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as heretofore, superintendent of missions for the financial work of training these new regions his extensive district, including sections which to take the larger national interests of the have had no benefit of the services of a Society into their sympathies and efforts has general missionary. This work, with the also met with a good degree of success, and increased attention which is required for the it is already seen that a healthier and more development of benevolence in the churches, vigorous life comes to these States by this has become too vast to be compassed by one
system than followed the old plan of expecting
from a missionary State no practical interest in man, however capable.
the work beyond their own borders. It has been deemed wise, therefore, to
In Minnesota steady and gratifying advance make a division of the district, leaving for has been made. Forty-one missionaries were Dr. Haigh Northern Illinois, Iowa, Wiscon employed, serving forty-six churches with fiftysin, Minnesota, and Northern Dakota, and eight outstations. They raised on their fields constituting Southern Dakota, Nebraska, for all purposes $36,501.34, of which $2,545.82 Wyoming, Kansas, and Colorado as a separate was for benevolent objects. The total receipts district. Rev. H. C. Woods, D.D., of St. for the year were $8,170.15 against $7,193.04 Paul, Minn., has accepted the appointment last year. The number of contributing churches as Superintendent of Missions for this contributions for the general work of the Society
increased from 119 to 136. In addition the territory. This appointment has been re
are steadily growing, reaching this year about ceived with much favor. It is believed that
$1,446.83. The year will always remain a Dr. Woods, who has been so long and marked one for denominational progress in the prominently identified with the effective mis- State. More work on church edifices is being sionary management in Minnesota, has ex- done and projected than for many years. An ceptional fitness for this responsible position. almost general revival of religion has been enRev. J. C. Baker, whose services
joyed by the churches, and the total additions Superintendent of Missions for the North
were 2,218, the net gain being a little more
than ii per cent. The total contributions for Pacific Coast have contributed largely to the all purposes are $193,331.70, a gain of $49,672.development of our interests there, retires 75, or 33 per cent. The missionary contribufrom this position, as the North Pacific Baptist tions for the State average $4.50 per member, Convention ceases to be, and the work and the entire contributions $18.67 per member. heretofore done under its auspices is taken In lowa we had 41 missionaries serving 82 up by the Oregon Convention, the Puget churches and outstations. These churches Sound Association, and the Convention of raised on their fields for all purposes $30,148.Eastern Washington and Northern Idaho. 76, of which $3,221.42 was for benevolent Brother Baker leaves the work in excellent objects. The receipts were not equal to last condition and with credit to himself.
year, being $4,049.23. Indeed, the whole year
has been one of more than usual difficulty, owing THE WESTERN DISTRICT.
to the constant drain which is being made on
the churches by emigration further west, and to REV. WILLIAM M. HAIGH, D.D., SUPERINTENDENT
the fact that for some months the State was OF MISSIONS, AND DISTRICT SECRETARY.
without a financial secretary. The contribution The work in this district, in its three-fold for the general work of the Society, introduced character-missionary, constructive, and finan- by themselves, continues to grow. Rev. Dwight cial, has been prosecuted through the year on Spencer has spent five months this winter in substantially the same principles as heretofore, the State, and by his forceful presentations has and with similar results. The missionary work interested the people both in his special work though hampered, especially in the newer in Utah and the general work of the Society, regions, by the limitations of the treasury, has He reports visiting 86 churches, delivering been markedly successful. The constructive 98 sermons and lectures, distributing 15,445 work of organizing the State forces for mis- pages of literature, travelling 8,360 miles. sionary supervision and self-support has gone The receipts for the year were $2,562.95. forward with noticeable steps, and the growing In Kansas 43 missionaries were under appointpower of these organizations is manifest to all. I ment in 47 churches and 45 outstations. These
raised for all purposes $22,160.06, of which moving to erect houses of worship, and some $1,752.38 was for benevolent objects. The con- have already made a beginning. The demand tributions from the State were $3,392.63, besides for further enlargement is very urgent. Eighty a good beginning of $581 on collection for towns, all of them with Baptists in them, 14 of the general work of the Society, which henceforth which are county seats, are without a Baptist is to have a permanent place in the State. The church. A work of special interest in a colony year has been one of great progress. Many ex- of Roumanians, recently settled in Wells and tensive revivals have been enjoyed. Forty-four Foster counties, is going on. A German stunew white churches, and 20 colored, have been dent from Rochester has labored among them organized, with 1,131 members, and signs of with marked success through the winter, and material advance are on every hand. A vast has just been ordained as their pastor. population is coming into the State, and calls
In Southern Dakota we have had 33 missionfor Missionary and Church Edifice aid are heard aries under appointment but no general mison every hand.
