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Frederick Williain Faber.

Henri Dominiqu : Lacordaire..




Patrick Henry.

Peter Cooper.


A Passing Thought.....


A Plea for the Classics...


A Student's Christmas Reverie.


A Visit to the Boy's Protectory, at West-




Broken Gleams..


Cup Tossing..


Death of Rev. Thomas Treanor.


Hide and Seek...




Oceanic Highways.

Our National Monuments.



Prophecies of Sister Rosa Columba..

Random Sketches..........38, 88, 114, 229, 262

Reply to John Citybound's Sketch No. 1... 76

The Art of Printing...


The Colonization of Maryland...


The Science of Legislation, and our Legis-

The Tendencies of Literature.

The Two Sisters.....

Thoughts on the Past Year.

Almanzor's Surrender.

Annette's Story.

..82, 122
A Strange Story.

...9, 61
A Tale for the Month of May..


Duration of Late European Wars.


Faith's Trials and Triumphs..

.207, 247
Oriental Tales...


Pride; a Story in Two Chapters..


Rene, the Conscript.

Snakes in India...

The Governess ; or the Story of a Christian

The Ivory Cross


The Last Grand Master of Malta..


The Story of a Homeless Child...

The Tiara Unworn..


The Turtle Doves...


The Vision of Odoacer .....

A Lenten Dream ....


A Morning Dream..


A New Year's Prayer....

A Shrine in the Heart..

Beneath the Moon...





God Bless Us, Every One...



Life, a Mystery to Man.


Miniature Musings.

My Native Land.

New Years

Not Parted..

Ode to the Night..

Our Lady of the Abyss.



Rich and Poor.


Sureum Corda

The Cooper Institute.

The Death of the Old Year...

The Gifts of Other Days....

The New Triumph of Rome.....

The Plaint of the Wild Flower.

The Song of Birds..

To the Morning Breeze

What Then?

Winter Verses......

Withered Snow-drops














Ancient Female Vanity.

A Noble Cause Fitly Encouraged..

An Italian Unity Meeting

An Opportunity...

A Worthy Cause.

Celebration of St. Patrick's Day.

Communal Impiety.

Cheap Agitation.

Dr. Dollinger on Papal Infallibility

Happiness not Unalloyed..

Irreligion in France..

Methodism on State Appropriations.

Our Catholic Colleges.

Politics and West Point..

Secret Societies..

Senator Sumner

The Cost of Royalty

The Latest Beecherism....

The Literature of Rutianism.

The “ Monthly' to its Friends.

The Progress of the Church....

The Sovereign Citizen......











... 146




Book Table..

. 49, 103, 141, 192, 241

Literary Associations, &c..

Protest of the Students of Rock Hill Col-


Scientific Notes

.54, 104, 291


VOL. III.-JULY, 1870.—No. 13.

THOMAS MOORE. THERE are features in the general / red with her blood, is ever in the hands THERE

character of every people which of her children; and the two sentiments determine the quality of the poetry we of pity and indignation most prolific of may expect from them. The wit, the song are constantly awakened in their polish and the vivacity of the French breasts. Ilence, not only is the bardic tind free expression in the productions of period well represented in Irish history, Racine, Boileau and Moliere; while the but more recently the simple ballad and speculative turn of the German mind is high-toned lyric have largely swelled the aptly illustrated in the “ Messiah” of volume of national song. Davis, Mangan Klopstock and Gæthe's “ Sorrows of and Moore, antl numberless others whose Werter." If any exceptions to this rule erratic light flashed in the pages of Engmay be admitted, it is in the case of lish and Irish magazines, have helped to England alone, whose great poets are weave melody and poetic expression so not the exponents of the colil materialism intimately together, that never before of British insularity, but the revivers of were English words so musical. The old English romancism, to whom inspir- latter especially excelled in this deftation comes, as to Tennyson, from the blending of sense and song, and he may, legendary lore of the knights and preux therefore, be regarded in this light, if chevaliers of the “ Round Table.” On not in the intensity of his patriotism, as the other hand, of no country can the the most thoroughly national of Irish remark be more truthfully predicated poets. than of Ireland, that her poets are the Thomas Moore was born at Dublin on natural and familiar mouth-pieces of the 20th of May, 1759, his father being national feeling, the many-voiced organs a respectable tradesman of that city. of her joys and hopes, her wrongs and sor- Iis mother, in whom his fondest affeerows. With a history exhibiting great tions were centred, was a noble woman, and brave deeds, even in the most remote whose chief ambition was to promote the antiquity; with traditions embodying as happiness and welfare of her children.

much noble sentiment and poetic concep- She, indeed, merited the unbounded love : tion as are to be found in any nation's of her warm-hearted son, for she was literature,it is but natural that Erin should ever a faithful counsellor and vigilant be the home of song, and that her gifted guardian of his interests. Both his parsons should often render into melodious ents were amiable and fond of social verse the legends of her varied history. pleasures. The poet's youth was conThen the volume of her wrongs, written sequently very happy, and he ascribed

Vol. III.-1.

