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, preached in St. Giles's Church In these words of Christ we have three persons : Firft, Pater dens. Secondly, Homo veniens. Thirdly, Christus non ejiciens. Whereof the two tormer parts be the Condici in, the third person bulongeth to the Promili, The Condition stands in The Fathers giving, and over icomming ; Tlie Promile is Chrift's not cafling ont,
Touching which parts joyntly, we are to oblerve these, That eyery one by experience find is that the state of finners, live they never lo pleasantly, is bur as Cain called his Corne, Chanoch, that is, a good beginning for the midst of that state is unquiernelle, and the end everlasting death. Which being considered, it will make every man willing tù come again to God if there be any hope, they Chill be reciyed: In regard of our felves, as St Paul speakerh of her hac de. paried from her husband, the filt cpistle to tie Corinthians the feventh chapter and he cleyenth vejfe, so it were just, chat in as much as we have willingly forsaken God, and departed from him, prcferring transitory and earthly dilights before his favour, he thould say, · Qui difcedit, difcedat, that beli g once gone fiom him, he should not
receive u, again. .
Chrift, that in cad of a revenger and punisher, he is a mercifull
fation of life, as some are faid to deny God in their works, Titus the first chapter and the fixteenida verse. ::: · There are diverse forts of comming : First, We are said to come to
Cbrif in Baptifme, Mark che ceath chapter, Sinste parvulos venire ait me. Secondly, In Prayer ; toras Auguftine faith, Précibus, non paßi. bus,iter ad Deum. Thirdly, In the bearing of the word: to many re. foried aad came to Chrift, Luke the fifteenth chapter and the first verle: And we likewise come to. Chrift, when we come to hear his Ministers; for he tbat heareth him heareth us, Luke the tenth chapter. Fourthly, By Repentance, as Luke che fifteenth chapter, I will gioeta . my Father. But Chrif receiveth none of those, but that we come to him as he is panis vita; when we come to Chrift, as he offers himself in the Sacrament, co be the lively fuod of our fouis; when we come to the fame, and doe it in the remembrance of his death. And there is ; reason why bosh we fhould come to Christ, and he should receive us comming. : Firit, There is reason we should come to Christ; in regard of our finnes already paft: For we have necd of a Sacrifice, both in respect of the grinding and upbraiding of our consciences for the finnes we have conimited, and by rcafon of the punishment we have deferved by them. This sacrifice we are put in minde ofin this Sacrament, That Chrift hath offered himselfto God an oblation and sacrifice of a sweet Imelling favour, wherein we have planted in our hearts the paflive grace of God, for the quieting of our consciences against finne past, · by the taking of the cup of Salvation, which makes us lay, Return into shy reft o my foul, Pfalń the hundred and fixteenth, and for the curns ing away ot deserved punishment, as the blood of the Pafchal Lamb, Sprinkled upon the dores, faved the israelites from deftroying, Exodus the the twelfth chapter. So in this true passover we receive the blood of the immaculate Lamb Christ, to assure us of peace with God, and to deliver us from the destroying Angel. As the Heathen had their Altar; whereon they offered to their gods; so we have an Alcar, that is, the Lords Table, where 'we celebrate the remembrance of that oblas tion once made by Chrif,Hebrews the thirteenth chaper and the twelfth veile.' -. In respect of finne io come likewise, we have need to come to Chrift; for chereby there is wrought in us active grace, whereby we are enabled to refiå finne : Furthe endowing of our souls wich muchi strength, Pfalm the hundred thirty eighich, and with much power from abovc, is here performed unto us that come aright, Luke the twenty fourth chapter 3 And therefore the Apofle would have us to.ftablith our hearts with grace, the piritual food, ånd not with meat, Hebrews the thirteenth chapter : For by this means we shall be made able both to indure the confia of finne, and to be conquerors over Satan and our own corruptions. Thirdly, For that the eating of the flesh of Christ and the drinking of the blood, is a pledge of our railing up at the last day, verse the fifty fourth; and that after this life we which come to the Lords Supper shall be invited to the fupper of the Lamb,
of which it is said, Apocalyps the nja teenth chapter and the niach yerle, ble red are they which are called to the Lambs (upper. ' .. m. Again, it is reason Christ should receive us in two loris. ! Fift, In respect of the communicants or commers; for there is no manever in better sta:e and more disposed to be received than at the celebration of this Sacrament. If a contrite spiric for sinne can set a man in Itate to be received of Christ, man is most contrite and brokco in heart at this time : If Christ will then receive us, when heman dwell in our hearts by faith, Ephefions the third chapter, at this time is our fai.h ar the highest; for when we have the body and blood of Christ in our hands, then it makes us say with Thomas, John the twentieth chapter, Domine mi , & Deus mi : If prayer, made with boldnelle and confidence, may move Christ at any time to receive, we never have more confiderice in prayer than at that time ; cheo is the love of God most of all shed in our hearts, by the holy Ghoft, Romans the fiftchapter and the fifi verse, by which we are rece:ved not only to give, for no man is to appear empty, but also rotorgive, as Chrift willeth, That remembring our brethren hath ought against us, we leave our gift and be reconciled, Matthew the fift chapter : If at any one time more than other Christ be more ready to receive , tha is he maximè receptivus.
