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young men drilled amidst surroundings of numbers | French laborers will come out of the very best of the and influence and success which characterizes the schools of the prophets with very little ability to influstatus of the denomination in the United States. | ence those of their own nationality-their goodly Nothing would tend more to give to Frenchmen des learning, a sort of Saul's armor, and they themselves tined to the Baptist ministry, back-bone and confi. instruments well tempered, but, for the French work, dence in Baptist principles and Baptist methods, in not only not sharpened but duller than ever, and untheir adaptation to the spiritual wants of men, than to able to do much else in the Master's French vineyard be brought into contact with, and drilled in the ranks, than club, hack, and bruise. Witth a little daily and as it were, of the onward moving and mighty army of constant drilling during their studies by a French regular Baptists in the American Union.
professor competent to train them thoroughly in From quite extensive acquaintance with French French grammar, homiletics, preparation of French Baptist laborers I have become deeply impressed sermons, etc., their ability to use efficiently their with the great need and importance for our French knowledge among their countrymen would grow Baptist work, not only in New England, but in apace with their other grand educational advantages. Canada and even in France, of a French Department | The young Frenchmen in the Presbyterian college of in one of our vigorous theological institutions.
Montreal, though following a regular course in Eng
lish in the University of McGill, graduate thorough NEEDED FOR NEW ENGLAND.
French scholars with ability to write and to speak
the French language with ease and correctness. One We need a French Educational Department in one
professor, Professor Coussirat, I believe, is able to of our theological seminaries, such as Newton, for
effect this result. And I think that in a French Deexample, for the vigorous and successful prosecution
partment connected with a theological institution like of our work in our own country, especially in New
Newton Seminary, one well qualified teacher would England. Among the converts in over twenty or
suffice, in addition to their English studies, to train thirty French mission stations such as Worcester,
young French men for effective service as ministers, Woonsocket, Fall River, Putnam, Danielsonville,
evangelists, and colporteurs among our FrenchWaterville, Lowell, etc., we find young men with ex
speaking population. We know of several among our cellent natural abilities and marked piety desirous of
French converts, persons of ardent piety and Chrisdevoting themselves to missionary work as colpor
tian zeal and good ability, who would become efficient teurs, evangelists, or pastors among their Roman
workers in our French mission field could they enjoy Catholic countrymen. They usually are somewhat
the advantages which Newton with such a department familiar with the English language, but, with now and
could afford them. In addition to their French stu. then an exception, are uneducated, or at least only
| dies, they could follow all the exercises of the English trained in the simplest rudiments of learning. Their
classes of the Seminary, except those which abso. French is frequently as bad, if not worse, than their
| lutely require familiarity with Greek and Hebrew. I English, having, in addition to the defects of that
know of some six or eight brethren to whom such ad. language as spoken by the uneducated in Canada,
vantages would bring a grand opportunity for useful. anglicisms without number, making it almost incom
ness in our French mission work. prehensible and simply outrageous to a cultivated
Needed for CANADA. French ear. These defects, whenever they undertake to speak on religious subjects, are held up to ridicule, Such a department is needed for our Baptist work to the great disadvantage of evangelical truth, by the in Canada. The Grande Ligne Mission laborers would Roman Catholic press and the French Catholic pul. be greatly benefited by a few years' connection with pits. The very best advantages of purely English one of our Baptist theological schools. That mission studies would leave them with this very serious dis | has been of late years growing in the direction of full qualification for work among their countrymen, and sympathy with the regular Baptist denomination, and the temptation to such would be to go into the Eng. yet strong influences, both pædobaptist and open-comlish ministry. And this is what several Frenchmen munion, press upon the intellectual and spiritual life have done. With their exclusively English training of those under its influence and in its schools. The they are at home in our language and sadly deficient training of its laborers in one of our institutions of and inefficient in the use of their native tongue. But theology, I think, is the only means which will bring if, while storing their minds with general knowledge that mission into anything like real and cordial conand theological lore, they could at the same time be nection with the regular Baptist denomination. I in constant training in the use of the French language speak advisedly on this point, having myself been for the more effective use of this knowledge among connected with that institution as pupil and mission. their countrymen, our French work would reap the ary, and knowing by my own experience the real char. full great benefit of our American institutions of learn acter of its influence in that direction. In that mis. ing. Otherwise, that is without some arrangement sion to day, the man whose convictions and practice to train them thoroughly both in the use and knowl are most fully in accord with us is the Rev. A. Theredge of their own beautiful language, these young | rien, and he owes, I think, much of his regular Bap
tist proclivities and stamina to a sojourn in the United ruin of France, that is guilty of no political relationships States as missionary of the Baptist Home Mission or connivance with tyranny and ambitious schemes of Society at Burlington. His influence, which is very state control. Both French Romanism and French considerable in that mission, has been pronounced Protestantism in the history of France, and yet more aad vigorous in the direction of our polity and in the popular mind of France, being mixed up alike methods since his return to Canada after several years' with state calamities and state patronage, are regarded connection with a regular Baptist church in Burling with more or less suspicion and feelings of resentton as member and as their missionary in coöperation ment. Anything in the shape of religion, having the with the Home Mission Society, to the French in that character of foreign origin, of being in some sort imcity. The influence of theological training in one of our ported and not of home production, has a more cor. seminaries would certainly be no less effective and dial reception and more unprejudiced consideration. I desirable.
