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now increased.

We have failed to keep pace selves. Some also came unannounced, which with the onward march of the multitudes of swells their number considerably. people from our Eastern States, and from all

In taking care of these strange and helpless parts of Europe, who come here to possess people I become aware of their several needs these lands and bring under the hand of cul- and wants. Some are in need of help and adture what was so lately a country belonging to vice, some are without means and friends, and the wild and desolate public domain. In all

some even know not where to go and what to these new places there are Baptists who need a do. In such cases God's Word says to the little encouragement and aid to start into missionary: “Comfort ye,

comfort church organizations, and the number of our people.” Is. 40: 1. By God's help I was enchurches would be greatly multiplied, so that abled to bring comfort to many a troubled instead of only forty-three we should soon have heart, and succor them in their need. There are a hundred such centres of Christian influence plenty of opportunities for good Samaritans in and power for good.

this great field. Gratefully I acknowledge here

the receipt of many mites that have been sent Our Work at Castle Garden. Fifth Annual been employed for the benefit of our brethren

to me for such as were in need, and they have Report, by Rev. John Schiek.

in their greatest necessities. To many a one I

have been a helper in need throughout the year, In preparing this report of my labors during and have dried the tears of them that were the fiscal year now passed, I cannot forbear, afflicted. God bless the givers ! with deep gratitude, to acknowledge the great

In my labors for the benefit of our immimany tokens of mercy and loving kindness of God, with which He has so abundantly blessed grants it has ever been my endeavor to bring

our members and their relatives in connection and strengthened me in soul and body to perform the arduous and important work He

with our churches. When they arrive in this has intrusted to me.

country they are, in most cases, without a home Among the multitudes of immigrants that and without church privileges, and it is there

fore our solemn duty to lead them into the passed through our portals in this country last year there were a great many members and i fold of Christ and the fellowship of our

brethren. friends of our denomination. The greatest number of our brethren came from the churches

For this reason, and to facilitate this purpose, in Russia and East and West Prussia; but side I hand to every Baptist our Wegweiser," a by side with them were also others from South guide for Baptists, which, besides other useful ern Germany and Switzerland, from Bulgaria, information, contains a list of our brethren in Poland, Sweden and Denmark, some even from the ministry, with their addresses. In some Turkey and Greece. “Verily this and that cases, when time permits, I accompany these man was born in Zion.” Ps. 87, 5. When we

little guide-books with a written recommendacontemplate the spreading of our churches in tion. Also such as are not members of our Germany we are forcibly reminded of the words Baptist churches I admonish and advise to seek of the psalmist : “ This is the Lord's doing, it

a church home, or at least attend divine seris marvelous in our eyes.” Ps. 118, 23. What vice. God be praised for many souls which I a wonderful tie it is that unites them, according was privileged to guide and benefit in that way! to Eph. 4: 4-6, on the same foundation ! A few weeks ago a whole family (containing When the Scandinavian, whose home borders together seven persons) found, through my re“Greenland's icy mountains," extends to me

commendation, not only a home, but what is the hand of brotherly love, his greeting is to me much more, a place in the church of Christ, as hearty as that of the Suabian or the Swiss. where they were converted, baptized, and reThe same love that has its origin in our ceived into the fellowship of God's children. Saviour's love has also made his heart warm. Besides the care for the welfare of our

Six hundred and sixty-five persons have brethren and their relatives, I enjoy the blessed been announced to me by letter and recom- opportunity to do general mission work in mended to my care. These announcements Castle Garden by sowing the seed of the were partly made by relatives and friends in this Word, although it is a sowing in hope, as the country, and sometimes by the parties them. I multitudes are only passing by me; but they take the seed along in the remotest regions of Three hundred and seventeen poor and needy this great country, where it will spring up in relieved. God's own time. Here the words of our Four hundred and forty-nine testaments disblessed Master prove true: “One soweth and tributed. another reapeth.” How often I am encouraged Sixty-three religious services held. and animated in my work when I see the mul- Twenty-five thousand four hundred and titudes flock from Italy, Bohemia, Hungary, eighty tracts distrlbuted. and other Roman Catholic countries to ask for The poor fund shows receipts of $86.80; disthe Word of life! With grateful hearts they bursements, $97.95. receive the presented New Testament or the tract, and thankfully kiss my hand.

