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CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.

[A complete Analytical Index will be found at the End of the Third Volume.]

CHAPTER I.

1791.

Signature of the Bank Bill—Jefferson's Reports to Congress—The President's Southern

Tour-Jefferson's Letter to J. B. Smith, and the Resulting Controversy with Mr.
Adams Jefferson's Letter to Washington on the Subject—To Colonel Monroe-To
Mr. Adams-Mr. Adams's Reply-C. F. Adams's Allegations of Inconsistency con-
sidered (Note) Jefferson's and Madison's Excursion North-Instructions to Mr.
Short-Political Correspondence-Yazoo Claims—Effects of United States Bank Specu-
lations- Jefferson visits Hoine-Eighteen Letters to his Daughters-His return, and
the Meeting of Congress--Reports to Congress—Report to the President on English
and French Commerce-His Views on Constitution of Virginia—Practice of keeping
his "Ana" commenced-The Charges against this Production considered-Reasons
for writing it–Did it involve a Breach of Confidence ?-Fairness of Posthumous Publi-
cations of this kind-Reasons for revising and leaving it for publication—Judge Mar-
shall and his Life of Washington-Its bearing on the Republican Party, and on Jeffer-
son—The Ana intended as a Defence against it—The Right to employ the Testimony
adduced-Avoidance of irrelevant Personalities—Compared with similar Productions
in this Particular-The Duty of Mr. Jefferson's Biographer,

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CHAPTER II.

1792.

New Diplomatic Arrangements—Grounds of the Opposition to Morris's Appointment-

Explanations between the President and Secretary of State—The President apprised
of permanent Divisions in his Cabinet-Apprised of Jefferson's intended Retirement
Jefferson's Draft of Instructions to our Ministers in Spain—Cabinet Consultation on the
Apportionment Bill_Circumstances of the Veto-Madison consulted-Proposed Extra-
dition Treaty with Spain—Instructions to Mr. Morris-Negotiations between Jefferson
and the English Minister–Jefferson delivers Hammond his Specifications of the Eng.
lish Breaches of the Treaty of Peace-Hamilton's alleged Interference in the Negotia.
tions-Hammond's Answer to Jefferson's Specifications Jefferson's Rejoinder-His
Official Partialities between France and England examined-His Letter urging Wash.
ington to accept a Reélection—Washington's Answer-Paul Jones's appointment to
Office, and Death-His Relations with Jefferson-Political Letters Further Division be.
tween Parties—Hamilton's anonymous Attacks on Jefferson-Founders of the National
Gazette-Jefferson visits Home-Family Correspondence-Washington's Letter to
Jefferson on Dissensions in the Cabinet-His Letter to Hamilton Jefferson's Reply-
Hamilton's Reply-Comparison of the Tone of the Letters--Professions and practice of
the two compared—Jefferson's Interview with the President at Mount Vernon-
President urges his continuance in Office-Hamilton's charge that such continuance
was indelicate—Their respective “Opposition" to the President Examined—Jeffer-
son's Notice in Correspondence of Hamilton's Attacks on him—Washington's Letter to
Jefferson-Washington's Idea of Parties--President's Proclamation to Resisters or
Excise Law-Marshall's Statements-Jefferson complains of English Impressments-
Complains to Spain of Governor Carondelet—Cabinet Meeting on Viar and Jaudenes'
Complaints—Hamilton Counsels an English Alliance—The President rejects the Pro-
position,

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Ο Η Α Ρ Τ Ε R ΙΙΙ.

1792-1793.

Second Presidential Election-Republican Triumph in the Congressional Elections—Closing

