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prisons for debt there; but the grand old forests, plains and mountains breathe freedom.”
He was destined to live to see the day when this beloved land was to become an asylum for the oppressed of all lands.
As he turned from the receding shore, his eyes fell upon a shy little maid, who had come on the deck to cast a last glance at the land which, despite its oppression, she regarded as her home. The face was quite familiar, yet he knew not where he had seen it. She was about to retire, when he asked:
“ Little maid, what is your name?”
She paused, as if frightened, and turned her dark eyes timidly toward him, as she answered:
“It seems I have seen you before; but I cannot recall the time or place.”
The great dark eyes drooped, until the long, silken lashes fell on the pale emaciated cheeks. She was plainly but neatly dressed; but the haggard expression of her face precluded any idea of beauty. The child, for she was scarcely more, timidly shrunk from his view and was about to retire from the deck, when he went quite close to her and asked:
“ Have I not seen you before?”
“Yes, I saw many maids at the prison, perhaps yourself among them. Are your parents aboard ?”
Then the great, dark eyes grew dim with tears, as she answered:
“My parents are in heaven.”
“ They perished ?" asked Noah, somewhat startled.
“Yes, you were there."
“I—I remember now. You are Anne Montreville, are you not?”
"I have not forgotten you, poor little maid. The sad lesson taught me there will be remembered to my dying day.”
“Heaven will reward the good people who came in answer to their prayers,” she answered, while the tears silently coursed down ber thin cheeks.
“ Have you a home in the family of some of these good people?”
“Mr. George Saturfield has adopted me."
Noah made inquiry about Mr. Saturfield and learned that he was a poor, but worthy man with a wife, who, having no children, adopted Anne. Having assured himself that the little maid who had excited his interest would have an excellent home, he dismissed her for the time being from his mind. About the middle of January, 1733, the Anne arrived at Charleston harbor. The emigrants were received with great demonstrations of joy. The South Carolinia assembly voted them a large supply of cattle and other provisions, for they regarded the newcomers as valuable auxiliaries; and the Anne wis piloted from Charleston into Port Royal Sound, near Beaufort Island whence the emigrants were to be conveyed to the Savannah River in small boats. The council of South Carolinia furnished Oglethorpe with a guide, and he went forward to select a suitable place for a settlement.
Oglethorpe chose the Yamacraw bluff on the Savannah River, about ten miles from the sea, where Governor Moore, about thirty years before, had planted a small tribe of Creek Indians, as a suitable place for the first settlement. The spot selected was a high plain, with a river front forty feet above the stream, which gently sloped to the swamps in the rear. Having laid out a town here, the governor of the new colony returned to Beaufort and conducted the emigrants to the location which was to be their future home.
It was the 1st of February when the hopeful emigrants arrived on the spot and, spreading their tents, slept peacefully that night, for the first time on their own soil.
The South Carolinians, realizing the value of
such neighbors, did all in their power to encourage and aid them. They sent them boats with additional provisions, and a body of rangers for the protection of the colonists, while the latter were building their cabins and a fort for their defence. The projected town was christened Savannah, and at an early hour the next day after their arrival, the ring of axes and crash of falling trees evinced that the work of improvement had begun. Comfortable dwellings and a formidable military work on which cannon were mounted sprang up. Oglethorpe's letter to the trustees in regard to the location was full of enthusiasm. Among other things, he said:
“Upon the river side, at the centre of this plain, I have laid out a town, opposite to which is an island (Hutchinson's Island) of very rich pasturage, which I think should be kept for the trustees' cattle. The river is pretty wide, the water fresh, and from the key of the town you see its whole course to the sea, with the island of Tybee, which forms the mouth of the river. For about six miles up into the country the landscape is very agreeable, the stream being wide and bordered with high woods on both sides.” .
Realizing that the inhabitants of the new colony would be compelled to defend themselves and their homes, before they left London, they received some military training from the sergeants of the guards. The improvements in arms had wrought a material change in discipline. For nearly a hundred years, the lance and spear among infantry had been discarded, and the musket and bayonet had taken their place. Armor was found to be of little avail against bullets, and a great hindrance to the celerity of movement, so that it was nearly discarded. Almost the first act of Oglethorpe was to form a military organization; and he frequently exercised them in the presence of the Indians, that they might be early impressed with their military skill.
When the fort was completed and the cannon mounted, the governor gave his attention to establishing peaceful relations with the Indians. They were within the territory claimed by the powerful Creek (Muskogee) confederacy, and but a short distance from the seat of a tribe composed partly of Yamacraws and partly of Yamasees or Savannahs, over whom presided To-mo-chi-chi, a venerable chief. He was ninety-one years of age and had been banished for some unknown cause by his people, the lower Creeks.
Oglethorpe sought an early interview with Tomo-chi-chi, which was held under the tall pines and wide-spreading live-oaks that covered Yamacraw Bluff, with Mary Musgrove, the half-breed Creek wife of a South Carolinia trader, as interpre