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At our meeting yesterday three asked for prayers. The great need, the dreadful degradation of the people outside in the country can hardly be told. We need all the help we can gain from the prayers of all interested in our work." This letter, from one who was such an efficient

THE IRISH IN THE UNITED STATES. worker in the Home field, must inspire all who were privileged to know her, with more devotion to those who need help, in this our own beloved land.

The Chautauquan contains an article on this sub

ject by John Hull, from which the following extracts -A letter from Rev. G. W. Dallas, of Kulli Inla,

are taken: Indian Territory, awakens much sympathy for him in his work. Mr. Dallas receives the warm recom

“ There are about two million people of Irish mendation of Rev. Daniel Rogers, our general

birth in the United States to-day, but the number of missionary, as an earnest devoted servant of Christ. persons of Irish blood in this country has been esti. Miss Mary Rounds, an assistant in Mr. Dallas's

mated by some authorities as high as twenty-two school, felt obliged to accept a position in a more

inillion, or about one-third of our entire population. destitute part of the Territory early in the Autumn.

At first blush this estimate may appear exaggerated, She finds, however, that she was mistaken in her

but when it is taken into consideration that the Irish idea of the urgency of the need in this new field, and

numbered one-third of the population of the colonies has again returned to Kulli Iula. We gladly wel.

at the close of the Revolutionary war, that they have come Miss Rounds again as our teacher, and pray

been coming in multitudes ever since, and that their that she may be abundantly blessed in her work.

fecundity is not excelled by any other people, it will

be readily admitted by an unbiased mind that the -The school house at Salt Lake City is finished and

estimate is not much overdrawn. the school work prospering under the care of Miss “The Irish emigrant who lands in America to-day Berkley and Miss Pearce. The five hundred dollars

is better endowed with education than his predecespledged for the new school building at the annual There was a time in Ireland, and that not so meeting has been paid into the treasury. The Soci.

very long ago, when it was a crime punishable by ety finds, however, that five hundred dollars does

law to teach Irish children to read or write; and not cover the furniture of the house. A bill for

when these disabilities were removed, the growth of seats, stoves, etc., amounting to $398, must be paid the school-house on that unfortunate island was at once. The extra gists which many churches have slow, so that a multitude of the Irish peasantry who made to Spelman rebuilding has made it impossible

came to our country before our civil war were wholly for us to meet these bills and our teachers' salaries.

illiterate, and were, by lack of education, unfit for any Most of the money sent in last month was desig- employment except manual labor. nated. We look to our Circles and Bands for money

According to the census of 1880, nearly four at this trying time. Our faithful teachers look to us hundred thousand persons of Irish birth resided in for their salaries. In our great interest for individual

the New England States. Of these, Massachusetts, schools do not forget that all are doing the Mas the home of the Pilgrims, contains more than two ter's work, viz., leading lost sduls to Christ.

hundred and thirty thousand. The State of New -If some object is needed to arouse the interest of York has five hundred thousand Irish born persons some indifferent ones, cannot a part of the salary of inside her borders, and Pennsylvania comes next to some teacher be raised ? We believe our churches the Empire State with about two hundred and forty will come to the rescue, when they remember that it thousand. Illinois leads the Western States with is Christ's work. " The noblest end of life is to live one hundred and twenty thousand, and the remainder for the service of God. And everything is His ser

of the two million are scattered over the other States vice, by which we can be or give a blessing to an

and Territories. other.”

