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encouraged a hope in the Christianity, the South, the whites in certain Southern States will manhood, or the citizenship of the race. find themselves very largely outnumbered by
But the colored people survive their destruc- the blacks. tive critics, and despite their mistakes their “In other words by virtue of the rapid numotto is, “ Forgetting the things which are be- merical increase in the race, the black populahind and reaching forth unto those things that tion, at its present rate of increase, will double are before, we press toward the mark for the itself every twenty years, the white population prize of the high calling of God.”
every thirty-five years." The liberal, timely, and continued aid and These facts show that, at the same ratio of co-operation extended to them denominationally relative increase in population by the two races, by the American Baptist Home Mission Society, at the end of the next two decades, say “in the the American Baptist Publication Society and year 1900, each of the States lying between Marylike organizations, of the women of the denomi- | land and Texas will have a colored majority nation, supplemented by the large-hearted be- within its borders.” nevolence of Christian men and women of the How can this matter of the more rapid increase white race living and dead, with the labors of of blacks over whites be met and adjusted to the self-denying and godly men and women who the principles of the government under which have labored and are still laboring to better the
we live? conditions of “life amongst the lowly," all these Only by Christianizing, and educating the and others not mentioned have done immense colored people. Education, Christian education, good towards helping forward the progress of the that truly fits people for intelligent, conscien. colored people in the twenty-five years that have tious, upright citizens can solve the problem. passed since 1863.
The facts then that show the progress and But “ large bodies move slowly," so with the the improvement of the race along these lines millions of colored people in this country; it should be regarded by all who love their country may take much time for the improvement of the and its institutions, with special interest. It race as a whole to become so marked that was estimated by those who were in a position doubtful minds will see the bow of promise of a to know and who also had the means to ascercloudless day for the race in America.
tain, that at the close of the War of the RebelThough some may remain sceptical, yet there lion, there were about 300,000 or 350,000 colored are facts which, when given their due weight Baptists in this country. and importance as evidence, will convince un- There are now, as ascertained from actual prejudiced minds that the colored people are church and associational reports of 1887, 1,274,progressing, and not retrograding as some 337 members in the colored Baptist churches of affirm.
this land. The increase in twenty-five yearsIt is to some of these facts bearing upon the from 1863 to 1888 is 924,337. This makes an particular line of progress in which the improve average annual increase of 10.55 per cent. for ment of the race may be seen religiously, intel- the period named, and shows that the colored lectually, morally and in material prosperity Baptists have doubled their membership in less that we now call your attention.
than ten years, and nearly twice doubled it since It was at one time advanced as the opinion of 1863. Thus, while the census returns show some, that the race in this country could not that the colored population of the United States survive long, in the condition of freedom. doubles itself every twenty years, at the rate of That only in slavery could the colored people increase from 1870 to 1880, the statistics of be kept from dying out in this land. The In- the colored Baptists show that their memberdian was brought forward as confirmatory of ship has more than tripled itself in twenty years this theory, and that since the race was now and nearly quadrupled itself in twenty-five emancipated the world might look for its speedy years. In 1863 the ratio of the colored Baptists extinction in this country. But the facts that to the whole colored population was 11 3-7. In have been brought out in the census reports of 1888 it is a little under 6 1-3. In other words, the last two decades from 1860 to 1880, com: then the colored Baptists had one member in pletely overthrow that theory, and sets some every 11 3-10 of the colored people; now they people to thinking the other way, i. e., that un- have one member in every 6 1-3 colored people. less immigration can be induced to come in Only in the Northern and Western States, larger numbers than hitherto it has come to the where the colored people were free, the colored
Baptists were organized into associations and 3. —The Baptist Foreign Mission Convention general missionary societies previous to 1863, of the United States. Organized 1880. Rev. except that in Virginia “ The African Mission- E. K. Love, D.D., Savannah, Ga., President ; ary Society in Richmond” was formed in 1815 Rev. M. W. Gilbert, A.B., Nashville, Tenn., by Rev. Lot Carey, a colored man who pur- Vice-President, Hon. J. J. Spellman, Jackson, chased his freedom, united with the Baptist Miss., Recording Secretary ; Prof. J. E. Jones, Church, and associating with others, formed the Richmond, Va., Corresponding Secretary ; J. E. Society above named. He afterward became Farrer, Richmond, Va., Treasurer. the first missionary from America to Africa, and The mission of this body is in the Vey Counthe society he helped to form “was one of the try, within the Republic of Liberia, West Africa, earliest missionary societies in the land.” But There are three stations, viz. : Beudoo, Jundoo, with these exceptions and perhaps one or two and Mississippi, with six outstations. The reothers, the great body of Colored Baptists, who port of 1886 showed two organized churches, were in the Southern States where slavery ex- with 150 members and twenty additions the isted, were without organizations of associations, year before. or missionary societies; and only in cities were The missionary force, as shown in Report of they allowed in a few instances to be organized 1887, consisted of four ordained missionaries into churches before emancipation took place. and their wives, besides native helpers. The statistics following will show the progress Financial statement of 1887 showed receipts that has been made in twenty-five years, (p. 340). of $4,069.22, and expenditures $4,018, leaving
a balance of $51.22. GENERAL MISSIONARY BODIES.
