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idence of God may be opened to our opera- died last winter. Mr. G. W. Hicks, who has tions.” At the same meeting two mission- pursued his studies at Rochester for two aries were appointed to labor among the years, is under appointment to labor at the negroes on the island of St. Helena, S. C. Wichita Agency, Ind. Ter. The year apThus the work began. To review its growth, pears to have been one of much religious and consider fully the questions now press | interest among our churches in the Terriing upon us in regard to it, are impracticable tory, nearly 600 baptisms reported for 1886. here. These alone demand the exclusive Rev. D. Rogers reports 7,653 Baptists in attention of a special meeting of the Society, the Territory, 2,538 of whom are among lasting two or three days. The two annual the colored people. A few white Baptists reports of the Board preceding this have con- are included in the remainder. tained the suggestion that such a meeting will Rev. W. E. Roscoe and wife, missionaries be most appropriate this year.
to Alaska, reached their destination at It seems on many accounts to be not only Kadiak Island, about 1,500 miles northwestappropriate but necessary. It should be helderly of San Francisco, and 500 miles westin the South, where it will be accessible to wardly from Sitka, September 22d, 1887. the colored people themselves. Although Mrs. Roscoe is supported by the Woman's by the sixth Article of the Constitution the American Baptist Home Mission Society Executive Board are invested with power, (Boston). Communication between Kadiak “if deemed necessary by two-thirds of the and the United States is interrupted from members, to convene special meetings of the November to May, so that but little intormSociety," and have taken steps to hold such ation has been received from them. What a meeting, still, it seems preferable that the has come to hand shows the need of the Society itself direct the Board to arrange for Gospel for that people, who have become a special meeting at such place and time in , incorporated with the population of our the fall of 1887 as may be deemed best. country. The terribly corrupting influences
During the year colored missionaries have of adventurers and reckless whites have not been under appointment in Virginia, North yet been so powerfully experienced in the Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Louisiana, Kadiak district as in the Southeastern district Texas, Indian Territory, Arkansas, Kansas, of Alaska. Being somewhat isolated, this and some other States and Territories in the island and its surroundings seem to afford North. Rev. H. Woodsmall ‘has rendered a more hopeful field of labor, eventually, valuable service in holding ministers' insti- than the regions along the line of pleasure tutes, organizing the benevolent, missionary, and business traffic. and educational work in Arkansas and por- A noticeable event and one that is tions of Tennessee and Mississippi.
destined, probably, to work great changes
in the condition of the Indians on reservaTHE INDIANS.
tions, is the passage of “ The Land in Severalty The principal work of the Society for the Bill,” by Congress, and which was approved Indians is still in the Cherokee nation, Indian | by the President, February 2d, 1887. Territory. Among the Delawares, also among It is mortifying to consider that American the Sacs and Foxes of the Territory, also at Baptists have missions at but three of the the Pyramid Lake and the Walker River
169 Indian Reservations of the United States, reservations in Nevada, missionaries have
and that for the conversion of these pagans in labored. The number of missionaries to the lour own land it is exceedingly difficult for Indians the past year has been 12, of whom
the Society to find suitable laborers. 5 were white and 7 natives. Mr. Nathaniel A. Potts (Wal-le-lu), who addressed the So
THE CHINESE. ciety in 1882, and who was expecting to enter | Rev. Dr. Hartwell continues as Superinupon his labors in the Territory this year, tendent of Chinese missions in California. In San Francisco he has had an efficient brethren who have visited Mexico and pernative helper in the person of Tong Tsin ceived the need of the Gospel for that Cheung. Street preaching to large and people have returned to advocate enlargeattentive Chinese congregations has been ment of operations there. The interest has conducted to some extent. Regular services extended to some of our theological semihave been held in the rented premises, which naries. Two students have offered themconsist simply of a room designed for business selves as missionaries to Mexico, and others purposes, but now fitted up for the school and are considering the question. for public worship.
