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other things.

Ab scond, v. n. to go away secretly. | Abstract, v. a. to draw away from
He was afraid of being taken to jail for pass-
ing bad money, and absconded in the night.
Ăb sence, n. a being away.-inatten-


Mary was thinking so much of her doll, that she did not hear what her sister said to her. She had absence of mind.

Ab so lute, a. free from any thing

that can hinder.

A king who governs his people just as he pleases, is absolute.

not limited, unconditional.

He made me a promise without saying, "if." It was a promise he would not fail to keep. It was absolute.

Ab solve, v. a. to set free from.

I told him he need not pay me. I absolved him from the debt.

to clear without punishing.

The father did not punish his son who had behaved badly and was sorry for it. He absolved him.

The Bible teaches us, how we may obtain

the absolution of our sins.

Ab sõrb, v. a. to suck or swallow up by degrees.

The sponge absorbs the water. to be deeply engaged in.

William did not hear the cry of "fire," he was so absorbed in his lesson.

Ab stāin, v. n. to keep from the use of.

He drinks spirituous liquors no longer. He abstains from the use of them.

Ab ste mi ous, a. using sparingly.

When recovering from sickness, he had to be abstemious in his food.


Robert abstracted his mind from every thing else, and fixed it upon his lesson. think only of the whiteness of an egg, and not of its shape or weight. its whiteness is like that of




In my mind, and in speaking of it, I separate its whiteness from its shape and weight, and from any thing else that belongs to it. I abstract its whiteness from its other qualities. Whiteness, redness, goodness, strength, and such words are called abstract terms.

Our being able, in our minds, to separate one quality of a thing from the rest, and to speak of it, is Abstract, n. a small writing, or book, called the power of abstraction. containing the principal things in a larger one.

John made an abstract of the history of Rome. Ab strūse, a. hidden, not easy to be understood.

The sermon was too abstruse for most of those who heard it. They did not know what a great deal of it meant.

Ab surd, a. clearly wrong, so that it would be foolish to say it is true, or to believe it.

It is an absurdity to suppose that a boy can improve without attention to his studies.

Åb sti nence, n. using none, or very A buşe, v. a. to use things or persons

much less than common.

Mohammed ordered an entire abstinence

from wine among his followers.

We should be abstinent in using what we fear may hurt us.


A boy threw his books about, and let them get torn and dirty. He abused them. Samuel struck John, and called him bad names. He abused him shamefully.

William had leave to get a few apples; but he picked a hundred. It was an abuse of his

father's kindness.

Doeg was abusive to David.

It was begun to be built in April, and the work was accomplished before winter.

Christ foretold the destruction of Jerusalem. After his death, the Romans came and destroy. ed the city. His prophecy was accomplished.

A byss, n. a bottomless depth; a very Ac cord, v. n. to agree with, to be

deep gulf.

A căd e my, n. a society of learned men, or of artists; a higher kind of school.

Ac cept, v. a. to take willingly what

is given.

He accepted the invitation with pleasure.
Your letter was very acceptable.

Ac cess, n. the getting to a person or thing.

He gave me a note to the jailer, by which I had access to the prison.

He was a kind man, and his house was always accessible to the poor.

the way by which we may approach. The access to the cave was through a narrow, winding path.

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Ac ci dent, n. that which happens unexpectedly, and without design. A boy sliding on the ice fell, and broke his It was a sad accident.


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suited to.

His account of the pyramids in Egypt, accorded well with what we had read of them before.

He came punctually at the time, in exact accordance with his engagement.

When a person is led to do a thing from his own thoughts and feelings, and not by others, we say he does it of his own accord. Ac cost, v. a. to speak to.

A boy who had lost his way accosted a stranger respectfully, and inquired of him the road. Ac count', v. a. to esteem or have an opinion of.

Silver was so plenty in the days of Solomon, that they accounted it of very little value. v. n. to give a reason for.

He spent a great deal of money in lottery tickets, and this accounts for his poverty. to tell what one has done and be rewarded or punished.