4.-The American National Baptist ConvenThe colored Baptists are engaged in mission- tion. Organized 1886. Rev. William J. Simary work through the following organizations mons, D. D., Louisville, Ky., President ; Rev. among themselves :
P. F. Morris, of Virginia, Rev. M. W. Gilbert, 1.—The Consolidated American Baptist Mis- of Tennessee, Vice-Presidents ; Rev. J. L. Cohsionary Convention, organized at Nashville, ron, of Nebraska, L. A. Scruggs, M.D., of Tenn., 1867, by the consolidation of“The Ameri- North Carolina, Recording Secretaries ; Rev. G. can Baptist Missionary Convention" and " The T. Clanton, B.D., of New Orleans, La., CorreNorthwestern and Southern Baptist Conven- sponding Secretary ; Rev. William T. Dixon, of tion.” Rev. R. L. Perry, D.D., Ph.D., is Cor. Brooklyn, N. Y., Treasurer; Rev. R. De Bapresponding Secretary, Brooklyn, N. Y. Has / tiste, D.D., of Galesburg, Ill., Statistician. mission in Hayti; transferred from “ American “The object of this Convention is to consider Baptist Free Mission Society.” One ordained the moral, intellectual and religious growth of missionary, and mission property valued at the denomination, and to deliberate upon those $5,000.
great questions which characterize the Baptist 2.- The Baptist General Association of the churches. And further, to devise and consider Western States and Territories. Organized the best methods possible for bringing us more 1873. Rev. W. H. Howard, M.D., Lexington, closely together as churches and a race." Mo., Moderator ; Rev. J. F. Thomas, Chicago, It has given special attention to gathering and Ill. ; Rev. T. L. Smith, Keokuk, Ia., Assistant publishing the statistics of the colored Baptists Moderators ; Rev. J. L. Cohron, Lincoln, Neb., of the United States, and seeking to bring Recording Secretary ; Rev. R. De Baptiste, about a unification of the foreign mission work D.D., Galesburg, Ill., Corresponding Secretary; of the colored Baptists. It has also projected Rev. J. P. Johnson, Upper Alton, I., Treas. the publication of a quarterly magazine.
5.—The New England Baptist Missionary This body has outfitted and sent to Africa Convention. Organized 1874. Rev. T. Doughty two missionaries who are at work in the territory Miller, D.D.,Philadelphia, Pa., President; Rev. of the Congo Free State, Mukimvika Station, on W. J. Mitchell, Plainfield, N.J., Vice-President ; the Congo River. Both missionaries are or- Rev. R. L. Perry, D.D., Ph.D., Brooklyn, N. dained. One of them is a medical missionary. Y., Recording Secretary ; Rev. William T. The financial statement, 1887, shows total cash Dixon, Brooklyn, N. Y., Corresponding Secrereceipts with balance from previous year's re- tary; Rev. A. Motley, Jersey City, N. J., port, $2,158.05. The expenditures in the work Treasurer. of the body was $2,033.46 for the year.
This body, as its name indicates, is composed
of colored Baptists of the New England and Baptist Advocate, The-Editors, Revs. A. S. Middle States, though its enrollment shows Jackson, S. T. Clanton, B. D. Issued weekly among its constituents both churches and min- at New Orleans, La. isters from other sections. Its efforts have been
Baptist Beacon, The-Editor, Rev. W. R. to unite the colored Baptists of that part of the Boone, B. D. Issued weekly at Springfield, O. country for the promotion of home mission work, and to develop denominational strength. Anderson, M. W. Gilbert.
Baptist Headlight, The-Editors, Revs. S. W.
Issued weekly at In foreign mission work it unites its forces with
Nashville, Tenn. the Foreign Mission Convention of the United States, its territory becoming one of the Dis
Baptist Leader, The-Editor, Rev. A. N. tricts of that body.
McEwen. Issued weekly at Montgomery, Ala. Its “ Historical Table" shows that since its Baptist Messenger, The_Editor, Hon. J. J. organization it has raised for “Convention Spelman. Issued monthly at Jackson, Miss. work” $3,710.20. The Treasurer's report for Baptist Review, The-Editor, Rev. E. Carter. 1888 shows that $548.69 was raised in the last Issued monthly at Atlanta, Ga. conventional year.
