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little girl about eleven years of age, she had been ill although I firmly believed in the need of these nearly a year with spinal disease. We had been to schools for the Freedmen, I never realized the need visit her several times, and always found her so as I do now. Between seven and eight million of patient and happy, though she must have suffered colored people, and only a few schools compara. greatly.

tively, even when we count all denominations repreShe had been a member of our Industrial school sented in the work. Let me tell you about our parand always enjoyed coming.

ticular work here in Columbia. Benedict Institute The child who told us Angie was dead was a was founded by our American Baptist Home Misyounger sister-she has never attended our schools, sion Society in 1871. Mrs. Benedict of Pawtucket, as it was necessary for her to remain at home with R. I., made the first purchase, and has ever been a her sick sister. The lady with whom Angie lived liberal supporter. The main object of the school is said she had asked for us, and wondered why we to thoroughly prepare preachers, teachers, and others didn't come oftener to see her. Just before she died for the work so much needed among the colored she replied to some question that was asked her people in this State. President Becker, who is now concerning her condition. “Jesus has put something in his seventh year here, has worked the school up to in my heart, and I am not afraid to die.”

a high standard, and the grading is being constantly Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of improved. His saints. He alone knows whose hand sowed the The grounds on which the buildings are situated, seed which took root in the heart of this little child, are just outside the city limits and comprise a beautiand brought forth fruit abundantly, but it is an en ful park of some eighty acres. It was once a part of a couragement to “ sow beside all waters.”

large plantation, and must have been a lovely SouthNotes.—The present class numbers eighteen. ern home. The mansion house-a typical Southern Want of space forbids our giving extracts from the

planter's residence, still stands used by the Faculty remaining journals.

for a family gathering place, at meal time, for officers, etc.

Colby Hall is a three-story building used excluRECEIPTS FOR DECEMBER 1887.

sively as a dormitory for young women. Then we

have a large three-story brick building, in which are Colorado..... $3970 Ohio..................

dormitories for nearly one hundred young men. On Dakota......... 13 05 Pennsylvania.. Indian Territory. . 5 0o Wisconsin......

the ground floor is our chapel, with four recitation Illinois......

351 37 Washington, D. C.... Indiana.. 29 93 Tidings and Publica

rooms surrounding it. Between Colby and the ManIowa..... 54 52tions......

sion is the students' dining hall. Kansas.....

34 40 Baby Band... Mchigan...... 14 0o| Missionary Gardeners. 7 90

There are also several other buildings used for Minnesota..... 170 90 Mite Boxes...

I 77 Industrial purposes. The school is not a charitable Nebraska 2 95 Miscellaneous ..

5 oo North Carolina..

2 25 Photographs......... 10 25 institution. The highest regular scholarship only New York...........

968 96 New Jersey..........

Total..........$2,510.90

meets one-half the cost, but by working in the Indus155 26

trial Department a student may greatly reduce the expense.

The young men and women do all the work in the

care of the entire buildings. Every young woman THE WOMAN'S AMERICAN BAPTIST HOME MISSION SOCIETY.

is required to take instruction in house-keeping and

sewing. The young men are taught carpentry, cabi. President-MRS. THOMAS NICKERSON, Newton Centre,

net making, shoe making and typesetting. The Mass. Vice-President-MRS. ANNA SARGENT HUNT, Augusta,

school this year is very large. We have about one Maine. Corresponding Secretary-Mrs. M. C. REYNOLDS, hundred boarders, and sixty day pupils. Most of Wallingford, Conn. Treasurer-Miss MARGARET MCWHINNIE,

them are over eighteen years, many over twenty-five. 14 Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass.

The discipline is perfect, and we attribute this to the

prayer-meetings. The young men have a prayerA very interesting letter comes to us from Mrs.

meeting each morning before breakfast in the chapel, H. E. Genung, Columbia, S. C. Mrs. Genung was

and the young women have one at the same hour at formerly our State Vice-President in Connecticut.

