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tist proclivities and stamina to a sojourn in the United ruin of France, that is guilty of no political relationships States as missionary of the Baptist Home Mission or connivance with tyranny and ambitious schemes of Society at Burlington. His influence, which is very state control. Both French Romanism and French considerable in that mission, has been pronounced Protestantism in the history of France, and yet more and vigorous in the direction of our polity and in the popular mind of France, being mixed up alike methods since his return to Canada after several years' with state calamities and state patronage, are regarded connection with a regular Baptist church in Burling with more or less suspicion and feelings of resentton as member and as their missionary in coöperation ment. Anything in the shape of religion, having the with the Home Mission Society, to the French in that character of foreign origin, of being in some sort imcity. The influence of theological training in one of our ported and not of home production, has a more cor. seminaries would certainly be no less effective and dial reception and more unprejudiced consideration. I desirable.

think that this was one secret, perhaps the main secret,

of the attention and welcome given to the efforts of NEEDED FOR FRANCE.

Mr. McAll. The religion which he in his efforts

represented and presented, bore the character of an But such a department is needed for our work in imported article, and disarmed resentment, prejudice France.

and hate. The average Frenchman's feeling is some. If there is need of our professors going to Europe thing like this: “unless there is something better in to study the higher branches, there is more need of the way of religion than what we have in France I Baptist laborers in France coming to the United want none of it.” This very feeling would give to the States to learn our denominational methods, belief, foreign and American trained missionary the advan. and practice. It is my conviction from acquaintance tage which Paul had in Athens, of being bearer of a with French missionaries, from long observation of new message, when the indifferent and sceptical • influences which mold religious character in France, Athenians rushed to Mars Hill to consider “ What that we shall never have very marked success in our will this babbler say? May we know what this new Baptist work in France till the laborers in that field doctrine, which thou speakest, is ?are formed for their work outside of France, and in Furthermore, in matters pertaining to religious life, our own land. I wish I could communicate to those French Protestantism is deplorably behind the times. who are interested in our Baptist Mission in France In the Lutheran, or national church, comprising the my feelings and deep convictions on this matter. main part of the Protestant element, the atmosphere

I believe that the France French are very accessible is that of cold, dead formality, not far removed from to the influences of Gospel truth as held by us as a the prevailing scepticism of the nominally Roman denomination. At least this was my experience while Catholic population. Its church life is so void of laboring a few years ago in a French colony in Ohio. goodly influence, so opposed to vital piety, to zeal, to Our distinctive principles, though violently opposed aggressiveness, that those who come into the enjoy. at first, have become dominant in a remarkable ment of a real religious life not only separate from degree in that community. A prosperous church was that church organization but are prejudiced against formed, a good church edifice was built, and this all church organizations or church life, and are inFrench Church will compare well with the American clined to ideas of disorganization and are easily won Baptist churches in the State. I think that my work over to the Plymouth Brethren view of the church. in Stryker enabled me to estimate the value and Many, who in sentiment otherwise are Baptists, drift importance of advantages that American educated into some group or coterie of these famed disorganmissionary laborers would have in France.

izers. This tendency is a trouble and a weakening They would have the advantage of representing influence in our Baptist churches in France. Now I American institutions. And France, which does not think that nothing would better prepare and qualify believe in the Pope, and often hardly in God, believes those who are to inspire and direct religious senti. in the great republic of these United States. And the ment in France than for them to spend a few years in sojourn and training of missionaries in the United our country where church life has so much of goodly States would be to the French republican somewhat influence, of efficiency, of success, of piety to comas to Isaac “the smell of a field which the Lord has mend it. They would be believers in it as they never blessedof Esau, winsome of favor and predilection. can be in seeing church life or the workings of church Nothing was clearer to me than that as an American, organizations only in France. Baptist church lise speaking the French language, I had all the more would be not only a theory, but in their minds and cordial welcome to the hearts and homes of the hearts something possible, practicable and grand, and France-French in Ohio.