GRAND LIGNE, CAN.—This school, with its A very laborious work in connection with related mission interests, was for a time assisted the immigrant mission is the correspondence. by this Society, and it still has numerous hearty Many an hour at night is spent in this, but the supporters in the United States. It has been most labor is caused by transatlantic letters, in thought that the article in the September which advice regarding proposed emigration is MONTHLY, on the need of a French department sought. How conscientiously one has to judge at Newton, reflected somewhat upon the soundand act in order not to advise or counsel emi

ness of the Baptist teachings at Grand Ligne. gration in wholesale, or, on the other side, to Rev. Dr. A. G. Upham, of Montreal, and Presidissuade people from it! In my experience Ident of the Evangelical Society of the Grand often feel compelled to do the latter, and 1 Ligne, writes that this “ was true once, it was have sometimes succeeded in cases of older open communion in spirit and tendency, but it people, or such as were in indigent circum- is not so now any more than the American Bapstances, who had not the slightest chance of tist Home Mission Society is. No person is making a living here. It is certainly a different eligible to membership in its Board who is not a thing with younger people, or those who have member in good standing in a regular Baptist means and grown up children, and who find

church. The working force of the mission, enough chances to get along, although the old French pastors and teachers, are sound in the adage may prove true : “All beginnings are

faith as American Baptists hold it. A number hard."

of the churches of the Mission have recently It is incredible how many rose-colored and been re organized and put on a sound Baptist exaggerated descriptions are sent into the old basis. In fact, this is to-day, and will be hencecountry, and how many efforts are made by forth, a French Baptist Mission. unscrupulous agents and founders of colonies to We would like to stand before American induce ignorant people to emigrate. Thou-Baptists, to whom we owe so much, just as we sands have been deceived in this way. Permit are." me, dear brethren at home, to give you a We are glad to get these words from Dr. timely warning not to plunge headlong into this Upham. The italics are his. We know that new world, with its many uncertainties and the esteemed writer of the article in the Septemrisks. Ask the Lord, I say to all, and be fully ber MONTHLY will rejoice with others in havassured of His divine sanction. Only in this ing these statements from so excellent authority. way the exit from the old and the entry in the new world will be accompanied by God's blessing.

The statistical report for the year is as follows:

Three hundred and eighty-six calls made in Castle Garden at the landing of immigrants.

EDUCATION AND LAWLESSNESS. Seven hundred and seventy-five visits made in the different emigrant homes, hospitals, etc. The Forum for October, 1887, contains an

Six hundred and sixty-five immigrants re- article on this subject by Bishop F. D. Huntingceived whose coming was announced by letters. ton. He thinks that at the present time there

Seven hundred and seventy-eight Baptist is “a diminished and diminishing respect for members and their relations received.

the statutes of the State" and for the sanctity

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT .

of law. In seeking for some explanation of this social ethics being made tributary to that inhe scrutinizes the educational methods and ten- struction. dencies of the time. He is satisfied that “in “The Prussians have a saying, that whatever the recent struggle of contending educators you wish to have appear in the life of a nation over the question of elective studies, due re- you must put into its schools.

Will the repub spect has hardly been paid to the discipline of lic be ennobled, then, by the citizenship of a the will." He proceeds to say:

generation taught in childhood to believe that " There is another modern educational inno- as soon as children can go alone on their feet vation—the self-government of pupils. Within they should be permitted to go alone in their twenty years or less a theory has been promul judgment, their manners, and their principles ? gated, and in a few instances put upon experi- A pleasant aphorism of a German poet, that a ment, that the autonomy of a college should be wise age reverences the dreams of its youth, ap. shaped into a democracy. The governing pears to frighten parents from setting up a rule power of the faculty, having experience and age in their own houses. The children are conand deliberation, and a supposed special fitness sulted as to what they like, which is well and a very obvious and vital accountability, is enough, with the important limitation that a intermingled or made to be co-ordinate with large part of the appointed business of their that of the students themselves, acting either fathers and mothers is to teach them what they in general meeting or by chosen representa- ought to like. It is reckoned despotic to coerce tives. A practice of politics—and it may be nature, as if we did not bring into the world in juvenile politics—is introduced among acade. our nature a great deal which, unless somebody mic pursuits. In certain states of excitement, does coerce it, ruins us. under the sway of those passions which inevi- “The whole apparatus of education, from top tably sweep through a collegiate community, to bottom, fails unless it chastens and molds the where pride, favoritism, resentment, false sym- mind to orderly methods. Not more self-repathy, false honor, play so large a part, who liance, but more intellectual humility, is now can expect the exercise of calm wisdom, of our national want. To create in the scholar a judicial impartiality, of patience, of true loy- patient, modest, and obedient action of the alty? Under some presidents of rare sagacity whole intellectual nature is a benefit that lasts and a genius for mastery—such as the last on in the personal experience, and makes an generation has seen--so adventurous a system abiding element in character, opening the soul might be safely managed. We are not aware to all the light of truth. . that any of these statesmanlike men undertook "The great master of Rugby, Dr. Arnold, to manage it or institute it. They knew that when it was suggested that a proposed expulin every academic atmosphere there are gusts. sion of some insubordinate boys of choice blood Instructive examples have been afforded quite would endanger the patronage, replied: 'It lately of the rising spirit of pædocracy, where is not necessary that there should be three it has been more than suspected that the ad-hundred pupils in this school, but it is absoministration of discipline has been controlled lutely necessary that all who are here should be rather by the dictation of the boys than by the amenable to discipline.' I remember a case of good sense of the ficers. Without in the least disturbance at Harvard, where a budding impugning the courage or conscience of those socialist in the Sophomore class, being called to whom this trust has been committed, and before President Walker, ventured to remark fully admitting the plausibility of certain argu- that he did not approve of the law which he had ments for a relaxation of the former police just broken. The President discontinued the rigidity, is it not both fair and timely to urge conversation by saying, so dryly that every drop extreme caution in changes which threaten a of moisture seemed to be squeezed out of the subversion of ideas that lie at the basis of social words, We don't expect you to approve of the welfare, and which are of vast moment to the law, but to mind it;' and he sent him home to future law-makers of the country? The drift learn a lesson more useful to him than the in that direction is formidable. In the multi- calculus of the Greek tragedies. . . plication of chairs there ought to be in every “We repeat, therefore, with a variation, the college a professorship where the divine sanctity Prussian maxim: 'If you would have respect of law should be ably taught and illustrated- for law appear in the life of the nation, you history, philosophy, political economy, and 'must put it into the schools.?”

us.

News and Notes.

earnest appeal, which we hope may reach some

body's heart and pocket : ROGER WILLIAMS UNIVERSITY.-Under the

“We are very crowded with students. We judicious administration of President Owen, and

have 262 enrolled, and only 7 teachers. Our his efficient co-laborers, the work of the Institu

school house is too small to accommodate all. tion is in excellent condition. Professor Leland

We have five girls sleeping in one room, and some writes: “I am glad to say that we are having a rooms have six girls—it is the same way with the most prosperous term of school. We have more

young men. We have many boarding in town, present to-day than at the same time last year, and almost every day we have new applications. influence that those get who board in the Insti

but, of course, they do not get the training and Everything indicates a most excellent year with

tution.

“During the past two months we have been SHAW UNIVERSITY.-President Tupper, De

able to pay over one thousand dollars on the cember 5th, writes that, “ Quite a deep religious

debt of the school. Oh, that some friend would interest prevails in the school. Already there help us in our desperate struggle to be free! have been six conversions, and we are holding We are certainly in a needy condition. Our extra meetings. The school is constantly increas

school buildings are in a dilapidated condition, ing, and the discipline of the school was never

but we are unable to do anything in the line of better; and in the matter of harmony and co

repairs. Can you assist us in any way to operation among the teachers nothing more

interest some of your wealthy friends to help us? could be expected or desired.”

We need help, and I think if there is any set of people in the world worthy of it, they are

here." SA-SAK-WA; INDIAN TERRITORY.- This is a new school for the Society, though it has been in operation several years, lately under the auspices of the M. E. Church South. It is in the Seminole nation, in which there is a Baptist church, of which Rev. John Jumpers is pastor. The general sentiment of the Seminoles is

How it is Done. favorable to Baptist principles, notwithstanding special efforts of Pedobaptists to change their views. The school is for girls. A building

According to the last report of the Board of which has accommodations for about forty pupils Church Extension of the Methodist Episcopal has been erected by appropriations from the church, 466 Methodist churches were aided by national treasury, from which also about $2,500 gifts in the erection of houses of worship during are appropriated annually for the support of the the year 1886. During the same period our pupils.