Three new appointments of American The time has come for the Baptists of missionaries have been made. Rev. S. GorAmerica to put this Chinese inission on a better man, formerly, as again recently, missionary footing. It can be done for about $15,000. to New Mexico, where he acquired such It must be done, somehow, speedily.
knowledge of the Spanish language as to use It is disgraceful to us that the work should it readily in public discourse, was appointed be carried on under present disadvantages. to Aguas Calientes, 338 miles north of the Chinese paganism, with its fourteen Joss City of Mexico, where he arrived Feb. 16th, houses continually open and elaborately 1887. He has a native assistant, and reports fitted up in the city of San Francisco, puts favorable indications. Rev. Robert Whitaker, to blush American Christianity as represented of the graduating class at Newton Theoloby Baptists, with only a plainly furnished gical Seminary, is under appointment to rented store-room as a place of worship. Central Mexico, expecting to begin his labors Mission headquarters for our Chinese work in July ist. Rev. A. J. Steelman, of Roselle, San Francisco must be the specialty the com- N. J., is also under appointment to the same ing year.
field. At Oakland, Fresno, Chico, and Sacra- | Central Mexico, the district of which Rev. mento, in California, missions are established. W. H. Sloan is the Society's Superintendent The Portland mission, under the auspices of Missions, embraces the States of Mexico, of the First Baptist Church, has been unable Tlaxcala, Puebla, Oajaca, Morelos, Guerrero, to secure an acceptable native preacher, for Michoachan, Hidalgo, Queretaro, Guanawhose support the Society stands pledged. juato, Aguas Calientes, San Luis Potosi, Vera
The Women's Home Mission Societies of Cruz. This district adjoins that of Brother Boston and Chicago co-operate in the work Westrup in Northeastern Mexico, which inin California.
cludes much of the States of New Leon and A number of conversions and baptisms are Tamaulipas. reported for the year. The Chinese have In the States of New Leon and Tamaulipas, learned to distinguish between the godless in Northeastern Mexico, our interests are in element, from which they have suffered a very satisfactory condition. Rev. Thos. persecution, and the Christian element, which M. Westrup now gives his entire time to seeks to do them good. In mingling with general missionary service, the church at them in their places of business it is common Monterey having as its pastor Rev. F. T. to hear them refer to our Superintendent of Treviño. Rev. Merced Flores is transferred Missions as a “ Jesus man."
to Lampazas and Laredo. Two native
missionaries, in addition to those previously MEXICO.
under appointment, have been put into the There has been a decided advance in the field this year. Nearly every month baptisms interest of the denomination in the evangel- have been reported. ization of Mexico. This is due not a little The consolidation of the three Baptist to the visit of Rev. W. H. Sloan at the last papers heretofore published in Mexico is annual meeting, and for about three months an event worthy of note. Three papers, afterward among the churches. Observing | El Mexicano Bautista, published by Rev. T.
BY GIFT AND LOAN.
M. Westrup at Monterey; El Heraldo Mexi
1885-6 under the immediate direction of Mr. Sloan, with whom Messrs. Westrup and Powell are associated as editors. This assures to all the Baptists in the Republic a much better
The aggregate amount of gifts has been paper than would have been possible under
$10,818.05; of loans, $13,325. The giftsthe previous arrangement. Such a paper is have averaged $338.06; the loans have indispensable as a means of communication averaged $403.79. The $24,143 thus emfor all the churches and missionaries, as well | ployed has secured to the denomination as for the promulgation of the truth. church property valued at about $175,000. The other noteworthy occurrence, viz., the !
The number of churches that have paid securing of mission property for headquarters
či off their loans during the year is 41. The in the City of Mexico, is referred to par
whole number of outstanding loans to ticularly under the department of Church
churches is 224. The whole number of Edifice work.
churches aided has been 843.
III.-CHURCH EDIFICE DEPART
The receipts for the Loan Fund have MENT.
been $7,051.04, of which $1,000 was from
legacies, $6,051.04 interest on loans. GRANTS TO CHURCHES.
This Fund amounts to $122,047.18, and
is sufficiently large for all demands that are The number of churches aided to erect likely to be made upon it. houses of worship is the same as the year
he same as the year. The receipts for the Benevolent Fund previous, viz., 62—by gifts, 29; by loans, 29; have been $78,645.64 ; from contributions, hy gifts and loans, 4. The churches aided
$25.261.62: from lega
$35,361.53; from legacies, $41,379.17; from are in 22 States and Territories. Those
investments, $1,604.94, and a gift repaid, having gifts are as follows: In Colorado, I; $300. Of this sum $22,390.58 was designated Dakota, 7; Idaho, 1; Illinois, I; Iowa, 2;
for mission headquarters in the City of Kansas, 5; Mexico, 2; Minnesota, 2; Mis
Mexico, the gift of $6,450 by John D. Rocke. sissippi, 2; Montana, 2; Nebraska. 3; New
feller, Esq., for the purchase of a site being Mexico, I; North Carolina, I; Oregon, 3; included. A friend of the colored people in Texas, 5; Washington, 1; Wisconsin, 2.