Colby Hall. We also have a prayer-meeting Wednes. In the Autumn, her husband, Rev. G. F. Genung,

day evening, and on Sunday evening after the accepted a position as teacher in Benedict Institute,

sermon. All seem to be faithful, earnest, young and Mrs. Genung also decided to teach in the same

people. If we can only teach our girls to make a school, her support being partly assumed by our New

home as we understand it, a mighty power for lasting England Society. We quote from her letter.

good will be set in motion. What some of these “We have no time to mourn over the loss of “So. homes, so called, are, I will tell you at some future ciety," even if we had the disposition. We have our time. Many are here who work so hard during the work and that so fills our hearts and hands we have summer. Two of our most promising girls worked no time for anything else. Before coming here, all summer in the cotton fields, doing a man's work.

SARISCELLANY.

At our meeting yesterday three asked for prayers. The great need, the dreadful degradation of the people outside in the country can hardly be told. We need all the help we can gain from the prayers of all interested in our work.” This letter, from one who was such an efficient

THE IRISH IN THE UNITED STATES. worker in the Home field, must inspire all who were privileged to know her, with more devotion to those who need help, in this our own beloved land.

The Chautauquan contains an article on this sub

ject by John Hull, from which the following extracts -A letter from Rev. G. W. Dallas, of Kulli Inla,

are taken: Indian Territory, awakens much sympathy for him in his work. Mr. Dallas receives the warm recom

" There are about two million people of Irish mendation of Rev. Daniel Rogers, our general

birth in the United States to-day, but the number of missionary, as an earnest devoted servant of Christ.

persons of Irish blood in this country has been estiMiss Mary Rounds, an assistant in Mr. Dallas's

mated by some authorities as high as twenty-two school, felt obliged to accept a position in a more !

million, or about one-third of our entire population. destitute part of the Territory early in the Autumn. :

At first blush this estimate may appear exaggerated, She finds, however, that she was mistaken in her

but when it is taken into consideration that the Irish idea of the urgency of the need in this new field, and

numbered one-third of the population of the colonies has again returned to Kulli Iula. We gladly wel. : at the ci

| at the close of the Revolutionary war, that they have come Miss Rounds again as our teacher, and pray

been coming in multitudes ever since, and that their that she may be abundantly blessed in her work.

fecundity is not excelled by any other people, it will

be readily admitted by an unbiased mind that the -The school house at Salt Lake City is finished and estimate is not much overdrawn. the school work prospering under the care of Miss "The Irish emigrant who lands in America to-day Berkley and Miss Pearce. The five hundred dollars.

is better endowed with education than his predecespledged for the new school building at the annual sors. There was a time in Ireland, and that not so meeting has been paid into the treasury. The Soci.

very long ago, when it was a crime punishable by ety finds, however, that five hundred dollars does ! law to teach Irish children to read or 'write ; and not cover the furniture of the house. A bill for when these disabilities were removed, the growth of seats, stoves, etc., amounting to $398, must be paid the school-house on that unfortunate island was at once. The extra gists which many churches have slow, so that a multitude of the Irish peasantry who made to Spelman rebuilding has made it impossible

came to our country before our civil war were wholly for us to meet these bills and our teachers' salaries.

illiterate, and were, by lack of education, unfit for any Most of the money sent in last month was desig

employment except manual labor. nated. We look to our Circles and Bands for money

According to the census of 1880, nearly four at this trying time. Our faithful teachers look to us hundred thousand persons of Irish birth resided in for their salaries. In our great interest for individual the New England States. Of these, Massachusetts, schools do not forget that all are doing the Mas. the home of the Pilgrims, contains more than two ter's work, viz., leading lost souls to Christ.

hundred and thirty thousand. The State of New -If some object is needed to arouse the interest of

York has five hundred thousand Irish born persons some indifferent ones, cannot a part of the salary of inside her borders, and Pennsylvania comes next to some teacher be raised ? We believe our churches the Empire State with about two hundred and forty will come to the rescue, when they remember that it

| thousand. Illinois leads the Western States with is Christ's work. “The noblest end of life is to live

one hundred and twenty thousand, and the remainder for the service of God. And everything is His ser of the two million are scattered over the other States vice, by which we can be or give a blessing to an

and Territories. other.”

