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prohibition territory; and in Vermont at least 216 towns out of 240 were "dry." We are in fact in the midst of a nation-wide temperance movement, the outcome of which it is difficult to predict; but impartial investigators believe that it has more vitality than the movement of fifty years ago because it is being adopted in small communities by popular vote whereas earlier the attempt was made to impose state-wide prohibition by legislative enactment.
GENERAL WORKS ON AMERICAN GOVERNMENT
S. E. BALDWIN, The American Judiciary. A general survey of the subject intended for the beginning student and layman in law.
JAMES BRYCE, The American Commonwealth. 2 vols. 1908.
entire field of American government, including party operations.
J. W. BURGESS, Political Science and Comparative Constitutional Law. 2 vols. 1890. Deals with American constitutional law by the comparative method.
J. R. COMMONS, Proportional Representation. 1907. A study of the evils of gerrymandering and district tickets; proposals for reform.
T. M. COOLEY, A Treatise on Constitutional Limitations. 1890. Discusses the various limitations imposed upon legislative power.
A. C. COOLIDGE, The United States as a World Power. 1908. The relations of the United States to the important nations of the world. J. P. COTTON, The Constitutional Decisions of John Marshall.
2 vols. 1905. Contains the decisions of Marshall dealing with constitutional questions, with a brief introductory note to each case.
The Federalist. To be secured in many editions. A collection of papers on the federal Constitution, by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay, which should be in every student's library.
FINLEY AND SANDERSON, The American Executive and Executive Methods. A study of the offices of President and Governor.
F. J. GOODNOW, The Principles of the Administrative Law of the United States. 1905. The organization of the executive in national, state, and local government, and judicial control over it.
BENJAMIN HARRISON, This Country of Ours.
1901. Gives a very intimate and interesting description of the life and work of the President. A. B. HART, Practical Essays on American Government. 1894. The principal topics dealt with are: the Speaker, the election of a President, civil service reform, river and harbor bills, and the public land policy. F. C. Howe, Privilege and Democracy in America. Devotes special attention to the land question and the single tax.
J. A. JAMESON, A Treatise on Constitutional Conventions. 1887. A full treatment of state and federal constitutional conventions, from a legal standpoint.
J. W. JENKS, Principles of Politics. A study of some fundamental matters of government, such as the suffrage, from the viewpoint of the citizen.
J. H. LATANÉ, America as a World Power. Recent history of the United States. (In Hart's American Nation Series.)
EMIL MCCLAIN, Constitutional Law in the United States. 1907. Deals with the powers of the different branches of government and individual rights. L. P. MCGEHEE, Due Process of Law. 1906. The term "due process plained in the light of judicial decisions.
P. S. REINSCH, Readings on American Federal Government. 1909. A collection of source extracts illustrating the workings of the federal government.
P. S. REINSCH, World Politics. An analysis of the forces underlying world relations to-day.
ALBERT SHAW, Political Problems of American Development. 1907. Takes up such questions as immigration, national domain, party politics, railways and trusts, tariff, money, and foreign policy.
J. ALLEN SMITH, The Spirit of American Government. 1907. A suggestive study of the fundamental principles of American government.
F. J. STIMSON, Federal and State Constitutions. A comparative study of American constitutional principles.
JOSEPH STORY, Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States. 2 vols. Many editions. Valuable for federal constitutional law; slight reference to actual practice.
F. N. THORPE, The Federal and State Constitutions. 1909. Contains all the charters and constitutions of each state; arranged chronologically by
C. G. TIEDEMAN, The Unwritten Constitution of the United States. 1890. A discussion of the historical development of our constitutional system, particularly those points not described in the written document. W. W. WILLOUGHBY, The American Constitutional System. 1904. A valuable survey of the general principles of American constitutional law. Professor Willoughby has a larger work in preparation.
WOODROW WILSON, Constitutional Government in the United States. 1908. Devoted largely to a consideration of the salient features of the national government.
