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below zero, and in July 650 above. The mos 120 stamp mills, crushing the ore with such a quito is said to be a great pest here in the sum thundering noise that you must shout into your mer. Official statements show that the winter neighbor's ear in order to be heard. Our climate of Southeastern Alaska for many years steamer brought away gold ingots valued at has been the average winter climate of Kentucky $95,000. Prospectors have been and are busy and West Virginia. The explanation of this is searching for new deposits, but where one found in the warm Japan current of the Pacific, “ strikes it rich," a score are the poorer for their the Kuro-Siwo, which strikes the Queen Char- prospecting. lotte islands 53° north latitude, and dividing, The salmon and the cod fisheries along porspreads southward along the British possessions tions of Southeastern Alaska are assuming large and northward along the shores of Alaska. No proportions, as also the establishments for the wonder therefore, that at Sitka they often find extraction of herring oil. difficulty in securing ice enough in winter for The furs of Alaska, however, are its crowning summer uses. Our steamer obtained its ice in feature and its greatest source of wealth. The Glacier Bay, where small icebergs weighing a sea-otter is much sought after. Think of one ton or so were taken in strong rope netting and elegant silver-gray skin, which we saw in a hoisted by the ship's crane on board and de- Juneau store, valued at $500 in its native state. posited in the hold.

Few seals are found in Southeastern Alaska. But it rains in Alaska. In 1856 there were

The Pribylof islands, so named from their dis258 rainy and 27 snowy days--the average num

coverer in 1786, and otherwise known as St. ber of rainy and snowy days being about 200

George and St. Paul, 200 miles north from the each year. The rainfall at Sitka is 84 inches

westerly portion of the Aleutian Chain, 1,000 about the same as around Puget Sound.

miles west from Sitka, and nearly 2,000 miles

| from San Francisco, are the great resort of the The long days in summer and the long nights in winter correspond well with each other. In

| “ amphibian millions" of seals. Elliott, in his the longest days of summer there are about

book on our Arctic Province, after careful caleighteen hours of sunshine, and from four to six

culations estimates that not less than “4,700,000 hours of twilight. In the longest days of winter

fur-seals assemble every summer on the rocky there are eighteen hours of darkness and but four

rookeries and sandy hauling-grounds of the Prito six hours of sunshine. This latter cir

bylot Islands!" Here, too, are large numbers of cumstance is in itself a great drawback to civ

sea lions on friendly relations with the seals. Upilized life in these regions. A laborer at Juneau,

on the acquisition of the territory, these islands between the high mountains on both sides, in

were declared a Treasury reservation. Conformed us that in winter outdoor work is carried

gress granted to the Alaska Commercial Comon by the light of lanterns until nine or ten

pany of San Francisco the exclusive right of o'clock in the forenoon and from two or three

taking a certain number of fur-seals every year o'clock in the afternoon, especially if the day be

for a period of twenty years. About 100,000 at all cloudy.

skins are taken each year, the company paying

the Government $3.66 for each, or about The timber of this country is not of a superior

$366,000 per annun. Twenty years' revenue quality, though answering very well for ordinary

from this source alone would be equal to the purposes.

original purchase price of the territory. Under The wealth of Alaska consists chiefly in her

the wise restrictions of the government, this mines, her fisheries and her furs.

slaughter does not perceptibly diminish the numIt is as yet uncertain what deposits of the pre- | ber of seals, so that, as long as the fashionable cious metals may be found here. The Cassiar world delights in this beautiful fur, so long will mines, which once gave Fort Wrangel importance

Alaska from this source alone yield a fair revenue as the base of supplies for that region, have not

to the government. met the great expectations raised. The Juneau gold mine, on Douglas Island, is indeed a won

Concerning the people themselves, their conderful deposit of low grade sulphuret ore, so dition and missionary work in Alaska, we must exposed that surface blasting is carried on in speak in a following article. securing it, as in an ordinary quarry. It is said that the owners have refused $16,000,000 for it. Here are the great reduction works, with their

Our Continent.

fodder for them will compel the ranchmen to sell their cattle for much less than they cost.

