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graceful. She was affected. Affectation always shows weakness of mind.

Af fec tion, n. any passion or feeling of the mind.

He is a man of strong affections. When he loves, he loves greatly; when he hates, he hates bitterly.

Af front', (af frunt,) v. a. to abuse a person to his face, and hurt his feelings.

One man affronted another greatly, by calling him a liar and a thief.

We should try to bear affronts with patience.

the strong feeling of attachment A gen cy, n. the putting a thing into

which relations and friends have

to each other.

The affection of Christ for his mother showed itself, when he was dying on the cross.

Mary loved to be with her mother, and tried to do all she could to please her. She was an affectionate child.

Af firm, v. a. to say strongly that a thing is truly so.

When one who stood near him, affirmed that Peter was a follower of Christ, he solemnly denied it.

Samuel's affirmation was doubted, because he sometimes told falsehoods.

To say "yes," is to answer in the affirmative. Af flict, v. a. to cause continued pain of body, or of mind.

He has been afflicted with rheumatism for a long time.

When Adam and Eve left the garden of Eden, they were much afflicted. to vex, trouble, or distress.

The Egyptians kept the Israelites in bondage, and afflicted them four hundred years.

Manasseh, the wicked king of Israel, when in deep affliction, humbled himself before God.

The burning up of the steam-boat, with the loss of many lives, was an afflictive event. Af fōrd, v. a. to yield, produce, or give.

The sun affords light and warmth to the earth.

The sight of the beautiful lake afforded

Eliza much pleasure.

to be able to sell or do a thing without loss or injury.

He is rich, and can afford to give much money in charity.

He could not afford the apples for less than fifty cents a bushel.

action, or causing something to be done.

The kettle was put over the fire, and the agency of the heat made the water boil.

The powerful agency of God, causes the earth and other planets to revolve round the


John led the other boys to do the mischief. He was the principal agent in the matter. doing business for another.

A company of men employed others to trade for them in South America. The agency was a profitable one.

The merchant sent out an agent to collect his debts.

Ag gress or, n. one who goes up to another, and begins to treat him ill.

In the quarrel between James and Charles, James was the most to blame, because he was the aggressor.

The aggressions of the Indians upon the whites, was the cause of a war.

Ag' i tate, (aj i tate,) v. a. to shake violently and put in quick motion.

The wind blew furiously, and agitated the waters of the lake.

He was so angry that he shook all over, and was greatly agitated.

Paul's preaching at Ephesus caused great agitation among the people.

Ag o ny, n. very violent pain.

Our Saviour's agony of mind in the garden, was so distressing as to make his sweat as it were great drops of blood.

A grēē, v. n. to be adapted or suited

to each other.

Her lungs were weak, and she found that the climate of Georgia agreed well with her health.

to think, feel, and act together.

John wished to study Latin, but his father and the schoolmaster agreed in opinion that he was too young to do it.

Samuel agreed with the farmer to work for

him for ten dollars a month.

There was much unhappiness in the family; for there was no agreement between the husband and wife.

An obedient son will conduct agreeably to the wishes of his parents. A grēē a ble, a. adapted or suited to.

Charles wished to be a merchant, but it was not agreeable to the plans of his father. that which is pleasant.

His conversation is both instructive and agreeable.

Åg ri cul ture, n. ploughing, sowing, getting in the crops, and doing what is necessary to make the earth produce. It is often used to mean the whole business of a farmer.

Aid, v. a. to help a person to do something, or to get out of some trouble.

Eliza aided Mary in doing her work, that she might get to school in season.

James found the lesson too hard, and the master told Robert to aid him.

In the war of the Revolution, the French soldiers came to the aid of the Americans.

Ail, v. a. to give pain or trouble.

She looked very pale, and they asked what ailed her.

Aim, v. a. to point at, intending to hit.

He aimed the gun at the bird.

Air, n. that which we breathe; a
tune; the manner of a person—as,
he had a very proud air.
Air y, a. open to air.

The house stood on a hill, and was very airy. lively, gay.

She is a light-hearted, airy girl.

A làrm, v. a. to give sudden notice of danger.

The ringing of the bells at midnight for fire, alarmed the whole city.

The man who was watching saw the enemy approaching, and gave the alarm.

