Page images





Toward the center of the earth is called down.

in ph

in ph center


Toward is a preposition. It is used to introduce the phrase toward center.

Of is a preposition. It is used to introduce the phrase of earth, and join it to center.


935. Parse the prepositions in the following sentences :

1. The Island of Britain was the latest of Rome's conquests in the West. — Green.

2. I purpose to write the history of England from the accession of King James the Second down to a time which is within the memory of men still living. — Macaulay. 3. The curiosity entertained by all civilized nations of inquiring into the exploits and adventures of their ancestors, commonly excites a regret that the history of remote ages should always be so much involved in obscurity, uncertainty, and contradiction. Hume.


936. Analyze the following sentences, and parse all the words in them exceptOand the conjunctions:

1. It was done according to law. Will you not stop walking up and down the hall? 3.

But O! the choice what heart can doubt,
Of tents with love, or thrones without ? Moore.

4. What can they see in the longest kingly line in Europe, save? that it runs back to a successful soldier? - Scott. 5. Thus was gained by William, Duke of Normandy, the great and decisive victory of Hastings, after a battle which was fought from morning till sunset, and which seemed worthy, by the heroic valor displayed by both armies and by both commanders, to decide the fate of a mighty kingdom. - Hume. 6. Whom, therefore, ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.

- Acts xvii. 23.

7. Good luck is the willing handmaid of upright, energetic character, and conscientious observance of duty. Lowell. 8. Errors, like straws, upon the surface flow;

He who would search for pearls must dive below. — Dryden.

1. Say, it is used with down to introduce the phrase up and down hall, and join it to walking. 2. 918, 3.


937. Correct the following errors. (One of the sentences is correct.)

1. Consider of this matter. 2. Don't run; wait on me. 3. I do not agree with those remarks. 4. She was entertained with music. 5. He came on last evening. 6. Where did you get this at ? 7. We graduated in Yale. 8. He was presented with a cane. 9. I'll be done till Thursday. 10. The space between three lines is a triangle.

II. The superlative degree implies a comparison between three or more. 12. They are expressed in prose instead of in poetry. 13. Idleness, vice, and infidelity take off the relish and enjoyment from what we might otherwise draw comfort and delight.


938. The following directions will be of service in writing descriptions of objects and places:

1. Obtain all the information you can about the subject, and make a note of it.

Information may be obtained by seeking answers to such questions as, Where is it? Of what is it made ? How large is it ? For what is it used ? For what is it noted ? What things are like it ? etc., etc.

2. After you have the information you need, arrange the items in their proper order.

3. Expand the material thus arranged into a description.

Description of Objects

939. The following steps will be of service in writing a description of an object; as, the hand:

1. We may begin by jotting down the following items :

The hand — where located the working member — workmen called hands importance — parts: palm, thumb, fingers — 19 bones — nerves — muscles — names of fingers — the ring finger — thumb most important — blind read with fingers — work done by hands in school – letters written — stitches in dress — type on page.

2. These items may now be arranged in an outline as follows:

THE HAND 1. Important part of the upper extremity of the body.

2. Structure: Bones; number (19), location Muscles – Nerves ; fully developed, sense of touch cultivated, the blind.

3. Parts : Palm – Thumb; most important, better supplied with muscles - Fingers ; names, ring finger.

4. Work done by the hand: The hand a servant An important instrument Illustrations; work done by hands in school, letters written, type on page of book — An emblem of work.

3. The description may now be written as follows:


One of the most important parts of the upper extremity of the human body is the part extending from the wrist to the tips of the fingers, and called the hand.

The structure of the hand is worthy of our careful study. It has nineteen bones, five being in the palm, three in each finger, and two in the thumb. Its movements are made by a number of delicate muscles skillfully arranged. The nervous system is fully developed in all parts of the hand, especially in the fingers. It is well known that the sense of touch by the fingers is capable of a high degree of cultivation. This is illustrated by the blind, who read with the fingers.

Of the three parts of the hand, the palm, the thumb, and the fingers, the thumb is the most important. It is better supplied with muscles than the fingers, and hence has a greater variety of movements than they have. The fingers are named as follows: the index, the middle, the ring, and the little finger. In marriage ceremonies, the ring is placed on the third, or ring finger. It was once thought that a special artery connects this finger with the heart, but modern anatomy has proved that this is not true.

The hand is not only a faithful servant in the performance of physical labor, but it is also the most important instrument used in the world's work. How great is the work, for example, done by the hands in this school! How many words are written, figures made, and lines drawn, daily! Think, too, of the number of letters written and received every day by our friends and acquaintances, of the number of stitches taken in a single dress, and of the number of pieces of type necessary to print a page of a newspaper or a book.

The hand is truly considered an emblem of work; and when a farmer speaks of the “ hands” at work in his harvest field, we at once recognize the fitness of the use to which the word has been put.


940. The following subjects for descriptions are suggested:

I. The teeth.

Where found, and number; grown persons have — children have —
Kinds : Name and number of each kind — wisdom teeth.
Parts : Name and describe each part.
Use: In eating - in speaking their great value.

How injured: Hot food and drink — hot and cold food and drink — biting hard substances – picking teeth with a pin or knife — neglecting to cleanse teeth.

How preserved : Using properly-cleansing frequently - examined by dentists.

2. Paper.

Materials of which it is made ; forms in which it is made; its appearance; uses to which it

may 3. An old tree that you have often seen.

Kind, position, size, and shape; its probable age; what may be seen from its top; who have probably rested in its shade, etc. 4. The schoolhouse. 5. Knives.

6. Newspapers. 7. An old bridge. 8. The telephone. 9. The contents of a boy's pocket. 10. The contents of a Saratoga trunk. II. A sunset. 12. Leather.

14. Rivers and their uses.

15. A hive of bees.

be put.

13. Iron.

Description of Places

941. The following steps will indicate a method of writing a description of a place; as, Australia :

1. Facts jotted down:

Australia: Largest island — often called a continent – hot climate - English emigrants engaged in farming, stock raising, gold mining

« PreviousContinue »