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“Try to come ; ” not

me;" not “Come and see me." “Try and come.

903. A verbal used as an adjective or an adverb generally follows the word that it modifies; as, “Wealth acquired honestly,” etc. “I came to see you."

904. Verbals are sometimes used without any grammatical relation to other parts of the sentence; as, "Talking of beauty, have you seen Miss A. ?”

That the participle talking is used independently, may be seen by examining the following sentence: “While we are talking of beauty, let me ask, have you seen Miss A.?” The two clauses modify ask, but are independent of each other.


905. Special Rule 16. A verbal is sometimes used independently.

This rule may be dispensed with by supplying the omitted words.


906. How are the following verbals used ?

1. The climate of England is not remarkable for knowing its own mind. - Horace Smith. 2. Marley was dead, to begin with. 3. Returning to the question, how many believe his statement to be true? 4. Being urged to be on his guard, he armed himself before going forward to examine the route. 5. To try to prove the truth of a theo rem by using the theorem, is called begging the question. 6.

O, it is excellent
To have a giant's strength; but it is tyrannous
To use it like a giant. — Shak.





It is folly to think of assisting them in capturing the fort.
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Assisting is a regular, transitive, indefinite verbal, in the active voice, participial form, and present tense.

It is used as a noun, and is the object of of, hence it is in the objective case.

Capturing is a regular, transitive, definite verbal, referring to them. It is in the active voice, etc.


2. The substance sometimes used to adulterate molasses is glycerine.

rtd vl rtd vi
sub sub


inf pa

pr adj adv sub used



Used is a regular, transitive, definite verbal, referring to substance. It is in the passive voice, participial form, and past tense. It is used as an adjective, to modify substance.

To adulterate. It is used as an adverb, to modify used.


908. Parse the verbals in 865,881, and 906.


909. Analyze the following sentences, and parse the nouns, , pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and verbals in them: 1. Washington was a man to be admired.

2. Doing right? is obeying 2 God's law. 3. Time wasted is existence; used, is life. — Young. 4. The word geology is from two Greek words signifying the story of the earth. Dana. . 5. “Ah!” cried the streamlet, “this is a heavenly light sent to tell me what I wish to know, and to guide me on my course.' 6. A man's first care should be to avoid the reproaches of his own heart; his second, to escape the censures of the world. Spectator. 7. Speaking å of hard work, did you ever swing a scythe? 8.

Learn that to love is the one way to know

Or 4 God or man. - Jean Ingelow. 9. One peculiarity of living things is their power of transforming matter into new forms, and thereby making products never produced in any other way.- Gray. 10. The best education in the world is that got by struggling to get a living. Wendell Phillips. II. To write a good love letter, you ought to begin without knowing what you mean to say, and to finish 5 without knowing what you

have written. Rousseau. 12. The superintendent believes it to be cheaper to train men to do the work required at the mills than to pay strangers for doing it. 13. The way to gain a good reputation is to endeavor to be what you desire to appear.

Socrates. 14. A vile conceit in pompous words expressed,

Is like a clown in royal purple dressed. Pope.

I. 493

2. 897.

3. 905

4. 819, 9; 966, note 3.

5. 636.


910. Correct the following errors. (One of the sentences is correct.)

1. The house tops were covered, looking at Jumbo. 2. I hoped to have seen you before. 3. I don't speak as correct as I used to. 4. I intended to have written yesterday. 5. By the exercising our memory, it is improved. 6. Feeling assured of your support, your presence is expected. 7. She was persuaded for to go. 8. I have not saw him, and I do not wish to. 9. Having taught the

. pupils the elements of the subject orally, they are ready to study a text-book. 10. Artaxerxes could not refuse pardoning him. II. Do not try and do too much. 12. You need not wait for me. 13. He expected to immediately return. 14. They were not able, as individuals, to have influenced the twentieth part of the population. 15. Refuse to bow before shadows and worship phrases.


911. In writing biographical and historical sketches 1. State events in the order of their occurrence. 2. State important and interesting circumstances only.

912. The following steps may be taken in writing a biographical sketch:

1. The material may be collected, as follows:

Bryant - distinguished poet and journalist — born 1794, in Mass. wrote “The Embargo," a political poem, at 13 - Thanatopsis " at 18 – began the practice of law in 1815 — moved to N. Y. in 1825 – became editor of Evening Post in 1826 — first edition of poems

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published in 1832 — visited Europe several times wrote “ Letters of a Traveler” - translated the “Iliad” and the “Odyssey” began “U. S. History" — several editions of his poems published — died 1878.

2. The sketch may be written from the foregoing items, as follows:


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William Cullen Bryant, a distinguished poet and journalist, was born in Massachusetts in 1794. At the early age of thirteen he wrote a political poem, entitled “ The Embargo,” and at eighteen he composed “ Thanatopsis,” the best known and probably the best of all his poems. He began the practice of law in 1815. In 1825 he moved to New York, and became editor of the Evening Post the following year. The first edition of his poems was published in 1832. He visited Europe several times, and published his observations in “ Letters of a Traveler." He translated the “Iliad” and the “Odyssey,” and afterward began a “ History of the United States.” Several editions of his poems were published during his life. After a long and honorable career, Bryant died in 1878.


913. A historical sketch may be written in the same way.

I. Collect the material :

Martha's Vineyard — an island 20 m. long and from 3 to 9 m. wide -southeast of Mass. discovered in 1602 by Bartholomew Gosnold — named by him then valuable for its sassafras — exported to Europe as a medicine Thomas Mayhew became Governor in 1641 settled where Edgartown now is -- interested in missionary work — in 1835 the island was first used for camp meeting purposes — large gathering, yearly — a popular summer resort near Gay Head, a promontory, a remnant of a tribe of Indians may be found.

2. Write the sketch from the materials collected :

MARTHA'S VINEYARD Martha's Vineyard is an island twenty miles long, and from three to nine miles wide, near the southeast coast of Massachusetts. It was dis

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