The State, though suffering sionary, in consequence of which the general the consequences of previous retrenchment, is interests of the region have suffered for want moving forward to her great task with hope and of adequate oversight, though the work in local courage.
churches has been prosecuted with great fidelIn Nebraska we had 28 missionaries laboring ity. Some marked revivals have been enjoyed, with 39 churches and many outstations. Quite and the prospects for the coming season are a number of houses of worship have been dedi- brightening and hopeful. cated or are nearing completion. A missionary Illinois, no longer a missionary State, has for the Northwest has been employed, supported contributed directly to our treasury for five in part by the women's societies in the State.
years, and in the northern half, which alone beThe total receipts were $2,248.62, besides a longs to this district, has given the past year small amount contributed for the debt and $9,643.10, a sum more than equal to what was other general work. A large amount of aggres- contributed by the whole State for State and sive work is being done and planned, especially Home Missions together five years ago. in the chief cities and in the new regions, and
Our work among the foreign population of no State promises richer results for the labor of Illinois is still prosecuted by us, and we have Our people, if only we can take advantage of the
had in Germans, 7 Scandinavians, and i French many inviting fields which open up before us.
laborer. The work, especially in the city of Our work in Wisconsin is more encouraging Chicago and vicinity, has been attended with than it has ever been. We had 40 laborers with marked success, and demonstrates with new 47 churches and 44 outstations. These churches force the necessity for attempting much greater raised for all purposes $20,982.05, of which things. The events of the past year have shown $2,008.64 was for benevolent objects. The to the whole American people the danger of total receipts were $5,793.11, being $500 allowing a giant city to grow up in the very over last year, which was the Convention's heart of the nation with the powers of ignohigh-water mark. In addition some $1,257.81 rance, superstition, and vice gathering with has been contributed for the general and Church cancerous fury,
The noble bands of our Edifice work of the Society. Many points of in-foreign-speaking disciples, who with truly aposterest are opening up in this State, and the spirit tolic zeal and sacrifice are ranged to beat back of enterprise to occupy them is general and the powers of evil, have a task all too great for growing. Our work in this State is entering their strength. The whole country has a stake on a most hopeful stage.
in the future character of this young city, and In Dakota, since retrenchment began, our
if the Society should decide that broader and work has been done under great difficulties,
more effective measures
must be used but not without cheer.
In North Dakota we strengthen our work within its bounds it would have now 25 missionaries as against 18 last year, only be doing what the brethren of other names and the winter's work has been quite encourag
are planning to do on a most liberal and coming, notwithstanding the severity of the season. prehensive scale. One hundred and twenty conversions are The work of supervising this vast district has ported, and on a recent Sabbath 30 were bap-grown enormously, calling for a travel the past tized at several points.
Numerous churches are year of 24,000 miles. The division of the dis
trict which is now to take place comes none too taineer, a monthly paper edited and published soon for all concerned.
by Rev. L. L. Wood, our missionary at Salt As this is the last report to come under the
Lake City, has been very helpful in dissemipresent arrangement, it is not inappropriate to nating the truth among the people. add a few words as to the results of the system
• The Golden Bible" is the title of a book of co-operation between the States and the Society, which has been the chief feature in by Rev. M. T. Lamb, a former missionary of this district for about nine years. It was in the
the Society in Utah, who has made a fresh summer of 1878 that the Board of the Minne- and searching examination into the base sota Convention proposed to our Board a plan imitations, the puerilities, the inconsistenon which substantially we have been working cies, and the anachronisms of the “Mormon ever since. It went into operation October 1, Bible.” The work has received very high 1878, and soon demonstrated its superiority commendation as the most effective blow over all methods used before, so that in 1879 yet delivered against the foundations of the it was taken up by Iowa, then Nebraska and
Mormon faith. Mr. Lamb is under appointKansas, with such modifications as experience ment to labor as an itinerant in Utah, to dictated, and was quickly adopted in other parts lecture and disseminate this book as means of the country.
