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EXERCISES

839. Arrange the words in their natural order:

1. Heavily falls the rain. 2. Fast stealeth he on. 3. Now give it me. 4. He slowly went away. 5. Now came still evening on. - Milton.

840. Omit there":

I. There was no one here. 2. There were twenty men killed. 3. God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

841. Arrange properly:

1. She only paid five cents. 2. Columbus discovered America when ? 3. Some virtues are only seen in adversity. 4. I have thought of marrying often.

5. I desire to sometimes see her.

RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

842. Rule 16. An adverb is used to modify a verb, a verbal, an adjective, or another adverb. (202.)

843. Special Rule 13. An adverb is sometimes used to modify a noun, a pronoun, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence. (203, etc.)

844. Special Rule 14. The adverb there is sometimes used simply to change the relative position of the subject and predicate of a sentence or a clause. (206.)

845. Special Rule 15. An adverb is sometimes used independently; as, Well, what is it?”

“ Adverbs used independently” may be called interjections, and Special Rule 15 may be omitted.

Rule 12 and Special Rule 7 apply also to adverbs used as subordinate conjunctives. (248, 537, 820, 2.)

PARSING

846.

FORMS OF PARSING.

WRITTEN PARSING

a em

am

1. Even philosophers can not endure the toothache patiently.

a neg
phil

р
can endure

can en

ORAL PARSING

Even is an adverb of emphasis. It is used to modify philosophers.

Patiently is an adverb of manner, in the positive degree. It is used to modify can endure.

WRITTEN PARSING

2.

ар

There is a land where the rainbow never fades.
сар

at
1&is
fades

fades
in cl
land

ORAL PARSING

There is an adverb of position. It is used to change the relative position of land and is.

Where is a conjunctive adverb of place. It is used to modify fades. It is also used to introduce the clause where the rainbow never fades, and join it to land.

EXERCISE

847. Parse the adverbs in the following sentences :

1. I do not know why there are no frogs in Ireland. 2. Why did not Pharaoh permit the children of Israel to depart peaceably? 3. We very well know how necessary water is to vegetable life. 4. Some species of plants are almost wholly alike in their structure, and differ only in the shape or proportion of their parts. 5. Human food seems to be the only produce of land which always and necessarily affords some rent to the landlord. Adam Smith.

ANALYSIS AND PARSING

848. Analyze the following sentences, and parse the nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs in them:

1. Mica is often wrongly called isinglass. 2. Well, what did he say then? 3. How sad they look! 4. Only a woman knows a woman's needs.

5. Ordinary glass is made by melting together quartz and soda. Dana.

Dana. 6. I went there yesterday mainly for the purpose of seeing you again. 7. Where art thou, beloved To-morrow? Shelley. 8. Trade hardly deems the busy day begun,

Till his keen eye along the sheet has run. — Sprague. 9. Even virtue is more fair when 2 it appears in a beautiful person. — Virgil. 10. When last seen,3 he was in his boat, rowing idly about, just below the falls. II. We should do good whenever and wherever we can. 12. The 4 deeper the well, the 5 cooler the water. 13. How an acorn becomes an oak, is a mystery. 14. Why it is as it is, is unknown. 15. Even as a miser counts his gold,

Those hours the ancient timepiece told. — Longfellow. 1. 845 or 985. 2. The clause modifies is. 3. Supply he was. 4. The is a conjunctive adverb of degree; it modifies deeper. It joins the clause the deeper the well to cooler. (By what degree the well is deeper, to that degree the water is cooler.) 5. The is an adverb of degree; it modifies cooler. 6. 820, 2, and 819, 1.

ERRORS TO BE CORRECTED

849. Correct the following errors. (One of the sentences is correct.)

1. How are you? Tolerable well. 2. I only paid five dollars. 3. From whence came the storm ? 4. It's not right, I don't think. 5. Everybody works nearly. 6. I most fell. 7. He is awful kind. 8. The pupils were told not to talk. 9. He went that far yesterday. 10. Do not do like he did. 11. Pupils who take exercise frequently recite well. 12. He enjoys miserable poor health. 13. He don't go nowhere. 14. A diphthong is where two vowels are sounded together. 15. There is two cases: firstly, where the terms are alike; and, secondly, where they are unlike. 16. I have only did six problems. 17. That there book is hisen. 18. Whether it can be proven or no, is not the thing. 19. The meaning of the paragraph is not expressed as clear as it should. 20. It is very rarely that one has such a good chance.

DIARIES AND JOURNALS

850. In keeping a diary, record from day to day –
1. The events that interest you.
2. Whatever you desire to remember.

Make these records in simple language. Let them be truthful. If you have nothing to record on any particular day, let the space for the day be blank. 851.

A Schoolboy's Diary Monday, Jan. 28. - Clear and cold. Good sleighing. Recited Latin this morning to Dr. Wiseacre, Professor Quick being ill. Received a letter from home. All are well. Bought a pair of shoes, $4.75.

Tuesday, Jan. 29. — Snowing all day. I wish I could be at home to take a sleigh ride. Knew all my lessons. Mr. Lively lectured this evening in the chapel on “ The North Pole Expeditions." What hardships the Arctic explorers endured! I must read “The Trip of the Jeannette.” Weighed myself. Weight 119 lbs.

Wednesday, Jan. 30. — Cloudy; not so cold. Snow beginning to melt. There was a frightful runaway this afternoon. Two horses, hitched to a sleigh with four children in it, were frightened by a passing train, and ran down Main Street at full speed. The sleigh was upset and the children were thrown into a snow bank. No one was seriously hurt. How fortunate! Failed in arithmetic - I can't understand compound proportion.

852. A Leaf from the Journal of Columbus

Wednesday, Oct. 10, 1492. The weather is delightful and the sea is smooth. Flocks of small birds of various colors come flying about the ships. Tunny fish play in the smooth sea, and the air is as sweet and fragrant as April breezes in Seville. But no land is in sight, and the crew this evening broke forth into turbulent clamor. They insisted on turning homeward and abandoning the voyage as useless. I endeavored to pacify them by gentle words and promises of large rewards; but, as they only increased in clamor, I assumed a decided tone, and told them it was useless to murmur, that I would persevere until, by the blessing of God, I should accomplish my purpose. But I heard threats of mutiny, and the men are growing more and more desperate.

Thursday, Oct. 11. — Bright hopes at last! The Pinta fished up a cane, a log of wood, a carved staff, and a board; and the Nina sighted a stake covered with dog-roses. With these all the crew breathed freely, and were glad. All gloom and mutiny now gave way to eager expectation. Everyone is on the lookout. In the evening, after singing the vesper hymn, I addressed the crew.

10.30 P.M. - Half an hour ago, I saw a light gleaming in the distance a certain sign of land.

EXERCISE

853. The following subjects for diaries are suggested:

1. A diary, kept by the pupil for a week. 2. My little brother's diary

3. The diary of a farmer. 4. The journal of a physician. 5. A hermit's diary. 6. A tramp's diary. 7. A leaf from George Washington's journal.

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