Al lāy, v. a. to make quiet, to lessen the strength of.

He ate plentifully, and allayed his hunger. The mob were becoming riotous, when the mayor addressed them and allayed the disturb


A mild answer will often allay anger. Al lē vi ate, v. a. to make lighter and easier to be borne.

The medicine which he took alleviated his pain.

It was quite an alleviation to the sorrow of the mother, in parting with her son, that he was going to live in a worthy family who would take good care of him.

Al lot, v. a. to parcel out, to give to each his part or place.

When the school was opened, the master allotted a seat to each of the scholars. Every year, he allotted a part of his money to do good with.

William was directed to cut the wood, and John to feed the cattle. William did not like this allotment.

The master aimed what he said at the boy Al low,' v. a. to give leave to.

who made the disturbance.

v. n. to strive and intend to get something.

Napoleon when young aimed to be a great

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God allowed Adam and Eve to eat of the fruit of all the trees in the garden, except one. to admit, or say willingly that a thing

is so.

After I had explained the matter, he allowed that what I said was true.

to abate or make a deduction.

When I paid for the sugar, he allowed for the weight of the barrel.

The master made an allowance for the boy's misconduct, because he was young and ignorant, and punished him but little.

Al lūde, v. n. to turn the attention to a thing, without saying plainly and fully what is meant.

He did not mention his name, but he spoke

of him in such a way that I knew to whom he alluded.

In his address, he made so many allusions to himself that it was very disagreeable. Al lūre, v. a. to draw to, gently and pleasingly, by the offer of some good.

The weather was so fine that it allured us to take a long walk in the fields.

The book was so interesting, that he was allured from page to page till he had finished it.

The allurements of the theatre, and its strong temptations, lead many into wicked practices.

Al lý, v. a. to unite together, as persons or nations do, for each other's advantage.

Russia, Austria, Prussia, and England, allied themselves together, to resist the power of France. These allies, under Wellington, defeated the French at the battle of Waterloo.

David and Jonathan formed an alliance of friendship.

Al might' y, (ål mīte' y,) a. able to do

every thing that can be done.

No being is almighty but God. Alms, (àmz,) n. any thing given to help the poor.

Our Saviour said; "Do not your alms before men, to be seen of them."

Al' tar, (ål tar,) n. the place on which sacrifices or offerings, to the true God, or to false gods, were made. When Paul was at Athens, he saw there an altar on which was this inscription; To THE UNKNOWN GOD.

Al' ter, (ål ter,) v. a. to make persons or things different from what they were before.

William's mother altered his coat, so as to make it fit John.

The advice of his father led him to alter his conduct and do better.

There is no alteration in his disease; he continues quite ill.

A máss, v. a. to bring together and make a great deal of.

Within a few years, he has amassed wealth to a vast amount, and is the richest man in the city.

Bacon thought and studied much, and thus amassed wonderful stores of knowledge. A maze, v. a. to bewilder or confuse the mind with something fearful, surprising, or astonishing.

When Sarah first saw the bright northern lights, she did not know what they were. She almost thought the heavens were on fire. The sight amazed her.

When Christ healed the man that was sick of the palsy, the people "were all amazedand were filled with fear, saying, we have seen strange things to-day."

We are filled with amazement at the power of God, when we think of the number of the stars, their size, and distance.

Am bi' tion, (am bĩsh un), n. a strong

desire to be better or greater than one now is, or to rise above others.

Frank wrote a good hand, but he strove daily to improve; for he had an ambition to. write as well as the copy.

The ambition of Themistocles, a young Athenian, was so great, that when he saw the honors that had been bestowed on Miltiades, a brave general, he said, they would not suffer him to sleep.

Alexander the Great was a very ambitious man, and wept when he thought that he had no more worlds to conquer.

A měnd, v. a. to make better, to remove errors or faults.

He was often admonished by his friends, but would not amend his conduct.

The first edition of the book contained a few errors. The second edition was ainended.

The boys wished to have some of the rules of the school altered, but the master said they were all necessary, and he could make no amendment.

A mendș, n. something which is given or done to make up for an injury or loss.

Edward accidentally broke the slate of the boy who sat next to him, and made amends for it by giving him his own.

A mi a ble, a. that in the mind which makes a person worthy of being loved.