Before this the missionary work was done in each State partly by the may be furnished for the purpose. Society and partly by the State Board, with no
It is truly pitiful that American Baptists living unity, no orderly plan, no enthusiasm, have but two or three men combating this and with meagre results. The new system gigantic and growing system, which has a wrought immediate change by bringing the large number of missionaries effectively laborStates into living union with the Society, by ing throughout the Union, as well as in other making responsibility definite and supervision countries. A Scandinavian missionary is certain, by bringing to each State the experience greatly needed for Utah. The lady missionof the rest, and by creating at once a missionary aries appointed by the Women's Baptist enthusiasm and courage which have brought Home Mission Society (Chicago), though most gratifying results. It has enabled us to employ with good effect a large number of encountering many difficulties, have been Missionaries, and erect in suitable places many
valued helpers in Ogden and Salt Lake City. houses of worship, and has specially aided in de
The stringent legislation by Congress, last veloping the latent resources of the region. winter, in respect to polygamy and other The receipts into the Society's treasury from matters vital to the Mormon system, may this field for 1878 just before the adoption of the produce a marked change in Utah. plan were $4,404.22. The receipts on the same field for the year 1886 were $33,238.77, of which about $10,000 were for the general work outside these States; and for the year just
The German Baptist churches of the counclosed, $37,497.60, of which $14,046.86 were
try, though continually losing members, who, for the general work of the Society. Its very
as they become thoroughly American in success has made a division imperative, and, un- speech and tastes, find their religious home der the competent leader who has been chosen, in American churches, steadily increase in its further extension beyond the Missouri will numbers and in general efficiency in their doubtless bring rich blessings to that wonderful missionary and benevolent organizations. In region.
co-operation with the German Baptist ConUTAH.
vention the Society's field includes the There have been no marked changes in province of Ontario, Canada, and extends our missions in Utah. The church at Ogden from New England to the Pacific Coast. is prosperous.
The church at Salt Lake At Castle Garden Rev. John Schiek continues City, owing to removal of some of its mem the acceptable missionary, not only among bers and other causes, has not increased in his countrymen but to others whom he is numbers. At both places good Sunday able to reach by his knowledge of other lanschools are maintained. The Baptist Moun- guages.
That our German Baptist pastors and use of which these Catholics were persuaded churches are doing a work among the Ger- to abandon for the use of the Scriptures. Rev. man speaking population that American J. N. Williams is still General Missionary for churches are not doing and cannot do finds New England. illustration in the fact that one such church
THE COLORED PEOPLE. in Brooklyn, N. Y., in ten years received upon profession of faith in Christ 177 persons It is just twenty-five years since the Society, who were the direct descendants of Roman at its annual meeting at Providence, R. I., Catholic parents and sixty others who had May 29th, 1862, committed itself to the work been outspoken unbelievers in the Bible. of evangelization and Christian education THE SCANDINAVIANS.
of the colored people of the South. The
report of the Board contained a recommenThe steady influx of Scandinavians, and dation on the subject, which was referred to their active spirit of religious inquiry, make
a special committee, two of whom, Rev. increased demands for more missionaries B.T. Welch and Rev. N. Colver, had been Numerous calls have been
prominent in the great controversy at the refused, however, for want of means. In some States, as in Minnesota, Scandinavians meeting in Philadelphia, in 1844. comprise a large proportion of the Baptist
In the light of what has transpired since, strength.
the resolutions presented by that committee Of the 192 Baptist churches in Minnesota,
and adopted by the Society have historic 63, or nearly one-third, are Scandinavians, interest, and so are worthy of reproduction
here * and of the 11,022 members, 3,402, or nearly one-third, are Scandinavians. The Swedish
June 25th, 1862, the Executive Board
decided : “ That immediate measures be Church at St. Paul has become self-supporting the past year, and the Tabernacle Church taken for the occupation by our missionof Minneapolis (Danish-Norwegian), under | aries of such Southern fields as in the Provthe charge of Rev. O. Weenolsen, has 1 had remarkable prosperity. Of the forty-two *“WHEREAS, We recognize in the recent abolition missionaries in this State last year, thirteen, of slavery in the District of Columbia, and in the or nearly one-third, were Scandinavians. In setting free of thousands of bondsmen by the ad
vancement of our national armies into the insurgent the East, as well as in the West, results of States, a most impressive indication that Divine missionary labor among these people have Providence is about to break the chains of the enbeen very gratifying.
slaved millions in our land, and thus furnish an un. obstructed entrance for the Gospel among vast multi
tudes who have hitherto been shut out from its pure Work among the French has been prose- teachings; and cuted in Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, “WHEREAS, We see in the entire organization of
the social and religious state of the South, which Connecticut, and Illinois.
