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Graydon, Katherine Merrill. John Muir. Butler Alumni

Quarterly (Indianapolis), July, 1915, p. 81-92. A series of remarkably vivid sketches of John Muir at successive stages of his development and achievement, written by one who knew him well and loved him; one who when a mere child used to accompany her aunt as she came to his darkened room to befriend and com

fort the suffering stranger after the accident to his eye.]
John Muir. Bookman, Dec., 1898, v. 8, p. 288-290. Por.

In "Chronicle and Comment."
John Muir. Century, March, 1915, v. 89, p. 794-796.

Comparison with John Burroughs.

Same in Pattie, F.L., American Literature Since 1870. Not yet published. John Muir. Chautauquan, Sept., 1907, v. 48, p. 87-88.

As a nature student. John Muir. Scientific American, Jan. 9, 1915, V. 112, p. 47.

Written after his death. John Muir: Geologist, Explorer, Naturalist. Craftsman,

March, 1905, v. 7, p. 637-654. Tells of the influences that helped to mold his character, and of his later writings and activities. John Muir: Naturalist. Outlook, Jan. 6, 1915, v. 109, P. II-12,

Editorial written after his death. "John o' the Mountains." Review of Reviews, Feb., 1915,

v. 51, p. 242-243. Enumerates his activities and contains extracts from other periodical articles. Written after his death. Johnson, R. U. Personal Impressions of John Muir, Outlook,

June 3, 1905, v. 80, p. 303-306. Por. Impressions gathered on a camping trip with Muir. Tells of the origin of the Yosemite National Park. Johnson, W. H. John Muir. Nation, Jan. 14, 1915, v. 100,

p. 50. A letter to the editor of the Nation noting the attractiveness of

Muir's Stickeen, and suggesting a new low-priced edition. Knapp, Adeline. Some Hermit Homes of California Writers.

Overland, Jan., 1900, v. 35, p. 2-5. Por. Description of Muir's “shelter in which he might take refuge during the least endurable storms." Lore of the Late John Muir. Bookman, Feb., 1915, v. 40,

p. 616-618. Por. An appreciation of his life and work. Written soon after his death.

Millard, Bailey. John Muir. Country Life, March, 1915, v. 27,

P. 76-77. Por.
Sketch of his life and activities. Written after his death.

John Muir. Suburban Life, Sept., 1908, v. 7, p. 121122, 140.

Skyland Philosopher. Bookman, Feb., 1908, v. 26, P. 593-599. Biographical sketch containing anecdotes illustrating his characteristics. Nature-Study Transmuted Into Literature. Dial, Jan. 16,

1915, v. 58, p. 39.

Editorial expressing the regret caused by the death of Muir. Reid, Harvey. John Muir. Outlook, Nov. 28, 1903, v. 75,

P. 763-764.

Anecdotes by a classmate of Muir's in the University of Wisconsin. Roorbach, Eloise. John Muir. Craftsman, Feb., 1915, v. 27,

P. 479-480. A tribute to Muir's power of interpreting nature. Written after his death. Roosevelt, Theodore. John Muir: an Appreciation. Outlook,

Jan. 6, 1915, v. 109, p. 27-28.
Reminiscent of a few days spent with Muir in the Yosemite. Writ-
ten after his death.
Strother, French. John Muir. World's Work, April, 1907,

v. 13, p. 8804-8808.
“Naturalist, geologist, interpreter of nature.” Sub-title.

Three Days with John Muir. World's Work, March,

1909, v. 17, p. 11355-11358. "Conversations with the man who has a most intimate knowledge of nature-his home in the Alhambra Valley, and his excursions into

the Sierras." Sub-title. Sudworth, G. B. John Muir. American Forestry, March,

1915, V. 21, p. 184-185. Recounts the value of his efforts in forest preservation. Written after his death. Swett, John. John Muir. Century, May, 1893, v. 46, p. 120

123. Biographical sketch, with special emphasis on his explorations and discoveries. Wyatt, Edith. John Muir. New Republic, Feb. 20, 1915, V. 2,

p. 69-71.
A tribute to his memory.

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Young, S. H. Alaska Days with John Muir. Outlook, v. 110.

Three articles which appeared under the following
titles and dates:

The Mountain. May 26, 1915, v. 110, p. 189-199.
The Ice Chief. June 23, 1915, v. 110, p. 431-442.