"In 1880, 140,307 Irish were engaged in agriculture in the United States ; 115,854 were engaged in pro.

fessional and personal services; 338,518 in trade and What shall I wish thee? What can be found transportation, and 284, 175 in manufacturing, meBringing the sunshine all the year round ?

chanical, and mining industries. Included among Where is the treasure, lasting and dear,

the agriculturists were 24,236 farm laborers, 107,708 That shall insure thee a Happy New Year ?

farmers and planters, and 6,298 gardeners and vine

growers. Faith that increaseth, walking in light;

“Among the Irish engaged in professional and Hope that aboundeth, happy and bright;

personal service were included all the professions, Love that is perfect, casting out fear

and 122,194 domestic servants. Engaged in trade. These shall insure thee a Happy New Year.

and transportation were 339 bankers and brokers of - Frances Ridley Havergal. money and stocks, 10,480 clerks in stores, 117 clerks

and bookkeeepers in banks, 22,911 draymen, hack- | are constantly projected. The land and the water men, and teamsters, 32,407 employés of railroad | must be brought together by these artificial means, or companies (not clerks), and several thousand dealers they must remain separate and worthless.-New York and traders in different sorts of merchandise.

Sun. “ Among the Irish engaged in manufacturing, It should be remembered, however, that in Kansas, mechanical, and mining industries were 12,742 black | Colorado and Nebraska, within the last ten years, smiths, 17,438 boot and shoe makers, 1,665 builders grasses have advanced by self-propagation many miles and contractors, 14,268 carpenters and joiners, 19,732 into what was once regarded a desert region, while cotton mill operatives, 12,611 leather curriers, trim | the rainfall has increased and agriculture is carried mers, dressers, finishers, and tanners, 16,200 mil. on, where once it was regarded impossible. Over liners, dressmakers and seamstresses, and 25,462 enormous stretches where the rainfall is slight, nutriminers. Indeed, the Irish are represented in tious grasses which require almost no moisture for every trade, profession, and occupation in the United | their growth, abound, so that though diversified States.

agriculture may be impossible, yet enormous herds of " An edict has gone forth from the agents of Rome cattle can be profitably fattened for the markets of the to establish Roman Catholic parochial schools in the world. Besides all this, the marvelous mines of all United States. This means war on our free school the precious metals make up for the lack of favorable system; and I believe that in the coming contest be- | agricultural conditions that are found elsewhere. On tween Roman authority and Irish American Catholi. the whole, therefore, this part of the West is a great cism the Italian priesthood will be worsted.”

country.

General Notes.
Irrigation in the United States.
The Committee on Public Lands of the House of

- What are the facts as taken from the records of

the Government in regard to the enormous reduction Representatives, in a recent report, announce the

in national taxation since 1865, the year the rebellion startling fact that “the arid region of the United

was closed, when the internal taxes were $310,906,984? States, whereon agriculture is not successful without

For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1886, when they irrigation, measures, in general terms, that portion of

were only $116,902,869 ? the public domain which yet remain undisposed of.”

Here is a reduction of only $194,069,984 of interAccording to Prof. Powell, this region “ embraces

nal taxes! Is this nothing of a decrease of war something more than four-tenths of the whole coun.

taxation ? try, excluding Alaska.” He defines as arid lands

The duties on imports have been reduced from those whereon the annual mean rainfall is less than

$216,138,916 in 1882 to $189,410,448 in 1886, a twenty inches; but says that “at twenty inches,

reduction of $26,728,918. agriculture will not be uniformly successful from sea

The only internal taxes now are on spirits, tobacco, son to season; many seasons in a long series will be fruitless.” This region, which can only be made

fermented liquors and bank note circulation, all others

having been repealed. productive by irrigation, embraces the whole of the States of Colorado and Nevada, and the Territories of

The debt of the United States in 1865 was $2,756,Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, and New

431,571.43. It has been reduced, according to the Mexico, with large portions of Southern California

statement of the Secretary of the Treasury made and Eastern Oregon, and portions of Washington and

October 1, 1887, to $1,255,526,397. This is a reducDakota Territories. To make this vast region pro

tion of the public debt of the United States in twenty ductive, the water must be taken from the streams,

years of $1,480,905, 174, a reduction of debt per which are distant from each other, and carried many

capita from $78.25 to less than $24, and of interest miles through canals, and thence through cross

from $4.29 per capita to less than 80 cents per ditches. From the latter, the water is distributed by

capita.