-Secretary Lamar reports that it has been ascer

tained that 6,410,000 acres of the public lands have California.-M. H. DeYoung, proprietor of the

been unlawfully enclosed by proprietors of adjoining San Francisco Chronicle, when in New York re.

ranches, and are claimed by them without any paycently, gave some statistics in regard to the agricul.

ment having been made or offered to the Government, taral productions of California, which are astounding.

and that this does not probably represent a moiety of He says that the shipments of lemons, limes, oranges,

what has thus been seized. Proceedings have been and pomegranates from that State (in addition to all

| instituted or will be instituted at once, by which that were consumed at home) for the season of 1886,

nearly half of this amount will be recovered. will exceed 2,300 car loads, or 50,000,000 pounds.

He also complains that large tracts of land have The freight on these to the Atlantic ports is a little

been reported surveyed, maps of them filed, and the more than $700,000.

surveys paid for when no survey has been made. The raisin crop shipped is somewhat more than 750,000 boxes, and the quality superior to the Span

- The Secretary also reports that serious encroachish. The barley crop is 27,000,000 bushels, about

ments have been made upon the National Yellowstone equal to that of all the rest of the United States. The

Park, by miners, hunters, and timber men, and wheat crop is about 44,000,000 bushels. Of hops he

recommends active measures of protection. He also

advocates the immediate establishment of a great timthinks 50,000 bales will be shipped.

ber reservation in Montana and Idaho, to protect the The quantity of grapes shipped to the East was

head waters of the Missouri and Columbia from very large, yet more than 25,000,000 gallons of wine were made, and 1,000,000 gallons of grape brandy.

drought. The olive crop is also very large.

- The United States Treasurer reports that there - The Saskatchewan region of the N. W. Provinces

are now $61,761,448 standard silver dollars in circu. (Dominion of Canada), proves to be very rich in coal,

lation, and expresses the opinion that $65,000,000 both bituminous and anthracite. The geological

will be the extreme limit of this circulation. survey engaged in the work, say that the whole dis

–Recent discoveries of copper ore have been made trict lying between Rocky Mountain House and on the line of the Canadian Pacific above Georgiana Fort Pitt, is one vast series of coal beds of the best Bay. The ore is said to be so pure and in such vast quality.

quantities as to throw the Lake Superior mines This may compensate for the partial disappoint completely in the shade. It is being worked by an ment of the settlers in that region who have found English company of large capital and the ore shipped wheat an uncertain crop the past year from the severe to Wales as fast as it can be mined. summer frosts.

-Secretary Manning recommends the displace-The recent blizzards in Dakota and Montana ment of the greenbacks by silver coin and silver cer. have been seriously disastrous to the cattle which tificates. The amount of the green backs is somewhat form so large a portion of the wealth of both territor more than $346,000,000. ies. In Montana the fear is expressed that the loss

-It is estimated that the product of the mines of will amount to twenty-five per cent. of the whole

Montana for the past year have been as follows: stock. Many were killed outright, and some herds

Gold, $3,450,000 ; silver, $9,600,000; copper, were driven a hundred miles from their ranches by

$8,000,000; lead, $1,250,000; total, $22,300,000. the storm.

Out of this gross product must be taken the great -It is said that in this storm a herd of buffalo, cost of working the mines, in order to arrive at the numbering three or four hundred, made their way real profits. The owners of many of the mines reside southward from near the Canadian line into Montana,

in the East, whither a large percentage of the profits traversing a distance of nearly three-hundred miles. go, so that Montana is not greatly enriched by this They were the first herd of buffalos seen in that region output. Does this sum seem large ? Put it along. for ten years. They were probably the wood buffalo | side of the following statement. which inhabit the mountains, and are seldom seen in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, is the banner large numbers.

county of the United States, in the value of its -From Wyoming reports have just come that the annual agricultural products, which are set down at great stock ranches have so far overstocked the land, / $5,800,000. Thus, one county in that State produces that there is not sufficient pasture for more than five-one quarter as much in value as all the mines of eighths of the stock now there. The last summer it Montana. It is said that there are thirty-three is said that the roots as well as the stalks of the counties in the United States whose annual products bunch grass were devoured by the cattle. Great exceed $4,000,000, of which fourteen are in New losses are predicted for the coming season, and it is York, seven in Pennsylvania, six in Illinois, two in stated on high authority that the effort to cultivate California, two in Massachusetts and one each in

NAMES.