think that this was one secret, perhaps the main secret,
of the attention and welcome given to the efforts of NEEDED FOR FRANCE.
Mr. McAll. The religion which he in his efforts
represented and presented, bore the character of an But such a department is needed for our work in imported article, and disarmed resentment, prejudice France.
and hate. The average Frenchman's feeling is some. If there is need of our professors going to Europe thing like this: "unless there is something better in to study the higher branches, there is more need of the way of religion than what we have in France I Baptist laborers in France coming to the United want none of it.” This very feeling would give to the States to learn our denominational methods, belief, foreign and American trained missionary the advan. and practice. It is my conviction from acquaintance tage which Paul had in Athens, of being bearer of a with French missionaries, from long observation of new message, when the indifferent and sceptical • influences which mold religious character in France, Athenians rushed to Mars Hill to consider “What that we shall never have very marked success in our will this babbler say? May we know what this new Baptist work in France till the laborers in that field doctrine, which thou speakest, is ?" are formed for their work outside of France, and in Furthermore, in matters pertaining to religious life, our own land. I wish I could communicate to those French Protestantism is deplorably behind the times. who are interested in our Baptist Mission in France In the Lutheran, or national church, comprising the my feelings and deep convictions on this matter. main part of the Protestant element, the atmosphere
I believe that the France French are very accessible is that of cold, dead formality, not far removed from to the influences of Gospel truth as held by us as a the prevailing scepticism of the nominally Roman denomination. At least this was my experience while Catholic population. Its church life is so void of laboring a few years ago in a French colony in Ohio, goodly influence, so opposed to vital piety, to zeal, to Our distinctive principles, though violently opposed aggressiveness, that those who come into the enjoy. at first, have become dominant in a remarkablement of a real religious life not only separate from degree in that community. A prosperous church was that church organization but are prejudiced against formed, a good church edifice was built, and this all church organizations or church life, and are inFrench Church will compare well with the American clined to ideas of disorganization and are easily won Baptist churches in the State. I think that my work over to the Plymouth Brethren view of the church. in Stryker enabled me to estimate the value and Many, who in sentiment otherwise are Baptists, drift importance of advantages that American educated into some group or coterie of these famed disorganmissionary laborers would have in France.
|izers. This tendency is a trouble and a weakening They would have the advantage of representing influence in our Baptist churches in France. Now I American institutions. And France, which does not think that nothing would better prepare and qualify believe in the Pope, and often hardly in God, believes those who are to inspire and direct religious senti. in the great republic of these United States. And the ment in France than for them to spend a few years in sojourn and training of missionaries in the United our country where church life has so much of goodly States would be to the French republican somewhat influence, of efficiency, of success, of piety to comas to Isaac “the smell of a field which the Lord has mend it. They would be believers in it as they never blessed” of Esau, winsome of favor and predilection. can be in seeing church life or the workings of church Nothing was clearer to me than that as an American, organizations only in France. Baptist church life speaking the French language, I had all the more would be not only a theory, but in their minds and cordial welcome to the hearts and homes of the hearts something possible, practicable and grand, and France-French in Ohio.