The Lost Glacier. July 28, 1915, V. 110, p. 723-733. The first is an intimate account of a mountain-climbing expedition and of the author's rescue by Muir from a perilous situation. The other two are accounts of two long voyages of exploration and discovery which Muir and the writer of these articles took together in 1879 and 1880. [The three were afterwards published in book form under the same title as above, by Fleming H. Revell Co., 1915, $1.25.)

a

POEMS ABOUT MUIR Bland, H. M. John Muir. Out West, March, 1915, v. 41,

P. 121.

Edson, C. L. John o' the Mountains. Collier, Jan. 16, 1915,

V. 54, p. 14. Tompkins, I. C. John Muir : the Mountaineer. Sunset, May,

1900, v. 5, p. 31. Reprinted in the Wisconsin Alumni Magazine, Nov., 1900, V. 2, p. 74

PORTRAITS OF MUIR

Chautauquan, May, 1904, v. 39, p. 256.
Craftsman, Feb., 1915, v. 27, p. 458.
Outing, May, 1903, v. 42, p. 140.
Outlook, Jan. 6, 1915, v. 109, p. 32.
Overland, Aug., 1908, v. 52, p. 95; May, 1913, v. 61, p. 434.
Popular Science Monthly, March, 1915, v. 86, p. 310.
Review of Reviews, Nov., 1902, v. 26, p. 569.
Sunset, July, 1909, V, 23, p. 2.
World's Work, March, 1902, v. 3, p. 1802; Feb., 1910, v. 19,

P. 12529. (With John Burroughs.)

A REFERENCE LIST TO JOHN MUIR'S NEWSPAPER

ARTICLES

BY CORNELIUS BEACH BRADLEY

Newspaper articles have no proper place in a bibliography.

a If noticed at all, they must appear as addenda or as postscript

as they do here. Yet Mr. Muir's letters are of much more than ordinary interest, not merely in themselves as immediate memoranda of vivid experience and kindled feeling on the part of a gifted personality, but also for the rôle they played in the development of the writer's powers. So far as he continued the practice of writing them, they were the first drafts of chapters in his later books—the fresh-quarried ore which, in his brooding mind, through the long years was slowly transmuted into the fine gold of his finished work.

In Mr. Muir's case, indeed, the process began long before he became a newspaper correspondent. We see it in his Letters to a Friend—now happily accessible-portions of which are found to have been transferred almost verbatim into subsequent publications. And the material of his very latest work, Travels in Alaska, published since his death, first saw the light thirty-six years ago in the shape of three series of letters to the San Francisco Bulletin.

Nearly all these newspaper letters are grouped in distinct series, each series being the record of a season's explorations or quest. The serial letters began with a group of three Yosemite studies in 1871-1872, and were concluded eighteen years later in another group of three written from the same beloved valley.

The stream of Mr. Muir's writing of this sort rose steadily for ten years to its flood-tide in 1881, in the famous series of twenty-one letters written during the cruise of the "Corwin" in search of the “Jeanette.” Then it suddenly ebbed. After that there was one letter in 1885, three-already mentioned-in 1889, and one more in 1897. There ends Mr. Muir's list. There were probably a few more written later, but they were no longer an organic feature of his literary work.

The causes for this change are not far to seek. His later trayels were no more by untrodden ways and in unexplored realms. The powerful stimulus of discovery became therefore less and less an element in his inward prompting to write. Coincident with this was the absence henceforth of financial necessity. He no longer needed to write that he might have the means to continue his travels and studies. He was now free to address himself directly to putting into final and enduring shape the priceless results already won through long years of toil and hardship. But more potent probably than all these causes was the inward ripening of the man himself in heart and mind, not unlike that of Wordsworth when he exchanged the ecstasies—the "aching joys” and “giddy raptures”-of his youthful passion for Nature and of his pursuit of her, for a more thoughtful and more manly devotion. In Mr. Muir's case the change was no doubt less pronounced, but it was there, and it found significant and noble expression thenceforth in his ceaseless efforts on the one hand to rescue the glory and charm of Nature from selfish spoliation and wanton destruction; and on the other, so to interpret Nature that all men might worthily love and enjoy her.

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The newspaper articles here listed are the ones which appeared in my Reference List of 1897, which again was based chiefly upon Mr. Muir's printed List of the Published Writings of John Muir (Martinez, 1891), supplemented by entries in his own handwriting which brought it down to 1897. No serious attempt has been made to extend that list, both because after that date Mr. Muir very rarely wrote for the newspapers, and because no clue has been found to what he did write.

His list was chronological—was apparently a transcript from a memorandum book in which he was in the habit of jotting down the general topic or topics of the article, the publication to which it was sent, and the date of writing or of sendingmonth and year only, or sometimes only the month. The date of publication never appeared at all. Since this last was absolutely indispensable, if only for verification, a systematic search was made through the newspaper files of those years to recover it. The task was rendered the more laborious and perplexing by

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