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sity of Wisconsin, are recounted in a vivid and interesting style, with many well told anecdotes and much humor." A. L. A. Booklist.

Reviewed in A. L. A. Booklist, May, 1913, v. 9, p. 382; Dial, April 1, 1913, V. 54, p. 293-294, by P. F. Bicknell; Independent, July 3, 1913, v. 75, p. 43-44; Literary Digest, July 5, 1913, v. 47, p. 26-27; Nation, April 17, 1913, v. 96, p. 391-392; N. Y. Times, March 23, 1913, v. 18, p. 158; Outlook, May 10, 1913, v. 104, p. 71-72; Review of Reviews, June, 1913, v. 47, p. 761; Wisconsin Alumni Magazine, Dec., 1913, v. 15, p. 134; Yale Review, April, 1914, v. 3, p. 611-614, by W. E. Leonard.

Enlarged from sketches published in the Atlantic under the following titles and dates:

Lessons of the Wilderness. Jan., 1913, V. III, p. 81-92. My Boyhood. Nov., 1912, v. 110, p. 577-587. Out of the Wilderness. Feb., 1913, V. III, p. 266-277. Plunge Into the Wilderness. Dec., 1912, v. 110, p. 813-825. Selections from the final chapter reprinted in the Wisconsin Alumni Magazine, April, 1914, v. 15, p. 295-301. [Travels in Alaska. Houghton, 1915. $2.50; large paper ed.,

$5.00. The late and ripe fruitage of the remarkable series of explorations made by Mr. Muir during the summers of 1879, 1880 and 1881. His immediate impressions were graphically recorded in three series of letters published in the San Francisco Bulletin. See Reference List

which follows this article, p. 58.] The Yosemite. Century, 1912. $2.40.

"Earthquake and avalanche adventures, careful studies of flowers, trees, rocks, streams, and other features, by the most ardent of nature lovers, go to make up a book of exceptional interest.” A. L. A. Booklist.

Reviewed in A. L. A. Booklist, June, 1912, v. 8, p. 404; Bellman, May 18, 1912, v. 12, p. 627; Dial, June 1, 1912, v. 52, p. 429, by P. F. Bicknell; Literary Digest, June 1, 1912, v. 44, P. 1165-1168, by John Burroughs; Nation, May 9, 1912, v. 94, p. 472; N. Y. Times, April 28, 1912, v. 17, p. 253; Outlook, May 4, 1912, v. 101, p. 43; Review of Reviews, June, 1912, v. 45, p. 766-767.

CHAPTERS BY MUIR IN BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS

Alaska via Northern Pacific Railroad. St. Paul, 1892.

Railroad folder descriptive of Alaskan scenery. Botanical Notes on Alaska (in U.S. House documents, 47th

Congress, 2d session, v. 23, No. 105, p. 47-53). “Plants named will be valuable for comparison with the plants of other regions.” [Glaciers and Snow-banners. Contemporary biography of

California's Representative Men. San Francisco. Ban

croft, 1882. v. 2, p. 104-112.
The selection follows a two-page biographical notice.)

a

Letters to Professor J. D. Butler (in Butleriana. Miscella

nies. v. 2). Contents: John Muir home from a year of world-circling, July 20, 1904–His telepathic search for Professor J. D. Butler, Aug., 1869. Linnæus (in Warner, C. D., Library of the World's Best Lit

erature. 1897. v. 16, p. 9077-9083). The life and writings of the Swedish naturalist, with special reference to his contributions to the science of botany. Notes on the Pacific Coast Glaciers (in Harriman Alaska

Expedition. 1901. V. I, p. 119-135. Doubleday, $7.50

each volume). [On the Effects of the Earthquake of 26th March, 1872, in the

Yosemite Valley. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. Proc., 1873, v.

15, p. 185-186.

Extract from a letter of Mr. John Muir, read by Dr. S. Kneeland.] On the Glaciation of the Arctic and Sub-Arctic Regions vis

ited by the United States steamer “Corwin” in the year 1881 (in U.S. Senate documents, 48th Congress,

ist session. v. 8, No. 204, p. 135-147). On the Post-Glacial History of Sequoia Gigantea (in Ameri

can Association for the Advancement of Science. Pro

ceedings. Aug. 1876. v. 25, p. 242-253). Clear and compact account of his explorations in the “Sequoia belt of the Sierra Nevada.”