they would be a thousand times stronger to stem the And then these young Frenchmen, trained in our current of influences in their own land adverse to schools, would have the advantage of being all the church organizations or to church life, from whatever more judged as the disciples and representatives of source they might come. the religious faith of the New World, a religion that Again, laborers in France need to accept our has not persecuted, that has had nothing to do in the more advanced ideas on the subject of temperance,
and they will not imbibe these unless they come would engage the services of a French prosessor per. under the influence of our American advanced manently, qualified to teach the French language and Christian sentiment and public opinion. Not long all that pertains exclusively to work in French among since I had occasion to notice this deficiency in Roman Catholics, leaving the rest to the instruction Baptist religious training in France. One who had given in the regular course in theology ofthe seminary. labored as a Baptist missionary, a man of undoubted In the case of students who might enter without suffipiety, of remarkable religious experience, converted, cient knowledge of the English language to follow in connection with the work of a Baptist church in the English course, it would be practicable and inexFrance, was no further along in temperance principles pensive to have primary instruction given to such by than to feel perfectly free to enter a saloon and take a a tutor, which could easily be provided for from stuglass of liquor. Visiting along with him a fellow- dents in the seminary, perhaps in return for French countryman of his, we were invited to drink, our lessons or for remuneration otherwise. host remarking that he had an excellent brand of One of the benefits of such a department would be cognac or brandy. I treated the kind offer of our to enable our American theological students to perhost, as usual, by a decided resusal and remark that sect themselves in the knowledge and pronunciation I never took anything of the kind. But my French of the French language simply by occasional attend. friend, following the almost universal custom of his ance upon the lectures, etc., in the French department. own country, from which he had so recently come, This would be no small advantage, especially to pas. accepted the offer and seemed to see nothing at all tors settling in New England, where frequently they out of the way to warm himself up with a glass of are surrounded by a large French Canadian populastrong drink. I argued the question with him at the tion. first opportunity. I found him ready to claim his! The ability to speak the language of these foreignright to use liquors in moderation. He said that he ers would be of great value, as many of our New thought that here in America Christians were fana England pastors are free to acknowledge, were it no tical on the subject of temperance. Not many days more than the ability to use the French formula in after, however, I received a letter from him, stating baptizing converts from that nationality, or to say a that he had thought the matter over since our talk on few words in giving the hand of fellowship to French that subject, and saw it in a new light, and had con. converts who unite with our American churches. In cluded that the total abstinence method was, after all, New England this nationality is now, and is becomthe only safe and Christian one, both in reference to ing more and more, a great field into which pastors example and the avoiding of temptation.
who should have some knowledge of French could For such reasons and many others, I think that no and would enter and gather sheaves. With a French plan would conduce so effectively to the right and department in close connection with one of our theo. successful prosecution of our Baptist mission work in logical seminaries, nothing would be easier than for France as to have our laborers there prepared in our our American theological students to perfect them. seminaries, and enabled by a sojourn in our midst to selves in the use and pronunciation of the French. A catch the inspiration of Baptist sentiment in Amer little study of the language, and attendance upon some ica.
of the French exercises, would secure such a result in Indeed, I think that we shall never have marked a good degree. I wish that France French students success as a denomination until we have in that most could be offered the advantages of this French Deimportant field men trained for their work away from partment for another and very important reason. the religious atmosphere of France and away from Not only would our theological and denominational the influences and customs which prevail there. training be of great advantage to them, but their
There is considerable Baptist sentiment among French would be of immense advantage to French. Protestants in France. It has formed what has Canadian students with whom they would be associrightly been called “dry Baptists." They acceptated in study and converse. the theory but keep aloof from the practice of Baptist principles. I think that the large number of such indicates that there is an impression, widespread, that our belief and practice are in accordance with Scripture-correct, but impracticable. The practicability and adaptation are what will be learned and grounded in the conviction of workers by their sojourning here and being brought into contact with us as a denom. MISSION WORK FOR FOREIGN POPULAination.
TIONS IN AND AROUND CHICAGO. A PROPOSED PLAN.
