« PreviousContinue »
Special holy privileges were also constantly on profit. economic necessity, but it involved more than the able sale. In time, too, the Mexican church wel. laws of trade. It exhibits the superficial character of comed the Inquisition, and indeed demanded it. the hold possessed by the church on this population. About 1529 the leading men of the province, relig- When ecclesiasticism came in conflict with the vital ious, military, and civil-among them Zumarraga, spirit of liberty, the weaker went to the wall; freethe first bishop, the same bigot who burned the his- dom and absolutism were incompatible. The practorical records of the Aztecs--met in council and tical enslavement of the native population had been resolved as follows:
accomplished by Spain and the church, and both log. “It is most necessary that the Holy Office of the ically fell. When the people were groping toward Inquisition shall be extended to this land, because of freedom, this sequence was little appreciated; the the commerce with strangers here carried on, and first guarantees of Mexican independence were
• Rebecause of the many corsairs abounding on our ligion, Union, and Liberty." Juarez was the apostle coasts, which strangers may bring their evil customs of liberty in its broad sense. He drew up the laws among both natives and Castilians, who, by grace of of reform proclaimed in 1857 by Comonfort, and he God, should be kept free from heresy.”
executed them in 1867 upon the downfall of the Thereafter the Holy Office had ample headquarters empire. This was the most radical transformation and the fullest sway, and condemned to roasting undertaken by any government of modern times. It heretics and sorcerers with the utmost zeal and confiscated property estimated at $300,000,000, and method. One public burning place has since been devoted it to the purposes of the government of inincluded in the Alameda, the great Palace of the Independence. The church was stripped at a blow of quisition is now a medical college, while in the city all its possessions, its convents and religious houses of Puebla the Methodist missionaries control for were closed, its religious societies were abolished, their gentle uses a similar establishment. The first and to-day the church exists in Mexico only by the inquisitorial auto-da-fé resulted in the death of sufferance of the government. The clergy were for“twenty.one pestilent Lutherans,” and about the bidden to wear the garb of their order, religious last one condemned to be shot, in 1815, was the patriot parades and processions were prohibited, and the Morelos, companion of Hidalgo and his successor in civil marriage was declared to be the only legal one. leadership, both parish priests who inaugurated the The retribution which overtook the church was terwar of independence in 1810. For declaring against rible, however much it had been provoked, and it Spain, the court pronounced Jose Maria Morelos “an was carried out with a sternness which was vindictive unconfessed heretic, an abettor of heretics and a dis. in its sweeping character. The harvest which came turber of the ecclesiastical hierarchy; a profaner of out of the dead past was abundant after its kind. sacraments; a traitor to God, to the king, and to the When the church favored a foreign mission and supPope." That was the beginning of the end for the ported Maximilian, it tried the longsuffering people Inquisition and the church. From 1824 to 1867 it | beyond endurance, and their joy in the humiliation of stood straight across the path of liberty, and spared a great religious system was savage in its final manino means to stay progress toward a distinct national festations. Nothing is more impressive in the study life. Holding one-half or two-thirds of the wealth of Mexico than the fantastical fanaticism of liberty of the country, it had declined in 1846 to contribnte which has wrought such great and often seemingly anything to help repel the American invasion. This untoward results, but which all, as seen in review, helped to prepare popular sentiment for what fol. fit into a remarkable scheme of progress. No human lowed.
intelligence foresaw the end from the beginning-un. It would be difficult to overdraw the material less Juarez be made the possible exception. splendor of the church, to whose princely revenues It was inevitable that a revolution so sweeping in all contributed. A tithe of everything produced in its extent, and so blind in its details, should have Mexico or imported hither went to the clergy. A profited the government very little. These hundreds century of toil had been expended to rear for her oc- of millions of dollars which nominally accrued to the cupation in this city the noblest cathedral on the government have not sufficed to keep the present adcontinent, a century and a half had gone to make an ministration from a condition of things nearly ap. edifice only less grand in Guadalajara, and at Puebla proaching to bankruptcy. Stunned and indignant at and elsewhere were cathedrals of note--all magnifi. the character and extent of the retribution which had cently adorned with gold and jewels and splendid fallen upon them, the authorities of the church for: things. The conventual establishments of the Fran- bade good Catholics under penalty of excommunicaciscans and Dominicans were on the largest scale, tion from investing in “God's property."
