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direction of the school board and shall be of such scope as to develop the applicant's probable fitness to undergo that preliminary training necessary to qualify him for appointment as electrician sergeant. Should the applicant successfully pass this preliminary examination he will be ordered to the school to follow the prescribed course of instruction in the next class for not to exceed six months, at the expiration of which he will be examined, when he must demonstrate his proficiency in the care and use of the various electrical apparatus and appurtenances used in seacoast fortifications. On the recommendation of the officer in charge of instruction of enlisted men at the school the applicant shall receive a certificate of proficiency from the commandant, who will report his name to the Adjutant General of the Army for appointment as electrician sergeant. Applicants who fail to qualify at the expiration of six months will be returned to their stations and shall not be permitted to undergo a second preliminary examination until after the expiration of six months unless recommended by the commandant of the school. Applicants from civil life shall apply to the commanding officer of the School of Submarine Defense for examination. Should they successfully pass the preliminary examination they may be enlisted as privates of the Artillery Corps, and shall be subject to the same requirements as applicants from the Army, except that should they not successfully pass the final examination they will have the option of being immediately honorably discharged from the service or of continuing their enlistments. Electrician sergeants now in service shall be required to take the course of instruction at the School of Submarine Defense and if they fail to pass the examination shall be reexamined within six months, if they so desire, and upon final failure shall not be eligible to reenlistment in the grade of electrician sergeant; but if their character and previous service are deemed specially meritorious they may be transferred to the line or to the corps from which they were appointed or discharged the service, as the Secretary of War may direct.

BY COMMAND OF LIEUTENANT GENERAL MILES:

THOMAS WARD, Acting Adjutant General.

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GENERAL ORDERs, ) HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY, \ AD.JUTANT GENERAL's OFFICE.

No. 145. Washington, November 8, 1901.

