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that the conservation of our natural resources, though the gravest problem of today, is yet but part of another and greater problem to which this nation is not yet awake, but to which it will awake in time, and with which it must hereafter grapple if it is to live—the problem of national efficiency, the patriotic duty of insuring the safety and continuance of the nation."
There has not been in the past, and we may question whether there can arise in the future, a man who so richly deserves to be memorialized in the establishment of a national park.
W. F. B.
THE NATIONAL After reading the 1918 report of the Director of the PARK SERVICE National Park Service, we feel moved to express our
warmest appreciation of the able and far-sighted management of our national playgrounds by Director Stephen T. Mather. Altogether admirable was the firmness with which the Interior Department refused all applications for sheep-grazing in the parks. The more determined of the park invaders, cloaking their hope of private gain under a show of public service with mutton and wool, even applied to the Food Administration for aid in opening Rainier National Park to sheep. But Mr. Hoover promptly concurred in the view that “the Government's policy should be to decline absolutely all such requests.” It is a well-known fact that even a short period of grazing by sheep completely destroys many species of beautiful wild flowers that are the glory of our mountain parks. Crater Lake Park, as Mr. Mather points out, has not recovered its extinguished fora after a lapse of twentyfive years. The damage done there by sheep is irreparable.
Among features of the service which are deserving of special commendation and public support is the effort to turn the parks to practical account in the public schools. This is being done in classes of geography and general science through the medium of literature and picture portfolios, furnished by the National Park Service. A beginning has also been made with traveling exhibits of national park pictures, motion-picture films, and lantern-slides. The need of restoring and preserving as much as possible the wild-life resources of the national parks has also received Mr. Mather's careful attention. The presence of an abundant fauna greatly enhances the recreational appeal which a people's playground makes to the traveling public, and thus increases its potential economic value as well.
A fact of good augury for the steady growth and development of our national park system is the Congressional authorization of the Secretary of the Interior to accept gifts of land areas and other property that will improve the parks. A considerable number of important gifts for such purposes have already been made, notably that of the old Tioga Road, in the Yosemite Park, and a section of the Giant Forest-both of them invaluable additions to the parks. We are so filled with enthusiasm over the showing made by the National Park Service during the past year that we ardently hope Congress will speedily transfer to this service the ten national monuments which by a strange anomaly still remain under the control of another department.
BEQUEST Lieutenant Robert S. Gillett, a member of the club, and TO THE resident of Hartford, Connecticut, gave his life for his SIERRA CLUB country in an airplane accident in Texas, September 17,
1918. We are proud to have had so brave a spirit as his on our honor roll. He had a real love for the Sierra, and his widow writes that his admiration for John Muir was limitless. His will provides for a bequest of one thousand dollars to the Sierra Club, to be used for the maintenance of the John Muir Trail or toward the upkeep of the Parsons Memorial Lodge in Tuolumne Meadows.
It is worthy of note that the two bequests which have been made to the club have come from those who reside far from the Sierra. Edward Whymper, the world-famed mountaineer of England, left the club fifty pounds in his will, and now this recent bequest comes from one who resided across the continent. Can it be that these generous nonresidents have a greater love and appreciation of the Sierra and of the work the club is striving to accomplish than those of us who live in California ? The Appalachian Club has received many and substantial bequests and gifts from its members. Perhaps the thought has not occurred to our own members yet. There are a multitude of worthy objects in line with the work of the club, to which such gifts, large or small, could be devoted.
· W.E. C.
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES
To the Directors of the Sierra Club:
I beg to submit the following report on the finances of the Sierra Club covering the period from January 1, 1918, to January 1, 1919: Balance cash on hand January 1, 1918....
-$2,658.57 Receipts during the year: Dues from members
$3,664.75 Advertisements in BULLETIN
350.00 Interest on Permanent Fund
250.00 Rent of room 403....
50.00 Sale of BULLETINS
21.60 Sale of club pins
19.50 Interest on savings accounts
41.24 Interest on Liberty Bond
14.90 Increased valuation of War Savings Stamps...
6.00 Sundry small receipts
$7,127.32 Expenditures during the year: Rent of rooms 402 and 403..
.$ 720.00 Salary of Assistant Secretary
930.00 Printing, postage and delivery of BULLETIN No. 53.. 1,505.09 Amount paid to Southern California Section... 400.75 Office expenses, postage, stationery, etc..
233.87 Telephone and telegraph service
129.89 Le Conte Memorial Lodge
165.90 Parsons Memorial Lodge
51.44 Local walks, printing, etc.
48.10 Dues to other clubs
38.00 Debit and exchange
9.00 Interest debit on Liberty Bond
6.87 Miscellaneous small expenses
Total expenses.... Cash on hand January 1, 1919.