Baptist Signal, The-Editor, Rev. G. W. It publishes The Baptist Monitor, which is Gayles. Issued weekly at Greenville, Miss. issued from Philadelphia, Pa., with Rev. C. C.
Baptist Standard, The-Editor, Rev. C. JohnStumm and Rev. R. L. Perry, D.D., Ph.D., as
Issued weekly at Raleigh, N. C. editors.
Busy Bee, The-Editor, F. J. Jones. Issued NEWSPAPERS AND PERIODICALS.
weekly at Greenville, Miss. In nothing is the educational progress of the
Baptist Monitor, The-Editors, Revs. C. C. race and its intellectual development more
Stumm, R. L. Perry, D.D., Ph.D. Issued bimarked than in its journalistic enterprises and monthly at Philadelphia, Pa. its literary ventures.
Caret, The-Editor, C. D. Cooley. Issued The cultured mind becomes thoughtful, and weekly at Newport News, Va. thought conceived in the mind will create for Christian Weekly, The-Editor, Rev. H. J. itself avenues of issuance. The pulpit and the Europe. Issued weekly at Mobile, Ala. rostrum are rich fields for the employment of
Florida Baptist Weekly-Editor, J. H. Ballow. the cultivated talent of the colored race, but Issued weekly at Jacksonville, Fla. their growth of ideas upon all subjects that are
Georgia Baptist, The-Editor, Rev. W. J. engaging the thought and speculation of the
White. Issued weekly at Augusta, Ga. age demands for the race a multiplication of ways and means for their proper dissemina
Golden Epoch, The-Editor, Rev. S. M. Fisher.
at Fort Smith, Ark. The following papers and periodicals, reli
Guiding Star and Educator-Editors, F. G. gious and secular, are edited and published Davis, Miss L. L. Duncan. Issued by the colored Baptists in the United States:
McKinney, Texas. African Expositor, The-Editor, Rev. N. F. Living Way, The-Editor, Rev. W. A. Roberts. Issued bi-monthly at Raleigh, N. C. Brinkley. Issued weekly at Memphis, Tenn.
African Missions—Editor, Prof. J. E. Jones. Mississippi Baptist Herald, The-Editor, Issued monthly at Richmond, Va.
Z. P. Smith, Issued at Senatobia, Tate American Baptist, The-Editors, Wm. J. Co., Miss. Simmons, D.D., and Wm. H. Steward. Issued Missouri Baptist Standard, The-Editor, weekly at Louisville, Ky.
Rev. G. H. McDaniel. Issued weekly at PalArkansas Baptist, The-Editor, Rev. Jos. A. myra, Mo. Booker. Issued weekly at Little Rock, Ark. Montgomery Herald, The-Editor, Lawyer
(This paper was issued daily by its enterpris-Garner. Issued at Montgomery, Ala. ing managers during the week's sessions of the
Mountain Gleaner, The-Editor, Rev. E. H. Baptist State Convention at Little Rock, August Lipscombe, A. M. Issued at Asheville, 22, 1888.)
N. C. Arkansas Review, The-Editor, Rev. J. T. National Pilot, The-Editor, Rev. G. B. W. White. Issued weekly at Helena, Ark.
Gordon. Issued weekly at Petersburg, Va.
Our Women and Children--Editor, Rev. Wm. noted productions are “History of the Negro J. Simmons, D.D. Issued monthly at Louis- Race,” and “The Negro in the Late Rebelville, Ky.
lion." Richmond Planet, The--Editor, John Mitchell,
Rev. Wm. J. Simmons, D.D., who stands Jr. Issued - at Richmond, Va.
worthily in the very front rank of his race in Seven Mansions, The --Editor, N. O. Bryant.
this country as an eloquent preacher and a Issued at Calvert, Texas.
scholar, has recently given to the reading pubSouthwestern Baptist, The-Editor, Rev. J. A. Eminent, Progressive and Rising," which, as a
lic a large-sized volume, “Men of MarkDennis. Issued at Waco, Texas.
biographical work of the race, deserves high Virginia Critic, The-Editor, — Issued praise. Negro talent and genius, both cultured at Staunton, Va.
and in their native uncultured state, have been Watchman and Headlight, The-Editor, T. dug out of an undeserving obscurity, and stand Thomas Turner. Issued weekly at Memphis, up before the world for review and inspecTenn.
tion. Wayland Alumni Journal-Editor, Prof. W. A very learned thirty-eight page pamphlet, B. Johnson. Issued at Washington, entitled “The Cushite," written by Rev. Rufus D. C.
