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CONTENTS

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INTRODUCTION....

5

A Threefold Aim. Basic Principles Underlying All Socially Useful
Changes. The Sense of Kind and the Sense of Difference. Vital

Changes in All the Basic Institutions of Society. Coveted Uses of

This Book.

I. TAE FAMILY..

The Experience of the Past. New Ideals Affecting the Family. The
Headship of the Father. Is It Possible to Democratize the Family?
What Is the Modern Ideal in Child-care ?. Modern Ideals of Sex-
relationship. Ellen Key and Her Gospel. What is Meant by the
Demand that Illegitimacy be Abolished ? The Legitimation of
Children Born Out of Wedlock. Philanthropic Tendencies Respect
Legal Marriage. Illicit Unions of Men and Women in Divergent

Social Position. Shall We Return to Polygamy? All Children En-

titled to Best Development Possible. The Work of the Children's

>Bureau. The Suggested Uniform Laws. Have Unmarried Women

>a Social Right to Motherhood ? Ellen Key's Estimate of Mother-

hood. Monogamic Marriage Does Not Work Inerrantly. New

Demand that Motherhood Have Social Support. The Increasing

Tendency of Women Toward Celibate Life. Women Cannot be

Forced Back to Compulsory Marriage. A Few Believe in a Third

Sex. Most Social Students Believe in Marriage. Dangers of Ex-

treme Specialization. Industrial Exploitation of Children and Youth.«.

Social Measures Needed to Prevent These Evils. The Attack upon

the Family by Reactionaries. The Prevalence of Divorce. Old In-

stitutions Need New Sanctions. The Monogamic Family Justifies

Itself by Social Usefulness. The Inherited Family Order Demands

New Social Adjustments. The Family as an Aid to Spiritual Democ-

racy. The Family the Nursery of Personality. Life, Not Theory

About Life, Teaches Us. The Moral Elite in the Modern Family.

Questions.

II. THE MOTHER .

73

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Antiquity of the Mother-instinct. Recognized Essentials in Child-
→ care." The Protective Function. Social Elements in Modern Pro-
>tection of Children. Women's Leadership in Social Protection. The
Provision of Food, Clothing and Shelter. The Woman in Rural
Life. Modern Demand for Standardization. The Apartment House
and the Family. New Uses of Electric Power. Certain Duties the
Mother Cannot Delegate. The Mother's Compensation for Personal

Service. Early Drill in Personal Habits. Early Practice in Talking,
Walking, Obedience, and Imitation. Special Responsibility of the
Average Mother. Women's Relation to More Formal Education.
Women's Relation to Educational Agencies. The Social Value of
Parental Affection. What Women Need Most. Questions.

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VIII. THE CHILDREN OF THE FAMILY....

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Conditions to be Secured for Every Child. The Need for Two

Parents. Equal Guardianship of Both Parents. Every Child Should
Have a Competent Mother. Every Child Should Have a Competent

Father. Economic Aspects of the Father's Competency. The

French Plan of Extra-wage. The Endowment of Mothers. Does
this Plan Make Too Little of Fathers ? Just Limits to Number of
Children in Subsidized Families. The Right of a Child to be Officially
Counted. Every Child Should Have Social Protection. Child-labor.
Children Must be Protected in Recreation. Standards of and Aids
to Health. Health Boards Should Help All Alike. Items of Work,
in Child Hygiene. The Educational Rights of Children. The Use
of Married Women as Teachers. Individual Sharing in the Social
Inheritance. Questions.

XII. THE BROKEN FAMILY..

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The Problems of Divorce. Frequency of Divorce in the United

States. Cannot Now Make Family an Autocracy. New Standards

of Marriage Success. Dangers of Extreme Individualism in Marriage.

Free Love Not Admissible. Must Work Toward Desired Permanency

in Marriage. Needed Changes in Legal and Social Approach to

Divorce. Prohibition of Paid Attorneys in Divorce. Divorce Pro-
ceedings Should be Heard in Secret. Earlier and Better Use of the
Domestic Relations Court. The Children to be Affected Society's
Chief Care. A Uniform or Federal Divorce Law. Education Our
Chief Reliance. Helps Toward Family Stability. Shall Society
Favor the Remarriage of Divorced Persons ? Turning from Compul-
sory to Attractive Methods of Reform. Questions.

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