As a nation we are taxed less than any people in artificial and skilfully regulated overflow, finally doing

any civilized country on earth. Our expenses per its work by the various processes of flooding lateral percolation and absorption. The art of irrigation is

capita of our population are within a fraction of $4 a studied and applied by our enterprising people in the

year. far West in the light of the experiences of India, --According to some recently published statistics China, Japan, Egypt, France, Spain, Italy, Australia, there are now 370 colleges and universities in the Chili and Peru. Take a small example. In Southern United States, with 3,000 professors and 35,000 stuCalifornia, fifteen canals and ditches, aggregating 409 dents. Of these students about 80 per cent. or 10.000 miles in length, and with a surface width of 750 feet, | are in denominational institutions. Institutions for convey water from King's River through 1,000 farms higher education, by which are meant, we suppose, containing, all told, 125,000 acres. Other great irri schools for secondary education, falling short of college gation works are now. in construction, and still others l or university rank, under control of Evangelical churches, have in attendance over 58,000 students, - Pittsburgh from being the sootiest of cities is while 120 theological seminaries, belonging to Evan- | the cleanest from its substitution of natural gas for gelical churches, have 4,000 students. These figures bituminous coal. will convey some idea of the extent to which higher education in the United States is under Christian con

-The assessed value of the property of the South trol. Or, to look at them in another way, they convey

has increased over $800,000,000 in the last seven an idea of what Christian churches and societies are years, or about pi25,000,000 a year. doing for Christian education in that country.

-The Salvation Army recently needed $25,000 for -The last rail was laid on December 14 on the

| its work, and raised the amount in one week by what Minneapolis, Sault Ste. Marie and Atlantic Railway,

is called " A week of self-denial.”
13

It didn't have a thus forming a continuous line from Minneapolis to

single ice cream party or sacred concert or supper. Is Sault Ste. Marie. The Canadian Pacific line reached

there not here a practical lesson? the Saulte last week, and the only break in an unin.

-Over 7,000 Finns arrived at Castle Garden, New terrupted line from Minneapolis to the Atlantic sea.

York, during 1887. They are spoken of as a thrifty board is the international bridge now being built

class of immigrants. across St. Mary's river, and which was to be completed by January Ist.

—The rabbit plague has appeared in Florida. The

animals are playing havoc with the green peas and --It is claimed that there are about 1,300,000 Scan.

cabbages in the southern section of the State. dinavians in this country, and they are among the most intelligent of our foreign population.

- The new silver vault in the Treasury building at

Washington is finished. It will hold 100,000,000 – The Railway Age says that 12,724 miles of new

standard dollars. main-line railway were built in the United States in 1887. The largest number of miles ever laid before in one year was 11,568, in 1882. The total mileage is now 151,000.

Ministerial and Church Record.

- The building statistics of St. Paul, Minn., for the year show a total of over $11,000,000, being $2,000,. 000 more than last year, and the largest ever known.

"The word of God grew and multipřed." -Acts 12: 24.

-The grandest peak in the United States is said to be Mount Williamson, in Inyo, Cal. It is 15,000

ORDINATIONS. feet high, a large portion of the northern side being ..NAME.

PLACE.

DATE. nearly perpendicular. Two of the three peaks are George E. Spalding, Cummington, Mass., Dec. 21 inaccessible.

William J. Reynolds, Jr., Phenix, R. I.,

Dec. 28 C. M. Conway

Providence, Pa., Dec. 15 - The State of Kansas pays two cents per pound |

P. F. Delancy
Goshen, Pa.,

Dec 13 | A. G. McLean,

Salem, Pa.,

Dec. 27 bounty on all sorghum sugar manufactured within its

Eli W. Rudy,

Pleasant Home, Va., Nov. 26 limits. As the Fort Scott Works, with improved va.

