” be all those false worships with believe," said one of the ministers, “in which any have idolized my person in a Christ who was never in any man's that Night of my Temptation, when the heart.”—“I know no such "Christ,” Power of Darkness was above me—all rejoined the prisoner, “ the Christ I that did in any way tend to dishonor witness too fills Heaven and Earth, and the Lord, or draw the minds of any from dwells in the hearts of all true believers." the measure of Christ Jesus in themOn being asked, why he allowed the selves, to look at flesh, which is as gross, women to adore and worship him, he or to ascribe that to the visible which said, he " denied bowing to the creature; belongs to Him.” Darkness came but if they beheld the power of Christ, over me through want of watch fulness wherever it was, and bowed to it, he and obedience to the pure Eye of God. could not resist it, or say aught against I was taken captive from the true light; it.” After some further parley the re I was walking in the Night, as a wanverend visitors grew angry, threw the dering bird fit for a prey. And if the written record of the conversation in Lord of all my mercies had not rescued the fire, and left the prison, to report me, I had perished; for I was as one the prisoner incorrigible.
appointed to death and destruction, and On the 27th of the month he was there was none to deliver me." "It is again led out of his cell and placed upon in my heart to confess to God, and bethe pillory. Thousands of citizens were fore men, my folly and offence in that gathered around-many of them earnest- day: yet there were many things formly protesting against the extreme cruelty ed against me in that day, to take away of his punishment. Robert Rich, an in- my life, and bring scandal upon the truth,
of which I was not guilty at all.” “ The me; and in Thy love I obtained favor provocation of that Time of Temptation with those who had deserted me. Then was exceeding great against the Lord; did gladness swallow up sorrow, and I yet He left me not; for when Darkness forsook my troubles ; and I said, How was above, and the Adversary so pre- good is it that man be proved in the vailed, that all things were turned and night, that he may know his folly, that perverted against my right seeing, hear- every mouth may become silent, until ing, or understanding; only a secret Thou makest man known unto himself, hope and faith I had in my God, whom and hast slain the boaster, and shown I had served, that He would bring me him the vanity which vexeth Thy through it, and to the end of it; and spirit.” that I should again see the day of my All honor to the Quakers of that day, redemption from under it all; and this that at the risk of misrepresentation and quieted my soul in its greatest tribula- calumny, they received back to their tion.” He coneludes his confession with communion, their greatly erring, but these words : “ He who hath saved my deeply repentant, brother. His life, soul from death--who hath lifted my ever after, was one of self-denial and feet up out of the pit, even to Him be jealous watchfulness over himselfglory forever; and let every troubled blameless and beautiful in its humility soul trust in Him, for His merey endur- and lowly charity. In the latter part eth forever!"
of the 8th month 1660, he left London. Among his papers, written soon after on foot, to visit his wife and children in his release, is a remarkable prayer, or Wakefield. As he journeyed on, the rather thanksgiving. The limit I have sense of a solemn change about to take prescribed to myself will only allow me place, seemed with him—the shadow of to copy an extract.
the Eternal world fell over him. As he “It is in my heart to praise Thee, O passed through Huntingdon, a Friend my God; let me never forget Thee, who saw him, describes him as " in an what Thou hast been to me in the night, awful and weighty frame of mind, as if by Thy presence in my hour of trial, he had been redeemed from earth, and when I was beset in darkness; when I a stranger on it, seeking a better home, was cast out as a wandering bird ; when and inheritance.” A few miles beyond I was assaulted with strong temptations, the town he was found, in the dusk of then Thy presence, in secret, did pre- the evening, very ill, and was taken to serve me; and in a low state I felt the house of a friend, who lived not far Thee near me: when my way was