The boy had to account to his father for the money which was given to him.

We are all accountable to God for our conduct.

Ac count', n. what is told about something.

The Bible gives us the true account of the creation of the world.

that which is put down in writing of what is due, received, or paid.

Charles kept an account of his expenses on the journey.

Ac cũ mu late, v. a. to bring into a pile or heap, by degrees.

John kept gathering shells on the sea-shore, and at last accumulated a great many. v. n. to come together into a heap gradually.

The floating ice accumulated above the bridge, and broke down one of the arches. Job was afflicted by an accumulation of evils. Ac cu rate, a. done with great care, and free from error or mistake.

Washington was very accurate in all that he said and did.

William studied his lesson carefully, and recited it with great accuracy. Ac cũșe, v. a. to say that a person has done wrong, in order to bring blame or punishment upon him.

We should never accuse another, unless we are sure that he is guilty.

The Jews brought an accusation against Christ before the Roman governor. Ac cùs tom, v. a. to do a thing often,

and to continue to do it.

It is said, that Alexander the Great was accustomed to place a copy of a book written by Homer, under his pillow, every night.

He is accustomed to pray in his family, every morning and evening.

Ac knowl edge, v. a. to admit or own it to be so.

He acknowledged the receipt of my letter. Robert was sorry, and acknowledged his fault.

to own thankfully.

We should acknowledge with gratitude the mercies of God.

wealth; but the acquirement of knowledge is much more valuable.

Ac quit, v. a. to declare one not to be guilty or in fault.


The man was tried for theft, but the jury acquitted him.

His acquittal gave his friends great joy. be no longer bound to do a thing.

Mary answered all the questions asked her at the examination. She acquitted herself well, and was bound to do no more.

Act, v. n. to cease to rest, to be in motion, to put forth power.


There was a calm. Then the wind began to blow, and acted upon the sails of the ship, which moved swiftly along.

When you raise your arm, your will acts upon it and makes it rise.

Napoleon, emperor of France, thought much and quickly. He had a very active mind.

He is an active man, and never contented unless he is doing something.

To do well in his business, a man should have much activity.

behave in a particular manner.

The drunkard acted like a crazy man. Daniel, when in Babylon, acted with great wisdom and courage.

Act, n. something done.

A boy was caught in the very act of stealing money from the drawer.

A sailor plunged into the water, and saved a man who was drowning. It was a noble act.

Ac quaint, v. a. to tell a person of Ac tion, n. the doing of something.


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The action of the wind on the sails lasted during the day.

The heart is constantly in action.

Men judge each other more by their actions than by their words.

The action, (or battle,) continued four hours. Ac tu al, a. that which really is, and not merely supposed to be.

The sick man was in actual danger of dying, though he did not think so.

The small pox was actually in the village, though many denied it.

A cute, a. sharp, pointed.

Needles have very acute points.

An eagle, when high in the air, can see a little lamb on the ground. Its sight is very acute. John has an acute mind. He sees mistakes in writing quickly.

The acuteness of her tooth-ache kept Sarah awake all night.

A dăpt, v. a. to make one thing fit another.

He bought a small stove, adapting it to the size of the room, which was not large.

He used very plain words, and adapted them to the minds of the children.

Ad dict, v. a. to give one's self up strongly to some practice, usually a bad one.

He was so much addicted to lying, that nobody would believe him.

Ad dress, v. a. to speak or write to a person.

We should address the aged with respect. Robert addressed a letter to his father, asking leave to return home.

Ad dress, n. a speech on something important.

The teacher made a very good address to the scholars.

manner of directing a letter:

The address of the letter was, "John Smith, London."

Ad here, v. n. to stick to.

The mortar, when dry, adhered to the bricks. The man adhered strongly to his opinion, and would not give it up.

The adherence of the Jews to their religion, is very striking.

Glue is very adhesive.

Ad joŭrn, v. a. to put off till another time.

The meeting was adjourned for a week.

Ad just, v. a. to put in order.