TERM OF
SERVICE.

SALARY.

ENDS.

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Michigan and Connecticut. Which pays best, mining principal portion of the work being devoted to or farming ?

the character of the country and its people. Prom-The following list of the Governors of all the States

inence is given both in the text and in the illustrain 1887 which includes those recently elected, with

tions to the “ amphibian millions " of sea otter, seals, the length of their term of service, the date of its sea lions, and walrus, whose skins are so highly prized expiration, and their salaries, will be of interest to

in the markets of the world. The author writes from many of our readers. It is prepared especially for his own keen and minute personal observations coverthem and has not yet been published elsewhere.

ing a period of four successive seasons. He takes

the reader through Southeastern Alaska, over to Mt. Governors, 1887.

St. Elias and Kadiak Islands, to which particular attention is given, thence to the Aleutian group, the

Seal islands of St. George and St. Paul, and thence

TERM STATES.

to the “Lonely Northern Wastes," where the Mahlemoot hunts the “ Morse" and the polar bear.

To the Christian reader, of course, the things of Alabama ........

Thomas Leay... .. Dec., 1888 2 yrs. $5,000 chief interest are the character, condition, customs Arkansas.....

Simon P. Hughes.. Jan. 13, '89 2 3,000 California.... John F. Swift..... Jan., 18914

and occupations of the people, in whose evangeliza

6,000 Colorado.... Alva Adams ...... Jan., 1889 2 5,000 tion we are and ought to be interested as a long neg. Connecticut.. P. C. Lounsbery... Jan., 1889 2 " 2,000 Delaware ..... Benjamin T. Biggs. Jan., 1891 4. "

lected element in our own domain. To all such as

2,000 Florida..... E. A. Perry....... Jan., 1889 4

3,500 Georgia...... John B. Gordon... Nov.

well as to others, we commend this fresh and valuable 1888 2

3,000 Illinois

Richard J. Oglesby Jan., 1889 4 6,000 work.
Indiana... Isaac P. Gray...... Jan., 1889 4 5,000
lowa
William Larrabee.. Jan.,

3,000
Kansas...
John A. Martin.... Jan., 1889 2

REPORT ON THE POPULATION, INDUSTRIES AND

3,000 Kentucky...... J. Proctor Knott .. Sept., 188714

5,000 RESOURCES OF ALASKA.-By Ivan Petroff, special Louisiana. Sam. D. McEnery May, 1888 4

4,000 Maine..... J. R. Bodwell... Nov., 1889 2

2,000 agent. Washington: Government Printing Office, Maryland.... Henry Lloyd.. Jan., 1888

4,500

1884. Massachusetts.... Oliver Ames..... Jan., 1888

4,000 Michigan ..... Cyrus G. Luce... Jan., 1889 2 1,000 This is a quarto pamphlet or volume of 190 pages, Minnesota. A. R. McGill.. Jan., 1889 2 3,800 Mississippi .. Robert Lowry..... Jan., 1890

4,000

containing a great mass of facts on the topics named, Missouri... J. S. Marmaduke.. Jan', 1889

5,000 | well arranged and classified. Those who wish to Nebraska.. John M. Thayer... Jan., 1889

2,000 Nevada... C. C. Stevenson... Jan., 1891

5,000

make a careful study of Alaska should obtain this New Hampshire. Charles H. Sawyer. June, 1889 2 1,000 work, if any copies are yet to be had from the departNew Jersey... Robert S. Green... Jan., 1890

5,000 New York.... David B. Hill ..... 1889

10,000 ment of the interior at Washington. North Carolina... Alfred M. Scales... Jan., 18894