they would be a thousand times stronger to stem the And then these young Frenchmen, trained in our current of influences in their own land adverse to schools, would have the advantage of being all the church organizations or to church life, from whatever more judged as the disciples and representatives of source they might come. the religious faith of the New World, a religion that Again, laborers in France need to accept our has not persecuted, that has had nothing to do in the more advanced ideas on the subject of temperance,

and they will not imbibe these unless they come would engage the services of a French prosessor perunder the influence of our American advanced manently, qualified to teach the French language and Christian sentiment and public opinion. Not long all that pertains exclusively to work in French among since I had occasion to notice this deficiency in Roman Catholics, leaving the rest to the instruction Baptist religious training in France. One who had given in the regular course in theology ofthe seminary. labored as a Baptist missionary, a man of undoubted in the case of students who might enter without suffipiety, of remarkable religious experience, converted cient knowledge of the English language to follow in connection with the work of a Baptist church in the English course, it would be practicable and inexFrance, was no further along in temperance principles pensive to have primary instruction given to such by than to feel perfectly free to enter a saloon and take a a tutor, which could easily be provided for from stuglass of liquor. Visiting along with him a fellow- dents in the seminary, perhaps in return for French countryman of his, we were invited to drink, our lessons or for remuneration otherwise. host remarking that he had an excellent brand of One of the benefits of such a department would be cognac or brandy. I treated the kind offer of our to enable our American theological students to perhost, as usual, by a decided refusal and remark that fect themselves in the knowledge and pronunciation I never took anything of the kind. But my French of the French language simply by occasional attendfriend, following the almost universal custom of his ance upon the lectures, etc., in the French department. own country, from which he had so recently come, This would be no small advantage, especially to pasaccepted the offer and seemed to see nothing at all tors settling in New England, where frequently they out of the way to warm himself up with a glass of are surrounded by a large French Canadian populastrong drink. I argued the question with him at the tion. first opportunity. I found him ready to claim his The ability to speak the language of these foreignright to use liquors in moderation. He said that he ers would be of great value, as many of our New thought that here in America Christians were fana. England pastors are free to acknowledge, were it no tical on the subject of temperance. Not many days more than the abili to use the French formula in after, however, I received a letter from him, stating baptizing converts from that nationality, or to say a that he had thought the matter over since our talk on few words in giving the hand of fellowship to French that subject, and saw it in a new light, and had con. converts who unite with our American churches. In cluded that the total abstinence method was, after all, New England this nationality is now, and is becomthe only safe and Christian one, both in reference to ing more and more, a great field into which pastors example and the avoiding of temptation.

who should have some knowledge of French could For such reasons and many others, I think that no and would enter and gather sheaves. With a French plan would conduce so effectively to the right and department in close connection with one of our theosuccessful prosecution of our Baptist mission work in logical seminaries, nothing would be easier than for France as to have our laborers there prepared in our our American theological students to perfect them. seminaries, and enabled by a sojourn in our midst to selves in the use and pronunciation of the French. A catch the inspiration of Baptist sentiment in Amer- little study of the language, and attendance upon some ica.

of the French exercises, would secure such a result in Indeed, I think that we shall never have marked a good degree. I wish that France French students success as a denomination until we have in that most could be offered the advantages of this French Deimportant field men trained for their work away from partment for another and very important reason. the religious atmosphere of France and away from Not only would our theological and denominational the influences and customs which prevail there. training be of great advantage to them, but their There is considerable Baptist sentiment among

French would be of immense advantage to French. Protestants in France. It has formed what has Canadian students with whom they would be associrightly been called dry Baptists." They acceptated in study and converse. the theory but keep aloof from the practice of Baptist principles. I think that the large number of such indicates that there is an impression, widespread, that our belief and practice are in accordance with Scripture-correct, but impracticable. The practicability and adaptation are what will be learned and grounded

"Watchman, What of the Night?" in the conviction of workers by their sojourning here and being brought into contact with us as a denom



Whatever concerns Chicago concerns us all. It My plan would be substantially this:

was so in the anarchist riots; it should be so in GosTo endow or sustain a French professorship in con-pel work. Dr. Haigh kindly furnishes for the nection with one of our theological institutions that MONTHLY the report of the Committee of the Chi.