C. Kincaid,

Hannah's Gap, Tenn., Dec. 4 cuum pans, obtains 102 pounds of sugar and twelve

J. F. McDuffic,

Robertson's Grove, N. C., Oct. 9 gallons of syrup from a ton of cane, and ten to fifteen | w. B. McClure,

Mt. Zion, N. C.,

Nov. 5 tons of cane may be grown on an acre, the bounty C. W. Blanchard,

Pleasant Grove, N. C., Nov. 27
M. Reeves Little,
Macon, Ga.,

Dec. 4 alone gives the farmer a very fair return for the labor

B. F. Stovall,
Dahlonega, Ga.,

Dec. 11 of producing the crop-to say nothing of what he re

J. W. Martin,

Millstone, Ga., ceives for any sugar and sorghum seed he may sell or Lawson Smith,

Pleasant Hill, Ga., use on the farm.

A. J. Coulson,
Sweetwater, Ga.

Nov. 12
Richard Lindsey,
Macedonia, Ga.,

Dec. 11 -A late steamer from San Francisco for China | J. P. White,

Sparta, Miss.,

Nov. 27 took out 200 tons of mining machinery and six skilled R. J. Burnett,

Fellowship, La., miners to aid in the mineral development of that

W.H. Craig,

Crooked Creek, Ind., Dec. 22
C. H. Hands,
Pittsfield, Ill.,

Nov. 27 country.

Samuel A. Perrine,
Chenoa, III.,

Dec. 28 --Messrs. Alvan Clark & Sons, the great astronom

A. J. Armstrong,
Plainwell, Mich.,

Dec. 21
E, T. Voorhees,

South Haven, Mich., Dee. 21 ical instrument makers of Cambridge, Mass., have

Williain Stevens,
Verona, Mich.

Dec. 28 just received from Europe a monster lens for the Lick Morton Parsons,

Mauston, Wis.,

Dec. 9 Observatory, California, to replace the one which was E. K. Maryatt,

Ashland, Wis.,

Dec. 20 broken by an accident about two years ago. It cost

John Earl,

Guthrie Center, Iowa, Dec. to in the rough about $4,000, and when ground and

William Bilbro,
Keota, Iowa,

Dec. 15
A. C. Zellhoeffer,
Audubon, Iowa,

Dec. 22 polished will be the largest and finest lens ever cast.

J. E. Cook,
St. Louis, Mo.,

Dec. 18 It will take about two years to prepare it.

H. G. Youngblood, Republic, Mo.,

Nov. 26

Dec. 4

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DATE. Dec. 8 Dec. 22

Dec. 8 Dec. 21 Dec. 21 Dec. 27 Dec. 22 Nov. 29 Dec. 9 Dec. 9 Dec. 8

MINISTERS DECEASED. Dec. 10

NAME. AGE. Place. Reuben Winegar, 82, Amsterdam, N. Y., T. H. Greene, 79, Schodac, N. Y.,

Francis Dusenbury, -. Ithaca, N. Y.,
DATE.

Thomas Winter, D.D., 89, Philadelphia, Pa.,
S. P. Barr,

Brookville, Pa.,
Dec. 27 William Ellis,

80, Uniontown, Pa., A. H. Sands,

- Richmond, Va., Hiram Sizemore, 78, Lizemore, W. Va., F. J. Buckley, - Princeton, Ky,

James Arnold, 55, Versailles, Ky., Oct. 30 H. M. Barton, 77. Fair Play, S. C., A. J. Harvey,