distant. He died shortly after, expressthrough the sea ; when I passed undering his gratitude for the kindness of his the mountains there wast Thou present friends, and invoking blessings upon with me; when the weight of the hills them. About two hours before his was upon me Thou upheldest me. death, he spoke to the friend at his bedThou did'st fight, on my part, when I side these remarkable words-solemn as wrestled with death ; when darkness Eternity, and beautiful as the love would have shut me up Thy light shone which fills it: about me: when my work was in the “There is a spirit which I feel which furnace, and I passed through the fire, delights to do no evil, nor to avenge any by Thee I was not consumed. When wrong ; but delights to endure all things, I beheld the dreadful visions, and was in hope to enjoy its own in the end : its among the fiery spirits, Thy faith stay- hope is to outlive all wrath and conten
else through fear I had fallen. tion, and to weary out all exultation I saw Thee, and believed, so that the and cruelty, or whatever is of a nature enemy could
not prevail.". After contrary to itself. It sees to the end of speaking of his humiliation and suffer- all temptations; as it bears no evil in itings, which Divine Mercy had over- self, so it conceives none in thought to ruled, for his spiritual good, he thus any other: if it be betrayed it bears it, concludes: “ Thou did'st lift me out for its ground and spring is the mercy from the pit, and set me forth in the and forgiveness of God. Its crown is sight of my enemies: Thou proclaimed'st meekness; its life is everlasting love ynliberty to the captive; Thou called’st feigned ; it takes its kingdom with enmy acquaintances near me; they to treaty, and not with contention, and whom I had been a wonder, looked upon keeps it by lowliness of mind. In God
alone it can rejoice, though none else re So died James Nayler. He was bugard it, or can own its life. It is con ried in “ Thomas Parnell's buryingceived in sorrow, and brought forth with ground, at King's Rippen," in a green none to pity it; nor doth it murmur at nook of rural England. Wrong and viogrief and oppression. It never rejoiceth lence, and temptation and sorrow, and but through sufferings, for with the evil-speaking, could reach him no more. world's joy it is murdered. I found it And in taking leave of him, let us say, alone, being forsaken. I have fellow- with old Joseph Wyeth, where he ship therein with them who lived in dens touches upon this case in his Anguis and desolate places of the earth, who Flagellatus : " Let none insult, but through death obtained resurrection and take heed lest they also, in the hour of eternal Holy Life."
their temptation, do fall away."
STRIKE home, strong-hearted man !-Down to the root
Of old Oppression sink the Saxon steel.
The wounded bosom of the Church shall heal.
Fall heavy as the Suabian's Iron Hand,
Between thee and the weal of Father-land.
Be faithful to both worlds ; nor think to feed
Distant and dim beyond the blue sky's span ;
The New Jerusalem comes down to man!
The rusted chain of ages, help to bind
PAPERS OF AN OLD DARTMOOR PRISONER.
EDITED BY NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE.
LEAVE BARBADOES AND ARRIVE IN ENGLAND.
I pass rapidly over the events of our culously disproportionate to our unarmresidence in Barbadoes. The rumor ed and defenceless condition. At 11, had for some time prevailed that all the A. M., we were ordered on the poop, American prisoners were to be concen until eight bells, or noon, when we were trated in England; and it was verified all driven again, at the point of the bayoabout the close of June, by sending one net, in about the same style that a pighundred, comprising most of the crew drover drives his hogs, down below again. of the Frolic, on board of the Hannibal Here they gave us sonie pea-soup, com74, which sailed in a few days. The pounded, I should judge, of about a gill paroled prisoners were sent on board of peas to a gallon of water. One of the prison-ship preparatory to a voyage our men began to strip, intending to to England. The Vestal prison-ship was dive, as he said, for the pea at the botinfested with cockroaches and centi- tom of the mess-kid. After this unsubpedes; the name of the former was le- stantial repast, it was charge bayonets gion; they would drop on to our naked again, and huddle upon the poop. We bodies, while turned in, from the beams were much harassed while on board overhead, in such numbers, that the this ship by being driven about, on the term shower would be one of verity poop, on the booms, and below, and by Not an article of leather could escape being continually watched by a number their voracious maws, unless it was of sentinels. After the first meal we put out of their way, and we were had food enough, and the officers and obliged to place our shoes under us, were sufficiently civil. There when we lay down, to protect them. seemed to be no disposition to vex us; Incautiously leaving a chip hat exposed but they had conceived such a gunone night, I found it the next morning powder notion of us, that they were minus all its leather lining. The bite afraid we meditated mischief.
