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533.

Compound Conjunctive Pronouns

SINGULAR AND PLURAL ALIKE Whoever whosever

whomever Whosoever

whosesoever whomsoever Whichever

whichever Whichsoever

whichsoever Whatever

whatever Whatsoever

whatsoever

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535. Write the declension of the following pronouns:

I, thou, you, he, she, it, myself, ourself, thyself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, who, which, that, what, as, whoever, whichsoever, whatever, one, other, another, none, some, this, that, former, latter.

536. Correct the following errors:

Our's, her's, their's, yourn, yourn's, ourn, theirn, anothers', his', theirselves, we uns, you uns, it's, theeself. Me and him came.

PRONOUNS AS SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTIVES

RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

537. Rule 12. A subordinate conjunctive is used to introduce a clause and join it to the word that the clause modifies. (247)

538. Special Rule 7. A subordinate conjunctive is sometimes used simply to introduce a clause. (252.)

EXERCISE

539. Point out the conjunctive pronouns in the following sentences, and the words modified by the clauses introduced by them :

I. All that I have is thine. 2. Can you explain the manner in which the mind operates ? 3. Who bought the flowers? I have forgotten who. 4. Whom shall I send ? I cannot tell whom. 5. If thou wouldst know what thou art, ascertain what thou canst do.

PARSING

540. Parsing is the process of stating the classes, properties, and construction of a part of speech

Parsing may be either oral or written.

Nouns and Pronouns

541.

FORMS OF PARSING. — WRITTEN PARSING

cn

cn

1. How fast the river runs between its banks and the rushes, Floy!

ppi cn

pn

f 3 3 3

3 р

P banks, bet

between da

n

n

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2

S

S

S

runs
n

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n

Draw a line under the word to be parsed, and write the initial letters in a vertical column. Do not use any punctuation marks. When necessary, use a dotted line to separate the written parsing of two words, as its and banks.

ORAL PARSING

River is a common noun, in the neuter gender, third person, and singular number. It is used as the subject of runs, hence it is in the nominative case.

Its is a personal pronoun, etc. It is used to modify banks by denoting possession, hence it is in the possessive case.

Floy is a proper noun, etc. It is used independently by direct address, hence it is in the nominative case.

WRITTEN PARSING

m

2. To become a famous orator like Demosthenes the Athenian

cn
pn

cn m

m
3
3

3
S
S

S
to become

like

Dem
O

n

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ORAL PARSING

Orator is a common noun, etc. It is used absolutely as the complement of to become, hence it is in the nominative case.

Demosthenes. It is used as the indirect object of like, etc.

Athenian. It is used in apposition with Demosthenes, hence it is in the objective case.

Task. It is used in predication with to become, hence it is in the nominative case.

Him. It is the subject of to go, and with it is used as the direct object of desire, hence it is in the objective case.

WRITTEN PARSING

4. His being an Englishman gave him his freedom an hour later. PP

PP

cn
m

m

m

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acn
n
3
S
gave
O

cn
n
3
S
later

gave

O

n

ORAL PARSING

His. It is used absolutely as the subject of being, and is in the possessive case.

Englishman. It is used in predication with his, hence it is in the nominative case.

Him. It is used as the indirect object of gavė, etc.
Freedom. It is used as the direct object of gave, etc.
Hour. It is used as the adverbial object of later, etc.

WRITTEN PARSING

6. Ours is lost.

PP
с
1

5. The meek are said to inherit the earth.

adj cn

с
3

р
to inherit
are said

n

ܝܘ ܝܘ

ORAL PARSING

Meek is an adjective used as a common noun, etc. It is the subject of to inherit, and with it is used as the subject of are said, hence it is in the nominative case.

Ours. It is used to modify a noun omitted by denoting possession, hence it is in the possessive case.

EXERCISES

542. Parse the substantives in 470, 486, 506, and 521.

543. Give the rules of construction for the nouns and pronouns in 173, 177, 182, and 184.

Conjunctive Pronouns

544.

FORMS OF PARSING. - WRITTEN PARSING

I.

m

с

с

m

с

God helps them that help themselves. Franklin.
pn
PP rp

cpp

pn
them
3
3

3

3 р 3

р helps helps P.

help

spec
n
o help

O
n
in cl
them

S

S

n

ORAL PARSING

That is a relative pronoun; its antecedent is them, hence it is in the common gender, third person, and plural number. It is used as the subject of help, hence it is in the nominative case. It is also used to introduce the clause that help themselves, and join it to them.

Themselves is a compound personal pronoun, in the common gender, etc.

Franklin. It is used independently by specification, hence it is in the nominative case.

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