[Read by Professor Asa Gray at the meeting of the Association.] Picturesque California and the Region West of the Rocky

Mountains from Alaska to Mexico; ed. by John Muir.

San Francisco, Dewing, 1888.2 v. The following chapters were written by Muir: Peaks and Glaciers of the High Sierra, The Passes of the High Sierra, The Yosemite Valley, Mount Shasta, Alaska, Washington and Puget Sound, The

Basin of the Columbia River. Scenery of California (In California the Land of Promise, p.

16-21. State Board of Trade, San Francisco, 1897

1898). Selections (in In American Fields and Forests, 1909,

Houghton. $1.50). [The selections by Mr. Muir are both from Our National Parks, viz: Among the Birds of the Yosemite, p. 191-214; and The Sequoia,

P. 215-267.) Studies in the Formation of Mountains in the Sierra Nevada,

California (in American Association for the Advancement of Science. Proceedings. Aug. 1874, v. 23, pt. 2, p. 49-64).

.

A scholarly article giving detailed information.

[This paper was read by Professor Asa Gray at the meeting of the Association.] [Winter Phenomena of the Yosemite Valley. Bost. Soc. Nat.

Hist. Proc., 1873, v. 15, p. 148-151. Extracts from letters by Mr. Muir read before the Society by Dr. S. Kneeland.]

PERIODICAL ARTICLES BY MUIR NOTE.—Periodical articles, subsequently collected in book form, have

been listed under the title of the specific book. Alaska. American Geologist, May, 1893, v. 11, p. 287-299.

Extremely interesting account of an Alaskan trip. Alaska Trip. Century, Aug., 1897, v. 54, p. 513-526.

Descriptive of the rivers, forests, and glaciers of Alaska. Ancient Glaciers of the Sierra. Californian, Dec., 1880, v. 2,

p. 550-557.

Characteristic specimens are described.
Browne the Beloved. Dial, June 16, 1913, v. 54, p. 492.

A tribute to the memory of Francis Fisher Browne.
By-ways of Yosemite Travel. Overland, Sept., 1874, v. 13,

p. 267-273 Discovery of Glacier Bay. Century, June, 1895, v. 50, p. 234

247.

An account of Muir's explorations in Alaska in 1879 and 1880. Endangered Valley. Century, Jan., 1909, v. 77, p. 464-469.

Description of the beauty of the Hetch-Hetchy Valley in the Yosemite National Park.

[Appeared also in what seem to be two editions of the same campaign pamphlet with different titles, viz: a, “Let All the People Speak and Prevent the Destruction of the Yosemite Park," not dated, but probably issued early in 1909; and b, “Let Every One Help to Save

the Famous Hetch-Hetchy Valley,” Nov., 1909, p. 14-17.) Explorations in the Great Tuolumne Cañon. Overland,

Aug., 1873, v. II, p. 139-147. Method of study was to drift about “from rock to rock, from stream to stream, from grove to grove." Features of the Proposed Yosemite National Park. Century,

Sept., 1890, v. 40, p. 656-667. "Briefly touched upon a number of the chief features of a region which it is proposed to reserve out of the public domain for the use

and recreation of the people.” Flood-storm in the Sierra. Overland, June, 1875, v. 14, p.

489-496.
Vivid description of a storm witnessed by Muir.

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Forest Reservations and National Parks. Harper's Weekly,

June 5, 1897, v. 41, p. 563-567.
With special reference to their preservation and management.

(Same article in SIERRA CLUB BULLETIN, Jan., 1896, v. I, p. 271-284.) Geologist's Winter Walk. Overland, April, 1873, v. 10, p.

355-358. A letter containing detailed descriptions of the cañons, rivers, and mountains studied on a walking trip. Grand Cañon of the Colorado. Century, Nov., 1902, v. 65,

P. 107-116.
Clear and interesting descriptions of the wonders of “a gigantic

sunken landscape made out of . . . limestone and sandstone." Hetch-Hetchy Valley. Overland, July, 1873, v. II, p. 42-50.

