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expressing in character the Christ life. Where of it, however, was the staple of the Apostles' such a man is, there is the really good—there is preaching; hence the name. 2. No; the article the Christian.

on the Church dates no earlier than Cyprian, in Men have only lately been learning that no the middle of the third century. 3. It is not a church is equivalent to the kingdom of Christ. Trinitarian creed, and hence can hardly be made Ought they not, at the same time, to learn that a test of orthodoxy. 4. Answered above. the kingdom of Christ and the kingdom of God are not two realities, but one? that a Christian

1. In a Congregational church can a member rightly and a Christian believer, in the Bible sense, are

and properly withdraw voluntarily from membership,

by giving notice to the church of his intention so to do, not of two classes of men, as your editorial im without incurring censure? 2. Is it, in your judgment, plies, but one and the same? The mark of the wise and right for a Congregational church to suggest true believer is not in his historical knowledge

such voluntary withdrawal, where it might be done

without friction, on the part of members whose conduct any more than in his psychological knowledge,

has not been such as to warrant any formal charge of but in himself. Am I not right?

wrong-doing, except that of continued absence from G. H. B. worship, uselessness, and ill-credit to the church? In

the cases I have in mind (this, by the way, is not a

church quarrel I am asking you to settle !) all has been Notes and Queries

done, so far as known, to secure renewed faithfulness to

covenant obligations, without any good result. The NOTE TO CORRESPONDENTS.--I is seldom possible church roll has for years been clogged with the names to answer any inquiry in the next issue after its receipt. of persons, most of whom joined the church in revival Those who find expected answers late in coming will, times that proved fruitful of harm as well as good; and we hope, bear in mind the impediments arising from yet, to discipline these members by "withdrawal of the constant pressure of many subjects upon our lim. watch and care," or something of that sort, would probited space. Communications should always bear the ably do more injury to Christ's cause than good. In writer's name and address.

such cases, is there anything wrong or “disorderly" in In your editorial “ The Churches and Ethical Cul

a conference between representatives of the church and ture," April 17, you say, "Out of this ethical interest

the nominal members, with a view to the removal of [in the early Church) grew the primitive confession of

their names from the membership, by their own request? faith known to us as the Apostles' Creed.” Comparing

A CONGREGATIONAL PASTOR. Ian Maclaren's life-creed with the Apostles' symbol, I am impressed with the difference between the two. Dr.

1. In our judgment, the rules of each church Watson's creed is indeed ethical. Every sentence of it

should permit this. If they do not, they should can be translated into lite. But the Apostles' Creed is be suitably amended. 2. Yes, in case persuasion an intellectual declaration concerning certain historical

and remonstrance prove unavailing ; unless it is and philosophical matters. With the exception of two or three phrases, I find the statements in this creed ut

practicable to secure the desired result by the terly meaningless if I try to translate them into life. Is, automatic operation of a rule concerning absen. then, the Apostles' Creed an outgrowth of ethical inter tees. This is preferable. Cases not coming under est, as you have stated ? Kindly answer the following

such a rule must be settled each on its merits, questions : 1. Was not this primitive confession of faith framed to exclude the Gnostics from the Catholic com

according to the rule of choosing the lesser evil. munion? 2. Did not this creed appear as a part of the There are cases where your final suggestion might hierarchical ideal of the Church which became established before the end of the second century? 3. Is not

very properly be made. this creed a test of orthodoxy rather than of character? 4. If so, can it be truly called an ethical creed?

