« PreviousContinue »
more, terror reigned throughout the south, and for a while it seemed as if the fell purpose of the savages to annihilate the intruders would be accoinplished.
The South Carolinians had scarcely reached home when the cry for help once more came from the northern woods, and back to their rescue they went. Colonel Moore, with a small band of white men and a considerable body of friendly Indians, came upon the hostile savages on the banks of a creek one morning just at sunrise. His Indian scouts had the night before discovered the locality of the Indians' camp and hastened to him with the information. It was the intention of Moore to strike the Indians before dawn of day; but he became lost among the swamps and did not come upon them until just as the sun was peeping over the eastern forests.
The sharp crack of half a dozen rifles aroused the Tuscaroras to the immediate necessity of defence. Being taken by surprise, they were thrown into confusion, and the white men, advancing in a solid body, poured in a destructive volley which laid five dead and nine wounded on the ground.
They fell back, but rallied and came on to the attack, when the Cherokees and Catawbas assailed them on their right and left flanks, while the Carolinians resolutely charged in the centre, and this drove them from the field. They were now discouraged and fled to their fort, in what is now Greene county, where eight hundred of them were made prisoners.
The remnant of the tribe which escaped capture and death fled north and joined their kindred near the southern shores of Lake Ontario, where they became the sixth nation of the Iroquois Confederacy in the province of New York. Shortly after this crushing defeat of the Tuscaroras, a treaty of peace was made with the Corees, which insured the North Carolinians from further molestation from that source.
This Indian war had cost the province a large sum of money, for the payment of which bills of credit were issued to the amount of forty thousand .dollars. This was the first paper money issued in North Carolinia.
While the people of North Carolinia were suffering from civil commotions and Indian raids, the South Carolinians were having their tribulations from their Spanish neighbors in Florida and from barbarians on their west. James Moore their governor was more belligerent than any of his predecessors. When news reached him that Queen Anne had, in May, 1702, declared war against France and Spain, he determined, with as little delay as possible, to send a force against the Spaniards at St. Augustine. The assembly, agreeing with the governor, appropriated a sum nearly equal to ten thousand dollars for the enterprise. An army of six hundred whites and as many Indians was raised, and in two divisions they proceeded, one by land and the other by sea, to make the attack. The governor commanded the forces on the ships, and Colonel Daniels the division that crossed the Savannah River, traversed Georgia along the coast, penetrated Florida and made the first attack. The Spaniards retired within their fort, with provisions for four months, where they were safe from harm, for their enemies had no artillery.
Soon after Daniels had invested the town, Governor Moore arrived with his vessels and troops and proceeded to blockade the harbor of St. Augustine. Daniels, having plundered that part of the town outside the stockade, was sent to Jamaica for artillery, and before his return, two Spanish war-vessels appeared and frightened away the blockaders. On his return, the colonel narrowly escaped capture; but he managed .to escape, reached Charleston in safety, and the ill-advised expedition was at an end. - It cost the colony a large sum of money, and to defray the expenses bills of credit were issued to the amount of twenty-six thousand dollars, being the first issue of paper money made by South Carolinia. ,
Governor Moore's desire for military glory was by no means satiated, and, late in the following year, he again tried his skill. His next expedition was against some hostile Indians, who were in league with the Spaniards. The Appalachians, a Mobilian tribe, occupied a region in what is now the State of Georgia, between the Savannah and Altamaha rivers. These Indians among whom the missionaries had labored for years had always been friendly to the interests of the Spaniards. With a force competent to insure success, the governor proceeded against these Indians, desolating their villages, laying their gardens in waste, carrying eight hundred men, women and children into captivity, and making the inhabitants of the whole region vassals of the crown of England. The movement, successful as it was, proved injudicious. It planted a thorn of irritation in the sides of the surrounding Indians, which rankled there for years, and proved one of the causes wbich afterward spurred them into fierce hostility.
The province was just growing tranquil once more, after the termination of the war with the savages, when internal commotions began stirring up strife in its bosom. The foolish proprietors, with more church love than religion in their souls, resolved to establish the liturgy of the Church of England in South Carolinia, as the standard order
of public worship. Sir Nathaniel Johnson, who was the official successor of Governor Moore, found a majority of churchmen in the assembly, and easily executed the wishes of his masters. Dis. senters suffered persecution, were deprived of the rights of free citizens and disfranchised. A season of turbulence followed, and, in 1706, they appealed to the crown. The following autumi, the assembly, by an order of Parliament, repealed the law of disfranchisement. The Anglican Church, nevertheless, maintained its supremacy in ecclesiastical affairs in the province until the War of the Revolution.
The anger of the Spaniards was roused by the attack of the South Carolinians on St. Augustine, and they resolved on revenge. An expedition of five war vessels, under command of the French admiral, Le Feboure, and a large body of troops, was sent from Havana to attack Charleston, conquer the province and annex it to the Spanish territory in Florida. When, in May, 1706, the squadron crossed Charleston bar, and about eight hundred troops were landed at different points, the commandant sent under a flag of truce to the city a peremptory order for a surrender, threatening to take the place by storm in case of a refusal to submit. The governor had been apprised of the expedition and was prepared to meet it. When the