3,000 Ohio............ Joseph B. Foraker. Jan., 1888 2

4,000 Oregon.......... Zenas F. Moody.... Jan., 189114 1,500

REPORT ON EDUCATION IN ALASKA. — With maps Pennsylvania .... James A. Beaver .. Jan., 1801

10,000 Rhode Island ....G. Peabody Wetmore May, 1837 1

1,000 and illustrations. By Sheldon Jackson, general agent South Carolina..JJohn P. Richardson Dec., 1888

4,000 Tennessee, .... Robert L. Taylor.. Jan., 1889 2

of education in Alaska, 1886. Washington : GovernTexas....... L. C. Ross........ Jan., 1889

4,000 ment Printing Office. Vermont...

- Ormsbee.... Oct., 1888 2 " 1,500 Virginia Fitzhugh Lee...... Jan.' 1800 4

5,000

This pamphlet of ninety-three pages, prepared by West Virginia.. E. Willis Wilson ... Mar., 18874 2,500 one who has made a specialty of missionary and edu. Wisconsin........ Jeremiah M. Rusk. Jan., 1890 3 « 5,000

cational work in Alaska, for several years, is full of TERRITORIES. Alaska. Alf. P. Swineford.. 1889 4

information not only concerning the specific subject

2,500 Arizona.... C. Meyer Zulick... 1889 4 2,500 treated, but concerning the people themselves. In Dakota .... Gilbert A. Pierce..

18884

2,500 Idaho E. A. Stevenson... 1889 4 2,500

the appendices are given the Acts of Congress for the Montana... Sam. T. Hansen ... 1889

2,500 Civil Government of Alaska, passed May 1884, and New Mexic Edmund G. Ross.. 1890

2,500 Utah

West......

18904

2,500 other matters of interest. The engravings and re. Washington...... Watson C. Squire.. 1890 4 2,500 Wyoming........ Geo. W. Baxter ...

1890 4 " 2,500

productions of photographs by the photo-gravure process are very good. A limited number of copies

are published for distribution, and can be obtained BOOK NOTICES.

by addressing the Secretary of the Interior, Wash

ington, D. C. OUR ARCTIC PROVINCE: ALASKA AND THE SEAL ISLANDS—By Henry W. Elliott. New York: Charles NOTES OF SERMONS. — By J. M. Pendleton, Scribner's Sons, 1886. pp. 473. $4.50.

| D.D. 12mo., 227 pp. Price, $1.25. American Baptist This work is gotten up in the best style of the Publication Society. book-making art for which the Scribners are noted. This volume contains outlines of seventy-five ser. It contains forty-nine full page engravings, forty- | mons, and afford a good view of the manner in which three other illustrations in the text, and five maps, in the author has been accustomed to analyze his sub. cluding a large folding map of Alaska at the end jects. The selection covers a variety of topics—some of the volume. It has also a copious index. of the Notes are more full, some are merely outlines It treats briefly of the history of Alaska, the of his plan.

4,000

The Chinese in America.

own experience how much kind actions and friendly sympathy must be appreciated when trouble or sick

ness visit them. [The following interesting paper on the evangelization of Chinese in America was read before the Long

Martha and her sister Mary never realized that Island Association, by Mr. J. C. Thoms, interpreter the Saviour's presence was such a comfort to them and teacher in the Chinese Sunday school connected until their brother Lazarus died. Many years ago a with the Washington Avenue Baptist Church in

Chinese lad heard a missionary tell the wonderful Brooklyn.]

story about Jesus and His death upon the cross in a This world is always busy with commerce. Man, mission chapel for the first time. His little heathenby natural tendency, is ever looking for gain-his ish heart was bitterly opposed to the missionary, as ambition seems insatiable. Such is human nature. he thonght no other human being ever lived in this It is hardly necessary for me to tell you that most of world as grand and noble as Confucius of his own my countrymen come here looking for gain, for they country. Still, he was very much interested in the are no exceptions to the general rule; otherwise you story, and attended the services Sunday after Sunday. would find very few who cared to leave their homes The missionary had soon learned that the youth's to cross the great Pacific Ocean.