I am of a centipede is very painful, and causes afraid of this gun-powder Percy, though the part to inflame and swell up to a he be dead." The captain of the ship great degree. The negroes apply a kept his cabin most of the time, I never remedy, being rum, in which is infused saw him but once; he was old and had a number of dead centipedes, on the the character of an imbecile. The crew principle of a hair of the dog which exhibited a total want of order and good bit you,” and I can vouch for its suc- discipline; the officers appeared to be cessful application in my own cure; but inefficient; and as she was weakly whether rum simply would not hnve manned, I do not think she would have done as well as this tincture of centi- been an overmatch for a Yankee frigate pedes, I cannot say:
of the first class. The next day we On the 23d of July we were taken arrived at St. Vincent, with a view to from the Vestal and embarked on board take on board Lady Brisbane and daughthe Gloucester 74. We were placed ter, (the wife and daughter of the Gov. under the half-deck, and had a great ernor;) but the Benbow 74 hod previmany sentinels over us, in number ridi- ously been here and taken them away.
Our ship therefore again put to sea, and to ingratiate himself with all hands from on the 28th arrived at St. Thomas. captain to cook. He was on terms
Immediately after our arrival at St. of particular intimacy with the purser's Thomas, eighty of us were sent steward, and used to assist him in servboard the Benbow 74, Captain R. C. ing out the provisions ; and having a Pearson. This was a good ship, in good very capacious pair of pockets, our mess order, with an efficient crew under good reaped advantage from the friendship. discipline-the captain a skilful seaman, Whether there was any masonry here a rigid disciplinarian, and, I have no I know not, but there was such a freedoubt, a worthy and good man. Every- masonry of good-fellowship about this thing on board was in perfect contrast man, that if you had placed him on the to the state of things on board the Glou- island of Juan Fernandes, he would have cester. We were at first put under been on the most friendly terms with the half-deck, and not allowed to go up the seals. At 11, A. M., and 4, P. M., on deck but by permission, and one at a grog is or was served out on board mentime; but when we got out to sea these of-war ; the liquor is mixed in a large restrictions were very much relaxed. tub, and when “grog 0 !" is piped, the Those of us who had been paroled at canteens to each mess repair to the Barbadoes were exempted from most of tub and receive the allowance for the restrictions imposed upon the oth their messes, and what remains in the ers. We sailed from St. Thomas the tub after all are served, is called the 4th of August, having under convoy“ plush," and goes to the cooks of the nine sail of merchant vessels. We re
Our little skipper took good ceived very good usage on board this care every day to be in the neighborship, and our rations were of good quali- hood of the tub at grog-time; and I havo ty and sufficient in quantity. During been often amused to see him with a our passage I slept every night on a sailor at each elbow vieing with each twenty-four-pound cannon, being in- other in the proffer of a friendly glass. duced to try this new kind of bed from This would be a dilemma to a member an indisposition I had from a boy to of an old-fashioned temperance society, early rising. The service of washing which to accept or which to refuse, on down the decks used to commence very one horn of which he must hang; but early every morning, and the men em not so to our skipper, he had no objecployed in this duty were not very cere tion to taking a horn whenever he could monious in splashing the water about get it, so he would take them both and over those of us they caught napping. thus avoid giving any offence. He could Now I had no great love for this species sing a good song, tell a good story, (but of shower-bath, and to escape it, and so it would not do to inquire very minutely to be able to sleep a little later in the into the truth of it,) take a lunar, sail morning, I mounted upon this iron and fight a vessel, outlie and outbrag bedstead, placing my bag of clothes be any man of his inches, (being sixty,) tween the gun and the side tackle- and was good company for lieutenant blocks to widen the bed ; and it was a or loblolly boy. His dish was seldom comfortable one enough, when I had bottom up when good things were being once got used to it. Misery and cap- distributed; and when it was so, he tivity make us acquainted with strange fared not much the worse, for it had a beds as well as bed-fellows.
marvellously capacious bottom. PreNothing particular occurred in our sents flowed in upon him in abundance ; passage, which was a pleasant, though or, at all events, he said that they were rather a long one, for we were often presents——that he had the goods was obliged to slacken sail for the dull sail- certain, but we sometimes more than ing merchant vessels. We made the suspected that he was indebted to his Scilly Isles the 20th September, and sleight of hand for them. Be that as it the next day at night-fall came to an may, he got them gratis, and we were anchor in Yarmouth Roads, in the Isle not disposed to inquire very strictly into of Wight, and the next day we ran up the circumstances, for he was liberal in to Spithead.
sharing them with us ; but we could One of our messmates, a little skip- not refrain from casting a sly joke at per of a privateer, contrived, while on the captain every now and then. One board the Benbow as everywhere else, night, while in Dartinoor, we heard the