Session of the preceding Congress--It refuses to hear Heads of Departments on the Floor
--References to Heads of Departments sustained-Political Letters-French Relations
-The President's Views on them-Loan to United States Bank defeated_" The Catho.
lic principle of Republicanism”-Partisan partialities towards France and England-
-Jefferson's strong Letter to Short-Republican Opposition to Jefferson's Retirement
-His disagreeable Position-Letter to his Daughter on the Subject-Defers his Retire-
ment-Refuses to form a Coalition with Hamilton-Additional Assumption defeated by
the President-W. S. Smith's Communications from the French Government- The
President urges Jefferson to accept the French Mission, when he retires from the Ca-
binet-De Ternant's application for Prepayment granted-Prepayment of entire French
Debt refused-Proceedings in Congress Inquiry into the Conduct of the Secretary
of the Treasury-Hamilton's Replies to the House-Resolutions of Censure defeated
Their Propriety considered—War between France and England-How regarded in the
United States Cabinet Proceedings in reference to Reception of French Minister,
and to the Bindingness of French Treaties--President's Proclamation-Jefferson's
View of Randolph's Draft-President decides to receive French Minister, and that
the French Treaties are binding-Jefferson refuses to remove Freneau from Office-His
language and Motives considered-His Idea of a Casus Belli with the European Powers-
Morris instructed to respect the De Facto Government of France-Jefferson's Ideas on
Public Officers embarking in Speculations—Citizen Genet, the new French Minister-
His Arrival in the United States-English Vessels captured–The Popular Feeling-Ca-
binet Deliberations on Neutrality Laws Instructions to Pinckney–Jefferson's Descrip.
tion of the Views of the Cabinet_Hamilton's proposed Circular to the Collectors Jef-
ferson's Reply to Complaints of Hammond-Complains to Hamilton of his Intrusions
on his Department—Cabinet divide on Propriety of restoring Prizes to England-Po-
sitions of the Several Members-President concurs with the Secretary of State-
Genet's Arrival and Reception in Philadelphia-His Reception by the President,
His Waiver of the American Guaranty of the French West Indies-Its Effect on the
Public Mind-Relations with Spain-Its hostile Deportment towards United States
Instructions to American Commissioners in Spain-Cabinet Meetings in regard to
Southern Indians—Decisive Dispatches to Spain-Forwarded without a Cabinet Con-
sultation-War considered imminent-Federal Hostility to the French Republic con.
sidered-General Washington's Attitude on this Subject--His perfect Understanding

CONTENTS.

with the Secretary of State-Leaves the latter to decide whether an immediate Call
shall be made on England to surrender the Northern Posts Jefferson's Call on Ham-
mond-The contemplated Consequences of this Step-The Anglo-Spanish Alliance-
The President's greater Confidence in Jefferson than in the other Members of his
Cabinet, in regard to Foreign Affairs, manifested, .

101

OHAPTER IV.

1793.

Correspondence with Genet-Concessions of France-Genet's Complaints and Jefferson's

Replies Genet assumes an Angry and Criminatory Tone-His Proposal to stop Pay.
ments on the St. Domingo Drafts—Discussions in relation to the Treaty of 1778, ets.-
The President goes to Mount Vernon-Genet Arms and Commissions the Little Demo-
crat at Philadelphia-MiMin reports her about to sail-Sends Dallas to Genet-Jeffer.
son visits Genet, and Particulars of their Interview—Genet intimates the Vessel will not
sail before the President's Return—Cabinet Meeting, July 8th-President's Return
expected in two or three Days Hamilton and Knox propose to fire upon the Vessel if she
attempts to pass Mud Island—Jefferson dissents—Extracts from the two Papers_Was
Jefferson's scorching Reply merited-Difficulties of his Position--His Private Opinion
of Genet-Little Democrat drops down to Chester-President reached Philadelphia on
the 11th-His warm Note to Jefferson, and Jefferson's Answer-Cabinet Meeting on
the 12th-Jefferson's previous Action sustained—Judge Marshall's Manner of stating
the Facts—Jefferson's Decided Letter to Spanish Commissioners—No Retreat in the
President's Policy–Jefferson tenders his Resignation, to take effect Ist of September
-Cabinet Discussions on demanding Recall of Genet-On an Appeal to the People
On Rules of Neutrality-On convening Congress—Particulars of a Personal Interview
between Washington and Jefferson-Washington solicits a Delay of his Resignation-
Jefferson's Feelings on the Occasion–Jefferson's Consent, and the President's Reply-
Jefferson's Draft of Letter demanding Genet's Recall_Washington and Jefferson voted
down on a Clause-A Private Draft of Hamilton's not brought forward-Character of
Jefferson's Production-A Feature in the Ana–Genet's Visit to New York—The Certi-
ficate-makers-Genet's Appeal to the Public-A Hint of the degree of Control Jeffer-
son exercised over Freneau's Paper-Yellow Fever appears in Philadelphia-Outrage
of Du Plaine-British Orders in Council--French Retaliatory Decrees-Georgia pre-
paring to chastise the Creeks—Cabinet Action on the four preceding Subjects—Jeffer.
son's Excuse for Subscribing to the Resolution respecting England–His Dispatches in
regard to Da Plaine, and to Gov. Telfair-Progress of the Yellow Fever-Jefferson's
Draft of Instructions to Morris–England satisfied with Conduct of our Government in
regard to Neutrality Laws,Persists, however, in her Aggressions-Hamilton Ill with
Yellow Fever-Jefferson sends Genet Copy of Demand for his Recall-Arranges his
Business, and carries his Daughter Home-Family Correspondence brought down-
President deliberates on convening Congress elsewhere-He consults the Cabinet and
Mr. Madison-Pendleton's Letter to Washington against Hamilton and his Measures
President's noticeable Reply-Genet's Reply to Jefferson on receiving a Copy of the
Demand for his own Recall-Judge Marshall's Selections from this Reply-Jefferson
does not answer Genet-Letter to Ceracchi–Visit of the latter to United States, and
Statues and Busts executed by him—Cabinet Discussion on sending Genet out of the
Country-On the Construction to be given to Congress of the so-called Proclamation
of Neutrality-Hamilton's and Randolph's Drafts of Explanation rejected— Jefferson's
Views substantially concurred in-Heads of President's Speech discussed--Randolph's
Draft_Jefferson drafts Messages in regard to France and England-Discussion as to
what shall be Publicly and what Privately transmitted to Congress—Jefferson's Views
prevail at all points—The only place where Jefferson speaks of Drafting Papers for
the President-Reasons why we cannot know how far he made such Drafts—The
Dishonor of preserving them as Proofs of Authorship-Opening of Congress-Ascend.
ency of the Republicans-Jefferson's Report on Privileges and Restrictions on our
Foreign Commerce—The great Effect of this paper-His last Letter to Genet_Wash-
ington again solicits him to defer his Resignation–Jefferson sends his Resignation-
President's Reply-Jefferson's Return Home-His Public Standing whe he retired-
Webster's and Marshall's Testimony-Grounds of his Popularity—The Theory that he
chose this time to retire, on account of his Popularity-Ana Records–Family Corres-
pondence brought down,

