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799. Whatever, whatsoever, etc., sometimes follow the words that they modify; as, There is no doubt what

- Dickens.



800. Change the transposed words to their natural position, and explain the effect of the change :

I. A man, old and tired, came to the door. 2. Bright Aashed his saber keen. 3. How beautiful is the rain ! Longfellow. 4. Untremulous is the river clear. — Lowell.

- . 5. Great and manifold were the blessings, most dread Sovereign!

801. Transpose the italicized words, and explain the effect of the transposition :

1. The conflict was fierce. 2. We are happy to-night. 3. Diana of the Ephesians is great. 4. Pure were her thoughts, and true. 5. The doubtful empire of the night is short.

RULES OF CONSTRUCTION 802. Rule 15. An adjective is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. (192, etc.)

803. Special Rule 12. An adjective is sometimes used absolutely, as the complement of a verbal. (198.)

Rule 12 and Special Rule 7 apply also to adjectives used as subordinate conjunctives. (248, 537, 748.)




1. This bridge — what interesting associations cluster about it!

p des a

p bridge

p def a

def a

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This is a pronominal definitive adjective, in the singular number. It is used to modify bridge.

What is a definitive adjective. It is used to modify associations.

Interesting is a participial descriptive adjective, in the positive degree. It is used to modify associations.


2. The board was planed smooth. 3. He planed the board smooth.

des a

def a def a

des a


р board



Smooth is a descriptive adjective, in the positive degree. It is used in predication with board, to modify it.

Smooth is a descriptive adjective, in the positive degree. It is used in predication with board, to modify it.

The first "smooth " is a s.p.a. (193); the second is an o.p.a. (200).


4. Do we realize what labor it requires to become learned ? c def a

p des a labor

P in cl

to become do realize


What is a conjunctive definitive adjective. It is used to modify labor. It is also used to introduce the clause what labor it requires, etc., and join it to realize.

Learned is a participial descriptive adjective, in the positive degree. It is used absolutely as the complement of to become.


805. Parse the adjectives in the following sentences :

1. Every natural action is graceful. 2. The twinkling stars shine above the wave-tossed and rock-bound coast.

3. The Spanish troops captured twenty cannon at Seville. 4. Why call ye me good ? 5. Why do you desire to call me good ? 6. The great Chinese wall is twelve hundred and fifty miles long. 7. Many a one dies young. 8. Hearken, lords and ladies gay! 9. It is wrong to be deceitful. 10. Keep whatever company is of most benefit

to you.




806. Analyze the following sentences, and parse the nouns, pronouns, verbs, and adjectives in them :

1. The weather held fine. -Howells. 2. He lived unknown. - Wordsworth. 3. I will not leave you comfortless.

- John xiv. 18. 4. How beautiful they stand ! — Mrs. Hemans. 5. They heard of my being ill. 6. Strive to become more frugal and industrious 2 each year. 7. Do the locusts come every seventeen years? 8. It is wrong to be wrong. 9. I know not what course others may

take. IO. Columbus had no thought of becoming disheartened. II. What strange chance has made him worthy 4 of all this praise? 12. To be wise is more creditable than to be called wise. 13. Is the farm worth 5 a thousand 6 dollars ?7


14. Forgive every one 8 his brother their trespasses. See Matt. xviii. 35. 15. Which o route the French troops will take is unknown. 16.

Whichever 10

way I turn,

The same sad sights I see. 17. How bright and joyous is the brooklet's melody! how careless and happy the song it ever sings as its silvery waters dance along o'er its pebbly bed! 18. Six times his gassamery web the wary spider threw. Barton. 19. With

out,11 all are in misery 12; within, all are gay.

20. Long ago 13 people believed the earth to be flat, but there are several ways by which we know that its surface is curved. - Nat. Adv. Geography. 21.

Who has not dreamed a world of bliss
On a bright sunny morn like this ! Mrs. Howitt.

2. Supply more. 3. Every modifies seventeen years. 4. What must be supplied ? 5. 193. 6. Thousand is a noun used as an adjective (n. adj.). As a noun, it is modified by a; as an adjective, it modifies dollars. Or, a thousand may be construed as an adjective. 7. 497. 8. 508, 2. 9. Say, it introduces the clause, which route the French troops will take. 10. 749.

What verb does the clause modify ? II, Adv., mod. are. 12. Phrase used as a s.p.a. 13. 1031.

I. 474.



807. Correct the following errors. (One of the sentences is correct.

I. Give me them books. 2. Take the smaller of the three. 3. The rose is the beautifulest flower. 4. Send me either one of the three. 5. These sort of persons 1 are not admired. 6. I like those kind of apples. 7. What kind of an2 apple is it? 8. What for a 3 book have you ? 9. There is another and better world. 10. Which is the largest, the minuend or the subtrahend ? II. I have a dull sort of a 4 headache. 12. Argus had an hundred eyes. 13. The one half of six is three. 14. This is more correct than that. 15. My friend W— is taller than any one of my acquaintances. 16. England had not such another king. 17. The four last parts of speech. 18. The nine first chapters of Proverbs. 19. The gravel snow covered long walk. 20. An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

1. Persons of this sort. 2. 759. 3. A German idiom (was für ein). 4. Omit sort of a.


808. The following directions will be of service in writing narratives :

1. State things in the order in which they occurred. 2. State important and interesting circumstances only. 3. Write as you would talk.

809. The following steps may be taken in writing a narrative :

1. The material may be collected, as follows:


November. Cool morning. Father asked my brother and me. Got everything ready. Fish with dip net. A square net. Fastened to a pole by bows. Fish are driven over it. Weight of water and fish makes it form a bowl. Fish can't get away.

We soon reached the creek. Began fishing. Frank went up stream with pole. I went down stream. Soon told to stop. Sixteen fish.

Then went to other places. Caught eighty-five. Home. Well pleased.

2. The narrative may be written from the foregoing material, as follows:



One cool morning in November my father said to my brother and me, “ Boys, do you want to go fishing?" Of course we did; and after getting everything ready, we started for the creek, about half a mile away.

This morning we were to fish with a dip net. A dip net, as many of you know, is a square net. It is fastened to a long pole by four bows. It is put into the water and the fish are driven over it, and it is then raised. The weight of the water and the fish causes the net to take the shape of a bowl, and so the fish cannot swim off.

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