Whatever concerns Chicago concerns us all. It My plan would be substantially this :
was so in the anarchist riots; it should be so in GosTo endow or sustain a French professorship in con- pel work. Dr. Haigh kindly furnishes for the nection with one of our theological institutions that ' MONTHLY the report of the Committee of the Chi.
o e FEROM THE FIELD.RO "Watchman, What of the Night?"
cago Association on Foreign Populations. A great Notwithstanding the numbers dismissed to form year's work has been done. Read and see.
new churches, the mother church has a membership Your Committee on Work among Our Foreign still of 400, about 100 of whom belong to the misPopulation, in reviewing the operations of the past
sions already mentioned. They maintain 5 Sabbath year are filled with devout gratitude to God for the schools, which contain about 500 persons. blessing which has rested upon this department of
The burden of caring for so many interests is beservice.
coming very heavy. A large conveyance is kept by
the church in which teachers are carried out to their The First German Church, a member of this body,
mission schools on the south and southwest of the Rev. J. Meier pastor, has surpassed even her own city; and besides the heavy debts which have been noble record. The movement anticipated at our last incurred in procuring buildings, $725 have been paid session by which the mission on the north side from the treasury in school expenses exclusive of should be set off as an independent church, has been lights and fuel, etc. But the pressing necessity of carried out by the dismission of about eighty mem- | this.church is now a commodious and suitable house bers to form what is now known as the Second Ger. of worship for themselves. In caring for all these man Church of Chicago. Of the $14,000 which the
| interests the church has allowed its own work to wait, North Church building cost, $5,500 still remained as
until their house is not only poor and old and ready a debt; but the mother church, in parting with this
to perish, but it is much too small for the work they vigorous and promising mission, and deeding to them
have to do. They must build, and nothing now can the property, assumed $1,500 of the debt, leaving
aid the German work in this city so much as the erec$4,000 for the new church to provide for. The pas.
tion of such a house as they need. But to do this tor, Brother Licht, is aided by the Home Mission
they must have help. They have most richly deSociety.
served it, and your Committee earnestly recommend We have long desired to find an opening in the
that if the work is begun, the new committee be southwestern part of the city. This has been given
authorized to organize such plans as may bring before to as during the year in a providential manner. For
the churches of this Association this prime and presthe last eleven or twelve years there has been a small
sing necessity. band of German baptized believers under the leader
The German church at South Chicago and Colehour ship of Bro. A. Lauter, now an old man. They
still moves on with encouraging success. We have, were not Adventists, nor were they strict Baptists. therefore, three German churches and five missions, These people came to Brother Meier's church, took
with six houses of worship, in connection with this their confession of faith, and have now united with
Association. some members who lived in that locality in compos
THE SWEDES. ing the Hastings Street Mission. This little band Turning now to the Swedes, the outlook is more had a small brick chapel worth about $3,000, which encouraging than it has ever been. The First Church, came into the hands of the German Church; but, in Brother Linden pastor, has secured lots for its new order to procure a clear deed, the church had to pay | house, and is engaged in pushing forward the work a debt of $800 and afterwards expended over $400 in with energy. It will be a great advance when they
but it is now a very convenient and attract. shall be able to enter their new house. This church ive place of worship. A missionary, Brother Scholz, has several promising missions. The branch mission has been appointed by the Home Mission Society at Lake View is just finishing a house of worship to be and is now earnestly at work, so that in the very re. | dedicated next Sabbath with excellent prospects, gion where some of the worst disorders of last year | while the mission at Evanston has gone forward originated, a fountain of life and peace is opened up with such success that a missionary, Brother August for the salvation of the people.
Johnson, has recently been appointed by the Society Reference was made last year to a mission in Hum. I to give his whole time to this field. boldt Park. Another station also had been estab. The Second Church, Brother Sandvell pastor, has lished at Clybourn Place. It was desired to unite gone forward, as was hoped last year, in the erection of these two interests, and so lots have been secured on an excellent house, aiming simply to occupy the base. the corner of Wabausca Avenue and Dudley Street ment. This has been done, but with such a growth for $1,000 cash. A frame building 25x50 feet, two of interest and of numbers as makes it imperative that stories high, has been purchased and moved on to the the main audience room should be finished at once. It lots, and converted into a house of worship and Sun is already plastered, and it is hoped that it may be, beday school. This house was dedicated June 19th and fore long, ready for occupancy, giving to our cause on has cost, including the lots, about $3,000.
the south side a most healthy impetus. This church has also missions at Oak Park, at At South Chicago our work has taken on new life. Coal City and Joliet. At Coal City a most interesting | A year ago they were well-nigh crushed with a debt work is in progress, and a missionary, Brother of $2,100, which discouraged the members and scatMiesele, has just been appointed to labor there and attered the congregation; but by the earnest liberality Joliet.