“ In 1880, 140,307 Irish were engaged in agriculture in the United States; 115,854 were engaged in pro

fessional and personal services; 338,518 in trade and What shall I wish thee? What can be found transportation, and 284, 175 in manufacturing, meBringing the sunshine all the year round?

chanical, and mining industries. Included among Where is the treasure, lasting and dear,

the agriculturists were 24,236 farm laborers, 107,708 That shall insure thee a Happy New Year ? farmers and planters, and 6,298 gardeners and vine

growers. Faith that increaseth, walking in light;

“Among the Irish engaged in professional and Hope that aboundeth, happy and bright;

personal service were included all the professions, Love that is perfect, casting out fear

and 122,194 domestic servants. Engaged in trade • These shall insure thee a Happy New Year. and transportation were 339 bankers and brokers of

- Frances Ridley Havergal. money and stocks, 10,480 clerks in stores, 117 clerks

and bookkeeepers in banks, 22,911 draymen, hack- are constantly projected. The land and the water men, and teamsters, 32,407 employés of railroad must be brought together by these artificial means, or companies (not clerks), and several thousand dealers they must remain separate and worthless.- New York and traders in different sorts of merchandise.

Sun. “ Among the Irish engaged in manufacturing, It should be remembered, however, that in Kansas, mechanical, and mining industries were 12.742 black- Colorado and Nebraska, within the last ten years, smiths, 17,438 boot and shoe makers, 1,665 builders grasses have advanced by self-propagation many miles and contractors, 14,268 carpenters and joiners, 19,732 into what was once regarded a desert region, while cotton mill operatives, 12,611 leather curriers, trim. the rainfall has increased and agriculture is carried mers, dressers, finishers, and tanners, 16,200 mil- on, where once it was regarded impossible. Over liners, dressmakers and seamstresses, and 25,462 enormous stretches where the rainfall is slight, nutriminers. Indeed, the Irish are represented in tious grasses which require almost no moisture for every trade, profession, and occupation in the United their growth, abound, so that though diversified States.

agriculture may be impossible, yet enormous herds of “An edict has gone forth from the agents of Rome cattle can be profitably fattened for the markets of the to establish Roman Catholic parochial schools in the world. Besides all this, the marvelous mines of all United States. This means war on our free school the precious metals make up for the lack of favorable system; and I believe that in the coming contest be- agricultural conditions that are found elsewhere. On tween Roman authority and Irish American Catholi. the whole, therefore, this part of the West is a great cism the Italian priesthood will be worsted.”


General Notes.
Irrigation in the United States.

- What are the facts as taken from the records of The Committee on Public Lands of the House of Representatives, in a recent report, announce the

the Government in regard to the enormous reduction startling fact that “the arid region of the United

in national taxation since 1865, the year the rebellion

was closed, when the internal taxes were $310,906,984? States, whereon agriculture is not successful without

For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1886, when they irrigation, measures, in general terms, that portion of the public domain which yet remain undisposed of.”

were only $116,902,869 ?

Here is a reduction of only $194,069,984 of interAccording to Prof. Powell, this region “ embraces

nal taxes! Is this nothing of a decrease of war something more than four-tenths of the whole coun

taxation ? try, excluding Alaska.” He defines as arid lands

The duties on imports have been reduced from those whereon the annual mean rainfall is less than twenty inches; but says that “at twenty inches,

$216,138,916 in 1882 to $189,410,448 in 1886, a

reduction of $26,728,918. agriculture will not be uniformly successful from sea

The only internal taxes now are on spirits, tobacco, son to season; many seasons in a long series will be fruitless." This region, which can only be made

fermented liquors and bank note circulation, all others

having been repealed. productive by irrigation, embraces the whole of the

The debt of the United States in 1865 was $2,756,States of Colorado and Nevada, and the Territories of Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, and New

431,571.43. It has been reduced, according to the Mexico, with large portions of Southern California

statement of the Secretary of the Treasury made and Eastern Oregon, and portions of Washington and