. 150

OHAPTER V.

1794–1795.

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Jefferson's Return to Private Life—His Health, etc.-His Family-Maria Jefferson-

Martha (Jefferson) Randolph-Thomas Mann Randolph-Jefferson's Ideal of Retire.
ment-A Flash of the old Spirit—Threatened War with England— Proceedings in Con-
gress—Jay sent Minister to England - Chasm in Jefferson's Correspondence-His
avowed desire for Permanent Retirement-Was he sincere in these Avowals?-Mania
for Office not yet introduced—The first Offices "went a begging"-Jefferson's Private
Pursuits-His Land-roll in 1794—Farm Census–Exhausted Soils and Beggarly Account
of Empty Bins-Farm Operations of 1794—Pennsylvania Insurrection—The Govern-
ment Measures, how regarded by the two Parties Republican View of Hamilton's
Conduct_Washington invites Jefferson to return to the Cabinet-Did Washington
willingly abandon a Balance of Parties in his Cabinet?–Bradford's Political Attitude-
Politics of Others who were offered Seats in the Cabinet-Madison's Course considered
-Had the Republicans a Good Excuse for Non-Acceptance ?—Reasons rendered by
John Adams-His own Peculiar Situation at the Time-Hamilton's Influence- A Dif-
ferent Theory offered— The President's Objects in instituting Jay's Mission—The
Selection of Jay unfortunate-Bad Republican Tactics—The President forced from his
Neutrality–Jefferson's Views-Session of Congress 1791–5–Sharp Contest on Denun-
ciation of Democratic Societies Jefferson's Strictures-His Refusal to be a Presidential
Candidate-Hamilton's Resignation–Jefferson to D'Ivernois-Madison's Letter to Jef-
ferson on his refusal to be a Presidential Candidate—Jefferson repeats his Refusal-
Jay's Treaty received and approved by Senate—Jay's, Hamilton's and Washington's
Recorded Disapprobation of it—Renewal of Orders in Council pending its Ratification-
Impressments—British attempt to seize French Ambassador in United States—Wash-
ington's Expressions of Indignation at these Outrages-Hamilton declares Ratification
now disreputable-John Adams's View of English Feelings towards America–Different
Mettle of the Cabinet_Wolcott's Remarkable Reasons for Ratification–Washington's
Proceedings in the Affair—The Treaty ratified-Had Fanchet's intercepted Dispatches
any Influence?—Public Explosion on the Publication of the Treaty-Meetings on the
Subject and the Actors in them-Jefferson's Strictures on Jay–His further Views
“ Camillus's" Defence of the Treaty-Bradford's Death and Successor-Virginia Elec-
tion and Legislative Action—Meeting of Fourth Congress-Contest in regard to the
Address of the House-Rutledge's Rejection—Jefferson's Comments on Randolph's
Vindication-Relations with France-Conduct of Adet in the United States Monroe's
Reception in France-Exchange of Flags and other Proceedings-Monroe's Assurances
in respect to Jay's Mission-Monroe censured by his Government–Justifies himself on
his Instructions_Washington's Reply—Misunderstandings between Monroe and Jay-
Adet’s Remonstrances against Treaty of London-His Complaints considered-Adet's
Delivery of French Colors, and President's Reply-Proceedings of both Houses of Con-
gress—Washington's Sincerity in his Address to Adet-He did not concur in the
Feelings of the Federalists--The Republicans drive him from his Political Neutrality-
The Consequences—The Reaction first sets against Monroe-Washington's and Adams's
Censures on him-A curious Example of Political “Sea-change"--A larger Champion
than Monroe in the field, .

