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fidence. As his Prophetic Office, in the execution of which he reveals great and important truths, would be of no advantage to us, if we did not believe him, nor his Priestly Office, whereby he atones for our sins and procures for us inestimable privileges, if we did not trust in him : fo neither is his Kingly Office of any avail to us, if we do not obey and serve him. He is a Law-giver and a Judge, as well as a Saviour ; and while we apply to him, and depend on him for eternal falvation, we must remember he is “ the Author of it, only to those that obey him.” We are therefore, " not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,” who, when we stand at his judgment feat, “ will render to every man according to his deeds, and give eternal life only to those, who by patient continuance in well-doing, seek for glory, honour, and immortality." Whereas, to thofe that do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, he will render « indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish.”. From all which it is manifest, as St. John teftifies, that they only are “ blessed that do his commandments," inasmuch as they alone "have a right to the tree of life, and shall enter in thro' the gates into the city.” *

Hence it is, that in the parallel passages, by two of the other Evangelists, our Lord is represented as giving the same or a like charge, in different words. In Luke it is, “ 'That repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations,” 7 and in Matt. « Go

Go ye and disciple all .nations,-caching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you." I The Commands or Laws of Christ, therefore, are a part of the Gospel, or Glad tidings published unto us. And that they may manifestly appear to be such,

* Rev. xxii, 14. + Luke xxiv. 47. # Math. xxviii. 20.

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God hath promised under the New and better Covenant, to "s write them on the hearts' of his

people. *

7. If this be the nature of the Gospel, it will not be difficult to say, what is implied in preaching it. It is undoubtedly, first, to teach the truths which it reveals. This must be done clearly, in language intelligible to all, even to the most ignorant and illiterate ; and, if posible, with such a judicious arrangement of matter, and distinctness of method, that while lower truths, and such as are more easily understood, make way for, and prepare the mind to receive those that are higher, and of more difficult apprehenfion, all may be easily and lastingly remembered. Again; it must be done fully. Nothing that will be profitable to our hearers, must be kept back from them, but the whole counsel of God must be declared, at least, as far as concerns their salvation, present or eternal. And if we have not opportunity, during the short time of our residence with a people, to enter upon and discuss the controverted, and less important truths of Christianity, we must, at least, take care to explain to them and enforce upon them, its leading and essential doctrines. Further : thefe truths must be taught affectionately. We must instruct our people as a Father instructs his children, whom he dearly loves, and whose welfare in time and in eternity, he has at heart. Love to them, and an earnest desire for their falvation, must be the spring of all our discourfes. Our preaching in public, and our exhortations in private, must flow from this principle; and the affection of our hearts must manifeft itself in all our words and actions. We must speak as those that have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way, remembering, that we ourselves, also, are compaffed about with infirmity," while, at the same time, we rejoice in the increasing knowledge and holiness of those that “ receive the truth in the love of it."

* Jerem. xxxi. 31, and Heb. viii, 6.


Once more: We must inculcate these truths diligently; as St. Paul enjoins Timothy, * charging him “ before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ,” to observe this injunction. We must fo preach the word as to be « instant in scason and out of season :" : must " convince, reprove, and exhort, with all long-suffering and doctrine." Yea, and in order hereto, as the Apostle further observes, must watch in all things, that we may let-"no fair occasion pass unheeded by," but may discern and embrace every favourable opportunity, whether in private or in public, of communicating knowledge. We must be ready to endure amictions and hardships of every kind, in the prosecution of our work, not counting our ease, our honour, our liberty, or our lives, dear unto ourselves, so we may but “ do the work of Evangelists, make full proof of our calling, finish our course with joy, and the ministry we have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the Gofpel of the Grace of God."

8. To preach the Gospel is, fecondly, to exhibit the privileges which it offers. This must be done freely. They must be tendered to mankind, as the Scripture speaks,“ without money and without price." Our hearers must be given to un. derstand that remission of fins, acceptance with God, adoption into his family, regeneration, entire fanctification, and even eternal life, are all the gifts, the free, undeserved gifts of God, thro' Jesus Christ, and are offered to them without any

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regard to their merit, yea, notwithstanding their demerit. They must be made sensible that not by works of righteousness which they have done, but according to his mercy God will save them, by the washing of regeneration, and the renewing of the Holy Ghost," and therefore that, unworthy, guilty, and deserving of condemnation and wrath as they are, they are welcome, nay, are invited and urged to receive these bleflinge Now as men are very averse to believe this doctrine, and yet amidst the trials and troubles of this present life, have great need of the support and confolation it affords, these privileges must be offered them frequently. This should make one part, perhaps, I might say, the principal part, of almost every sermon. And in private also, we ought to be frequently inviting them to the poffeffion of these blessings, and demonstrating from Scripture and Reason, the readiness of the Lord Jesus to bestow them upon all that apply to him for them. All, I say, for these privileges must be offered to mankind universally, without any exception. The high and low, rich and poor, young and old, professors and prophane, must be invited to partake of these unsearchable riches of Christ. « Let him that is athirst, come,” must be our language, and “ whosoever will, let him come and take of the fountain of the water of life freely.” For “ whosoever cometh, he will in no wise cast out." They must be informed, notwithftanding, that these privileges will not be conferred upon, and, in the nature of things, cannot be received by the impenitent and unbelieving. We must therefore make this gracious offer conditionally, insisting on repentance and faith, as terms or conditions, required of all who expect to be admitted to a participation of Gospel blessings ; which repentance and faith, however, we must affure them are the gifts of God, and will be bestowed on all who sincerely and earnestly ask and seek for them


9. Yet again on this head. To preach the Golpel is, thirdly, to declare and enforce the precepts it enjoins. This should be done boldly and faith

fully. In reproving fin, and shewing people their duty, we must not fear the face of any man, but must regard only the presence of God, his all-seeing eye, the terrible Day of Judgment, and the obligations of our office. "The Lord, we must remember, hath appointed us to be watchmen over his people, we must therefore “ hear the word at his mouth, and give them faithful warning from him.” And we must do this under a conviction that our own souls are at stake; that if we “ speak not unto them, to warn them, to turn from their wicked ways, that they may save their souls alive, they shall die in their iniquity, but their blood shall be required at our hands;" whereas, if we do warn them faithfully, altho' they should not turn from their wickedness, but should die in their iniquity, we shall deliver our souls. Again: we must speak plainly and intelligibly on this important subject, that, if poflible, they may have just and clear ideas of the spirituality, extent, and obligation of the law of Chrift, the Gospel law, the law of love and liberty, and of every part of their duty as enjoined thereby.

We must use every means in our power to give them the neceffary information respecting both fin and righteousness, truth and error, that, as the Apostle speaks, they may have their senses properly exercised to discern both good and evil. And in enforcing the precepts of Christianity we must be impartial, having no respect of persons. We must be as ready to remind the rich and the great of their duty, and to


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