October 1, 1887, to $1,255,526,397. This is a reducDakota Territories. To make this vast region pro

tion of the public debt of the United States in twenty ductive, the water must be taken from the streams,

years of $1,480,905, 174, a reduction of debt per which are distant from each other, and carried many

capita from $78.25 to less than $24, and of interest miles through canals, and thence through cross

from $4.29 per capita to less than 80 cents per ditches. From the latter, the water is distributed by

capita. artificial and skilfully regulated overflow, finally doing

As a nation we are taxed less than any people in

any civilized country on earth. Our expenses per its work by the various processes of flooding lateral percolation and absorption. The art of irrigation is

capita of our population are within a fraction of $4 a studied and applied by our enterprising people in the

year. far West in the light of the experiences of India, -- According to some recently published statistics China, Japan, Egypt, France, Spain, Italy, Australia, there are now 370 colleges and universities in the Chili and Peru. Take a small example. In Southern United States, with 3,000 professors and 35,000 stu: California, fifteen canals and ditches, aggregating 409 dents. Of these students about 80 per cent. or 10.000 miles in length, and with a surface width of 750 feet, are in denominational institutions. Institutions for convey water from King's River through 1,000 farms higher education, by which are meant, we suppose, containing, all told, 125,000 acres. Other great irri- schools for secondary education, falling short of college gation works are now. in construction, and still others or university rank, under control of Evangelical

Ministerial and Church Record .

churches, have in attendance over 58,000 students, - Pittsburgh from being the sootiest of cities is while 120 theological seminaries, belonging to Evan- the cleanest from its substitution of natural gas for gelical churches, have 4,000 students. These figures bituminous coal. will convey some idea of the extent to which higher education in the United States is under Christian con

-The assessed value of the property of the South trol. Or, to look at them in another way, they convey

has increased over $800,000,000 in the last seven an idea of what Christian churches and societies are

years, or about $125,000,000 a year. doing for Christian education in that country.

- The Salvation Army recently needed $25,000 for -The last rail was laid on December 14 on the

its work, and raised the amount in one week by what

is called “ A week of self-denial.” It didn't have a Minneapolis, Sault Ste. Marie and Atlantic Railway, thus forming a continuous line from Minneapolis to

single ice cream party or sacred concert or supper. Is Sault Ste. Marie. The Canadian Pacific line reached

there not here a practical lesson ? the Saulte last week, and the only break in an unin.

-Over 7,000 Finns arrived at Castle Garden, New terrupted line from Minneapolis to the Atlantic sea

York, during 1887. They are spoken of as a thrifty board is the international bridge now being built

class of immigrants. across St. Mary's river, and which was to be completed by January Ist.

-The rabbit plague has appeared in Florida. The

animals are playing havoc with the green peas and --It is claimed that there are about 1,300,000 Scan cabbages in the southern section of the State. dinavians in this country, and they are among the most intelligent of our foreign population.

- The new silver vault in the Treasury building at

Washington is finished. It will hold 100,000,000 — The Railway Age says that 12,724 miles of new

standard dollars. main-line railway were built in the United States in 1887. The largest number of miles ever laid before in one year was 11,568, in 1882. The total mileage is now 151,000.

— The building statistics of St. Paul, Minn., for the year show a total of over $11,000,000, being $2,000,

"The word of God grew and multipřed.”-Acts 12: 24. 000 more than last year, and the largest ever known.

-The grandest peak in the United States is said to be Mount Williamson, in Inyo, Cal. It is 15,000

ORDINATIONS. feet high, a large portion of the northern side being nearly perpendicular. Two of the three peaks are George E. Spalding, Cummington, Mass., inaccessible.

William J. Reynolds, Jr., Phenix, R. I.,

Dec. 28 C. M. Conway,

Providence, Pa., -The State of Kansas pays two cents per pound

P. F. Delancy

Goshen, Pa.,
A. G. McLean,

Salem, Pa., bounty on all sorghum sugar manufactured within its

Eli W. Rudy,

Pleasant Home, Va., Nov. 26 limits. As the Fort Scott Works, with improved va

C. Kincaid,

Hannah's Gap, Tenn., cuum pans, obtains 102 pounds of sugar and twelve J. F. McDuffic,

Robertson's Grove, N. C., Oct. 9 gallons of syrup from a ton of cane, and ten to fifteen W. B. McClure,

Mt. Zion, N. C., tons of cane may be grown on an acre, the bounty

C. W. Blanchard,

Pleasant Grove, N. C.,
M. Reeves Little,

Macon, Ga., alone gives the farmer a very fair return for the labor

B. F. Stovall,

Dahlonega, Ga., of producing the crop-to say nothing of what he re

J. W. Martin,

Millstone, Ga., ceives for any sugar and sorghum seed he may sell or Lawson Smith,

Pleasant Hill, Ga., use on the farm.