Secondly, In respect of the action it self, which is a memorial of that sacrifice, which he offered at his death to God for fins : Then he received the thief that said, Lord, remember me when thou comeft into the Kingdome, Luke the twenty third chapter : Then he prayed for his periccutors, Father forgive them. Therefore there isa great congruicy, that now much more he must be carefull to us and receive us, when we celebrate the remembrance of his goodnesle and mercie. But the chief point is, that in the Sacrament Christ himself is received; and therefore it is very fir, that he which is to be received, be ready to receive them that come to him. .
The second Condition is touching the Fathers gifr, Allthat my Fan thergiveth. Which is a limitation : For as many pressed upon Chriit, but there was but one that cou hed, that was the woman healed of bee issue of blood, Luke the eight chapter and the fourty fite verse; so many come to the Lords Table, but to the end they may be received they must he known by this mark, he must be datus à Patre, tractus, de doctus, John the sixt chapter, the fourty fourth and fourty fitt verfes. There are that are dati ab hominibus, or, as the Apostle speaks, the first epistle of Peter the second chapter and the thirteenth verfe, ab humanâ ordinatione, that is, the most part come nor, being given or drawn of the Father, but compelled by man : Their fear is taught by mens precepts, Matthew the fitteenth chapter, and Isaiah the twenty nincli chapter. Again, there are that have a few of Godlineffe, the first epistlerc Timothie the third chapter : Such come not upon any motivo of Gods spirit, that they fecl in themselves, but for fashions Cake: They will not be seen to refuse the order of the Church, but doe as others doe; but they that are given to Cbrift of God are such as como
of conscience, knowing they ought to performe this duty of thankfulneffe to God, such as hunger and thirst after the righteousnesle of Chrift, the spiritual food of their souls, in conscience of their own unworthinelle and ill delcrvings; and therefore leek for righteousneffe in him, with as great desire as for bodily food; they that come with such an earneft inclination, as given and drawn of the Father. This doth diftinguish true Christians from Counterfeits, which say I know not whether the Father dac give me to Christ, and there fore I will not come : but to fuch Christ answers, Matthew the eighteenth chapter and the fourteenth yerse, Non effe voluntas patris, ni unus de pufillis illis pereat ; De pufilis, dixit, faith Augustine, non de simentibus. Christ meaneth not such as are little in refped of the world, but but little in their con eyes, that are not poffefled with a spiritual pride of their own righteoufneffe, as though they need not now to come, ano her time will serve. It was the opinion of Feftus, Acts the twenty fourth chapter, when I have convenient leasure, I wių Send for thee; So they think another time will be more fit than the present occalion; and so Christ must wait upon them, they may not wait upon Christ. But as the Pharisees del pised the counsel of God and would not be baptized by Fohn, Luke the seventh chapter and the thirtieth versc; io doe these despise the counsel of Christ against themselves, whose purpose happily was even at this time to have received them : But because they despised his counsel,that happeneth to them which befell Saul, whom Samuel tels, That if he had kept the Lords commandement, be had nop established his Kingdome for ever upon Israel, the first book of Samuel the thirteenth chapter and the thirteenth verse: but for that he despised the oportunity now, it is removed co another. And of them that come, it may be they will come, but with Cains spirit, not caring how or what oblation they give to God : But they muft come as given of the Father, and not tonquam ab hominibus dati, they may not come like him that fate down at the Marriage, without a wedding garmeni, Massbew the twenty fecond chapter. Who so commeth in that manner, as he, Mall not be received, for that he is not given of the Father; so he shall be caff out into utter
Thirdly, The promise is, They that come after this manner, fall not be cast out; Which is set out earnestly by Christ with a double negation, g un enlerim, that is, ncver, at no hand. This Ipeech is not vain glorious ; for Christ doth performe it and more, as when the Propnet faith, Thou forfakest not them that feeke thee, Plalm the ninth, the meaning is, they not only finde God, but with him finde joyes and glory everlasting : So he that comes to Christ is not only, not caft out, but received to be a member of Chrifts mystical body, and parsaker of she divine nature, the second epiftle of Peter the first chapa ter and the fourth verse.