The following regulations governing the School of Submarine Defense, Fort Totten, New York, are published for the information and guidance of all concerned: 1. The School of Submarine Defense will embrace a course of instruction for officers and enlisted men, and shall consist of a commandant, an adjutant, and such instructors, officers, noncommissioned officers, and troops as may be assigned to it for:duty by orders from Headquarters of the Army. 2. The general administration of the school and courses of instruction shall be intrusted to a school board, which shall consist-of the commandant as president and the instructors as members, and shall meet at least once a week during school sessions, and at such other times as the commandant may deem advisable. The school board will arrange the program of instruction as to subjects and allotment of time, and will prescribe the character and scope of the examinations for proficiency of students, provided that no action of the board which affects the regulations of the school, or a course of instruction, shall be final until approved by the Commanding General of the Army. 3. There will be courses of instruction for officers and for enlisted men, including electrician sergeants and candidates for that position. The head of each department of instruction shall conduct the work of his own course. Instructors and student officers shall be exempt from all ordinary garrison routine, including courts-martial, boards of survey, and such drills as are not included in the courses of instruction. Enlisted men assigned for instruction at the school shall be excused from routine garrison duties. 4. The adjutant of the school shall be eac officio secretary of the school board and as such shall keep a detailed record of its proceedings. 5. The commandant and instructors shall constitute a board to be known as the Torpedo Board, to which may be referred from time to time all subjects pertaining to submarine mining, and coast defense in general, upon which the Commanding General of the Army may desire its opinions and recommendations. The adjutant of the school will act as recorder of the Torpedo Board and will keep separate records of its proceedings. 6. The method of procedure followed by military boards shall govern in the meetings of the school and torpedo boards and a majority of either board shall constitute a quorum. 7. No action affecting a department of instruction shall be taken by the school board unless the head of the department affected shall have an opportunity to present his views in regard thereto either in person or in writing. 8. Instructors will be respected and obeyed as such whether junior or senior to the officers under instruction. 9. The course of instruction for officers shall be for a period of one year and will be made to the greatest extent possible a thoroughly practical one. Student officers will report to the commandant on the 15th day of October of each year, and the course of study for officers will commence on the 1st day of November, or as soon thereafter as practicable. 10. The course of instruction for officers will be divided into departments as follows: (a) Electricity, mines, and mechanism. (b) Chemistry and explosives. (c) Such special subjects as may be recommended by the school board and approved by the Commanding General of the Army. 11. The method of instruction of officers in the several departments will be by a course of reading, by lectures, and by practical demonstrations in the use of machines, instruments, and apparatus. 12. Officers under instruction may be required to prepare papers on stated subjects and to demonstrate at any time their knowledge of the course passed over, and their ability to care for, operate, handle, and use any of the machines and electrical appurtenances of seacoast fortifications. 13. A stated number of hours for investigation in reading, the practical manipulation of machines, instruments, and apparatus will be prescribed for each department by the school board, and a certificate from an officer that he has actually spent the designated time in investigation of the subjects mentioned may be required when the officer has been reported as deficient in any course of instruction or subdivision thereof. 14. There shall be an examination at the conclusion of each course of such a nature as shall be prescribed by the school board. Officers failing to pass such an examination will be reexamined after the close of the entire school course. 15. Officers on finishing the prescribed courses of instruction in a manner satisfactory to the school board will be given certificates of proficiency, and officers who have taken special courses shall in like manner be given certificates of proficiency covering the special work performed or subjects studied and shall be so carried in the Army Register. 16. The course of instruction for enlisted men shall be for a period of six months, and like that for officers shall be made to the greatest extent possible a thoroughly practical one. At the end of the course those under instruction will be examined as to their proficiency in the care and use of the various mechanical and electrical appliances to be found in a seacoast fortification, and will be recommended by the school board in accordance with their proficiency or deficiency as shown. 17. The commandant of the school will make reports at the termination of each course and at the close of the school year to the Adjutant General of the Army, showing the progress of the school, the methods in detail, and time allotted to each department, and will accompany these reports with his recommendations and requests for any changes in instructors that may be deemed advisable by him, and for any addition to or replacement of machines and material necessary for the practical instruction of students in every detail of their work, and shall transmit for the consideration of the Commanding General of the Army all matters acted upon by the school board which require his approval. 18. The commandant of the school will keep himself fully informed as to any new discoveries, inventions, or improved methods in the care and use of apparatus pertaining to the electrical and steam plant of modern fortification, and will recommend the publication of such instructions in regard to them as he may deem useful. He will also prepare and submit from time to time lists of such questions and answers relating to new inventions and methods as will fully explain them. These, together with the instructions, if approved by the Commanding General of the Army, will be printed and distributed as may be recommended. 19. The appropriation and all other funds for the support of the school and the purchase of supplies shall be disbursed only on the warrant of the commandant in each instance. 20. When expenditures or purchases of any kind are needed for any of the departments of the school, requisition shall be made and submitted to the commandant. 21. Property purchased for the special use of any department or course of instruction shall be accounted for by the instructor. He shall receipt for it and render to the commandant quarterly returns and abstract of expenditures of stores. Similar returns shall be made whenever an instructor is relieved from duty in any department. 22. The commandant is authorized to expend ammunition at such times and in such quantities as he may deem necessary for the purposes of the school, provided the amount expended is not in excess of 50 per cent of the amount allowed the post of Fort Totten. 23. When there is no special appropriation by Congress, nor other funds for the purchase of text-books, officers will supply themselves at their own expense with such as may be approved by the school board. 24. The commandant will make quarterly requisitions to the Adjutant General of the Army for such articles pertaining to the various supply departments and the Signal Corps as may be necessary for the school. 25. Whenever the course of instruction at the school is interrupted by the exigencies of the service the remainder of the school term shall be employed as the school board may deem best.

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BY COMMAND OF LIEUTENANT GENERAL MILES:

THOMAS WARD, Acting Adjutant General.

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