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cepting Colonel Roosevelt and one other. The colonel's orderly lost eighty pounds in weight. Half of the members of the command were down at one time. All were in rags. Even the officers were without socks and underclothing. If there was only one shoulder-strap on Roosevelt's shirt at San Juan, there was now none at all. Nothing but the yellow stripes on his riding breeches showed that he was an officer.

The college athletes had lost their vigor. The once hardy hunters and dashing cowboys lay languidly in their miserable dog-tents. The gallant little army, which had overthrown the soldiers of Spain, was undergoing destruction by a foe with no banners flying or bugles blaring, but which, unheard and unseen, assailed by day and by night. It was a most serious emergency, and to Colonel Roosevelt belongs the credit of rising to it, and meeting it.

In the course of his testimony before the Commission of Investigation at Washington, he described a scene in battle, when his regiment was under a heavy fire and without orders to move. “What did


do ?” a member of the Commission asked. “I have always found it best,” Colonel Roosevelt answered, “when in doubt what to do, to go ahead; and I went ahead.”

Every one in that death-besieged camp in Cuba was in doubt what to do. Then it was that Colonel Roosevelt went ahead. It was in violation of all military rules for the mere colonel of a volunteer regiment to take the lead. He took it, nevertheless, and thereby saved no one knows how many

lives, and 'no one knows how black a disgrace for the negligent administration at Washington.

At a meeting of the officers in the palace at Santiago, the commanding-general announced that he had been informed that the War Department was planning to keep the army in Cuba indefinitely, sending it into the interior, where the conditions would be better than in the camp on the shore. When the meeting had adjourned the general gave to the newspaper correspondents a copy of a protest signed by Colonel Roosevelt.

In this letter Roosevelt declared that it was the unanimous opinion of the officers that the adoption of the Department's plan of retaining the army in the island would involve the destruction of thousands. He protested that there was “no possible reason for not shipping practically the entire command north at once.” If this should not be done, “it will, in all human probability, mean an appalling disaster.” On the other hand, "six weeks on the north Maine coast, for instance, or elsewhere, where the yellow fever germs cannot possibly propagate, would make us as fit as fighting cocks, as able as we are eager to take a leading part in the great campaign against Havana in the fall.” Spain had not then sued for peace, and there was still a chance of more fighting

“If there were any object in keeping us here,” this extraordinary letter continued, “we would face yellow fever with as much indifference as we faced bullets. But there is no object in it.” The letter concluded: “I write only because I cannot see our men, who have fought so bravely, and who have endured extreme hardship and danger so uncomplainingly, go to destruction without striving, so far as in me lies, to avert a doom as fearful as it is unnecessary and undeserved.” After the military silence had thus bravely but rudely been broken by Colonel Roosevelt, all the officers, from the majorgenerals down, united in the now famous “Round

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