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קודם קריאת ההפטרה יברך

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר בָּחַר בִּנְבִיאִים

טוֹבִים וְרָצָה בְּדִבְרֵיהֶם הַנַּאֲמָרִים בֶּאֱמֶת • בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה הַבּוֹחֵר בַּתּוֹרָה בְּמשֶׁה עַבְדּוֹ וּבְיִשְׂרָאֵל עַמוֹ

וּבִנְבִיאֵי הָאֱמֶת וְהַצְדֶק :

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ואחר קריאתה יברך בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם צוּר כָּל הָעוֹלָמִים

צַדִּיק בְּכָל הַדּוֹרוֹת הָאֵל הַנֶאֶמָן הָאוֹמֶר וְעוֹטֶה מְרַבֵּר וּמְקַיִּם: כִּי כָל דְּבָרָיו אֶמֶת וָצֶדֶק נֶאֱמָן אַתָּה הוא יי אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְנֶאֱמָנִים דְּבָרֶיךָ וְדָבָר אֶחָד מִדְּבָרֶיךָ אָחוֹר לא יָשׁוּב רֵיקָם כִּי אֵל מֶלֶךְ נָאֶמָן אָתָּה: בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ

הָאֵל הַנֶאֶמָן בְּכָל דְּבָרָיו : רַחֵם עַל צִיוֹן כִּי הִיא בֵּית חַיָנוּ וְלַעֲלוּבַת נֶפֶשׁ תּוֹשִׁיעַ

בִּמְהֵרָה בְיָמֵינוּ: בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְ מְשָׂמֵחַ צִיוֹן בְּבָנֶיהָ: שַׁמְחֵנוּ יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ בְּאֵלִיָּהוּ הַנָּבִיא עַבְדְּךָ וּבְמַלְכוּת בֵּית .. דָוִד מְשִׁיחֶךָ בִּמְהֵרָה יָבא וְיָגֵל לִבֵּנוּ עַל כַּסְאוֹ

לא יִשֶׁב זָר וְלֹא יִנְחֲלוּ עוֹד אֲחֵרִים אֶת כְּבוֹדוֹ - כִּי בְשֵׁם קדְשְׁךְ נִשְׁבַּעְתָּ לוֹ שֶׁלֹא יִכְבֶּה גַרוּ לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד: בָּרוּךְ

; 1 • אַתָּה יְ מָגֵן דָּוִד 8 עַל הַתּוֹרָה וְעַל הָעֲבוֹדָה וְעַל הַנְּבִיאִים וְעַל יוֹם הַשָׁבָּת

הַזֶּה שֶׁנָּתַתָּ לָנוּ יָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ לִקְדוּשָׁה וְלִמְנוּחָה לְכָבוֹד וּלְתִפְאֶרֶת עַל הַכּל יָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ אָנוּ מוֹדִים לָךְ וּמְבָרְכִים אוֹתָךְ יִתְבָּרַךְ שִׁמְךְ בְּפִי כָל חַי תָּמִיד לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד: בָּרוּךְ

אַתָּה יְ מְקַדַּשׁ הַשַׁבָּת :

THE ARGUMENT.

T'au event which gave rise to the Reading of the n70317, i. e. Sections,

of the Prophets, commenced from the Reign of Antiochus, surnamed Epiphanes, or Famous; called also Epimanes, or mad; (he was the eighth King of Syria :) who after he had smitten Egypt, went against the Israelites in Jerusalem, where he made a great massacre, plundered and polluted the Holy Temple, and gave orders to destroy their books, and prohibited them of Reading the Weekly Divisions * of the Pentateuch : during which time they substituted to read the Haphtarahs, i. e. Weekly Sections of the Prophets, to correspond as nearly as possible, with the Weekly Divisions of the Pentateuch; which they continued Reading till the time of the Maccabees, when Mattathias and his son Judas Maccabeus rose up, and went to war with Antiochus Epiphanes, and conquered him: at which time, the Weekly Divisions of the Pentateuch were re-established to be read among them.-In commemoration of their being deprived of the Pentateuch, they continued saying the Haphtarahs after Reading the Weekly Division of the Pentateuch, which custom is retained and observed among them unto this day.

The Pentateuch is divided in fifty-two parts, for the fifty-two weeks in the year, one of which is read every week till the Pentateuch is finished.

