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RESULTS OF FIFTY-FIVE YEARS.
the past year, particularly in Dakota, NeNumber of Commissions to Missionaries
braska, Kansas, Montana, Idaho, Washington and Teachers........
11,893 Weeks of Service Reported......
Territory, Oregon, California, and Arizona, *Sermons Preached......
1,038, 158 in exploring new fields, organizing churches * Prayer-Meetings Attended............. 569,976 * Religious Visits to Families or Indi.
and Sunday-schools, arranging for occasional viduals............................ 2,577,470 services at places where it is impracticable to Persons Baptized....
.................. 103,214 Churches Organized................... . 3,545
appoint local missionaries, preaching wherever *During last forty-six years.
there is opportunity. Missionaries of the
Society have been the first to explore scores CLASSIFIED TABLE OF MISSIONARIES, ETC., OF THE
of new settlements the past year as they AMERICAN BAPTIST HOME MISSION SOCIETY.FROM 1871 TO 1887, INCLUSIVE.
have explored thousands of others in the past. For years yet this kind of service will
be required. səby!P3 -45
The call for missionaries to serve newly'ssepoyos
organized churches has been far beyond the
ability of the Society to answer. Where it is *ssue.
practicable, two or more churches are supplied 17զաոս
by one man. The missionary pastors last year preached at 1,385 stations and out-stations. All churches aided are pressed to do
first all they can for themselves, and at the Suomy
earliest possible moment to dispense with aid from the Society. About twenty churches
have become self-supporting the past year. In 'sueixəw mum----| || ! ~ 70
portions of Dakota and Montana the drouth Suowy
of last season and other adverse circumstances +NOU nova 90
seriously crippled the financial ability of many Suowy
small churches and retarded their progress toward self-support. Large ingatherings have
been enjoyed by some of the churches, and Зuошу
revivals have been general. A few general "sue2upuy
missionaries, with special evangelistic gifts, Suошу
would constitute a valuable addition to our "soypeal pue soueuoiss!
forces in the newer States and Territories. "ON TOL +
The general or State missionaries are Rev. BRANDO
D. E. Halteman, D.D., for Wisconsin, Rev.
J. Sunderland for Minnesota, Rev. G. W. • The plan of co-operation in the States of New York, | Huntley for Northern Dakota, Rev. C. E. Michigan, and Illinois terminated in 1875, and 73 missionaries
Higgins for Iowa, Rev. J. W. Osborn for in these States were transferred to the care of their respective
Nebraska, Rev. D. D. Proper for Kansas, Not including Secretaries and Agents.
Rev. Dwight Spencer for Utah, Idaho, and The decrease of missionaries among the Freedmen after 1873 is largely accounted for by the fact that students were no
Montana, Rev. A. B. Banks for the Puget longer commissioned as teachers and missionaries during their Sound region, Rev. G. J. Burchett, D.D., for summer vacations.
Oregon, Rev. W. H. Latourette for California Including about ten teachers of Government day schools in Indian Territory.
and western Nevada. Without the constant, | Not reported.
watchful care of these large fields by such WESTERN MISSIONS.
capable general missionaries, it is next to Pioneer missionary work, through the impossible to maintain and carry on our work Society's agencies, is still required, as in the efficiently. past, and has been performed to a large extent Rev. Dr. Haigh, of Chicago, has continued,
as heretofore, superintendent of missions for the financial work of training these new regions his extensive district, including sections which to take the larger national interests of the have had no benefit of the services of a Society into their sympathies and efforts has general missionary. This work. with the also met with a good degree of success, and increased attention which is required for the
it is already seen that a healthier and more development of benevolence in the churches,
vigorous life comes to these States by this has become too vast to be compassed by one
system than followed the old plan of expecting
from a missionary State no practical interest in man, however capable.
the work beyond their own borders. It has been deemed wise, therefore, to In Minnesota steady and gratifying advance make a division of the district, leaving for has been made. Forty-one missionaries were Dr. Haigh Northern Illinois, Iowa, Wiscon- employed, serving forty-six churches with fiftysin, Minnesota, and Northern Dakota, and eight outstations. They raised on their fields constituting Southern Dakota, Nebraska, for all purposes $36,501.34, of which $2,545.82 Wyoming, Kansas, and Colorado as a separate was for benevolent objects. The total receipts district. Rev. H. C. Woods, D.D., of St.
