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Copyright, 1904, by W. B. Saunders & Company.

Registered at Stationers' Hall, London, England.

ELECTROTYPED BY
WESTCOTT & THOMSON PHILADA

PRESS OF
W. B. SAUNDERS & CO.. PHILADA.

I 1051

P48 v. 2 1904

CONTRIBUTORS TO VOLUME II.

WILLIAM T. BELFIELD, M. D.,

CHICAGO. Associate Professor of Surgery in Rush Medical College, in Affiliation with the University of Chicago; Professor of Genito-Urinary and Venereal Diseases in Chicago Policlinic.

CHARLES GILBERT CHADDOCK, M. D.,

St. Louis. Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System, Marion-Sims-Beaumont College of Medicine, Medical Department of St. Louis University.

JOSEPH F. DARLING, A. M., LL.B.,

NEW YORK CITY.

EDWARD P. DAVIS, A, M., M. D.,

PHILADELPHIA. Professor of Obstetrics in the Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia ; Visiting Obstetrician to the Jefferson and Philadelphia Hospitals.

CHARLES A. DOREMUS, A.M., M.D., Ph. D.,

NEW YORK CITY. Formerly Professor of Chemistry and Toxicology, Medical Department, University of Buffalo; Member of the Medico-Legal Society ; Associate Member of the Massachusetts Medico-Legal Society.

W. A. NEWMAN DORLAND, A. M., M. D.,

PHILADELPHIA. Associate in Gynecology, Philadelphia Polyclinic; Assistant Obstetrician to the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, etc.

1

J. T. ESKRIDGE, M.D.,

DENVER, Late Consulting Alienist and Neurologist, Arapahoe County Hospital; late Neurologist to St. Luke's Hospital, Denver, Col.

MARSHALL D. EWELL, A. M., M. D., LL. D. (Univ. of Mich.), CHICAGO.

Professor of Elementary Common Law and Medical Jurisprudence in the ChicagoKent College of Law; formerly Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence in the University of Michigan

LEONARD FREEMAN, B. S., A. M., M. D.

DENVER Professor of Surgery, Denver and Gross Medical College ; Surgeon to Denver City and County Hospital, St. Joseph's Hospital, St. Luke's lIospital, and Jewish National Hospital, Denver, Colo.

A. L. GOLDWATER, M. D.,

NEW YORK CITY. Lecturer on Chemistry and Toxicology to the New York Board of Pharmacy Institute ; Instructor in Laryngology, New York School of Clinical Medicine.

1 Deceased.

41808

WALTER S. HAINES, M. D.,

CHICAGO. Professor of Chemistry, Pharmacy and Toxicology in Rush Medical College, in Affiliation with the University of Chicago; Professorial Lecturer on Toxicology in the

University of Chicago.
CHARLES HARRINGTON, M. D.,

BOSTON.
Assistant Professor of Hygiene in the Harvard Medical School; Associate Member

of the Massachusetts Medico-Legal Society. JAMES W. HOLLAND, M. D.,

PHILADELPHIA. Professor of Medical Chemistry and Toxicology, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia ; Member of the American Philosophical Society, Fellow of the College of

Physicians, Philadelphia. REID HUNT, Ph. D., M. D.,

BALTIMORE.
Associate Professor of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Johns Hopkins University,

Baltimore.
WALTER JONES, Ph. D.,

BALTIMORE.
Associate Professor of Physiological Chemistry and Toxicology, Johns Hopkins
University, Baltimore.

CARLOS F. MACDONALD, A. M., M. D.,

NEW YORK CITY. Professor of Mental Diseases and Medical Jurisprudence in the University and Bellevue Hospital College, New York : Consulting Physician to Manhattan State Hospitals ; Consulting Physician to the Psychopathic Hospital and Laboratory of the New York Infirmary for Women and Children ; Ex-Superintendent of the Auburn and Binghamton State Hospitals for the Insane; Member of the American Medico

Psychological Association, etc. HAROLD N. MOYER, M. D.,

CHICAGO. Assistant Professor of Medicine in Rush Medical College, in Affiliation with the University of Chicago.

OSCAR OLDBERG, PHARM. D.,

CHICAGO. Dean of the School of Pharmacy of Northwestern University, Chicago. ALBERT B. PRESCOTT, M. D., Ph. D., LL.D.,

ANN ARBOR. Director of the Chemical Laboratory, Professor of Organic Chemistry, and Dean of

the School of Pharmacy in the University of Michigan. JEROME PROBST, PH. G., LL. B., of the Chicago Bar,

CHICAGO. JEROME H. SALISBURY, M, D.,

CHICAGO. Professor of Internal Medicine, Chicago Clinical School; Assistant Professor of Chemistry in Rush Medical College, in Affiliation with the University of Chicago.

GEORGE KNOWLES SWINBURNE, A. B., M. D., NEW YORK CITY.

Surgeon to Good Samaritan Dispensary, New York City.
VICTOR C. VAUGHAN, M. D., Ph. D., Sc.D., LL. D., ANN ARBOR.

Dean and Professor of Hygiene and Physiological Chemistry in the Department of
Medicine and Surgery of the University of Michigan.

EDWARD S. WOOD, A. M., M. D.,

BOSTON. Professor of Chemistry in the Harvard Medical School; Member of the Massachusetts Medical Society; Member of the Massachusetts Medico-Legal Society, etc.

PREFACE.

The object of the present work is to give to the medical and legal professions a fairly comprehensive survey of forensic medicine and toxicology in moderate compass. We believe this has not been done in any very recent work in English. A number of manuals of limited size and scope have been presented on the one hand, and on the other certain systems of legal medicine of almost encyclopedic dimensions. Both find fields of great usefulness ; but there is still left a broad ground intermediate between the two which we trust the present work will fill, and it was in this hope that the book has been planned and executed.

With few and wholly unimportant exceptions the articles composing the two volumes have been inserted without change by the editors. This has been done in order that the responsibility for statements of facts and opinions may be authoritatively placed upon the individual contributors-a matter of much moment in legal proceedings. In doing this we are aware that we have occasionally sacriticed unity of plan and harmony of views, but the advantages, especially to the legal profession, of individual responsibility we believe much more than compensate for these defects.

As the ordinary English weights and measures and the Fahrenheit thermometer scale are still the only ones easily understood by the ma

jority of courts and juries, we have generally used these measures, wholly or in conjunction with their equivalents in metrie weights and measures and the Centigrade scale. This rule, however, has not been followed in the description of purely chemical tests and processes, as the metric system is practically universally employed in connection with them.

In the names of drugs and chemicals we have followed the nomenclature and, with slight modifications, the spelling of the United States Pharmacopeia, believing that by adhering to so authoritative and well known a standard as this much confusion will be avoided and a not infrequent source of perplexity to lawyers and physicians eliminated.

The work is divided, for convenience of reference, into two sections, Part I. and Part II., the latter being devoted to Toxicology, and all other portions of Legal Medicine in which laboratory investigation is an essential feature.

Our thanks are due to the many distinguished men who have aided us in the production of the work by their valuable contributions; and we are greatly indebted to the publishers, Messrs. W. B. Saunders & Co., for the unfailing interest they have shown in the book, and for the numerous courtesies they have extended to us in its preparation.

FREDERICK PETERSON,
WALTER S. HAINES.

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