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21. Sap-pah'-sam-mah.-Lowermost (most westerly) village or camp on south side of the valley, about half a mile east of Pohono Meadows.

22. Lem-mé-hitch-ke.-Small village or camp on east side of Pohono (or Bridal Veil) Creek, just below a very large rock.

23. Hop'--ne.-Small village or camp at base of westernmost of the lofty cliffs known as Cathedral Rocks, and close to south end of El Capitan bridge across Merced River.

24. -sum-meh'.-Small village or camp at base of Cathedral Spires near the river, with a small meadow below; not far above Hop'--ne.

25. Kis'-se, or Kis'-se-uh.-Large village near the river, nearly opposite Hah-ki-ah. Kis'-se was the westernmost of the large villages on the south side. From it easterly they occurred at frequent intervals.

26. Cha-cha-kal-lah.—Large village just below old Folsom bridge (ford). Formerly a sweat-house (chap-poó) here.

27. Ham'-moo-ah.Village on Ford road, nearly opposite Three Brothers (Wah-hah'-kah).

28. Loi-ah.—Large village in open pine forest below Sentinel Rock (on ground now occupied by Camp Ahwahnee) and reaching down toward river. Occupied during my earlier visits to the valley.

29. Hoó-koo--ko-tah.–Village a little above Galen Clark's house; looked out easterly over big meadow. Occupied during my earlier visits. (Hoo-koo-me is the great horned owl.)

30. Haw-kaw-koó-e-tah (Ho-kok-kwe-lah, Haw-kaw-koi*).-Large and important village on Merced River, where Sentinel Hotel and cottages now stand. Home of the band called Yo-ham'-i-te (or Yo-hem'i-te), for whom the valley was named. The old woman Callipena was a Yo-ham'-i-te.

31. Ho-low.–Village on or near Merced River where the schoolhouse used to stand.

32. Wah'-tahk-itch-ke.—Village on edge of meadow on south bend of Merced River near forks of road west of Le Conte Memorial. The wild pea (wah-tah-kah) grows here.

33. T00-yú-yú-yu.—Large village on south bend of Merced River due north of Le Conte Memorial and close to the bridge between Le Conte Memorial (or Camp Curry) and Kinneyville.

34. Too-lah'-kah'-mah.–Village or camp on open ground now occupied by orchard on east side of meadow north of Camp Curry.

* Named from How-kaw'-met-te, or How-wah-met-te, a rocky place.

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35. Um-ma-taw.-Large village on present wagon-road between Camp Curry and Happy Isles; was some distance from the river; water was fetched from a spring.

36. Ap-poo-meh.—Camp on Merced River below Vernal Fall.

37.Kah-win'-na-bah'.-Large summer camp in Little Yosemite, whose name it bears.


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There were no villages in the narrow Merced Cañon between the lower end of Yosemite Valley and the Cascades, where there were a few houses called Yi-yan'. This name also covered the ground from Cascade Creek to the junction of the Coulterville road.

The next village on the north side was at the terminus of the new railroad at El Portal (a distance of eight or nine miles), where the villages began and continued down-stream. Most of these were permanent, but they were far larger in winter than in summer, receiving material additions from Yosemite when cold weather set in.

Sit'-ke-noó-al-lah.-Place and few houses on the south side of Merced River a little above (east of) El Portal; now Indian Wilson's place.

Kep-pek-00-lah.--Place and small settlement on the south side of Merced River just above El Portal; now occupied by a white man. Named from the abundance of kep-pek', the brake fern (Pteris aquilina), the rootstocks of which the Indians use for the black design in their baskets.

Kah-wah'-koo-lah.- Place and small settlement on the south side of Merced River half a mile below Sit-ke-noó-al-lah and nearly opposite El Portal stable.

Sal-lah'-to.-Large village on flat now occupied by the railroad terminus at El Portal. The place at the mouth of Crane Creek at El Portal is called Sas'-00-lah; formerly a few houses where the hotel stable now is.

Po-ko-.–Village on the north side of the Merced a quarter of a mile west of El Portal. The flat gravel and pebble bench extending along the north side of the Merced for an eighth of a mile just below El Portal was known by the same name.

Choó-pi-tah, or Choó-pi-do.-Large village on the north side of Merced Cañon one or one and a half miles below El Portal, at the place called Rancheria Flat (immediately west of the present Hite Mine and northeast of the bend of the river).

To-yo'ng-am'.-Small village on top of a small pointed hill on the north side of the Merced at the bend of the river just below Hite Mine (really surrounded by Choó-pi-tah, being situated in the middle of the flat; may have been only a roundhouse).

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Soó-wut-oo-lah'.-Large and important village on large oak-forested flat on the north side of the Merced, now Switch Flat (railroad switch), just west of Hogback Ridge, which separates it from Choó-pi-tah. Used to be a roundhouse (hang-e) here.

Oi--bah.–Very small old village at mouth of Moss Cañon, north side of the Merced; not room for many houses.

Kil-mit-ten.—Big village on flat on the north side of the Merced just above the Government bridge.

Moó-lah-buk'-sa-bah'.–Village on the north side of the Merced just below and close to the Government bridge.

Haw-too-too.–Village on the north side of the Merced. Old cabin there now, opposite the present Indian ranch where Big Nancy and others live.

Muh-cho-kah-nó.-Old village on the south side of the Merced, at present occupied by Big Nancy, Callipena, and Lucy Ann.

Wah'ng'-oo-hah.–Village on small flat on the north side of Merced Cañon, a little above the mill at Ferguson Mine.

Soo-noó-koo-loon'.–Village on the north side of Merced Cañon, at present Ferguson Station, six miles below El Portal.

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