A. J. Coulson,

Sweetwater, Ga.
Richard Lindsey,
Macedonia, Ga.,

Dec. 11 --A late steamer from San Francisco for China J. P. White,

Sparta, Miss., took out 200 tons of mining machinery and six skilled R. J. Burnett,

Fellowship, La.,

W.H. Craig, miners to aid in the mineral development of that

Crooked Creek, Ind.,

Dec. 22 C. H. Hands,

Pittsfield, III., country.

Samuel A. Perrine,
Chenoa, III.,

Dec. 28 --Messrs. Alvan Clark & Sons, the great astronom

A. J. Armstrong,

Plainwell, Mich.,
E. T. Voorhees,

South Haven, Mich., Dee. 21 ical instrument makers of Cambridge, Mass., have

Williain Stevens,
Verona, Mich.,

Dec. 28 just received from Europe a monster lens for the Lick Morton Parsons,

Mauston, Wis.,

Dec. 9 Observatory, California, to replace the one which was E. K. Maryatt,

Ashland, Wis.,

Dec. 20 broken by an accident about two years ago. It cost

John Earl,
Guthrie Center, Iowa,

Dec. to
William Bilbro,

Keota, Iowa, in the rough about $4,000, and when ground and

A. C. Zellhoeffer,
Audubon, Iowa,

Dec. 22 polished will be the largest and finest lens ever cast.

J. E. Cook,
St. Louis, Mo.,

Dec. 18 It will take about two years to prepare it.

H. G. Youngblood, Republic, Mo.,

Nov. 26



DATE. Dec. 21

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PLACE. Reuben Winegar, 82, Amsterdam, N. Y., T. H. Greene,

79, Schodac, N. Y., Francis Dusenbury, Ithaca, N. Y., Thomas Winter, D.D., 89, Philadelphia, Pa., S. P. Barr,

Brookville, Pa., William Ellis, 80, Uniontown, Pa., A. H. Sands,

Richmond, Va., Hiram Sizemore,

78, Lizemore, W. Va., F. J. Buckley,

Princeton, Ky, James Arnold, 55, Versailles, Ky., H. M. Barton,

77, Fair Play, S. C., A. J. Harvey,

Oglethorpe, Ga.,
N. W. Ashurst,

Columbus, Ga,
W. H. Parker,
A. Hughes,

Ga., A. J. Harvey,

Buena Vista, Ga., J. A. James,

Forsyth, Ga., John S. Allen,

East Waco, Texas, John L. Littemore, 51, Dublin, Texas, John Stott,

76, Franklin, Ind.. Lewis Raymond, 80, Chicago, N., William A. Findley, 55, Hutton Valley, Mo., John Anderson, 55, Leenthrop, Minn., T. G. Grow,

63, Leon, Kans., Henry Fellman, 59, Glenville, Neb.,

Dec. 7


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CHURCHES ORGANIZED. PLACE, Albany, N. Y., Memorial Church, Owl's Head, Me., Brooklyn, N. Y., East End Church, Kinzua, Pa., Catonsville, Md., Berean Church (Colored), Shiloh, Va., Winifred, W. Va., Mt. Vernon, Ky., Gradyville, Ky.. Mt. Tabor, N. C., Nashville, Tenn., Imnianuel Church, Carnesville, Ga., Low Gap, Ga., Anniston, Ala, Polo, Mo., Rusk, Texas, Bruceton, Mo., Kansas City, Mo., German Church, West Superior, Wis., Henning, Minn., Swedish Church, South Boardman, Mich., Hoxie, Kans., Strawberry, Kans., Wichita, Kans., Emporia Avenue Church, Gypsum City, Kans., Fair View, Kans., Troy, Dakota, Oceanside, Calif.,