It was and were most elaborately appointed. With such a deemed possible to prevent the liberal government hold upon the wealth of the country, and with its from realizing on its seizures. This was an obvious practices so deeply rooted in the life of the nation, error of policy from the standpoint of expediency. how is it that without the introduction of any new Faithful sons of Rome kept their hands off the rich form of faith the people of Mexico have overturned holdings, for the church, composed of some 7,000 ecthe old order of things? The revolution was a clear clesiastics, owned literally the best property of the
republic in both city and country. These comprised, cannot afford to go by ox team while Satan uses railit has been stated, about goo rural estates and some roads and telegraph. We must be up and doing. We 25,000 blocks of city property. Had friends of the live in a wondrous age and we must do wondrous church been permitted or rather covertly directed to work for God. Shall we strike for $12,000 more? buy in all this, the church might have gained her Who will make a proposition to give a certain amount own in an underhand way. But in fact the prohibi- on conditions that we provide for thirty additional tion was so far effectual that what the church had chapels by the first of January ? Christmas will be all owned passed into the hands of those who had small | the sweeter if you help to shelter from the wintry regard for her favor. The adventurous and heretical blasts these homeless little churches. We will regard elements of society profited by the sale at the expense such a proposition from some Christian brother or of both church and government. Many of the sister as in indication of Providence to go forward for wealthy men of Mexico made their fortunes at this thirty more houses. They are certainly badly needed. time, and their sons have in a measure outlived the odium attached to such an investment. It is very plain that clerical politicians now realize their mis
-This is an extract from a letter written by a take, and some of the property formerly owned by Christian woman from Colorado. It shows the nethe church is controlled by those who have acted in cessity for an increase of our Church Edifice Fund : her interest and are virtually her trustees. But no" I, two sons, and husband, joined the Baptist Church such arrangenient is legal, and so far as the public is last August, when poverty and sickness drove us. informed, the church has regained nothing of her lost from Missouri to Colorado, where we thought we possession. The some 4,000 churches and cathe-could get us a home once more. We have found us. drals in which Catholic worship is permitted are held homes, but what shall we do with our children ? We only by the courtesy of the government, the property
are too poor to get a church house, and what families. being at any time liable to be denounced and sold. - are here are like ourselves, too poor to help as they La Luz, Mexico.
would wish. Now $200 would put up a house that
would do for a church, where we could get the wild CHURCH EDIFICE NOTES.
cowbows and children together. We could manage
to employ a preacher if it was only for once a month. Success.
I know it would do worlds of good for our own
homes. We are fifty miles from a church. It has We are happy to announce that through the bless
been nearly a year since we have heard a sermon. ing of God, and the liberality of His servants, we have
But I care not for myself. My race is nearly run. succeeded in mecting the kind proposition of Mr. Rockefeller, and have thus secured the whole $12,000
A little while longer and I shall be with the dear for those chapels in the West. Just twenty-four We need help to bring the children under proper in.
ones that are waiting for me on the shining shore." donors contributed this $12,000 for the establishment
Auences here in the wild mountains of Colorado.” of thirty lighthouses for God and truth in the new settlements of our own land. At least thirty homeless
-Rev. Thomas Howland, formerly of Clayton, churches and Sunday schools provided with a house
N. Y., writes from Michigan, where the little church in which to assemble is a work not to be despised. with which he is laborins recently lost their house Who can tell the influence these churches will exert by fire. The insurance paid off the mortgage which on the future of our country, and on the eternal des- they had been forced to put on the house, and left tiny of the many who will worship within their walls ? them only their lot unencumbered. There is no The Master be praised for this much.