JAMES A. WOODBURN, The American Republic and its Government. 1903. Principally a description of the national government.
WORKS ON THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
H. V. AMES, State Documents on Federal Relations. 1906. A collection of documents illustrating conflicts between the federal and state govern
D. R. DEWEY, Financial History of the United States. 1903. A clear and valuable general survey.
J. HAMPTON DOUGHERTY. The Electoral System of the United States. 1906. A history of the electoral college and a study of its defects, with suggested remedies.
J. A. FAIRLIE, The National Administration of the United States of America. 1905. A detailed description of the executive department.
MAX FARRAND, The Legislation of Congress for the Government of the Organized Territories of the United States, 1789-1895. 1896.
C. R. FISH. The Civil Service and the Patronage. 1905. A history of the patronage system and civil service reform.
M. P. FOLLETT, The Speaker of the House of Representatives. 1904. A history of the speakership and a full description of the elements of the Speaker's power.
C. H. FORBES-LINDSAY, The Philippines under Spanish and American Rules. 1906.
JOHN W. FOSTER. The Practice of Diplomacy. The forms, methods, and functions of diplomatic and consular representation.
H. B. FULLER, Speakers of the House. 1909. A general historical sketch of the development of the office of Speaker of the House of Representatives. W. H. GLASSON, History of Military Pension Legislation in the United States. 1900. (Columbia Studies.)
E. C. GRIFFITH, The Rise and Development of the Gerrymander. 1907. A brief history of the gerrymander to about 1850.
L. H. HANEY, A Congressional History of Railways. 1910. University of Wisconsin Studies.
G. H. HAYNES, The Election of Senators. 1906. A study of the present system and of the arguments for and against popular election.
J. W. JENKS, The Trust Problem. A study of the economic forces making for industrial combinations.
CLARA H. KERR, United States Senate. 1895. Deals principally with the procedure in the Senate in the exercise of its various functions.
L. G. MCCONACHIE, Congressional Committees. 1898. A detailed study of the procedure and work of committees in Congress and their influence on legislation.
E. C. MASON, The Veto Power. 1891. A historical discussion of the presidential vetoes; description of the procedure; and the political significance of the power.
B. H. MEYER, Railway Legislation in the United States. 1903. Contains a good account of the early state railroad commissions, and the leading decisions of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
JOHN BASSETT MOORE, A Digest of International Law. 8 vols. 1906. A monumental collection and digest of materials on every phase of international law.
E. P. PRENTICE, The Federal Power over Carriers and Corporations. 1907. A historical development of the power of Congress over interstate com
J. D. RICHARDSON, A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, 1789-1897. Io vols. Contains inaugural addresses, annual and
special messages, proclamations, and executive orders of the Presidents. L. S. RowE, The United States and Porto Rico. 1904.
D. Y. THOMAS, A History of Military Government in Newly Acquired Territory of the United States. (Columbia Studies.)
F. VAN DYNE, A Treatise on the Law of Naturalization in the United States. Citizenship of the United States.
W. F. WILLOUGHBY, Territories and Dependencies of the United States. 1905. An excellent brief survey.
W. W. WILLOUGHBY, The Supreme Court of the United States. 1890. A history of the Supreme Court and its relations to the other departments of the government.
WOODROW WILSON, Congressional Government. A suggestive study of Congress at work.
STATE, MUNICIPAL, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
S. W. ABBOTT, The Past and Present Condition of Public Hygiene and State Medicine in the United States. 1900.
E. E. AGGER, The Budget in the American Commonwealths. 1907. (Columbia Studies.)
W. F. CLARK, Elementary Law. 1909. A very useful book for beginning
students of law.
F. A. CLEVELAND, Chapters on Municipal Administration and Accounting. 1909. Studies in technical problems of municipal government.
J. Q. DEALEY, Our State Constitutions. 1907. A brief but valuable survey of the principal features of state constitutions.
HORACE E. DEMING, The Government of American Cities. 1909. Points out