Models of Democracy
Stanford University Press, 2006 - 338 pages
In a succinct and far-reaching analysis, David Held provides an introduction to major theories of democracy from classical Greece to the present, along with a critical discussion of what democracy should mean today.
This new edition has been extensively revised and updated to take into account significant transformations in world politics. A new chapter on deliberative democracy has been added, which focuses on how citizen participation can be increased in politics, and how that participation can become more informed.
Like its predecessor, the third edition of Models of Democracy combines lucid exposition and clarity of expression with careful scholarship and originality, making it highly attractive to students and experts in the field. The third edition will prove essential reading for all those interested in politics, political theory, and political philosophy.
Praise for the second edition:
Held s new book on models of democracy is itself a model of its kind a meticulously edited, easily accessible, and clearly signposted critical analysis of theories of democracy from classical antiquity to the present day. Ethics
In this timely and thought-provoking study, Held provides a critical reassessment of major theories of democracy from ancient Greece to the present, along with his own prescription for revitalizing contemporary democratic politics. . . . This volume should be read and pondered by anyone interested in the future of democracy. The Annals
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Greeks or to be more precise , Athenians were the first democratic societies,but we shouldn't forget the root of that knowledge. where it comes from and how it all began is long history.
A genuine democratic dialogue is the task of the third branch of the Science of Discovery (following Mathematics and Philosophy) that Jeremy Bentham identified as Idioscopy. Idioscopy embraces the Human Sciences for the accumulation of new facts. Democracy supported by idioscopy could not be subject to the lunacy of “competitive elitism,” which we have vividly observed at work in the world lately, which Schumpeter
erroneously concluded was “the most suitable, workable and appropriate model of democracy.”
Classical Democracy Athens
Political ideals and aims
The exclusivity of ancient democracy
Group politics governments and power
Politics consensus and the distribution of power
Democracy corporate capitalism and the state
Accumulation legitimation and the restricted sphere of the political
The changing form of representative institutions
From Postwar Stability to Political Crisis The Polarization of Political Ideals
A legitimate democratic order or a repressive regime?
Republicanism Liberty SelfGovernment and the Active Citizen
The reforging of republicanism
Republicanism elective government and popular sovereignty
From civic life to civic glory
The republic and the general will
The public and the private
The Development of Liberal Democracy For and Against the State
Power and sovereignty
Citizenship and the constitutional state
Separation of powers
The problem of factions
Accountability and markets
Liberty and the development of democracy
The dangers of despotic power and an overgrown state
The subordination of women
Competing conceptions of the ends of government
Direct Democracy and the End of Politics
History as evolution and the development of capitalism
Two theories of the state
The end of politics
Competing conceptions of Marxism
VARIANTS FROM THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
Competitive Elitism and the Technocratic Vision
Classes power and conflict
Bureaucracy parliaments and nationstates
Competitive elitist democracy
Liberal democracy at the crossroads
The last vestige of democracy?
Democracy capitalism and socialism
Classical v modern democracy
A technocratic vision
Pluralism Corporate Capitalism and the State
Overloaded state or legitimation crisis?
Law liberty and democracy
Participation liberty and democracy
Democracy after Soviet Communism
The historical backdrop
The triumph of economic and political liberalism?
The renewed necessity of Marxism and democracy from below?
Deliberative Democracy and the Defence of the Public Realm
Reason and participation
The limits of democratic theory
The aims of deliberative democracy
What is sound public reasoning? Impartialism and its critics
Institutions of deliberative democracy
Value pluralism and democracy
WHAT SHOULD DEMOCRACY MEAN TODAY?
The appeal of democracy
The principle of autonomy
Enacting the principle
The heritage of classic and twentiethcentury democratic theory
a doublesided process
compatibilities and incompatibilities
Democracy the NationState and the Global System
Democratic legitimacy and borders
old and new
Sovereignty autonomy and disjunctures
the cosmopolitan model
A Utopian project?