other Baptist church in the county. Ten have re. But this does not half meet the demands of the cently been added to the church. He says: “The fields. . We ought to build at least thirty more chapels present is the most critical time the Baptist cause has this fall. This we can do if we had $12,000 more. passed through here. The church members have all Is there not some brother or sister who will say, “I concluded to lift with all their might to remove our am willing to start this ?" We believe that there are burdens, and if they fail, to give up, as there is no twenty-four others who could built another thirty hope without a building.' With what they can do chapels, or if not twenty.four, then two hundred and themselves, and $400 help, they can rebuild their forty. There is no more important work than helping
house. new struggling churches to obtain houses of worship. -To a struggling church in the mountains of West The sons and daughters of the older States who, Virginia our Church Edifice Department made a small amidst toil and privation, are laying the foundations donation to help them finish up without debt, and of new States beyond the Mississippi, should not ap- Rev. W. E. Powell, our indefatigable general mis. peal to us in vain for help. To raise the money to sionary, writes : “ The house that we dedicated last secure thirty chapels in sixty days may look like do. Sabbath cost $1,175, and is worth $1,500. Your ing things by wholesale, but we should remember this $100 gift has made a whole church and community is an age of wholesale work. The evil one is spread happy. Even the pastor smiled and seemed glad. ing his influence by wholesale. The people of God | He extends hearty thanks in behalf of the church.”
- The legislature of Nevada has passed resolutions
looking to the disfranchisement of Mormons in that A statistical exhibit of the churches of the United
State. States has been made by The Independent.
-The last distillery in Iowa has just closed-Amen. suits are compared with figures gathered four years since. According to numbers the summary is as follows:
WOMAN'S AMERICAN BAPTIST Ministers. Communicants.
HOME MISSION SOCIETY. Methodists..... 47,302 29,493
4,532,658 Roman Catholics... 6,910
14 Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass. Baptists....
President, Mrs. Thomas Nickerson, Newton CenPresbyterians.
tre, Mass. ; Vice-Pres., Mrs. Anna Sargent Hunt, Lutherans.. 7,573 3,990 930,830
Augusta, Me.; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Mary Congregationalists.. 4,277
436,369 C. Reynolds, Wallingford, Connecticut; Treas. Episcopalians...... 4,524 3,865
urer, Miss Margaret McWhinnie, 14 Tremont TemThe net gains in four years are thus stated :
ple, Boston, Mass. Methodists. 5,581 5,008
The teachers in most of our schools are resting Lutherans.
1,443 561 144,843 during these summer months preparing for the labors Presbyterians.. 1,085 595 115,999
of another year. Mrs. R. C. Mather, of Beaufort, Episcopalians.. 1,415
S. C., has arrived in Massachusetts, after closing a Congregationalists.
341 367 48,760 successful school year. Mrs. Mather is doing excelMinneapolis has 50,000 Scandinavians, more than lent work in the Industrial Department. Her girls any other city in the world except Christiana, Stock- are taught all branches of work; housework, sewing, holm and Copenhagen.
knitting, and dressmaking. There are now over 1000 Young Men's Christian Besides giving her pupils, a Christian education, Associations in this country, with 140,000 members, Mrs. Mather seeks to prepare them for practical life expending for Christian work $785,000. The aggre. so they will be fitted to become capable home makers. gate of property in buildings, libraries etc., is Rev. G. F. Genung, of Connecticut, has accepted over $6,000,000. The Sunday-schools number over a position as teacher in Benedict Institute, Columbia, 100,000 with 8,500,000 scholars.
S. C. Mrs. Genung will assist him, and her support There are still 9,000,000 acres of public land in will be assumed by our Society. Connecticut loses a Colorado, 12,000,000 in Arizona, 30,000,000 in Cali- valuable worker. While we are sorry to lose Mrs. fornia, 49,000,000 in Dakota, 7,000,000 in Florida, Genung from among our home workers, we are glad 44,000,000 in Idaho, 7,000,000 in Minnesota, to know she will fill so important a position in the 41,000,000 in Ulah, 20,000,000 in Washington Terri- Home Mission field. tory, and some millions of acres in other States and The school house at Salt Lake City is now in pro. Territories.
cess of erection, and the teachers are rejoiced at the The attempt of the Canadian Pacific to secure the prospect of soon being in a school-room again. tea trade has forced the steamship lines running to We hope the prayers of all Christians interested in San Francisco to shorten the time between Yokohama the extension of Christ's kingdom among the More and San Francisco by two days. Tea from Shanghaj mons will arise for this school. is now put down at Liverpool in 36 days—a week Mrs. Huntting, of Fresno, Cal., sends cheering quicker than by the Suez route.