L. Perry, D.D., Ph.D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., is Weekly Sentinel, The-Editor, R. R. Wright.
a scholarly compilation of historic data estab. Issued weekly at Augusta, Ga.
lishing the identity of the ancient Ethiopian
with the negro of to-day. It shows wide readTexas Pioneer, The-Editor, S. W. Smothers. Issued at Brazoria, Texas.
ing and great ability in arranging materials and
managing an argument. West Virginia Enterprise, The-Editor,
“Science, Art, and Methods of Teaching," Rev. C. H. Payne. Issued
at Charles- by Prof. Daniel B. Williams, Professor of Anton, W. Va.
cient Languages and Instructor in the Science LITERATURE.
and Art of Education in the Normal and Colle
giate Institute of Virginia. Men in the ranks of the colored Baptists of
“ Select Sermons,” by Rev. Chas. B. W. this country have written books that have com- Gordon, pastor of the First Baptist Church, manded the attention and elicited the favorable Petersburg, Va., with an introductory sketch by criticism and commendation of the reading Mrs. C. B. W. Gordon. public.
A little pamphlet, “What We Believe,” a In the earlier periods of American history, hand-book for Baptist churches, by Rev. C. H. when the literature of the country was less ma- Parrish, A.B. ture than now, and before American genius and "A Plea for Africa,” pamphlet, by Rev. culture had so clearly and broadly stamped its Thos. L. Johnson, of Chicago, Ill., returned character on the literary productions of this missionary from Africa. land, English critics, with a sort of imperial “ Africa in Brief," a book by Rev. J. J. Coles, literary air, would ask, “Who reads an Ameri- of Virginia, a returned missionary. can book ?" So now supercilious critics may These books, though few in number, are turn their heads en hauteur and say, “Who representative of the denomination, and are reads a book written by a negro?” But the destined to inspire our youth with confidence negro is being read. He is read not only in the in the men who promulgate the principles of books that are the productions of other races, our fathers. in many of which he is only caricatured, but he That a negro should be able to write a book is now being read in books of his own
at all, not to say that he should be able to write writing.
one worth reading in so short a time since his Following are some of the books from the
chains were broken, is an evidence of marvelous pens of colored Baptists in this country:
progress and a vindication of the intellectual caHon. George W. Williams, LL.D., whom pacity of the race. some writers have not inappropriately denomi- But over all, and the most inspiring and hopenated the “Historian of the Negro Race," has ful omen of the future of the colored people in written a number of pamphlets and books of America, is the increase of intelligence in their high character as historical works. His most religion and purity in their morals.
STATISTICS BY STATES OF THE COLORED BAPTISTS OF THE U. S.-REPORTS OF 1887.
S3 | Value Church
1 1867461 532
125,000 421 1,077 17,025 $77,940.00 $7,736.30 $1,255-30 $449.70 $2,224-50 $11,665 80 Arkansas
I 1868. 21 473 620 2,713 40,235 109 364 3, 301 62,746 00
505.23 1,402.00 10,843 18 California
5 31 423 3 13
1 18 130 7,500.00 1,231.09
3.50 1,235-59 District of Columbia..
16 17 488 5,619 II 160 2,264 123,390.00 5,129.42 261.86
1874 8 150
169.00 Georgia. I 1870 49 1,046 1,435 13.306 167,559 784 2,000
26,404.06 Indiana, 2 60 67 253 5,5271 33 162 1,449 78,777.00 13,122.27)
170 1,847 117,595.00 7,069.17 700.90
1,023 - 72 8,793-79 Kentucky 1118691 II 295 450 2,491
410 630 22,500 185,000.00
885.85 5,074.70 6,040.55
1 1872 17 565
12 13 52 1,975 13) 57)
361 3,858.64 1.00
13 13 35 734 II 69
428 13,000.00 3,564.70
119.30 3,692.24 Minnesota
150 Mississippi 2 72,79 81 1,225 1,714 8,082 142,971 605 939 43,630 224,892.00 14,345.11 1,598.61
3,827.41 23,250.74 Missouri..
7 144 237 1,115
753 7,399 344,395.00 46,369.11 1,455.57 26.50 2,662.97 50,514.15 Nebraska
8 5 15
581 1,422 31 210
6 75 881 200,000.00 6,507.13 158.52
74.42 6,740.07 North Carolina 34 486 1,003 1,114
341 943 18,061 180,140.00 15,817.21 517.751 72.751
3 90 I 20 675 82 754 3,650 136,000.00 13,140.53
1,643.90 15,417-53 Rhode Island 51 3 211 425 3 45 250
81.07 3,800.89 30,037-33
I 1872 9
11873 27 802 960 4,082 74,032 125 2191 8,640 188,012.00 18,351.29 14,585.07 3,282.75 14.321.25 50,540.36
1 1867 948 5,388 191,652 285 1,558 26,830 218,689.00 14,216.97
18,030.18 W. Virginia 11876 2 18
40 2,050 20 65
630 18,000.00 Wyoming Territory..