for the year were $8,170.15 against $7,193.04 Paul, Minn., has accepted the appointment
last year. The number of contributing churches
increased from 119 to 136. In addition the as Superintendent of Missions for this
contributions for the general work of the Society territory. This appointment has been re
are steadily growing, reaching this year about ceived with much favor. It is believed that
$1,446.83. The year will always remain a Dr. Woods, who has been so long and marked one for denominational progress in the prominently identified with the effective mis. State. More work on church edifices is being sionary management in Minnesota, has ex- done and projected than for many years. An ceptional fitness for this responsible position. almost general revival of religion has been enRev. J. C. Baker, whose services as
joyed by the churches, and the total additions Superintendent of Missions for the North
were 2,218, the net gain being a little more Pacific Coast have contributed largely to the
than 11 per cent. The total contributions for
all purposes are $193,331.70, a gain of $49,672. development of our interests there, retires 75. or 33 per cent. The missionary contriburom this position, as the North Pacific Baptist tions for the State average $4.50 per member, Convention ceases to be, and the work | and the entire contributions $18.67 per'member. heretofore done under its auspices is taken In lowa we had 41 missionaries serving 82 up by the Oregon Convention, the Puget churches and outstations. These churches Sound Association, and the Convention of raised on their fields for all purposes $30, 148.Eastern Washington and Northern Idaho. 76, of which $3,221.42 was for benevolent Brother Baker leaves the work in excellent objects. The receipts were not equal to last condition and with credit to himself.
year, being $4,049.23. Indeed, the whole year
has been one of more than usual difficulty, owing THE WESTERN DISTRICT.
to the constant drain which is being made on
the churches by emigration further west, and to REV. WILLIAM M. HAIGH, D.D., SUPERINTENDENT
the fact that for some months the State was OF MISSIONS, AND DISTRICT SECRETARY.
without a financial secretary. The contribution The work in this district, in its three-fold for the general work of the Society, introduced character--missionary, constructive, and finan- | by themselves, continues to grow. Rev. Dwight cial, has been prosecuted through the year on Spencer has spent five months this winter in substantially the same principles as heretofore, the State, and by his forceful presentations has and with similar results. The missionary work interested the people both in his special work though hampered, especially in the newer in Utah and the general work of the Society. regions, by the limitations of the treasury, has He reports visiting 86 churches, delivering been markedly successful. The constructive 98 sermons and lectures, distributing 15,445 work of organizing the State forces for mis- pages of literature, travelling 8,360 miles. sionary supervision and self-support has gone The receipts for the year were $2,562.95. forward with noticeable steps, and the growing! In Kansas 43 missionaries were under appointpower of these organizations is manifest to all. I ment in 47 churches and 45 outstations. These
raised for all purposes $22,160.06, of which moving to erect houses of worship, and some $1,752.38 was for benevolent objects. The con have already made a beginning. The demand tributions from the State were $3,392.63, besides for further enlargement is very urgent. Eighty a good beginning of $58, on collection for towns, all of them with Baptists in them, 14 of the general work of the Society, which henceforth which are county seats, are without a Baptist is to have a permanent place in the State. The church. A work of special interest in a colony year has been one of great progress. Many ex- of Roumanians, recently settled in Wells and tensive revivals have been enjoyed. Forty-four Foster counties, is going on. A German stunew white churches, and 20 colored, have been dent from Rochester has labored among them organized, with 1,131 members, and signs of with marked success through the winter, and material advance are on every hand. A vast has just been ordained as their pastor. population is coming into the State, and calls In Southern Dakota we have had 33 missionfor Missionary and Church Edifice aid are heard | aries under appointment but no general mison every hand. The State, though suffering sionary, in consequence of which the general the consequences of previous retrenchment, is interests of the region have suffered for want moving forward to her great task with hope and l of adequate oversight, though the work in local courage.
churches has been prosecuted with great fidelIn Nebraska we had 28 missionaries laboring ity. Some marked revivals have been enjoyed, with 39 churches and many outstations. Quite and the prospects for the coming season are a number of houses of worship have been dedi- brightening and hopeful. cated or are nearing completion. A missionary Illinois, no longer a missionary State, has for the Northwest has been employed, supported contributed directly to our treasury for five in part by the women's societies in the State. years, and in the northern half, which alone beThe total receipts were $2,248.62, besides a longs to this district, has given the past year small amount contributed for the debt and
$9,643. 10, a sum more than equal to what was other general work. A large amount of aggres- contributed by the whole State for State and sive work is being done and planned, especially | Home Missions together five years ago. in the chief cities and in the new regions, and
Our work among the foreign population of no Stite promises richer results for the labor of
Illinois is still prosecuted by us, and we have our people, if only we can take advantage of the
had 1 Germans, 7 Scandinavians, and i French many inviting fields which open up before us.