She is kind, affectionate, and obliging. She has a very amiable disposition.

A mount', v. n. to come up to by degrees, or by adding one thing to another.

He spent six cents a day for cigars, and was surprised to find that at the end of twenty years it had amounted to four hundred and thirty-eight dollars.

He said one thing after another against the plan, but it all amounted to very little.

He has paid off the whole amount of his debts.

Am phìb i ous, a. able to live either

in air or water; as frogs, beavers, and crocodiles.

Ăm ple, a. large enough in space and quantity.

He has a large family, but his house is of ample size for their accommodation.

The college has a well chosen and ample library.

A mūșe, v. a. to keep the mind pleased by drawing its attention to something agreeable.

A father told his children interesting stories to amuse them.

We were made to live for something more than mere amusement.

An ces tor, n. Richard had a father and mother; and they had their fathers and mothers; and these had their fathers and mothers, and so on. All these persons, from whom Richard is descended, excepting his father and mother, are his ancestors. His ancestry, so far back as we know, is very respectable.

An cient, a. that which was a very long time ago.

In ancient times, cities were surrounded by high and strong walls.

The Bible is the most ancient of all books.

An ec dote, n. some one thing that is told in the way of a story, and which is short, interesting, and striking.

His conversation is full of instructive and amusing anecdotes.

An' guish, (ăng gwish,) n. violent pain.

A man was pressed to the ground by a heavy tree which had fallen upon him; and he lay there in great anguish before any one came to help him.

When Hagar saw her son Ishmael nearly dying for thirst in the wilderness, her heart was full of anguish.

Ăn i mal, n. that which lives, feels, and can move of itself.

Adam gave names to all the animals which God had created.

Of all animals man only has the power of speech. An i mal, a. that which belongs or relates to animals.

Some persons eat no animal food; they live wholly on vegetables, bread, and such things.

We have a body, which is our animal nature, and a soul, which is our spiritual na


An i mate, v. a. to give life and activity to.

The master promised the boys a holiday, which animated them much in their studies.

The long voyage had disheartened the sailors, when Columbus animated them again to new exertions, by telling them he saw signs that land was near.

The preacher spoke in a very animated and interesting manner.

The whole city was full of joy and animation on the arrival of LaFayette.

An něx, v. a. to join to the end of a thing.

He wrote a history, to which he annexed an appendix.

The penalty of death is annexed to the law against murder.

to join a small thing to a greater.

He gave his son fifty acres of land, to which he afterwards annexed a small pasture. An ni věr sa ry, n. a day returning

at the same time yearly, on which something remarkable happened that is kept in mind by a public celebration.

The fourth of July is the anniversary of American independence. An nounce', v. a. to tell openly, to make known in a public manner.

The arrival of the Governor was announced by the ringing of the bells..

Angels were sent from heaven to announce the birth of Christ.

An noy', v. a. to continue to vex or trouble.

The musketoes were very numerous and annoyed us much.

His sleep did not refresh him, he was so annoyed by unpleasant dreams.

He came so often to our room when we wished to study, that it was a great annoy


Ăn nu al, a. that which returns every


The passover among the Jews, was an annual feast.

The Congress of the United States meets annually.

not living over to the next year.

Most of the vegetables in our gardens are annual.

An nŭl, v. a. to make a thing as though it had never been.

Two men made a bargain about some land, which they were afterwards sorry they had made, and both agreed to annul it.

It was forbidden among the ancient Medes and Persians, for the Kings ever to annul their decrees.

An' swer, (an' ser,) v. a. to speak or write back to the person who makes an inquiry.

It is impolite not to answer a proper question.

Letters on business ought to be answered as soon as possible.

to speak or write in defense of.

When Paul was accused and stood before Felix, he said that he answered the more cheerfully, because Felix had long been a judge among the Jews.

to suit or be fit for.

The ark which Noah built, answered admirably the purpose for which it was made. v. n. to be accountable to.

When James broke the window on purpose, Robert told him he would have to answer to the man that owned the house for doing it.

Even he who had but one talent given to him, was answerable for his use of it. An tag o nist, n. one who contends with another.

Ăn tic, a. odd, wild, full of strange


They had a monkey in the ship who was so antic that he amused the sailors very much. An tic' i pate, (an tis i pate,) v. a. to

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