words from her discouraging heathen field. She A contemporary gives the following interesting in. writes: "For some months past among the Chinese formation: A gentleman who has investigated the in Fresno there has been a steady advance in educa. subject gives us some figures relative to the religious tional matters. In things spiritual there has also been complexion of the XLIXth Congress which expired some advance. We have had more pupils the last in March, which he says are reliable. Of the 408 month than at any previous time. We commence Senators, Members, and Territorial Delegates who school at 9:30 A.M. In this session we have reading, compose Congress, 72 are Methodists, 63 Baptists, spelling, writing sentences, and oral and written 41 Episcopalians, 37 Presbyterians, 36 Catholics, 15 arithmetic. If more earnest students than these can Unitarians, 8 Lutherans, 10 Christians, (Campbellite), be found we would like to see them. Brief devotional and 2 Quakers, making a total of 283 who are actively exercises at the opening of school and a text or more connected with some church organization. This than one, or the singing of a familiar hymn between leaves 125 who either never belonged to any church, recitations, is always in order. Promptly at one or have drifted out of such associations. It would o'clock school closes with the Lord's Prayer. About appear from the above that the National Legislature two P.m. I am usually in Chinese Fresno, about a in Congress assembled would make a pretty good quarter of a mile from the mission house. Here in missionary field.
the homes and shops find from four to seven or eight
pupils each day. In one place find a boy ready for a perfect faith and trust in God. So when another lesson-in another find two or three. Sometimes one earthquake came, and the cracks opened wider and of these 'no can come; have to watch gambling the plastering fell in places, they were calm, and with houses to see if p'liceman no come. No not much the exception of two, sat in their places, while many 'flaid; pay p'liceman money he no catch.'
of the other pe became frantic and rushed out, “I have permission now to teach all the little girls ; doing much damage to themselves and others. Her only four at present. Olour regular seven to nine o'clock story of the many difficulties the students met with, evening school, our prayer meetings, Sabbath schools and their success in overcoming them, will long be for Chinese and another at a later hour for American remembered. What a blessed work that of laying children, our visits in Chinese homes, and shops, the foundation of the Christian religion in the hearts only a mention need be made. There is work enough of these people who were so long groping in darkfor two missionaries. Pray for us.”
Our Home Mission work now embraces Foreign The meeting was a very precious one to many, and Mission work. Can we not hasten to
the some beautiful thoughts were carried home, which will, "Good News," the Gospel of the risen Christ, to we hope, result in much Good for Home Missions. these perishing Chinese. They are dying daily, hun.
Mrs. W. H. ELKINS, Secretary. dreds of them in Christian America, and no one to point them to “The Lamb of God, who taketh away the sins of the world."
REPORT OF THE
WOMAN'S BAPTIST HOME MISSION WOMAN'S BAPTIST HOME MISSION
SOCIETY OF MICHIGAN.
President, Mrs. L. B. Austin, 96 Fremont Street,
Detroit, Treasurer, Mrs. W. A. Moore, 1015 Wood. Mrs. Francis Wayland, President; Mrs. T. S.
ward Avenue, Detroit; Corresponding Secretary, Samson, Vice-President; Mrs. W. H. Elkins, Secre.
Mrs. S. A. Gibson, 403 Lovell Street, Kalamazoo; tary; Mrs. J. V. Garton, Treasurer.
Recording Secretary, Mrs. C. R. Henderson, 52
Wishler Street, Detroit.
Perhaps in no time since the organization of our Sea View House, West Haven, July 21st. Though | Society have we had more to encourage us than tothe day was stormy the novelty of a seashore meeting ; day. From the northern part of our State, which is drew out quite a large gathering of ladies. Mrs. | being rapidly settled, we receive especially gratisying Samson presided and made the opening exercises reports of circles being formed, bands organized, and very interesting. This was her last meeting with us, an increased spirit of inquiry manifested. These graas she is soon to remove from the State. We regret cious indications serve to increase the earnestness of exceedingly that we are to lose her counsel and ad.