laborer. 'The work, especially in the city of Our work in Wisconsin is more encouraging | Chicago and vicinity, has been attended with than it has ever been. We had 40 laborers with marked success, and demonstrates with new 47 churches and 44 outstations. These churches force the necessity for attempting much greater raised for all purposes $20,982.05, of which things. The events of the past year have shown $2,008.64 was for benevolent objects. The to the whole American people the danger of total receipts were $5,793. 11, being $500 allowing a giant city to grow up in the very over last year, which was the Convention's heart of the nation with the powers of ignohigh-water mark. In addition some $1,257.81 rance, superstition, and vice gathering with has been contributed for the general and Church cancerous fury. The noble bands of our Edifice work of the Society. Many points of in- foreign-speaking disciples, who with truly aposterest are opening up in this State, and the spirit tolic zeal and sacrifice are ranged to beat back of enterprise to occupy them is general and the powers of evil, have a task all too great for growing. Our work in this State is entering their strength. The whole country has a stake on a most hopeful stage.
in the future character of this young city, and In Dakota, since retrenchment began, our
if the Society should decide that broader and
to work has been done under great difficulties, more effective measures must be used but not without cheer. In North Dakota we
strengthen our work within its bounds it would have now 25 missionaries as a gainst 18 last year. | only be doing what the brethren of other names and the winter's work has been quite encourag
are planning to do on a most liberal and coming, notwithstanding the severity of the season. prehensive scale. One hundred and twenty conversions are re | The work of supervising this vast district has ported, and on a recent Sabbath 30 were bap-grown enormously, calling for a travel the past tized at several points. Numerous churches are year of 24,000 miles. The division of the district which is now to take place comes none too | taineer, a monthly paper edited and published soon for all concerned.
by Rev. L. L. Wood, our missionary at Salt As this is the last report to come under the Lake City, has been very helpful in dissemipresent arrangement, it is not inappropriate to
nating the truth among the people. add a few words as to the results of the system
"The Golden Bible" is the title of a book of co-operation between the States and the
by Rev. M. T. Lamb, a former missionary of Society, which has been the chief feature in this district for about nine years. It was in the
the Society in Utah, who has made a fresh summer of 1878 that the Board of the Minne
and searching examination into the base sota Convention proposed to our Board a plan
| imitations, the puerilities, the inconsistenon which substantially we have been working cies, and the anachronisms of the “Mormon ever since. It went into operation October 1, Bible.” The work has received very high 1878, and soon demonstrated its superiority commendation as the most effective blow over all methods used before, so that in 1879 yet delivered against the foundations of the it was taken up by lowa, then Nebraska and
Mormon faith. Mr. Lamb is under appointKansas, with such modifications as experience
ment to labor as an itinerant in Utah, to dictated, and was quickly adopted in other parts
lecture and disseminate this book as means of the country. Before this the missionary work was done in each State partly by the
may be furnished for the purpose. Society and partly by the State Board, with no
It is truly pitiful that American Baptists living unity, no orderly plan, no enthusiasm, have but two or three men combating this and with meagre results. The new system gigantic and growing system, which has a wrought immediate change by bringing the large number of missionaries effectively laborStates into living union with the Society, by ing throughout the Union, as well as in other making responsibility definite and supervision countries. A Scandinavian missionary is certain, by bringing to each State the experience
greatly needed for Utah. The lady missionof the rest, and by creating at once a missionary
aries appointed by the Women's Baptist enthusiasm and courage which have brought
Home Mission Society (Chicago), though most gratifying results. It has enabled us to employ with good effect a large number of
encountering many difficulties, have been Missionaries, and erect in suitable places many
valued helpers in Ogden and Salt Lake City. houses of worship, and has specially aided in de The stringent legislation by Congress, last veloping the latent resources of the region. winter, in respect to polygamy and other The receipts into the Society's treasury from matters vital to the Mormon system, may this field for 1878 just before the adoption of the produce a marked change in Utah. plan were $4,404. 22. The receipts on the same field for the year 1886 were $33,238.77, of which about $10,000 were for the general work outside these States; and for the year just
The German Baptist churches of the counclosed, $37,497.60, of which $14,046.86 were
try, though continually losing members, who, for the general work of the Society. Its very
as they become thoroughly American in success has made a division imperative, and, un speech and tastes, find their religious home der the competent leader who has been chosen, in American churches, steadily increase in its further extension beyond the Missouri will numbers and in general efficiency in their doubtless bring rich blessings to that wonderful missionary and benevolent organizations. In region.