must inevitably follow the successful overthrow of the The State Convention of Connecticut and
rebellion, the Divine Hand most distinctly and most Massachusetts have co-operated with the So- imperatively beckoning us on to the occupancy of a ciety in supporting missionaries in their field broader, more important, more promising than borders. Notwithstanding desperate efforts has ever yet invited our toils; therefore of the Romish priesthood to prevent the immediate steps to supply with Christian instruction,
“ Resolved, That we recommend the Society to take people from hearing the truth, good con
by means of missionaries and teachers, the emancigregations are gathered and many copies of pated slaves—whether in the District of Columbia or the French New Testament are sold and in other places held by our forces—and also to inaug. given away. One man has sold about 600 urate a system of operations for carrying the Gospel copies of the Scripture to French Canadians, section of our country, so fast and so far as the pro
alike to free and bond throughout the whole Southern in some instances exchanging the word of
gress of our arms and the restoration of order and God for rosaries, images, and crucifixes, the law shall open the way."
idence of God may be opened to our opera- died last winter. Mr. G. W. Hicks, who has tions.” At the same meeting two mission pursued his studies at Rochester for two aries were appointed to labor among the years, is under appointment to labor at the negroes on the island of St. Helena, S. C. Wichita Agency, Ind. Ter. The year apThus the work began. To review its growth, pears to have been one of much religious and consider fully the questions now press- interest among our churches in the Terriing upon us in regard to it, are impracticable tory, nearly 600 baptisms reported for 1886. here. These alone demand the exclusive Rev. D. Rogers reports 7,653 Baptists in attention of a special meeting of the Society, the Territory, 2,538 of whom are among lasting two or three days. The two annual the colored people. A few white Baptists reports of the Board preceding this have con- are included in the remainder. tained the suggestion that such a meeting will Rev. W. E. Roscoe and wife, missionaries be most appropriate this year.
to Alaska, reached their destination at It seems on many accounts to be not only Kadiak Ísland, about 1,500 miles northwestappropriate but necessary. It should be held erly of San Francisco, and 500 miles westin the South, where it will be accessible to wardly from Sitka, September 22d, 1887. the colored people themselves. Although Mrs. Roscoe is supported by the Woman's by the sixth Article of the Constitution the American Baptist Home Mission Society Executive Board are invested with power, (Boston). Communication between Kadiak “if deemed necessary by two-thirds of the and the United States is interrupted from members, to convene special meetings of the November to May, so that but little intormSociety," and have taken steps to hold such ation has been received from them. What a meeting, still, it seems preferable that the has come to hand shows the need of the Society itself direct the Board to arrange for Gospel for that people, who have become a special meeting at such place and time in i incorporated with the population of our the fall of 1887 as may be deemed best. country. The terribly corrupting influences
During the year colored missionaries have of adventurers and reckless whites have not been under appointment in Virginia, North yet been so powerfully experienced in the Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Louisiana, Kadiak district as in the Southeastern district Texas, Indian Territory, Arkansas, Kansas, of Alaska. Being somewhat isolated, this and some other States and Territories in the island and its surroundings seem to afford North. Rev. H. Woodsmall 'has rendered a more hopeful field of labor, eventually, valuable service in holding ministers' insti- than the regions along the line of pleasure tutes, organizing the benevolent, missionary, and business traffic. and educational work in Arkansas and por
A noticeable event and
is tions of Tennessee and Mississippi.
destined, probably, to work great changes in the condition of the Indians or reserva
tions, is the passage of “ The Land in Severalty The principal work of the Society for the Bill," by Congress, and which was approved Indians is still in the Cherokee nation, Indian by the President, February 2d, 1887. Territory. Among the Delawares, also among It is mortifying to consider that American the Sacs and Foxes of the Territory, also at Baptists have missions at but three of the the Pyramid Lake and the Walker River 169 Indian Reservations of the United States, reservations in Nevada, missionaries have and that for the conversion of these pagans in labored. The number of missionaries to the
own land it is exceedingly difficult for Indians the past year has been 12, of whom the Society to find suitable laborers. 5 were white and 7 natives. Mr. Nathaniel
THE CHINESE. A. Potts (Wal-le-lu), who addressed the Society in 1882, and who was expecting to enter
Rev. Dr. Hartwell continues as Superinupon his labors in the Territory this year, ' tendent of Chinese missions in California.