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to the genial influences of the home circle in the classics; and the poet tells us that that sweetness of temper and love of en- about the principal profit he derived from joyment which permanently distinguish- the tuition was an ardent love for his oped his character during a long and pressed fatherland, and a bitter hatred troubled career. From his natural quick- for its oppressors, which the sturdy old ness of parts and cheerful vivacity of Celt implanted in his breast, a love disposition, Moore was the pride of the which, were it not for the careful vigihousehold; and almost as soon as he had lance of his excellent mother, would have attained the use of speech, he was made entangled him in the abortive schemes a “show child” for the amusement of of the United Irishmen. friends and acquaintances. A talent for The Catholic Relief Bill, which was recitation and acting, which he manifest- passed in 1793, and by which members ed at a very early age, was carefully cul- of the Catholic faith were admitted to tivated by his mother, and warmly en- the University and the bar, left Mrs. couraged by Whyte, the master of the Moore at liberty to indulge in her long grammar school to which he was sent. cherished design of bringing her son up So proficient did he become in both of to the profession of the law. Young these arts, that it was often predicted to Thomas was aecordingly entered at his fond mother, that her son, though Trinity College, Dublin, in 1794, but destined for the bar, would be more did not commence the course till the follikely to don the sock and buskin. At lowing year. His career at college was school the facility with which he acquir- an honorable, if not a very distinguished ed a knowledge of the various branches one. He was granted a degree in 1798, caused him to be looked upon as a kind and immediately set out for London to of prodigy. His mother, ever desirous enter upon his legal studies. The dry that her son should bear away the palm subtleties of law were, however, little in everything, was accustomed to cate- suited to the disposition of the pleasurechize him daily before his departure for loving rhymer. At College, his studies school, and to impress upon him the had been directed more to the mastering necessity of constant and unwearied ap- of the old classic poets than to the subplication to study. So great, indeed, tleties of metaphysics; and in his solitary was her desire that he should excel, as chambers at the Temple he found pleashe himself tells us, that oftentimes, when ant recreation in turning into English unable to examine him during the day, the verses of his favorite authors. When she would go to his bedside as late as in London but a short time, he prepared two o'clock in the night, and at that un- a translation of the Odes of Anacreon. seasonable hour cause him to repeat his The beauty and artistic finish of this daily lessons to her. She was anxiously work at once gave him rank as an auawaiting the removal of the Catholic dis- thor, and gained him the entree of the abilities, in order that she might give best society. His brilliant conversationher son the advantage of an education al powers made him a most acceptable in 'Trinity College, with a view to the and welcome guest at the houses of study of law; but in the meantime she the English nobility and gentry; and neglected no opportunity to qualify him ladies of the highest rank felt pride and for matriculation therein. A tutor at pleasure in the society of the brilliant the grammar school, named Donovan, little Irishman. To be made so much was engaged to instruct young Moore of by intellect and rank, to have his genius recognized and appreciated in a translation of “ Anacreon ” had given few short months, was enough to turn him a name, and a natural talent which the head of one more versed in the ways he possessed for versifying, determined of the world than the youthful Moore. him to take to authorship, at least until In Dublin, he was the son of a poor he could obtain a post under the Governtradesman, and as such, was compelled ment. His first original attempt was a to move in the humbler walks of life; in volume of Amatory poems, published London, his birth was not questioned. under the nom de plume of “ Thomas The constant companion of the learned Little.” These poems were immoral in and talented, the witty and fascinating tone, and, as such, were justly conIrishman ruled supreme the brilliant demned by critics; Moore himself discircle in which his good fortune had cast avowed them, and in a few years they him. Accustomed all his life to consider went out of print and were forgotten. the nobility as something above common The poor success of this work made men, it is not strange his reception by Moore despair of ever obtaining wealth them considerably influenced the tone of or fame as an author; but he was inhis subsequent writings. He moved al- duced to persevere by the encouragemost exclusively in their society, and ments of his friends. Connecting him- . came to consider himself as one in all self with politics, he published numberbut name and fortune. This idolatry for less wiity effusions, characterizing and rank and wealth was a constitutional severely satirizing the follies and crimes weakness of Moore; and if his grand of the society and political systems of acquaintances chose to forget his humble the day. Such were the Fudges' orign, he of a certainty never lost sight Family” in Paris and England; the