our desire that the Lord will provide some one who vice, but our prayers and good wishes go with her,
can make personal visits to those who are ready to and we trust that in her new home many will be com- be taught and to be led into paths of obedience. Our forted and cheered by her Christian counsel. The devoted secretaries keep upon the watch towers, but reports from the circles, considering the warm
are not generally able to go out into the homes and weather and the vacation season, were very interest. meet face to face those to whom their hearts are ing. From a Mexican paper an extract was read drawn. giving a very full description of the new Baptist One loved sister, who has in a quiet way done most church in the City of Mexico; also a letter was read efficient work in all mission interests, has entered into from Miss Osborn giving an account of her work in rest, and may her mantle sall on others. A pastor's the day school and the many discouragements she wife in a small northern town writes, that in calling met with. She made an earnest plea for our con- upon the sisters in their church, every one pledged tinued support, and especially our prayers that she either one or two dollars, thus making themselves may be able to continue in the work successfully. members of the mission society, for both home and From a very interesting paper read by Mrs. Ditman, foreign work, which they were about organizing. some excellent reasons were given showing why Being in a lumber region, and widely scattered, they Christian women should be interested in Home Mis
can meet only once in three months, but in the two sions. Again we were glad to greet our sister, Mrs. meetings which they have held, this church of twentyBecker, and listen to her account of the work at five resident female members has sent twenty dollars Benedict Institute. She told us in a very interesting to the treasurer of the Foreign Mission Society, way of the condition of the students just after the with the promise of sending the same to our Home earthquakes, of their superstition and depression, of Mission treasurer, besides contributing to the Judson their fear to laugh because God had sent such a judg. Memorial Fund. We may safely count on the future ment upon them. But gathering them together in a prosperity of this self-denying church, for “there is prayer-meeting she was able to lead them to a more
that scattereth and yet increaseth.” We cannot too
Ministerial and Church Record.
highly estimate the importance of establishing Chris-Coldwater, 3; Harrisville, 10; Belding, 3; Caro Sunday schoo tian education and of throwing all possible religious 4.75; Jackson, 8.65; Coll. at Bellevue, .go; Hudson, $ ; Pentinfluences into the newly occupied portions of our
water, 6.60; Union City, 6: Port Huron, 10; Rives Junction,
6.85: Williamston, 1.50; Allen, 5.94 ; Mrs. Carrie E. Miller, 1; State. In the upper peninsula where is a territory Bertie and May Miller, .80; Rome, Second, 2.75; Quincy, 2.50;
Tecumseh, Temple Builders, 1.70; Palo, 2.75: Reollin, 5; nearly twice as large as the united States of Massa
Adrian, 10; Ganges, 2; Kalamazoo, 18.12; Home Mission chusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut, only five Workers, 12.76: Little Gleaners, 8.25: Redford, 1; Novi,
3.50; Cheerful Workers, 2.50; Fairfield, 6; Norvell, 7: Battle English speaking Baptist churches exist–one church
Creek, Independence Band, 10; Bath, 2; Parma, 2.80; South or every four thousand square miles. Rev. C. H. Bay City, 5 i Charlotte, 15; Bloomingdale, 5; South Saginaw,
4: St. Louis, 4; Hillsdale, 4; Coll. at Grand River Assoc., 3.30 ; Irvine is sewing good seed in Menominee and in the Mrs. O. Waterbury, 1.20; Rome, First, 1 ; Harbor Springs, 3 ;
Mrs. N. M. Root, 1, Tuscola, 1.50; Detroit, Second German, region round about, and is blessed in reaping happy
2; Saginaw City, 2; Morenci, 3.25: Jackson, 3.86; Coll. at results. He feels the need of helpers, as he sees Jackson Assoc., 4.38; White Pigeon, 4.65; Traverse City, 6; what harvests may be readily gathered in could labor- Lapeer, 5 : Lawton, 3: North Pine Lake Sunday school Class,
1; Greenville, 2.10; Lake Side, 1.25: Three Rivers, 13.84; ers now enter the field.
Mrs. M. Van Vleet, 1.50; Miss Ettie Shelharner, 1 ; Highland,
10; St. Ignace, 5; Petoskey, 2.35; Bay City, First Church, 20; Miss Dyer is spending her vacation caring for and
Mrs. Rensick, 1; White Hall, 5; Moorville, 2; Woodward guarding the new building and grounds of Hartshorn Ave., 28.40; Boys Band, 4.06 Milan, 3.70; Okemos, 1 ; Plain
well, 12.40; Lansing, 4.75; Harrisville, 5; Bath, 2 ; WilliamsMemorial College ; she holds correspondence with the ton, 1: Owosso, 3; Coll. at Assoc., 4.42; Okemos Girls, 2; girls, in their different homes, who are trying to sus
Chelsea, 5; Tecumseh, 4; Ashland Center, 3; Grand Rapids,
Fountain St., Young People's League, 10; Detroit, 12th St., tain their reputation for diligence in the Master's 5.50: Bronson, 4.45; Newberg, 3; St. John's, 1 ; Sand Beach,
9. Total, $610.83. service. They do not forget that suggestions, corrections and aid from Miss Dyer add wonderfully to their success in Christian labor, so that her time is fully occupied in her various duties. She spends a portion of each day in teaching a colored woman and a boy who live on the place during the summer.