feelings were opposed to him, and one night after America is spoken of in China as “Gum Sun," the service he stood at the door, shaking hands with "golden hills," and it is said that gold and silver are

everybody. He took both hands of the lad, patted lying loose in the streets, and over the hills and val.

him kindly, and spoke gently to him. Perhaps I leys; and that since the Americans do not know the

might never have found the Saviour but for the beauvalue of those substances, the Chinese propose to

tiful example of Christian love exemplified by His carry them away before they shall have a chance to saithful servant that night. Many faithful Christians find out their error. Such is the inducement for

are doing work similar to this for their Saviour among them to come here. They are mostly sons of respec.

my countrymen in this city, and we want many more table farmers, who find it hard to follow the occupa.

to join us in the enterprise. There are six Chinese tion of their fathers, and therefore leave homes and

Sunday schools in the city, three of which are of the country for a strange land in the hope of ameliorating Baptist denomination. their condition.

The missionary work of the Baptists among my Some of them do prosper with surprising rapidity countrymen, both in New York and Brooklyn, is far after they get here, and write back to tell their friends more successful than that of any other denomination. and relatives of their success, even asking them to There are at least five times as many Chinese Chris. come also; but most of them are sadly disappointed tians who are Baptists in these two cities as those of and write back to tell their kinsmen of the hardships all other denominations put together. they endure, and wish they had never come. Such, No one can see how much good is being done in in brief, is the main story of the Chinese immigra- these schools unless he is thoroughly interested in tion. But I think He who “ hath made of one blood the work. all the nations of the earth" has other plans in per One who has no experience in such undertakings mitting them to come-namely, that they may receive may feel discouraged, as there are so many difficulties something far more precious than gold or silver; to be overcome, and obstacles in the way. that they may learn the only secret which has made In the first place, the work seems so slow: and if the United States so magnificent as a nation. In you are impatient to see the fruit of your labor other words, to see the abundant blessing of God (which is but natural), you are apt to become disapon a Christian nation, and that the Christian peo | couraged. “Slow, but sure," is, however, a wise ple here may teach them how to obtain the same for motto. Naturally, our people are very slow and contheir fatherland. The great question now is, whether servative. It is one of their national characteristics. Cbristian people are willing to take up the responsi. Any innovation, presented especially by foreigners, bility which the Master has left for them.

is always looked upon with suspicion. Whatever You have sent many missionaries to our country their ancestors believed is always held dear and to proclaim the Gospel of the Lord Jesus, and you sacred by them. Their Confucius taught them to all know that they had marked success, though the uphold conservatism as the fundamental principle, lives of those faithful servants have been very often indispensable in the preservation of family peace in danger, especially of late. I desire at this time to and human happiness. Thus they may look at you call your attention to the fact that you can do this suspiciously when you first approach them with the work for the Master in the city of Brooklyn as well as Saviour's message ; but if whatever you do is kind in China. The Chinese are no longer your antipodes and friendly, you will soon convince them of your but your neighbors. As a matter of fact, those here sincerity and secure their confidence. are more susceptible to what you may preach to them, Most of the men who come to Sunday school and and the reason is obvious. Living in a strange land, ask to be taught the English language do not have amidst strange surroundings, and thousands of miles the least idea who their Saviour was. They are from homes and loved ones, you must know by your 'ignorant and superstitious, and strongly adhere to

idol worship. You first teach them to speak your mostly women with prayer-book and rosary, returnlanguage, which is useful to them in their daily | ing from their morning devotions, preparatory to enavocations, and which, originally, is the chief in- tering upon the pleasures of the day. Sunday is a ducement for them to come; but as soon as you find general festival day. The native shops are clothed in