1. What is forgiveness, or what does God do for us G. B. S.

when he forgives us? Does he remit some penalty due

that would, unforgiven, be inflicted in the world to We dealt with the subject historically, and our come? or do we simply have the break in our comcorrespondent does not. Hence the difference munion with Him repaired, the joy of salvation reof view. Of course, if the Apostles' Creed is

stored, or what? 2. Do we, in hell, suffer directly for

deeds done here, or do we there sin and suffer the taken apart from the ethical faith out of which it

natural consequences of our deeds? In other words, is grew, be regarded as mainly a series of his. there any penalty anywhere but natural consequences? torical propositions. Yet even so it is difficult to

P. M. S. regard it otherwise than a confessional response to 1. God does what the father did in the parable Jesus's precept,

“ Believe in God and believe in of the prodigal. He receives us back into right me” (John xiv., 1, R. V., margin). Primitive personal relations with himself. He does not Christianity was called “the Way” (Acts ix., 2; interfere at all with the natural consequences of xix., 9; xxii., 4). It was a way of life, whose our past deeds, but gives us power through our ethical rule was the imitation of Christ. Conse filial faith so to deal with these consequences as quently, a summary of the main facts concerning to overcome evil with good. 2. The consequences Jesus, as “the author and perfecter" of a sav of breaking human law are statutory, imposed by ing faith, had originally a positive ethical value, one act of will and inflicted by another act. and may have it still. But to keep this in view

The consequences of breaking divine law are some such expository addition as Ian Maclaren's involved in the nature of things, and operate “ life-creed” is most helpful. In reply to the automatically. Not sooner does fire begin to questions : 1. No; nor was it “framed” at all. burn the flesh that touches it than the shadow It grew by additions and modifications for six

of spiritual death begins to fall on the first decenturies. See the chronological table of these parture of the spirit from God. And so we read, in Schaff's “Creeds of Christendom.” The body "In the day thou eatest thou shalt die." See

pi

it may

About People

York

these questions discussed at length in “The omy at the University of Pennsylvania. See Divine Satisfaction," supplied by The Outlook. Vol. LV., page 1097.

April 15.-James J. Storrow. Born 1837. A Is there anything better for systematic Bible study in

prominent Boston lawyer and counsel for the Sunday-school than the Blakeslee or Bible Union

Venezuela in the recent arbitration. Lessons? What would you recommend for Bibleclass study along liberal historical and literary lines? April 19.-Seth L. Milliken. Born 1831. For Where can one get the Blakeslee and other lessons ?

many years a Representative in Congress H. G. M.

from Maine. For the Blakeslee Lessons address the Blakes.

April 22.— William Steele Holman. Born 1822. lee Union for Bible Study, Bromfield Street,

Long a Representative in Congress from Boston. March 6 we gave on page 707 an ac

Indiana. See page 3. count of another series of great merit, used in the Woodward Avenue Congregational Church, Detroit, prepared by the Rev. H. P. DeForest, the pastor. Which of these is preferable for you can be best determined by your sending for copies -M. Alphonse Bertillon, of France, who inand comparing them. We know of nothing vented the Bertillon system of measuring conbetter than these two. Other courses can be bad victs, has now become equally conspicuous by of the Sunday-School Union, Philadelphia, and advocating the exemption from direct taxation of of the denominational publishing houses in the every family in which there are three children, principal cities.

and the imposition of an extra tax of twenty per

cent. upon all those not thus provided. Has there been any publication in book form of the words of Christ, edited so as to make a consecutive, -By the death of Congressman Milliken the chronological narrative without repetitions ?

first break for fourteen years in the Maine deleJ.M.C.

gation at Washington is made. Each one of the Such a book is “ The Great Discourse," pub- four Representatives (Messrs. Reed, Dingley, lished by the A. D. F. Randolph Company, New Milliken, and Boutelle) and the two Senators

(Messrs. Hale and Frye) have been re-elected I forward to you the poem," God's Best," asked for

since 1883 as his term expired. Maine's record by "S.H." in Notes and Queries of the last Outlook. is without a parallel in our bistory.