; of the boundless respect which he con- " IIoly Alliance,” the “ Two-Penny Post sidered due to the prerogatives of sta- Bag" and a host of others which, though tion. His school-boy patriotism was time has deprived them of much of their somewhat modified in deference to the pungency, still remain lasting monuopinions of his titled friends, and in their ments of our author's genius and rich society his republican sentiments were exuberance of fancy. The flattering rereplaced by the more fashionable views ception these satires, and the squibs he of aristocracy. Moore's admiration of wrote for the daily press, received from the nobility led him, for a time, to sur- the reading public, encouraged Moore to render his feelings of manly independ- embrace authorship as a profession. The ence, and trust to acquire worldly wealth patronage upon which he depended for by the patronage of the great. He had office had in the end gained for him the not as yet fully uncovered the fertile vein appointment to the registrarship of Berof riches which he possessed in his own muda-a position of trifling importance grand genius, and rarely did anything and emolument, and for which his eduat that most unpoetical of all pursuits cation and habits totally disqualified -the law. The position he sought him. He set out for Bermuda, intendthrough the influence of his admirers ing to apply himself to the performance was not soon obtained, and in the mean- of the duties of his office ; but, after a while something had to be done to meet few months' stay, he resigned the cares the requirements of life. As he knew of this office to a deputy, and set out absolutely nothing of the law, ground upon his return to England. On his had to be broken in some other field. His way back, he passed through the north

ern portion of the United States and the thought that a brighter day was at Canadas. In a volume of poems, pub- hand, when Ireland should stand forth to lished soon after reaching England, take her place among nationsMoore was particularly severe in his

“Great, glorious and free, criticisms upon the institutions and man- First flower of the earth, first gem of the sea.” ners of the Americans, which, at the The poet himself rested his hopes of time, excited much resentment against future fame upon these beautiful and inhim in this country. Afterward he came to see the injustice of his strictures upon how little of inspiration was needed to

spiring songs, and the event has shown a people undeserving of censure, at least

predict with undoubted certainty thatfrom his pen. Moore now began those sweet lyrics which will ever connect his “Though his memory should now die away,

'Twill be caught up again in some happier name with immortality—the Irish melo

day; dies, most exquisite effusions, in which And the hearts and the voices of Erin prolong the loftiest patriotism is wedded to Through the answering future, his name and melodious numbers. There may be iso

his song." lated fragments of surpassing beauty in While writing the melodies, Moore the writings of others, but they are only also began and completed many other as oases in the desert; here we meet them, works, the best known of which are not singly, but in clusters, like ripe “Lalla Rookh," a metrical romance of

“ grapes springing up in the garden of his the Orient, of most elaborate finish; the fancy, each as it were rivaling the other “Life of Sheridan,” and the “ History of in beauty and lusciousness. The delight- Ireland,” in two volumes. ful music to which the melodies are set The exquisite wording and imagery of is not more harmonious than the words Moore's poetry diffuse over it an inthemselves, which, like the warblings of describable charm, a freshness, an origimany birds, become more beautiful when nality all his own. To work his way to joined in one harmonious whole. The fame and honor, he chose for his muse melodies are Ireland's own; they are de- no loftier themes than the sad, simple scriptive of her and her warm-hearted tales of his country's ancient greatness sons; they breathe in magic whisperings and present lowliness. These furnished the unutterable devotion of Irishmen to him the key to the warm hearts of his their beautiful land, their ancient le countrymen, and with a master-hand he ligion, and fond clinging to Erin's olden unlocked their overburdened breasts; he renown. The melodies elevated their told the world in sweet but mournful author to the first rank among English plaint the sad story of ages upon ages of poets. Universally read and admired dire oppression and wrongs, of the desin the higher walks of life, they nowhere perate but fruitless attempts to shake off* exerted more influence and excited nore the cruel incubus that crushes out natural respect and love for the poet than among life; of the beautiful and stern devotion the Irish peasantry. The poorest and to a faith insulted and proscribed ;-all most humble among them understood the this he sung in honeyed verse, and, more sweet simple language, which, recalling potent than the angry invective of to memory the traditions of what Ireland Plunkett, Grattan and Flood, the magic had been in other days, nerved the Celtic influence of the Irish muse won from heart to bear up under its grievous op- England concessions denied to the most pression, and held forth the consoling eloquent appeals of these gifted orators.

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