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New York to condemnation for illicit trading with the enemy.
United States v. Hallock, 537.

2. This court affirms after the close of the civil war, a judginent con-
demning a vessel and cargo for violation of the acts of July 13, 1861,
c. 3, and August 6, 1861, 30, in transferring goods from Alexandria
to a part of Virginia then in a state of insurrection. Duvall v. United
States, 548.

3. The liability of the maker of a note given for the purchase of slaves
before the civil war was not affected by their emancipation. Holmes
v. Sevier, 582.

RECEIVER.

The removal or appointment of a receiver rests in the sound discretion of
the court making the order, and is not revisable here. Milwaukee &
Minnesota Railroad v. Soutter, 540; Same v. Same, 541.

STATUTE OF FRAUDS.

Part-performance of an oral contract for the conveyance of an interest in
real estate in the District of Columbia takes it out of the operation of
the statute of frauds, and authorizes a court of equity to decree a full
and specific performance of it, if proved. Riggles v. Erney, 244.

See ADMIRALTY, 1;

INTERSTATE COMMERCE COM-
MISSION, 1, 2, 9;
JURISDICTION, A, 5;

Alabama.

Illinois.

Indiana.

Kentucky.

Maryland.
Montana.

Ohio.

Texas.

STATUTE.

A. STATUTES OF THE UNITED STATES.
PUBLIC LAND;
REBELLION, 2;

Virginia.

B. STATUTES OF STATES AND TERRITORIES.

See LOCAL LAW.

See FORT DEARBORN ADDITION TO Chicago.

See CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 6.

See CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 2.

See STATUTE OF FRAUDS.

See JURISDICTION, A, 3.

See CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 2.

See CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 3;

TEXAS RAILROAD COM-
MISSION, 1.

TEXAS RAILROAD COMMISSION, 1.

See JURISDICTION, A, 2.

TAX AND TAXATION.

1. When a railroad runs into or through two or more States, its value, for
taxation purposes, in each is fairly estimated by taking that part of

the value of the entire road which is measured by the proportion of
the length of the particular part in that State to that of the whole
road. Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railway Co. v.
Backus, 421.

2. The judgment of a state board empowered to fix a valuation for taxa-
tion, cannot be set aside by the testimony of witnesses that the valua-
tion was other than that fixed by the board, where there is no
evidence of fraud or of gross error in the system on which the valua-
tions were made. Ib.

3. A mandamus is awarded commanding the levy of a tax. Supervisors
v. Durant, 576.

See RAILROAD, 3, 4.

4. The right of a State to tax shares of stockholders in national banking
associations within its limits is affirmed. Van Slyke v. Wisconsin, 581.

TELEGRAPH COMPANY.

See CONTRACT, 1;
DAMAGES, 1.

TEXAS RAILROAD COMMISSION.

1. The fact that the Texas and Pacific Railway Company is a corporation
organized under a statute of the United States, receiving therefrom
the corporate power to charge and collect tolls and rates for transpor-
tation, does not remove that company from the operation of the act
of the legislature of Texas of April 3, 1891, establishing a railroad
commission, as to business done wholly within the State; but such
business is subject to the control of the State in all matters of taxa-
tion, rates and other police regulations. Reagan v. Mercantile Trust
Co., 413.

2. As the case does not present facts requiring it, no opinion is expressed
on the power of the commission as to rates on points on the railway
outside of Texas. Ib.

TRANSFER OF REAL ESTATE.
See FORT DEARBORN ADDITION TO CHICAGO.

TREATY OF GUADALOUPE HIDALGO.
See PUBLIC LAND, 5.

UNITED STATES.

See CONTRACT. 4;

FORT DEARBORN ADDITION TO CHICAGO.

WILLS.

See LOCAL LAW, 2.

WITNESS.
See INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION, 3.

WRIT OF ERROR.

1. A writ of error is fatally defective if it lacks the test required by law,

and the defective writ cannot be amended here. Moulder v. Forrest,

567.
2. This court will not review a judgment in favor of a firm, if the writ of

error does not name the persons who compose it. Godbe v. Tootle,

576.
3. Writs of error from this court must bear the test of the chief justice.

Germain v. Mason, 587.
4. A writ of error to the highest court of a State must be allowed, either

by a justice of this court, or a judge of that court. Northwestern
Union Packet Co. v. Home Insurance Co., 588.

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