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Treaty of London returned ratified-President proclaims it as in full force, without

awaiting any Action of the House of Representatives—Dissatisfaction of the Republican
Members Livingston's Resolution calling for the Papers, and its Amendments
President refuses to send them—Kitchell's Resolutions Supported by Madison—They
pass by a strong Vote-Jefferson's Views-Resolution for carrying the Treaty into
effect-Federal Threats—The Debate-Reaction out of Congress, and the Causes of it-
Dearborn's Prearable—Preamble rejected and Resolution passed by very close votes
Jefferson's Letter to Mazzei-An Account of Mazzei-Letter to Monroe-Efforts to
personally alienate Washington and Jefferson-General Lee's Agency in this—Expedi-
ency and Effects of Treaty of London considered-Domestic Affairs at Monticello-
Duke of Rochefoucauld-Liancourt's Visit to Monticello-His Journal of his Visit-Com.
ments and Explanations Jefferson's Plow of least resistance-Rittenhouse's Opinion
of it on Mathematical Principles—Sir John Sinclair asks a Model and Description-
Prizes bestowed on it in France-Was Jefferson the First Discoverer of the Mathe-
matical Principle ?–His usual Practical Ingenuity–His House-building-Fall Elections
-Occupations and Expenses of a Presidential Candidate in 1797–Jefferson professes to
be gratified at his Defeat-What right had he to feel thus ?—The Method of Voting
-The Number of Votes for the various Candidates-Adams President and Jeffer-
son Vice-President-Jefferson's Letters to Madison and Adams given from Memory in
his Works History of the Recovery of the Originals—The Originals given-Explana-
tion of Jefferson's Willingness to have Adams succeed-Adams's Political Attitude at
the Moment-His own Testimony on the Subject-He made the First Practical Over-
ture to the Republicans–Madison's Testimony–Testimony of the Hamiltonians The
Conclusion_Fortunate that the Union failed_Jefferson discovers his Error-A Pro-
phetic Political Idea,

285

CHAPTER VII.

1797.

Presidential Vote declared_Expectations that Jefferson would refuse the Vice-Presidency

- Steps he took thereon--His Views on proper Method of notifying the Elected
Candidates—His Efforts to Escape a Ceremonious Reception-His Reception-Inter-
view with the President and Mr. Adams's Overtures-Sworn into Office-His Speech-
Scene of the Inauguration-President's Speech-Sequel to preceding Interviews with
President, Jefferson returns Home—Letter to Mrs. Randolph-Action of French Gov.
ernment on receiving the Treaty of London-Action of American Government,Hamil-
ton appearing to great Advantage-Mr. Adams's real Feelings in respect to our
Foreign Relations when he entered the Presidency-Character of the Members of his
Cabinet—Their unfortunate Influence on him-Early Indications of this—Pinckney
ordered out of France-President convenes Congress-His violent Message- Answers
of the Houses Congress enters upon War Measures-Cooled by News of French
Victories—Jefferson's View of the Call of an Extra Session, and of the President's
Speech-Last Political Link between him and Adams snapped-Another Theory,
based on Misrepresentation—Origin of Jefferson's Parliamentary Manual-Letters to
his Daughters—The Mazzei Letter published in the United States-Its Inaccuracies and
Interpolations—Comments of Federal Press Jefferson to Madison on the Subject-
Washington's manner of receiving the Letter—Marshall's Statements-Pickering's
absurd Assertions and Conjectures Jefferson's Denial-Sparks's supposed Suspicions
that Correspondence had been abstracted from Letter-books of Washington-His Letter
to Author on the Subject-History of the Langhorne Letter— The “Falsehoods of a
Malignant Neighbor" -Jefferson's Personal Feelings towards Washington-A Remark
of Lafayette–Testimony of Mr. Jefferson's Family-Jefferson President of American

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