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This Book is by the Septuagint and other versions named from its

subject LEVITICUS, because it contains chiefly the laws and regulations relating to the Priests, the Levites, and the Sacrifices. The Jews likewise name it, on noin Thorah Cohanim, or the Priest's law. . It is most commonly named xap Vayickra, And he called. Its authenticity is generally acknowledged, and contains several interesting particulars, which serve to establish the divinity of Moses's legation; the nature of the Jewish priesthood; their various kinds of sacrifices and purifications, their solemn festivals, and civil æconomy. But the laws relating to sacrifices afford us no chronological mark to ascertain the time of their institution.

whether it be ox or sheep: it is land, whether of the seed of the the Lord's.

land, or of the fruit of the tree, 27 And if it be of an unclean is the LORD's: it is holy unto the beast, then he shall redeem it

LORD. according to thine estimation, and 31 And if a man will at all redeem shall add a fifth part of it thereto: ought of his tithes : he shall add or if it be not redeemed, then it thereto the fifth part thereof. shall be sold according to thy 32 [ And concerning the tithe estimation.

of the herd, or of the flock, even 28 Notwithstanding, no de- of whatsoever passeth under the voted thing that a man shall de

man shall de- rod; the tenth shall be holy unto vote unto the Lord, of all that he the LORD. hath, both of man and beast, and 33 He shall not search whether of the field of his possession, shall it be good or bad, neither shall be sold or redeemed: every de- he change it: and if he change it at voted thing is most holy unto the all, then both it and the change LORD.

thereof shall be holy; it shall not 29 None devoted, which shall be redeemed. be devoted of men, shall be redeem- 34 These are the commanded: but shall surely be put to ments which the LORD commanded death.

Moses, for the children of Israel, 30. And all the tithes of the in mount Sinai.

this mcans, that he made bim to stand. And the antecedent to this pronoun, in the third person, must be," the priest :” a similar expression occurs in this book, chap. xiv, ver. 26.

Ver. 10. Alter it-means from an ox to a sheep, or vice versa. Change it means from one ox to another, or from one sheep to another,

Ver. 18. This verse, as it is translated, expresses the contrary to that which should be understuod from it. For, it appears as if the years that are to come should be deducted from the whole valuation, as the pronoun “ it shall be abated ” must refer to the years that remain to the jubilee : and it is just the contrary, as that sum he is to pay; but the residue, from that sum to the valuation, is what is to be deducted.

Ver. 20. This verb sold, has no nominative; therefore it must be rendered impersonally, as that which stands before redeem cannot be understood as a nominative to this verb sold, because it is not in bis power to sell it, the field having been transferred into the hands of the treasurer of the sanctuary as soon as he sanctified it; and this means, that the treasurer sells it. However, if the field belonged to a Levite, the treasurer has no power to sell it. Vide chap. xxv. ver. 34.

END OF THE THIRD BOOK OF MOSES, CALLED

LEVITICUS;

Which contains EIGHT HUNDRED AND FIFTY NINE VERSES, IN TWENTY SEVEN CHAPTERS; and is divided by the Jews

into TEN WEEKLY PORTIONS.

29

אתוֹ אִם־שָׁוֹר אִם־שֶׁה לַיהוָה הִוא : 27 וְאִם בַּבְּהֵמָה הַטְמֵאָה וּפָרֶה בְעֶרְכָּךְ וְיָסַף חֲמִשִׁתוֹ עָלָיו וְאִם־־ לא יִנָּאֵל וְנִמְכַּר בְּעֶרְבֶּךָ :

28 אַךְ כָּל־חֵרֶם אֲשֶׁר יחֲרִים אִישׁ לַיהוָה מִכָּל־־אֲשֶׁר־לוֹ מֵאָדָם וּבְהֵמָה

וּמִשְׁדֶה אֲחותו לֹא יִמָּכֵר וְלֹא יִגָּאֵל כָּל־חֵרֶם קְדֶשׁ־ שביעי קָדָשִׁים הוּא לַיהוָה: 29 כָּל־חֵרֶם אֲשֶׁר יִחְרֶם מִן־

הָאָדָם לֹא יִפָּדֶה מְוֹת יוּמָת: 30 וְכָל־־מַעֲשָׂר הָאָרֶץ מֵאֲרַע הָאָרֶץ מַפְרִי הָעֵץ לַיהוָה הוּא קְדֶשׁ לַיהוָה:

31 וְאִם־גָאֹל יִגְאַל אִישׁ מִמַּעַשְׂרָוֹ חֲמִשִׁיתְוֹ יֹסֶף עָלָיו : מפטיר 32 וְכָל־מַעֲשֶׂר בָּקָר וָצאן כָּל אֲשֶׁר־יַעֲבֹר תַּחַת הַשָּׁבֶט

העשִׁירִי יִהְיֶה־קְדֶשׁ לַיהוה : 33 לָא יְבקר בֵּין־־טְוֹב לָרַע וְלֹא יְמִירֶנוּ וְאִם־הָמֶר יְמִירֶנּוּ וְהָיָה הוּא וּתְמוּרָתוֹ ה־קְדֶשׁ לֹא יִנָּאֵל: 34 אֵלֶה הַמְצְוֹת אֲשֶׁר צִנָּה יְהוָה

אֶת-משֶׁה אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּהַר סִינָי :

1:

TIT

חזק

סכום פסוקי דספר ויקרא שמנה מאות וחמשים ותשעה נטף סימן : וחציו והנגע בבשר הזב • ופרשיותיו עשרה י בא גד סימן וסדריו כ"ג • ובתורתו יהגה יומם ולילה סימן : ופרקי כן ואהיה עמך ואברכך סימן: מניין הפתוחות שתים וחמשים • והסתומות שש וארבעים הבל שמנה ותשעים פרשיות: דודי

צח ואדום סימן :

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