the South has given $2,000, designated for Those having loans: In Arizona, 1; church edifice work among them. There Arkansas, 1; Dakota, 1; Idaho, I; Illinois, have been but two or three contributions from 2; Ind. Ter., 1 ; Iowa, I; Kansas, 2; Min-churches. nesota, 2; Mississippi, 1; Missouri, I; Mon- The loss entailed upon the permanent gift tana, 2; Nebraska, I; New Mexico, I; fund, as stated one year ago, has been parOregon, 1; Tennessee, I; Texas, 10; Wash- tially repaired by the appropriation theretoington, 3.
of $35,000 from the Gardner Chilson legAmerican churches, 47; German, 1; Scan- acy. By the adjustment elsewhere referred. dinavian 6; Colored, 7; Mexican, 1. I to in this report, it is hoped additional sums
The following table shows the number of will ere long be received for this purpose. churches actually assisted during the last six More numerous and larger offerings for years:
| immediate use are greatly needed.
MISSION HEADQUARTERS, CITY OF MEXICO. 4. Roger Williams University, Nashville, Tenn.,
| founded 1864, incorporated 1883; W. H. Stifler, The specially noteworthy incident in this
D.D., 2 years. * department is that which relates to mission 5. Leland University, New Orleans, La., founded headquarters in the City of Mexico. Directly 1870, incorporated 1870; Rev. M. C. Cole, acting after the last annual meeting a special call
President. Now self-supporting. was made for not less than $25,000 for this
6. Bishop College, Marshall, Tex., founded 1881,
incorporated 1885; Rev. S. W. Culver, 6 years. object. Rev. W. H. Sloan spent about three
1 7. Selma University, Selma, Ala., founded 1878, months in presenting the subject to churches | incorporated 1878; Rev. C. L Purce, I year. and individuals, during which period he was 8. State University, Louisville, Ky., founded 1873, directly instrumental in securing fully $14,000,
incorporated 1873; W. J. Simmons, D.D., 7 years.
9. Hartshorn Memorial College, Richmond, Va. including the generous gift of Mr. Rocke
(for females only), founded 1884, incorporated 1884; feller above referred to. Early in January | Rev. L. B. Tefft. 3 years. the sum called for had been pledged, and 10. Florida Institute, Live Oak, Fla., incorporated a considerable portion thereof paid. Imme- 1873, school opened 1880; Rev. J. L. A. Fish, 7 diately thereupon the Board authorized Dr. years. 0. C. Pope, Superintendent of Church Edi
11. Indian University, Muskogee, I. T., founded
at Tahlequah, 1880, transferred to Muskogee, 1885, fice Work, and W. W. Bliss, Esq., Ass't Cor. incorporated 1881; Prof. A. C. Bacone, 7 years. Secretary, to proceed to Mexico, and with Rev. Mr. Sloan to secure a site and make
II. UNINCORPORATED INSTITUTIONS. all necessary arrangements for the erection
1. Wayland Seminary, Washington, D. C., founded of the buildings.
1865; G. M. P. King, D.D., 18 years. This was successfully accomplished, and 2. Benedict Institute, Columbia, S. C., founded on February 26th, 1887, ground was broken 1870; Rev. C. E. Becker, 5 years. for the first Protestant church edifice ever 3. Jackson College, Jackson, Miss., founded at erected in that city. The buildings consist
Natchez, 1877, transferred to Jackson, 1883; Rev.
| Chas. Ayer, 10 years. of a church edifice on the American plan,
1 4. Spelman Seminary, Atlanta, Ga. (sor females with adjacent rooms for the school and the only), founded in 1881; principals, Miss S. B. printing press, and the missionary's residence Packard, Miss H. E. Giles, 6 years. detached. Dr. Pope remained in charge 5. Creek Freedmen School, Tullehassee, I. T.,
founded 1883; G. E. Burdick, Ph.D., Sup't, I year. of the work for about two nionths. It is ex
6. International School, Monterey, Mex., founded pected that the buildings will be ready for 1882: under the supervision of Rev. Thos. M. occupancy early in the fall. This gives us Westrup; Antonio Garcia, principal. a habitat and a position in that city which Besides these higher grade institutions, would be impossible otherwise.
there are mission day-schools, maintained
chiefly through the means provided by the IV.-EDUCATIONAL.