of the members and their friends in the Swede churches of Illinois, and by a donation from the other hand, can Christians be in doubt as to their duty Church Edifice Fund of the Society of $450, the debt to reach this people with the Gospel, and that in the has been reduced to $750, for which a loan has been only practicable way by giving it to them in their own provided also by the Society, arrangements being mother tongue. If merchants and priests and politimade for its gradual liquidation, thus restoring confi. cians and anarchists address them in their own landence and kindling hope. Marked advance has been guage, and by so doing succeed in controlling them, made in all directions by the church, and many per why should we hesitate to use the same natural and sons have been received by baptism. Our missionary, | divine method of giving them the salvation which is Brother Lindhagen, has wrought nobly.
in Christ? At Pullman, where Brother Swartz is still our A vast proportion of them are industrious and missionary, the work is progressing, and preparations thrifty in their habits, desirious of identifying them. are being made to erect a comfortable house of selves with their adopted country, and when reached worship on lots promised to them by the company. by the Gospel are among the most earnest, self-saeri
At Englewood, where a church was organized one | ficing Christians we have. They prove for us our year ago, they have been much encouraged, and have strongest allies in battling for social order and national erected a house of worship costing not far from integrity. Every foreign-speaking Baptist church is $4,000. They ask for aid in supporting their pastor. a centre of Christian intelligence and devotion, a ral
The Scandinavian Pilgrim Church, (Dane and lying post for temperance, for Sabbath observance, Norwegian), Rev. J. A. Jensen pastor, now num for Bible study; a bulwark for social sasety and nabers 192 members, with 160 in the Sabbath school. tional defense. In no way so easily and at such little
They have raised during the year $1,700, have had cost can we reach our foreign population as by aiding some marked blessings, and added by baptism 13. and strengthening the hands of these brethren; in no
The contemplated movement at Humboldt Parkway so surely and so safely can we grapple with the has been made with encouraging success. There is problems of our foreign population as by multiplying already a fair congregation, with a Sabbath school of Baptist churches among them. fifty. Brother Seehaus, a young man from the Semi No association in the country has a more vital innary, has been appointed by the Society a missionary terest in this work than the Chicago Association. No for the summer.
association has more to hope for from its prosecution; We have now therefore under appointment by the no other so much to fear from its neglect. “This Society on this field,
work the American Baptist Home Mission Society is Four German Missionaries..
prepared to do to such an extent as the people of God G. Mengel, South Chicago and Colehour.
shall furnish the resources.”
Baptists in Indian Territory.
You requested statistics of membership in our Bap
tist churches in the Indian Territory. I have care. J. Lindhagen, South Chicago.
fully collected these statistics, which I think are very P. Swartz, Pullman.
nearly accurate. There are considerable many BapAug. Johnson, Evanston.
tists in the Territory who have never presented their C. M. Seehaus, Humboldt Park.
letters-renters who are expecting to remain only a During the year there have been five houses of
short time. It would .be a difficult matter to deterworship either built or bought, and three others are
mine the number of these. I would have to guess at being projected, besides the payment of the debt at
their number, so have not included them in the enSouth Chicago, and the proposed completion of the
closed. Nearly all the statistics which I send I have Second Swede Church, Chicago. The clear addition
taken from minutes of associations; the larger to the property of the German and Scandinavian
part of the remainder from pastors or clerks of the churches here the past year is about $20,000.
churches; and the remainder from my personal IMPORTANCE OF THIS WORK.
knowledge, excepting a few of which I am not cerIn conclusion, your committee cannot ignore the
tain, yet my figures will vary but very little from the
actual number. If my statistics vary from the facts, fact that just now the questions' which concern our
the number I give will fall short rather than exceed foreign population are foremost in the thought of the
the actual number. They are as follows: American people. The explosion of the bomb in the
Cherokees : Haymarket a year ago scattered at once many false
Indian and White........ ........ 1,835 hopes and delusive notions. No longer can we in
Colored.............. dulge the dream that in some way the genius of our
- 2,335 institutions and the free air of American liberty will
Choctaw and Chickasaw : save us from the communist, the anarchist, the nihil | Indian and White.....
.. 1,755 ist of Europe, and transform these classes into law- | Colored.........
...... 885 abiding, peace-loving citizens. No longer, on the