"The word of God grew and multipřed." -Acts 12: nothing may prevent her getting away for a short time, as change from so long a confinement to her work must be a physical necessity. Prof. Bacone, of
ORDINATIONS. the Indian University, feels greatly the need of more NAME.
DATE, teachers than the Home Mission Board are able to
William J. Cloues, Dover, Me.,
July 27. supply. Two promising young Mexicans are anxious John Brainerd Wilson, Peabody, Mass.,
July 7. to enter the University if the one hundred dollars Herbert L. Caulkins, Cambridge, Mass.,
July 19. necessary for their yearly support can be furnished.
Messiah Mesropian, New Haven, Conn.,
July 28. We are hoping that the women in one of our asso.
Edwin M. Baker, Rockville, Conn.,
Aug. 3. ciations will assume the support of one of these young Abraham H. Manee, Brooklyn, N. Y.,
July 11. Julius Luedeke, Rochester, N. Y.
June 26 Miss Rita Sambrano, in writing of her daily duties, W. C. Taylor,
Buffalo. N. Y.,
James N. Pellegrin, Elmira, N. Y., says she makes it a point each day to call upon some
Isaac N. Phelps, New Rochelle, N. Y., July 14 families who are ignorant of the true God, according
J. A. Maxwell, Bates Forks, Pa.,
July 21. to the apostolic plan; if they will not listen to her in
John R. Ellis,
Centralia, Pa., one house she goes to the next, until she finds some
Barton J. Yates, Warren, Pa.,
June 30. willing to hear the Word of God. We have been J. Eugene Reed, Philadelphia, Pa.,
Israel Tansmore, . greatly interested in reading Rev. Mr. Sloan's article,
July 24. D. B. Rose,
Pinnel's Chapel, Va., “Ringing the Baptist Bell in Mexico," in our August
Wyatt Lambert, Oak Island, Ky.,
May 30. number. Mrs. Bradway finds increasing satisfaction
G. A. Davis,
May 16. in her labors among the Chinese in Oakland, Cali. C. M. Reid,
Lancaster, Ky, fornia. She speaks touchingly of the triumphant death Bourbon A. Dawes, Salvisa, Ky..
May 29. of one of the Chinese converts, and she feels that no A. Logan Vickers, Covington, Ky.,
July 1o. one thing has had so salutary an effect upon the
Thomas F. Rivers, Bull Swamp, S. C.,
July 28. heathen Chinese as the Christian death of one of their
A. C. Ball,
Pleasant Grove, Miss., number.
James A Brown, Newark, O.,
Frank M. Morris, Pleasant Lake, Ind., THIRD QUARTERLY REPORT OF THE TREAS.
Cyrus V. Coffey, Bethel, Ind.,
F. B. Collins,
S. Eber Price,
July 14. Eastport, 2; Flint, 4.45; Imlay City, 5: Bengall and Riley, D. T. Denman, Hannibal, Mo., 2: Coll. of Shiawassee Assoc., 1.87; Owosso, 12 80; Paris, 5;
Jesse R. Green, New Prospect, Mo.,
June 12. 2.50; Mrs. E. E. Conklin, 10; Bad Axe, 2.20 ; S. S., 1; Detroit, 18th St., 15.52 ; Detroit, First German, 4; Threc Oaks, 2.04;
July 3; Band, .64: Adrian Co-Workers, 25; Detroit, Clinton Ave., 2; G. W. Stroud,
P. W. Githens,
July 23 Holly S. S., 3.33: York, Young Ladies, 10 ; Kalkaska, 5; Ypsi. lanti, 5.35; Coll. at Flint River Assoc., 5.10; Cassopolis, 2.50; C. L. Spradley, Cold Springs, Texas,
July 7. July 3.