What is meant by being cast out, appears by the cafting out of the dry branch, sbat bringeth forib no fruit, Fohn the fiftcenth chapa cer, which is to be caft into the fire; by the salt sba bub loft bis favorr
and is cast out, Matthew the fitt chapter ; by the bad fish caught in the met, which is cast away, Mattbew' the thirteenth chapter and the fourty cigbr verle. This casting out, is a degree to thar casting into stier darknese, which Christ peaketh ot. .
There is a second for as, that is, out of the Church, as John the minth chapcer and the thirty fourth verse, of whom Chrilt laith, Mark: the fourth chapter and the cleventh verse, but to them which are without.' the first epiftle to the Corinthians the fiti chapter and the twelfth verse, What have ye to doe' with them that are without that is, the Heathen : And this is nothing but a disposition to the second foras, that is, to be cast our of the Kingdoine of Heaven; of which, Apocaaa lyps the twenty second chapier and the fifteenth verle, for as antem erant. Canes, and tobécast into the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, where their smoak shall afcend for ever, where the worm never dyeth, and the fire is never quenched, where they shall wish for death, and death hall flie. from them. This is the state of them chat are cast out.
Bur Christ promiseth, That who fo commeth to him, bring given, Jhall not be cast out, but shall be quit from death and damnation : He doth not only receive them, and eat with thein; bui receives them into that union that is inter alitum cu alimentum, that is, to be one with him ; which is a greater union than is either between broiler and brother, or between man and wife ; for herein is that verified, That we arere ceived to be partakers of the Divine nature, by pirtaking whereof, he is in us and we in him; we and Christ are made one; we receive him, and he receives us : Sorhat as God cannor harc Christ, so he cannot but love us, being ingraffed into him. Thus it comes to palle that we are not cast out, but are made parcakers of all the good thiogsof Christ, who fichio him tharcmesto him, Luke the fifreenth chapter om. nia nostra tua sunt, and Matthevehefitseenth chaper, Intra in gaudium Domini, that is the chiet poin in this promile. . As fortiem that come not to Christ, howsoever they deserve to be cast oui, yet Christ doth not cast them out, but they cast out them., selves in as much sthey ever themselves from this Sacrament, which is the holy of holiest; and from the m«m urial of his loving kindness: He that commerh not to the Lords Supper, fets himself in the state of the Heathen, which albeit they have a kinde of prayer, and a knowledg, no lesse than we, yet come not so farre as to celebrate this Sacra, meot : He is in no better state than the Jews aod Turks, which albeit chey beleeve the creation of the world, and the last Judgment, yec acknowledge not Christ, nor come to him tanquam panis vitæ. Buç they must come to the Lords Supper, if they will be bidden to the Lambs Supper : Neither may they defer to come at their own pleafure; for it may be now is the time that Christ will receive them, and if they neglect the opportunity, they shall be cast out, as Saul was, in the first book of Samuel the thirteenth chapter.
It remains that we stirre up in our selves a willingacffe to come: For to come is a voluntary action, as Christ tells us, John the fift chapter, Vos non vultis venire ad me, nam qui venit,ideò venit,quia voluit venire,