Oglethorpe, Ga., Aug. – N. W. Ashurst,

Columbus, Ga, Dec. 7 | W. H. Parker, -

, Ga., A. Hughes,

-, Ga., A. J. Harvey,

Buena Vista, Ga., Dec. 24 J. A. James,

Forsyth, Ga.,
John S. Allen,

East Waco, Texas,
John L. Littemore, 51, Dublin, Texas,
John Stott,

76, Franklin, Ind.. Oct. 30

Lewis Raymond, 80, Chicago, III.,

William A. Findley, 55, Hutton Valley, Mo., Dec. 4

John Anderson, 55, Leenthrop, Minn.,
T. G. Grow, 63. Leon, Kans.,

Henry Fellman, 59, Glenville, Neb.,
Dec. 17
Nov. 19

CHURCHES ORGANIZED. PLACE. Albany, N. Y., Memorial Church, Owl's Head, Me., Brooklyn, N. Y., East End Church, Kinzua, Pa., Catonsville, Md., Berean Church (Colored), Shiloh, Va., Winifred, W. Va., Mt. Vernon, Ky, Gradyville, Ky.. Mt. Tabor, N. C., Nashville, Tenn., Imnianuel Church, Carnesville, Ga., Low Gap, Ga., Anniston, Ala., Polo, Mo., Rusk, Texas, Bruceton, Mo., Kansas City, Mo., German Church, West Superior, Wis., Henning, Minn., Swedish Church, South Boardman, Mich., Hoxie, Kans., Strawberry, Kans., Wichita, Kans., Emporia Avenue Church, Gypsum City, Kans., Fair View, Kans., Troy, Dakota, Oceanside, Calif.,

Oct. 9

Nov. 17 Nov. 26 Nov. 15 Dec. 31

Dec. 11 Dec. 29 Dec. 10 Nov. 23 Nov, 14 Dec. 19 Dec. 10

Home Dission Appointmentsa

Oct. 16

CHURCH EDIFICES DEDICATED.

IN JANUARY

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PLACE Waterville, Me., French Church, Tiverton, R. I., Central Church, Brooklyn, N, Y., Greenwood Chapel, Brooklyn, N. Y., Ocean Hill Church, Walworth, N. Y., Bennington, N. Y., Homestead, Pa., Kinzua, Pa., Blackberry, Tenn., Martin, Tenn., Memphis, Tenn., First Church, La Grange, N.C., Fulton, Ind., Chicago, III., Hyde Park Chapel, Flushing, Mich., Centreville, Mich., Deckerville, Mich., Gregory, Mich., Oakfield, Mich., Bronson, Mich., Kenyon, Minn, Duluth, Minn., Endion Church, Pella, Iowa, Long Branch, Mo., Mexia, Texas, Herington, Kans., Marietta, Neb., Emmanuel Church, Nelson, Neb., Bottineau, Dak., Canton, Dak., Freedom, Dak., Springford, Ontario, Calton, Ontario, Logan, Ontario, German Church,

Dec. 25 Dec. 11 Dec. 13 Dec. 14 Dec. 18 Dec. 28 Dec. 30 Nov. 30 Dec. 11

Dec. 4 Nov. 20

The following new appointments were made :
Rev. Henry Auger, French in Boston and vicinity, Mass.

" S. H. Mitchell, Afton and Lorimer, Iowa.
“ Geo. E. Burdick, Great Bend and Kinsley, Kans.
" L. H. Leisher, Stockton and vicinity, Kans.
James Pantet, Mulberry (French) Church, Kans.
“ Charles Davis, Broken Bow, Neb.
" William H. Travis, Page, Dak.
Geo. H. Davies, Lisbon, Dak.
" C. C. Marston, De Smet, Dak.
" Charles W. Brinstad, Yankton, Dak.
“ Donald McGregor, Boulder, Mont.
“ George D. Downey, Pendleton, Oregon.
“ L. J. Trumbull, Albany, Oregon.
" Fred. W. Eason, Second Church, Portland, Oregon.
“ C. A. Mcllroy, Middle Oregon Association, Oregon.

The following re-appointments were made:
Rev. 0. C. Jensen, Scandinavians in the Northwest.

" George Kline, Bismarck, Dak.
“ J. A. H. Johnson, Scandinavians in Fargo and vicinity,

Dak. “ S. J. Winegar, Mitchell, Dak. " W. M. Hitchcock, Tucson, Ariz. “ Homer Newberry, Albuquerque, New Mex. " G. B. Morse, Bozeman, Mont. " William M. Wells, Gardiner, Oregon, “ N. Hayland, Scandinavians in Portland, Oregon. F. E. Scofield, Mt. Olive and Dora, Oregon.

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The following teachers were appointed :
At Spelman Seminary, Atlanta, Ga.-Miss Jessie M. Rice
At Bishop College, Marshall, Texas-H, H. Culver.

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