Church Edifice Department aided with gifts Rev. W. P. Blake, formerly a missionary about 40 churches in erecting houses of woramong the Seminoles, and recently a missionary ship. Their receipts for this work were far in of the Society in Kansas, is superintendent

excess of ours, although the strength of the two of the school, and Miss Elder, who for a time denominations is about the same. For their was missionary of the Woman's Home Mission gift fund they obtained from “Miscellaneous Society of Chicago, among this people, now

sources, bequests, etc.,” $18,017, while we leaves her work at the Indian University to

obtained from similar sources a little over engage in similar work in the school at Sa $43,000, thus far exceeding them in income sak-wa.

from special appeals and donations; but in adThe Seminoles have an interesting history, dition to this they received from regular conwhich we hope ere long to give to the readers tributions of their churches, $99,445, while our of the Monthly. It is expected that this new income from regular contributions from churches undertaking will be as greatly blessed as work was next to nothing. Here is a difference of nearof the same character among the Cherokees and ly $100,000, or enough to secure the erection of others.

400 chapels, all resulting from the fact that our

churches do not take regular collections for this SELMA, ALA.--President Purce makes an

work.

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Church Edifice DEPT

It is seen at a glance under what great designated for chapel building on our mission disadvantages our missionaries in the West fields. The churches of other denominations labor. How can it be expected that we shall contribute especially for this sort of work. That hold our own in the great mission fields when is how it is done. What do our pastors all over another denomination builds 466 houses to our the land say? Shall we follow a good example, 10? Should it be a matter of surprise that our or shall we be content for others to garner and members, scattered in those new fields, attach house the harvest where we have sown the themselves to churches that offer the facilities of seed? My brother pastors, what will you do in a neat chapel for worship, while our mission- this matter? aries can invite them only to uncomfortable school-houses, or perchance to some vacant store-house, or inconvenient public hall ? Can the children be expected to attend Baptist Sun

City of Mexico -Dedication of the New

House.- A Great Day. day schools, meeting in private houses or illfurnished and unsuitable rooms, while the Methodist Sunday school meets in a well-ap

Rev. W. H. Sloan rejoices in the completion pointed chapel? The best workman cannot do

of the new house in the City of Mexico. This

is what he says: efficient work with a scant supply of tools, and of poor quality; neither can our missionaries, · Sunday, the 27th day of November, 1887, with zealous hearts and a pure gospel, accom- was a day memorable in the annals of the Bapplish great results without a place in which tists of Mexico. the people may be gathered and the children “We had long prayed and waited for a house trained.

of worship, and our prayers had been answered, Special appeals and spasmodic efforts may and our waiting turned into rejoicing. We dedido for a great emergency, but to carry on a cated to the service of Almighty God the first great work successfully there must be a regular Protestant church built in the city, and the and certain source of income. This can be ob- most beautiful structure for Protestant worship tained only by regular and stated contributions. in the republic. No one man, or twenty men, can collect funds “ Three services were held, the one in the sufficient for such a work as is committed to the morning being the dedication proper in SpanChurch Edifice Department of this Society. We ish, Rev. T. M. Westrup, of Monterey, preachshall always be in the background until our ing the sermon. It was a forcible and practical pastors take hold and present this work to their presentation of the theme of “Christ the Foundchurches and take collections for it. It is said ation.” Brother H. P. McCormick, of Zacatecas, that we have so many collections in our delivered the charge to the church, and it was one churches now that there is not room for another. they will never forget, filled as it was with wise We ought to make room for a collection for this and apt advice. Rev. W. D. Powell, of Saltillo, work, or say frankly that we cannot carry it on made a tender and heart-stirring prayer, when and leave the fields for others to occupy. Other he offered the house to God. Rev. A. J. Steeldenominations are willing to furnish the facili- man, of Mexico City, read the Scriptures in ties for worship to our members in new com- Spanish, in a manner that would do credit to munities; the Catholics, even, are liberal enough one thoroughly acquainted with the language, for this, and if our pastors are unwilling to and the pastor of the church, Rev. W. H. Sloan, present to their churches the claims of this work, at the close baptized four persons in the new then we must occupy a subordinate place in baptistery. Three of these persons constituted a

the great work of evangelizing the West. It is household.” Five Baptist missionaries on the

not sufficient to take up a collection for the platform reminded us that this was the largest Home Mission Society. Not a cent can be used number of such workers ever seen together in in Church Edifice work, except such funds as the history of the country. Three others, are designated for it. We are powerless to do Green, of San Luis Potosi, Whitaker, of Aguas the tithe of what we ought to do unless the pas- Calientes, and Wilson, of Guadalajara, were tors generally will call the attention of their unable to be present. About four hundred churches to the work, and either take a separate people were in attendance, including many of collection or, presenting the whole work at the prominent citizens and officials of the city. once, see that a part of the contribution is “In the afternoon, at half past three o'clock,

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