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Before going to sea, the captain adjusted the affairs of his family.

to put things so, that those agree who have differed about them.

The man and his workmen adjusted their difficulties, so that they agreed about the wages. After several conversations, there was an adjustment of their accounts.

Ad mire, v. a. to view or regard with pleasing wonder, or esteem.

Eliza admired the beautiful moss-rose in her father's garden.

The benevolence of Howard is admired by all good people.

The sun, moon, and stars fill us with admiration of the power and goodness of God. The music of Handel is admirable. Ad mit, v. a. to let one enter.

The room was so full, that no more could be admitted.

He gave me a ticket of admission to the lec


Through the kindness of a friend, I gained admittance to the collection of paintings. to allow, or to say willingly that a thing is so, or may be so.

I admit that I owe you a hundred dollars, and I will pay it soon.

The master said that Samuel's excuse was not admissible.

Ad mon ish, v. a. to tell another of his faults, kindly and seriously, that he may do better in future.

He is a true friend who admonishes us when we do wrong.

The examples of God's displeasure against the wicked are given in the Bible, for our admonition.

A dopt, v. a. to take the child of another, and treat it as one's own. Pharaoh's daughter adopted Moses. take the opinions or customs of others, and have them for our own.


It has been very difficult to get any of the Indians to adopt our mode of living.

A dōre, v. a. to bow the soul before God in prayer, with deep reverence and love.

We think of our weakness, our sinfulness,

and our dependence. We acknowledge how much we owe to God; and we adore his mercy and grace through Jesus Christ.

The works of God should lead us to the adoration of his greatness.

A dōrn, v. a. to put on, in order to make beautiful.

He adorned his garden with many fine flowers.

Savages love to adorn themselves with rings, beads, and gaudy things.

The Bible teaches us, that the best adorning of a wife, is "the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit."

A dŭlt, n. a grown up man or woman. Ad vånce, v. a. to carry or bring forward.

John was a diligent scholar, and the master advanced him to the first class.

Young persons should advance their opinions before older ones, with great modesty. Oil became scarce, and there was a great advance in its price.

v. n. to go forward.

David advanced to meet Goliath, trusting

in God for help.

As we advance in years, we should advance in knowledge and virtue.

His advancement to the office of judge, was a great honor to so young a man. Ad vån tage, n. something makes superior or better.


The fine harbor of New York is a great advantage to its trade.

Our common schools furnish many advantages for getting a good education.

A good library is very advantageous to a place. Ad věn ture, n. something which happens, or is undertaken, and which is uncertain or dangerous.

Sailors meet with many wonderful adven

tures at sea.

General Putnam crept into the cave, shot the wolf, and drew it out. It was a bold adventure.

The men who dive after pearls, are very ad


Åd ver sa ry, n. one who acts against another, usually as an enemy.

The wicked Haman hated the Jews, and was a violent adversary to them.


verse, a. that which opposes. The ship made very little progress, for the wind was adverse.

that which brings evil.

He was poor, sick, and friendless. His circumstances were adverse.

Remember them which are in adversity, and do all you can to help them.

Ad vīșe, v. a. to tell a person what he had better do.

When the Israelites complained that they were not well treated, Rehoboam asked the old men to advise him what to say.

The proverbs of Solomon are full of good advice to the young.

Ad vo cate, n. one who pleads in behalf of another.

Af fair, n. something that happens, or

is to be done.

John spent an hour in trying to get a boy to take a cent less for his top, than he knew it was worth. It was a mean affair.

The building of the academy was an important affair to the whole village.


The man was idle, and neglected his busiHis affairs got into a bad state. Af fect, v. a. to act upon.

The close air of the crowded room affected me unpleasantly.

to act upon the feelings.

The death of Absalom affected David with deep grief.

It was an affecting sight to Xerxes, when he looked upon his vast army, and thought how soon all the men in it would be dead. to try to appear what we are not.

He was ignorant, but affected to be very learned.

The young lady was not simple and natural in her manners, she tried to be very polite and

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