co-operation with the German Baptist ConUTAH.
vention the Society's field includes the There have been no marked changes in province of Ontario, Canada, and extends our missions in Utah. The church at Ogden from New England to the Pacific Coast. is prosperous. The church at Salt Lake At Castle Garden Rev. John Schiek continues City, owing to removal of some of its mem| the acceptable missionary, not only among bers and other causes, has not increased in his countrymen but to others whom he is numbers. At both places good Sunday able to reach by his knowledge of other lanschools are maintained. The Baptist Moun- guages.
THE COLORED PEOPLE.
That our German Baptist pastors and use of which these Catholics were persuaded churches are doing a work among the Ger- to abandon for the use of the Scriptures. Rev. man speaking population that American J. N. Williams is still General Missionary for churches are not doing and cannot do finds New England. illustration in the fact that one such church in Brooklyn, N. Y., in ten years received upon profession of faith in Christ 175 persons. It is just twenty-five years since the Society, . who were the direct descendants of Roman at its annual meeting at Providence, R. I., Catholic parents and sixty others who had | May 29th, 1862, committed itself to the work been outspoken unbelievers in the Bible. of evangelization and Christian education THE SCANDINAVIANS.
of the colored people of the South. The
report of the Board contained a recommenThe steady influx of Scandinavians, and
dation on the subject, which was referred to their active spirit of religious inquiry, make
a special committee, two of whom, Rev. increased demands for more missionaries
B.T. Welch and Rev. N. Colver, had been among them. Numerous calls have been
prominent in the great controversy at the refused, however, for want of means. In
meeting in Philadelphia, in 1844. some States, as in Minnesota, Scandinavians
In the light of what has transpired since, comprise a large proportion of the Baptist
the resolutions presented by that committee strength. Of the 192 Baptist churches in Minnesota,
and adopted by the Society have historic 63, or nearly one-third, are Scandinavians,
interest, and so are worthy of reproduction and of the 11,022 members, 3,402, or nearly
here * one-third, are Scandinavians. The Swedish
June 25th, 1862, the Executive Board Church at St. Paul has become self-support
decided : “ That immediate measures be ing the past year, and the Tabernacle Church
taken for the occupation by our missionof Minneapolis (Danish-Norwegian), under i aries of such Southern fields as in the Provthe charge of Rev. O. Weenolsen, has had remarkable prosperity. Of the forty-two ! *«WHEREAS, We recognize in the recent abolition missionaries in this State last year, thirteen,
of slavery in the District of Columbia, and in the or nearly one-third, were Scandinavians. In
setting free of thousands of bondsmen by the ad
vancement of our national armies into the insurgent the East, as well as in the West, results of
States, a most impressive indication that Divine missionary labor among these people have Providence is about to break the chains of the en. been very gratifying.
slaved millions in our land, and thus furnish an un.
obstructed entrance for the Gospel among vast multiTHE FRENCH.
tudes who have hitherto been shut out from its pure Work among the French has been prose teachings; and cuted in Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island,
“WHEREAS, We see in the entire organization of
the social and religious state of the South, which Connecticut, and Illinois.
must inevitably follow the successful overthrow of the The State Convention of Connecticut and
rebellion, the Divine Hand most distinctly and most Massachusetts have co-operated with the So- imperatively beckoning us on to the occupancy of a ciety in supporting missionaries in their field broader, more important, more promising than borders. Notwithstanding desperate efforts
has ever yet invited our toils; therefore of the Romish priesthood to prevent the
“Resolved, That we recommend the Society to take
immediate steps to supply with Christian instruction, people from hearing the truth, good con
good con- | by means of missionaries and teachers, the emancigregations are gathered and many copies of pated slaves—whether in the District of Columbia or the French New Testament are sold and in other places held by our forces-and also to inaug. given away. One man has sold about 600 | urate a system of operations for carrying the Gospel copies of the Scripture to French Canadians,
alike to free and bond throughout the whole Southern
| section of our country, so fast and so far as the pro. ome instances exchanging the word of gress of our arms and the restoration of order and God for rosaries, images, and crucifixes, the law shall open the way.”