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cago Association on Foreign Populations. A great Notwithstanding the numbers dismissed to form year's work has been done. Read and see.

new churches, the mother church has a membership Your Committee on Work among Our Foreign

still of 400, about 1oo of whom belong to the misPopulation, in reviewing the operations of the past sions already mentioned. They maintain 5 Sabbath year are filled with devout gratitude to God for the

schools, which contain about 500 persons. blessing which has rested upon this department of The burden of caring for so many interests is beservice.

coming very heavy. A large conveyance is kept by

the church in which teachers are carried out to their The First German Church, a member of this body, mission schools on the south and southwest of the Rev. J. Meier pastor, has surpassed even her ow city; and besides the heavy debts which have been noble record. The movement anticipated at our last incurred in procuring buildings, $725 have been paid sessi in, by which the mission on the north side from the treasury in school expenses exclusive of should be set off as an independent church, has been

lights and fuel, etc. But the pressing necessity of carried out by the dismission of about eighty mem- this church is now a commodious and suitable house bers to form what is now known as the Second Ger

of worship for themselves. In caring for all these man Church of Chicago. Of the $14,000 which the interests the church has allowed its own work to wait, North Church building cost, $5,500 still remained as

until their house is not only poor and old and ready a debt; but the mother church, in parting with this to perish, but it is much too small for the work they vigorous and promising mission, and deeding to them have to do. They must build, and nothing now can the property, assumed $1,500 of the debt, leaving aid the German work in this city so much as the erec$4,000 for the new church to provide for. The pas.

tion of such a house as they need. But to do this tor, Brother Licht, is aided by the Home Mission they must have help. They have most richly deSociety.

served it, and your Committee earnestly recommend We have long desired to find an opening in the that if the work is begun, the new committee he southwestern part of the city. This has been given authorized to organize such plans as may bring before to us during the year in a providential manner. For the churches of this Association this prime and presthe last eleven or twelve years there has been a small sing necessity. band of German baptized believers under the leader

The German church at South Chicago and Colehour ship of Bro. A. Lauter, now an old man. They still moves on with encouraging success. We have, were not Adventists, nor were they strict Baptists.

therefore, three German churches and five missions, These people came to Brother Meier's church, took

with six houses of worship, in connection with this their confession of faith, and have now united with

Association. some members who lived in that locality in compos

THE SWEDES. ing the Hastings Street Mission. This little band Turning now to the Swedes, the outlook is more had a small brick chapel worth about $3,000, which encouraging than it has ever been. The First Church, came into the hands of the German Church; but, in Brother Linden pastor, has secured lots for its new order to procure a clear deed, the church had to pay house, and is engaged in pushing forward the work a debt of $800 and afterwards expended over $400 in with energy. It will be a great advance when they repairs, but it is now a very convenient and attract- shall be able to enter their new house. This church ive place of worship. A missionary, Brother Scholz, has several promising missions. The branch mission has been appointed by the Home Mission Society at Lake View is just finishing a house of worship to be and is now earnestly at work, so that in the very re- dedicated next Sabbath with excellent prospects, gion where some of the worst disorders of last year while the mission at Evanston has gone forward originated, a fountain of life and peace is opened up with such success that a missionary, Brother August for the salvation of the people.

Johnson, has recently been appointed by the Society Reference was made last year to a mission in Hum- to give his whole time to this field. boldt Park. Another station also had been estab. The Second Church, Brother Sandvell pastor, has lished at Clybourn Place. It was desired to unite gone forward, as was hoped last year, in the erection of these two interests, and so lots have been secured on an excellent house, aiming simply to occupy the base. the corner of Wabausca Avenue and Dudley Street This has been done, but with such a growth for $1,000 cash. A frame building 25x50 feet, two of interest and of numbers as makes it imperative that stories high, has been purchased and moved on to the the main audience room should be finished at once. It lots, and converted into a house of worship and Sun- is already plastered, and it is hoped that it may be, beday school. This house was dedicated June 19th and fore long, ready for occupancy, giving to our cause on has cost, including the lots, about oo.

the south side a most healthy impetus. This church has also missions at Oak Park, at At South Chicago our work has taken on new life. Coal City and Joliet. At Coal City a most interesting A year ago they were well-nigh crushed with a debt work is in progress, and a missionary, Brother of $2,100, which discouraged the members and scatMiesele, has just been appointed to labor there and at tered the congregation ; but by the earnest liberality Joliet.

