Ideologues and Ideologies in Latin America

Front Cover
Will Fowler
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997 - 211 pages

The chapters in this volume provide a varied yet consistent analysis of the ways in which ideologies have been used, misused, or abandoned in Latin America in the twentieth century. The volume offers scholars and students a challenging collection of interpretations of and explanations for the ways in which ideologues and ideologies have played a crucial role in the political development of the continent. And, while illuminating key reasons for the rise and fall of specific ideologies and their repeated betrayal throughout the century--from anarchism to communism, to socialism, to Peronism, to neoliberalism--the volume indicates how much there is still left to learn about the importance of ideological discourse in the mind and polity of Latin America. With chapters examining Mexico, Chile, Cuba, Paraguay, and Argentina, this work will be of interest to all Latin Americanists.

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Introduction Stressing the Importance of Ideological Discourse
The Rise and Fall of AnarchoSyndicalism in South America 18801930
Cuban Nationalism and Responses to Private Education in Cuba 19021958
Intellectuals and the State in Spanish America A Comparative Perspective
Ideology and Populism in Latin America A Gendered Overview
Ideology and the Cuban Revolution Myth Icon and Identity
US Ideology and Central American Revolutions In the Cold War
Ideology and Opportunism in the Regime of Alfredo Stroessner 19541989
Feminism Ideology and LowIncome Womens Groups in Latin America
Jaime Guzmán and the Gremialistas From Catholic Corporatist Movement to Free Market Party
El Mercurios Editorial Page La Semana Económica and Neoliberal Policy Making in Todays Chile
Selected Bibliography
Editor and Contributors

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Page 109 - Chronic wrongdoing, or an impotence which results in a general loosening of the ties of civilized society, may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power.
Page 109 - We should cease to talk about vague and unreal objectives such as human rights, the raising of living standards and democratization.
Page 109 - Our interests and those of our southern neighbors are in reality identical. They have great natural riches, and if within their borders the reign of law and justice obtains, prosperity is sure to come to them. While they thus obey the primary laws of civilized society, they may rest assured that they will be treated by us in a spirit of cordial and helpful sympathy.
Page 1 - Liberals, he said, were Freemasons, bad people wanting to hang priests, to institute civil marriage and divorce, to recognize the rights of illegitimate children as equal to those of legitimate ones, and to cut the country up into a federal system that would take power away from the supreme authority. The Conservatives, on the other hand, who had received their power directly from God, proposed the establishment of public order and family morality. They were the defenders of the faith of Christ,...
Page 111 - And yet its views on the hierarchy of race and cultural exclusivity suggested that 'others' were unfit to adopt such a system. Serge Ricard argues that this brand of republican messianism that was to be invoked to justify later territorial aggrandizements was derived from the ... postulate of American uniqueness; but rested on an irreducible contradiction that would forever vitiate US foreign policy: the basic incompatibility of the exceptionalist claim with political messianism. of singularity with...
Page 121 - America's domestic ideology must be validated by its foreign policy, see Michael H. Hunt, Ideology and US Foreign Policy (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987).
Page 139 - In fact, in the last century, this sense of ideology as the set of ideas which arise from a given set of material interests...
Page 121 - Serge Ricard. The Exceptionalist Syndrome in US Continental and Overseas Expansionism', in David K. Adams and Cornelis A. van Minnen (eds). Reflections on American Exceptionalism (Keele: Keele University Press. 1994). p. 76.

About the author (1997)

WILL FOWLER is Lecturer in Spanish at St. Salvator's College of the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. He is the editor of Authoritarianism in Latin America since Independence (Greenwood, 1996).

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