Woman's American Baptist Home Mission The names of these institutions, their
Society (Boston), in Salt Lake City, Utah; locations, when founded, and when incorpo. | at the City of Mexico, Salinas, Apodaca, rated, together with the names of presidents
and Santa Rosa, Mex., and Tahlequah, I. T. and the length of service in connection there.
There are also mission night-schools for the with, are as follows:
Chinese in Oakland, San Francisco, Sacra
mento, and Fresno, Cal., conducted princi1. INCORPORATED INSTITUTIONS.
pally by missionaries of the Society. 1. Richmond Theological Seminary, Richmond, The schools are in thirteen States and TerVa., founded 1867, incorporated 1876 ; Chas. H.
ritories and in Mexico. They report an Corey, D.D., 19 years.
2. Shaw University, Raleigh, N. C., founded 1865, enrollment of 3,02 1 pupils, 310 of whom have incorporated 1875; H. M. Tupper, D.D., 22 years.
3. Atlanta Seminary, Atlanta, Ga., founded origi. nally at Augusta, 1867, transferred to Atlanta, 1879, * D. W. Phillips, D.D., Theological Professor (late Presiincorporated 1879; S. Graves, D.D., 2 years.
dent), 22 years.
SCHOOLS FOR THE COLORED PEOPLE. draft upon the sympathies of those in char The number of schools supported wholly
of these schools and compels some flexibili or in part by the Society for the colored
in the enforcement of regulations of tl people is fifteen. Leland University, New
character. Orleans, La., with an endowment of nearly
Contributions from the colored people f $100,000, is no longer dependent on the
special improvements and for the support Society, and so is not included in this num teachers and for beneficiaries have bee ber. A new school, in its incipiency, and
made to some extent in Virginia, Sout maintained the past year by designated
Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Missi funds, has been in operation at Little Rock, sippi, Kentucky, Louisiana, Texas, and A Ark.
kansas. In some States numerous local The number of teachers for the year has
associational schools have been started been 122. Of this number 57 were men and
which so enlist the sympathies and clain
the contributions of the people that little o 65 women. In the list were 23 colored teachers.
nothing additional can be obtained for thi
schools of the Society. In time these loca The enrollment of pupils for the year has
schools may become feeders to our institubeen 2,807; 1,255 young men ; 1,552 young
tions if the latter can be properly equipped women.
and sustained for the work of higher educaThe number under sixteen years of age tion. was 533; of those preparing to preach, 307;
In some States we have to encounter powerof those preparing to teach, 967; of those
ful competition from institutions of other dedesiring to go as missionaries to Africa, 35; | nominations which have obtained State apof medical students, 38.
propriations for their support. South Carolina The amount paid for teachers' salaries has appropriated $8,000 to an institution under been $59,260.98. The various incidental ex Methodist auspices. Georgia appropriates penses are about covered by receipts from $8,000 and Mississippi $3,000 to two schools tuition fees, room rent, etc.
under Congregational control. Some deSome of the schools report a much larger nominations have no hesitation in asking surplus than others; indeed, some report | and laboring for such State appropriations, almost nothing. It is an erroneous notion even alleging that their schools are undethat the Society should educate without any nominational in spite of facts to the contrary, charge, and board students at bare cost, and employing the argument as applicable when many are able to pay the low tuition to all as to one, that as the institutions fee of one dollar per month, and also such a are doing excellent educational work in and price for board that a surplus for ordinary for the State they should receive its apand extraordinary expenses and repairs shall propriations. The Society never has sought be met thereby without drafts upon Christian State aid. We believe that the principle is beneficence. In other words, the same prin wrong and that the appropriations now made ciple should apply to these institutions as to should be abolished. churches, viz.: they shall provide for their own support as far as possible, and receive from the Society as little as possible consist | The spiritual results as shown in the ent with efficiency in their work.
conversions of pupils have been gratifying. Beneficiary aid in money has been be- At Wayland Seminary 16 conversions are restowed only as funds have been designated ported; at Shaw University, 29; at Roger for that purpose. In some cases tuition fees Williams University, 4; at the State Univerand room-rent have been remitted. The sity, Louisville, 7; at the Atlanta Baptist utter financial inability of some students Seminary, 9; at Spelman Seminary, 70; at anxious to get an education makes a heavy | Benedict Institute, 2; at Selma University,