Nov. 15 Dec. 31

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Dec. 20
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Dec. 29
Dec. 4

The following new appointments were made:
Rev. Henry Auger, French in Boston and vicinity, Mass.

S. H. Mitchell, Afton and Lorimer, Iowa.
Geo. E. Burdick, Great Bend and Kinsley, Kans.
L. H. Leisher, Stockton and vicinity, Kans.
James Pantet, Mulberry (French) Church, Kans.
Charles Davis, Broken Bow, Neb.
William H. Travis, Page, Dak.
Geo. H. Davies, Lisbon, Dak.
C. C. Marston, De Smet, Dak.
Charles W. Brinstad, Yankton, Dak.
Donald McGregor, Boulder, Mont.
George D. Downey, Pendleton, Oregon.
L. J. Trumbull, Albany, Oregon.
Fred. W. Eason, Second Church, Portland, Oregon.
C. A. Mcllroy, Middle Oregon Association, Oregon.

Dec. 11
Nov. 27

PLACE. Waterville, Me., French Church, Tiverton, R. I., Central Church, Brooklyn, N, Y., Greenwood Chapel, Brooklyn, N. Y., Ocean Hill Church, Walworth, N. Y., Bennington, N. Y., Homestead, Pa., Kinzua, Pa., Blackberry, Tenn., Martin, Tenn., Memphis, Tenn., First Church, La Grange, N. C., Fulton, Ind., Chicago, III., Hyde Park Chapel, Flushing, Mich., Centreville, Mich., Deckerville, Mich., Gregory, Mich., Oakfield, Mich., Bronson, Mich., Kenyon, Minn, Duluth, Minn., Endion Church, Pella, Iowa, Long Branch, Mo., Mexia, Texas, Herington, Kans., Marietta, Neb., Emmanuel Church, Nelson, Neb., Bottineau, Dak., Canton, Dak., Freedom, Dak., Springford, Ontario, Calton, Ontario, Logan, Ontario, German Church,

Dec. 25
Dec. 11
Dec. 13
Dec. 14

Dec. 18
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Dec. 30
Nov. 30
Dec. 11

Dec. 4
Nov. 20

The following re-appointments were made:
Rev. 0. C. Jensen, Scandinavians in the Northwest.

George Kline, Bismarck, Dak.
J. A. H. Johnson, Scandinavians in Fargo and vicinity,

S. J. Winegar, Mitchell, Dak.

W. M. Hitchcock, Tucson, Ariz.
Homer Newberry, Albuquerque, New Mex.
G. B. Morse, Bozeman, Mont.
William M. Wells, Gardiner, Oregon.
N. Hayland, Scandinavians in Portland, Oregon.

F. E. Scofield, Mt. Olive and Dora, Oregon.
The following teachers were appointed :
At Spelman Seminary, Atlanta, Ga.-Miss Jessie M. Rice.
At Bishop College, Marshall, Texas-H, H. Culver.

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(Contributions and legacies not otherwise noted are for general purposes. A* denotes that contributions are for educational purposes; and C.E.F. for Church Edifice Fund.

3 00

MAINE, $182.09.
Portland, Free St. Ch..
Sedgwick, First Ch., in add..
Whitefield, Miss Emma Peaslee
Kennebunkport, Dr. Lyman


113 09

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63 00

Goffstown Center Ch.
New London, Colby Academy,

Soc. of Religious Inquiry..
Plaistow Ch.

12 25 So. Hampton Ch.

5 oo

12 18

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