hey understand you sufficiently, you can tell them their most attractive dress; the booths lining the about the Saviour, and that they have been worship streets are filled with the most tempting viands; the ing nothing but wood and stone, and that there is pulque shops hang out their most gorgeous decoraonly one God. They may feel awed at your seeming tions. The theatres put their best plays upon the blasphemous language, and think surely their wooden stage, both for matinee and evening performance, gods will revenge your sacrilege : but if you repeat and the best operas are reserved for Sunday. Orrin's the same story every Sunday, the result will be as it circus has three of its most attractive performances on has been in our school here—that their minds are Sunday, and the bull fights are always held on this disabused, and they at last admit that what they wor-day. Extra trains are run for the accommodation of ship are really no more than wood, paper, and stone. the multitude who flock to this most revolting of all Here is where their ears are opened to the Gospel. their so-called amu-ements. Although bull fights are In order to accomplish all this, patience and perse not allowed within the city limits, they are held at a verance are indispensable. Perhaps you may have convenient distance, “just near enough to be com. heard that from 1845 to 1855 the patient pioneer fortable.” The streets are filled with the gaily. missionaries in China, after laboring ten years, had dressed throng going to and from these different only succeeded in winning one soul for Christ out places of resort. At midday one of the superb Mexiof 350,000,000; but the subsequent 30 years has can bands plays in its most exquisite style in the proved that they had not labored in vain, as there alameda. This park cannot be surpassed by any of are over 45,000 Christians in that land, and we are its size anywhere in the States. Here the gay crowd confident that the time is not far distant when fill the drives, walks and benches: frien

eets Christ's victorious banners shall be seen waving in friend, and the time is whiled away till the hour for every direction. It was more than 300 years before the afternoon festivities. At five o'clock the fine Christians were exempted from persecution in Rome.equipages begin to appear upon the streets, and at

Thus, step by step, devoted Christian workers in six o'clock the Paseo, the boulevard of the city, is these Sunday schools are leading my countrymen to lively with gay turnouts and finely mounted steeds. Christ. Oh! what a blessing it will be to China if | Perfect order is here maintained by mounted police. these men, when they go back to their homes, in- | The promenades and benches are filled by people of stead of telling their friends and relatives of the all classes. By eight o'clock the Paseo is almost de. gold and silver they found in America, or the hard-serted, the people having returned to their homes ships and rough treatment they received of your to partake of their nine o'clock suppper, and to pre. saloon politicians, tell the story of Jesus Christ who pare for the festivities of the night, consisting of died upon the cross for sinners; then the Scripture opera, theatre or private party. The programme for which says, “And these from the land of Sinam," is

every Sunday is choice and full, and all classes enter indeed fulfilled!

upon their distinctive amusements with the utmost

enjoyment. The sound of a single church-bell, or the Sunday in Mexico.

sight of one Protestant church spire, would be cheer. [From La Luz.]

ing. Each of the Protestant missions of the city holds It is in the observance, or non-observance of the | at least two services, with Sunday school Sunday, Lord's Day, that we encounter one of the greatest | beside prayer-meetings on various evenings of the contrasts between life in Mexico, and in our own dear week. The Northern Methodists, the Southern home land. We cherish the remembrance of quiet | Methodists, the Presbyterians and the Episcopalians, Sabbath days; but here the delusion is soon dispelled all own houses of worship, Aling open wide their by the clanging of discordant bells, forcibly re. doors, and invite the people to enter. But those who minding us that we are under Cathedral influence. come into the Baptist mission house must do so In Mexico the bells clang and jangle as if they would through tribulation and by perseverance. After hurl their discordant notes like thunderbolts upon the | climbing a long stairway and crossing a corridor, they heads of those who proclaim Christ the one Mediator, find a small but not unattractive room, where they to this crushed and blinded people. In contrast to are cordially greeted by a friendly hand-shake and the clear-toned church bell and the peace and quiet | invited to come again. pervading all nature in any of our delightful home vil. | So many of these people now come, that the little lages, we are entertained here by a band of music chapel is compactly filled, and all manifest a spirit of which is discoursing its liveliest strains to announce decorum and reverence. We have no room for ad. to the people the opening of a new pulque shop. Sun- ditional attendance, and our hearts sink within us day is the day of the week reserved by all for extraor when we consider that our work must come to a dinary occurrences. If you saunter out in the early standstill from sheer lack of space in which to receive morning, you will see the more devout Catholics, | the people,

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