E. W.C.

--According to the New York “Tribune," If "S. H.” will send address, we will forward

after the Rev. Dr. Edward Everett Hale preached

in Washington the other Sunday a number of The lines beginning "Build thyself a fence of faith people went to congratulate him. Among them around this little day," quoted by "J. R." in the cor was a young lady who, after shaking hands with respondents' column of The Outlook for April 17, are

the famous Bostonian, said: “You don't know probably those attributed in the volume of selections called "Sunshine in the Soul" to Mary Frances Butts.

me, Dr. Hale, but I know you." His hands deS. scended as if in blessing, and he said: “Ah,

my dear young lady, I don't doubt that I chrisLened you," and she passed on in the crowd. Some one at hand asked Dr. Hale : “Do you

know her? It is Secretary Olney's daughter." April 1.— The Most Reverend William Conyng “Oh, then it is all right,” said Dr. Hale; "I chris.

ham Plunket (Lord Plunket). Born 1828. tened her mother."
Protestant Archbishop of Dublin. See Vol.
LV., page 999.

_-“Sir Henry de Villiers," says

the London April 3.-Johannes Brahms. Born 1833. The

“St. James's Budget," " who is stated to be exgreat composer. See Vol. LV., page 970.

ercising his good offices in some way at Pretoria, April 3.-Albert Fink. Born 1827. A well

is the well-known and universally respected Chief known railway expert.

Justice of the Cape Colony. He is a man excepApril 7,~Daniel G. Griffin. Born 1848. Gold

tionally endowed with that gravitas which the Democratic bominee for Governor of New

Romans used so much to desire in character. York State last autumn.

His uprightness is acknowledged throughout April 8.-Heinrich von Stephan. Bom 1836.

South Africa. As for his ability, no one who For many years German Imperial Post

ever heard or read one of his summings-up or master-General.

judgments would call that in question. A South April 10.—Daniel Wolsey Voorhees. Born 1827.

African of Huguenot extraction, and in his For thirty-eight years a prominent figure in

younger days a champion of Afrikanderism as a

national principle, he has been knighted by the April 10.-- Frederick Francis III., Grand Duke of

Queen and further honored by being sworn of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Born 1851.

her Majesty's Privy Council.” April 12.--Edward Drinker Cope. Born 1840.

--The citizens of a well-known town in WisProfessor of Zoology and Comparative Anat

consin have become impatient at the ignorance

the poem.

April Necrology

National politics.

displayed by the rest of the country in regard to

Bits of Fun the name of that town, and have decided to erect a monument to the Indian chief-Oshkosh -in

Truly great is the man who can become famous whose honor the settlement was named. It seems

without making any of the noise himself.Puck. that Oshkosh was the last of the Menominee

There would be a deal less of disturbance in sachems, and played a prominent part in the

this world if when a man had nothing to pioneer history of the Northwest. The Mil.

he

say waukee " Sentinel” says that

would be silent about it. Boston Transcript. Shakespeare was laboring under a misapprehension

“ It is very difficult to please some people with when he propounded his famous interrogatory,“ What's reference to a minister," remarked the active in a name?” There has been a great deal in one for church worker. “Some people like one style Oshkosh, which is known all over the English-speaking world on account of its name. With some, especially

and some like another." “Yes, but I have referignorant foreigners, its reality is doubted, and it is there ence to an entirely distinct class. I was thinking fore placed in the category along with Utopia and Brob of those who, if a minister is not prosy, complain dingnag. Among intelligent people, however, it stands for a real, thrifty, and enterprising city.

that he is sensational; and if he is not sensa:

tional, complain that he is prosy."Washington _" Post-Stephan,” the nickname by which the

Star. late Dr. von Stephan was well known to the people

A of Germany, is likely to endure some time, as an

young minister had gone to the home of his indication of the capital postal service introduced

boyhood to preach, and, of course, the villagers

were full of curiosity to hear him. At the close years ago by the late Imperial Director of Posts

of the service one of the deacons engaged the and Telegraphs in Germany. Dr. von Stephan was born in Pomerania, and was the son of a

young preacher's wife in conversation. "It was

a strange coincidence," said he," that your huspoor tailor in that city. When he was eighteen

band's text was the one from which his father years old he entered the German postal service

preached bis last sermon in his pulpit.” “In. and continued there throughout his life, rising

deed !" said the lady. “Well, that was strange. from the lowest to the highest position. To him