Notes the similarity to the Yosemite Valley. Letter from the Yosemite Valley. Craftsman, March, 1905,

v. 7, p. 654-665. Description of the natural beauties observed on approaching the

Yosemite. Living Glaciers of California. Harper's Magazine, Nov.,

1875, v. 51, p. 769-776.

Discussion of the essential characteristics of glaciers. Living Glaciers of California. Overland, Dec., 1872, v. 9,

P: 547-549. Tells of the discovery of living glaciers, and of the method of proying that these ice-masses are glacial formations. Reprinted in Journal of Science and Arts, Jan. 1873, v. 5, p. 69-71.

(The observations which form the kernel of this article seem first to have taken shape in a letter to Mrs. Carr, now published on pages 140-142 of his Letters to a Friend. The language of the letter is re

produced verbatim in the article.] New Forest Reservation. Mining and Scientific Press, v. 74,

p. 283. New Sequoia Forests of California. Harper's Magazine,

Nov., 1878, v. 57, p. 813-827.

Studies of the big trees, their size, distribution, and beauty. Rambles of a Botanist Among the Plants and Climates of

California. Old and New, June, 1872, v. 5, p. 767-772. Rival of the Yosemite. Century, Nov., 1891, v. 43, p. 77-97.

Description of “The Cañon of the South Fork of Kings River, California." Sub-title. Sargent's Silva. Atlantic, July, 1903, v. 92, p. 9-22.

A masterly review of The Silva of North America, 1890-1902, by C. S. Sargent.

Snow Banners of the California Alps. Harper's Magazine,

July, 1877, v. 55, p. 162-164.

Personal observations of a “storm phenomenon.” Snow-storm on Mount Shasta. Harper's Magazine, Sept.,

1877, v. 55, p. 521-530.

Graphic account of personal experiences in a severe storm. Studies in the Sierra. Overland, 1874-1875.

A series of articles which appeared in the above periodical under the following titles and dates:

Ancient Glaciers and their Pathways. July, 1874, v. 13, p. 67-79. Formation of Soils. Dec., 1874, v. 13, p. 530-540. Glacial Denudation. Aug., 1874, v. 13, p. 174-184. Mountain Building. Jan., 1875, v. 14, p. 64-73. Mountain Sculpture. May, 1874, v. 12, p. 393-403. Origin of Yosemite Valleys. June, 1874, v. 12, p. 489-500. Post-glacial Denudation. Nov., 1874, v. 13, p. 393-402. [The article on Mountain Sculpture is noticed and quoted from at considerable length in Jour. Am. Sci., 1874, v. 7, p. 515-516; and strangely enough is ascribed to Prof. Ezra F. Carr, who sent it to the Journal. The error, due probably to the fact that the Overland did not then print the names of its contributors along with their articles,

was corrected in the next volume (8) p. 80.) Three Adventures in the Yosemite. Century, March, 1912,

v. 63, p. 656-661. Contents: Perilous Exploration of the Yosemite Fall-Ride on an Avalanche-Earthquake Storms. Treasures of the Yosemite. Century, Aug., 1890, v. 40, P.

483-500. Description of the Yosemite Valley, "a noble mark for the traveler, whether tourist, botanist, geologist, or lover of wilderness pure and

simple.” Tuolumne Yosemite in Danger. Outlook, Nov. 2, 1907, v. 87,

P. 486-489. Compares the Hetch-Hetchy Valley with Yosemite Valley, and tells of the scheme to make it into a reservoir. Twenty Hill Hollow. Overland, July, 1872, v. 9, p. 80-86.

“A word for the great central plain of California in general, and for Twenty Hill Hollow, in Merced County, in particular.” Wild Sheep of California. Overland, April, 1874, v. 12,

p. 358-363. Describes their habits and appearance, and compares them with domestic sheep. Wild Wool. Overland, April, 1875, v. 14, p. 361-366.

Compares the quality of the wool of the wild sheep with that of the domestic.

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