of the members and their friends in the Swede


churches of Illinois, and by a donation from the other hand, can Christians be in doubt as to their duty Church Edifice Fund of the Society of $450, the debt to reach this people with the Gospel, and that in the has been reduced to $750, for which a loan has been only practicable way by giving it to them in their own provided also by the Society, arrangements being mother tongue. If merchants and priests and politimade for its gradual liquidation, thus restoring confi- cians and anarchists address them in their own lan. dence and kindling hope. Marked advance has been guage, and by so doing succeed in controlling them, made in all directions by the church, and many per- why should we hesitate to use the same natural and sons have been received by baptism. Our missionary, divine method of giving them the salvation which is Brother Lindhagen, has wrought nobly.

in Christ? At Pullman, where Brother Swartz is still our A vast proportion of them are industrious and missionary, the work is progressing, and preparations thrifty in their habits, desirious of identifying themare being made to erect a comfortable house of selves with their adopted country, and when reached worship on lots promised to them by the company. by the Gospel are among the most earnest, self-saeri

At Englewood, where a church was organized one ficing Christians we have. They prove for us our year ago, they have been much encouraged, and have strongest allies in battling for social order and national erected a house of worship costing not far from integrity. Every foreign-speaking Baptist church is $4,000. They ask for aid in supporting their pastor. a centre of Christian intelligence and devotion, a ral

The Scandinavian Pilgrim Church, (Dane and lying post for temperance, for Sabbath observance, Norwegian), Rev. J. A. Jensen pastor, now num- for Bible study; a bulwark for social safety and nabers 192 members, with 160 in the Sabbath school. tional defense. In no way so easily and at such little

They have raised during the year $1,700, have had cost can we reach our foreign population as by aiding some marked blessings, and added by baptism 13. and strengthening the hands of these brethren; in no The contemplated movement at Humboldt Park

way so surely and so safely can we grapple with the has been made with encouraging success. There is problems of our foreign population as by multiplying already a fair congregation, with a Sabbath school of Baptist churches among them. fifty. Brother Seehaus, a young man from the Semi- No association in the country has a more vital innary, has been appointed by the Society a missionary terest in this work than the Chicago Association. No for the summer.

association has more to hope for from its prosecution; We have now therefore under appointment by the no other so much to fear from its neglect. “This Society on this field,

work the American Baptist Home Mission Society is Four German Missionaries.

prepared to do to such an extent as the people of God G. Mengel, South Chicago and Colehour.

shall furnish the resources."
F. A. Licht, Second Church, Chicago.
J. Scholz, Hastings Street Mission.
Louis Wiesele, Coal City and Joliet.

Baptists in Indian Territory.
Four Scandinavian Missionaries.

You requested statistics of membership in our Bap.

tist churches in the Indian Territory. I have careJ. Lindhagen, South Chicago.

fully collected these statistics, which I think are very P. Swartz, Pullman.

nearly accurate. There are considerable many BapAug. Johnson, Evanston.

tists in the Territory who have never presented their C. M. Seehaus, Humboldt Park,

letters-renters who are expecting to remain only a During the year there have been five houses of

short time. It would be a difficult matter to deterworship either built or bought, and three others are

mine the number of these. I would have to guess at being projected, besides the payment of the debt at

their number, so have not included them in the enSouth Chicago, and the proposed completion of the

closed. Nearly all the statistics which I send I have Second Swede Church, Chicago. The clear addition

taken from minutes of associations; the larger to the property of the German and Scandinavian part of the remainder from pastors or clerks of the churches here the past year is about $20,000.

churches; and the remainder from my personal IMPORTANCE OF THIS WORK.

knowledge, excepting a few of which I am not cerIn conclusion, your committee cannot ignore the

tain, yet my figures will vary but very little from the fact that just now the questions which concern our

actual number. If my statistics vary from the facts, foreign population are foremost in the thought of the

the number I give will fall short rather than exceed American people. The explosion of the bomb in the the actual number. They are as follows:

Cherokees : Haymarket a year ago scattered at once many false

Indian and White. hopes and delusive notions. No longer can we in


Colored.... dulge the dream that in some way the genius of our


2,335 institutions and the free air of American liberty will

Choctaw and Chickasaw: save us from the communist, the anarchist, the nihil

Indian and White....

1,755 ist of Europe, and transform these classes into law

Colored.... abiding, peace-loving citizens. No longer, on the



Creek and Seminole :

name of Spain and Rome, and she was governed Indian and White.

1,225 for three centuries for the profit of both with relent. Colored....

1,153 less selfishness that has left its deep and broad im

2,378 press on the material and religious life of this nation, Wichita-Indian...

