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world. And yet, in a State that owes so much to it-whose sons have so nobly and so often fought under it—it has been torn down, and vainly sought to be disgraced and conquered. Vain thought! Hear how a native poet speaks of it:

"Dread of the proud and beacon to the free,
A hope for other lands-shield of our own,
What hand profane has madly dared advance,
To your once sacred place, a banner strange,
Unknown at Bunker, Monmouth, Cowpens, York,

That Moultrie never reared, or Marion saw?" If the cannon maintains the honor of our standard, and blood is shed in its defence, it will be because the United States cannot permit its surrender without indelible disgrace and foul abandonment of duty. I have now done, and in conclusion I ask you to do what I am sure you will cheerfully and devoutly do—fervently unite with me in invoking Heaven, in its mercy to us and our race, to interpose and keep us one people under the glorious Union our fathers gave us till time itself shall be no more.

LETTER FROM HON. J. J. CRITTENDEN.

UNITED STATES SENATE, January 20, 1861. Gentlemen, I have just had the honor to receive your letter of the 31st ultimo, inviting me to address a Union Meeting of your fellowcitizens of Maryland, soon to be held in the City of Baltimore. It is impossible that I could be insensible to the honor done me by such an invitation--and I thank you, gentlemen, for the very kind and complimentary terms in which you have urged my acceptance of that invitation.

Yet it is not in my power to accept it. My health is not just now very good, that I could disregard,—but my duties so occupy me that I feel I ought not to withdraw myself from them for a day, while such vital questions are pending.

You will be pleased, gentlemen, to make my excuse acceptable to your Union Meeting, and assure them of my sympathy,---my warm and cherished sympathy,—in all their sentiments. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, yours, &c.

J. J. CRITTENDEN. Messrs. WM. H. COLLINS, Wm. McKim, B. DEFORD,

Wm. E. HOOPER and Jos. CUSHING, Jr.

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