61 to the infinite injury of both. Church and State were Sac and Fox (about)..

25 apparently indissolubly and profitably united for Peoria, Ottawa, and Miami (about)

60 plunder-with a very incidental regard for the inter

ests of the Indians. What the conquest achieved the Reliable total..

7,499 missionaries of the Spanish Catholic church held fast. There are some colored churches in the Choctaw

The religion of the cross was enforced by arms, and

the walls of the new faith were cemented with the and Chickasaw Nation, and perhaps some in the

blood of those slain under its banner. The creed of Creek not reported in the above. I am sure it would

force and not of love won these new triumphs for the be safe to add for these unreported churches and

church. The most careful students of this civilization scattering members over the Territory at least 154—

seem to agree that there was nothing radical in the making a grand total of 7,653.

transformation which gave the Aztecs pictures of the The proportion of Indians to the white in our

Madonna and the saints in place of their idols and churches cannot well be exactly determined. Yet I

heathen forms. It was in the main a change of ex. can give very nearly the number of each. By ternals in which the shadow supplied the place of the Indians I suppose you mean those who are citizens

substance. With scarcely an exception the priests of Indian tribes by blood. Some have more Indian

indorsed and inspired the cruelties by which the than white blood, others more white than Indian.

power of the Spaniards was extended over the native The statistics I sent you of white and Indian were

races of America. The story of the brutalities, of as follows:

fire, of torture, of blood-bounds, and of the pitiless Cherokees, 1,835. Of these number I should say that 1,700 are Indians, citizens by blood. Probably the advent of the gospel of peace. The old Spanish

sword by which the tribes were conquered, marked 1,100 of this number would be called full bloods.

writers record all this with satisfaction as fitting Choctaw and Chickasaw, 1,755. Of this number

work done for the glory of the church. In all this about 800 Indians-550 of whom are full blood.

dark chapter of history one man stands out as a Creek and Seminole, 1,225 Indian and White :

lonely apostle of mercy. It was fitting that the 1,100 Indians, of whom about 975 are full blood Indians. Wichita, 61. Of this number 55 full bloods. fragrant memory of the good friar, Las Casas, the

greatest modern Aztec painter should embalm the Sac and Fox, 25. All full blood or nearly so..

one prominent representative of the faith who unPeoria and Miamis, 60–45 nearly full blood.

ceasingly urged a policy of clemency upon the Fall blood Indians..

2,750 Those of more or less Indian blood..

Spanish rulers. His record of the atrocities he was 991

powerless to stay forms the black inside chapter that

tells of the gospel as first expounded in Mexico. Total, Indians...


“ With mine own eyes,” he writes, “I saw kingNumber of Baptist churches, 160; number of or- doms as full of people as hives are of bees, and now dained ministers about 150; baptisms reported in where are they? ... Almost all have perished. The 1886, 595. The whole number baptized exceeds con- innocent blood which they had shed cried out for siderably the number reported.

vengeance; the sighs, the tears of so many victims DANIEL ROGERS.

went up to God.” The never-ending stream of blood Tahlequah, May 12, 1887.

that poured from the sacrificial stone before Huitzil. opochtli was not stayed by these Christian hands. It was removed from before the god of stone and

continued to flow for the glory of the only true God. SCENES, LIFE, AND WORK IN MEXICO.

The conception of the Supreme Being in Mexico and

in Spain was not so very different, and the transition OVERTHROW OF THE TEMPORAL POWER OF THE

from the one form of the worship to the other was ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH-THINGS THAT LED TO

not unduly violent, it will be seen. THE SEIZING OF THE CHURCH PROPERTY.

By almost the same steps did the selfishness of the In order to appreciate the magnitude of the re- church work its own remedy. A superstitious people ligious revolution which awes the student of Mexican had been first coerced and then diplomatically led

one must remember that Spain and the into the fullest outward obedience to Rome. The church were one.

The hand of Rome was in the visit of Cortez to Spain and the Pope in 1528 had iron glove of Cortez, for the standard which the been fruitful in yielding a crop of bulls of indulgence Spanish adventurer set up bore the motto in Latin— that made the leader and his soldiers assured heirs of "Let us follow the Cross, and in that sign we shall heaven, and local saints had been raised up to satisfy conquer," and so it was. Mexico was overrun in the the appetite of the Indians for signs and wonders.


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