I hope," she continued, “it wasn't the same was due the plan of the Universal Postal Union,

sermon?” “Oh, no!" said the deacon, in a depto which all the civilized countries of the world

recatory manner; "his father was a dreadful now belong. The benefits of this service are thus

smart man." extended to about a billion people. He was

."-Epworth Herald. also the originator of the telephone service as an Charles Wesley was easily annoyed at times; adjunct to the German postal system. In addi.

and on one occasion, at one of the conferences, tion to this, he introduced the pneumatic tube

he became so irritated at the prolix remarks of a service as used in Berlin. He was a foremost good brother, who was relating his religious example of the possibility of becoming “a self experiences at great length, wasting precious made man even in Germany

time, as Charles believed, that he said to his

brother: "Stop that man from speaking. Let _"When I was a pupil at Hebron Academy, us attend to business." But the preacher conover forty years ago,” said Judge Hilborn, of

tinued bis remarks. Finally, Charles could no California, at the McKay dinner the other day,

longer restrain himself; and he declared to his “ there were two boys in the academy to whom I brother John, “Unless he stops, I'll leave the was especially attracted. One came from Turner.

conference.” Instead of directing the preacher He was a bright, spirited little fellow, the best

to stop, John, who was enjoying the humble scholar in his classes, very quick to learn, and

man's simple story, said to one sitting near, the sort of a boy that everybody said would “Reach Charles his hat."- Selected.

amount to something by and by. His name was 'Gene Hale. The other came from Buck. A man dashed into a drug-store and breathfield, and was a year or two younger, a little

lessly accosted the clerk with : "Say—I want chubby chap, whom everybody liked. We all some medicine, and I want it quick, too! But called him ‘Johnnie 'Long. He was the marvel

for the life of me I can't tell what the name is !" of the school in Latin. He had read Virgil

“Well, how on earth do you expect to get it, through, and knew a great deal of it by heart. then ?" demanded the disgusted clerk ; “I can't He was a wonder, too, in Latin grammar. After help you.” “Yes, you can, too!” said the wouldwe left school I went West and lost sight of be customer, promptly. “What's the name of them. Now I am here, a member of the Naval the bay on the lower side of this lake, eh?" "Do Committee in the House, 'Gene Hale is at the you mean Put-in Bay ?” “That's it! that's it! head of the Naval Committee in the Senate, and

And what's the name of the old fellow that put • Johnnie' Long is Secretary of the Navy." in there once, you know? Celebrated character,

you know?”

“Are you talking about Commodore Perry ?”

“Good! I've got it! I've got it!"

shouted the customer; "that's what I want! Answer to Charade in The Outlook, April 24: Gimme ten cents' worth of paregoric!"_Har. Matin.

per's Round Table.

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The Story of a Kite

Ah, tragical flight!

Ah, mournfulest plight!
By Sydney Dayre

Such end to that marvelous, glorious kite!
Ah, that was a kite,
A wonderful kite!

The War Dog, Moustache
Neatly proportioned and graceful and light.

By G. H. Dierhold
The skeleton, six
Well-whittled-out sticks,

Moustache was born in Falaisse in 1799, and
A face in the middle all beaming and bright. was a true hero. He had republican ideas all
A jaggedy tail

his life, for he attached himself to no master, Which never would fail

but served his country alone. At the age of To balance it well as it rose into sight.

six months he was taken to a neighboring city, In short, 'twas a joy

but, wandering away from his new home, he fell To every boy,

in with a company of grenadiers, who were about A peep at that rare and remarkable kite.

to start for Italy. He gave himself all the graces

possible to him, and asked in his way to be adThey came out to play

mitted into the company, which he seemed to One midsummer day,

promise to serve and not to trouble. He was With chatter and rattle and merriment gay,

homely and dirty, but had a face so intelligent in Three rollicking boys,

appearance, so sprightly, that they did not hesi. All frolic and noise,

tate to receive him. Moustache had some little Each bent upon having his own special say.

talents, and his new companions trained him to “Now, I'll hold the string

carry a gun, to act the sentinel, and to keep step. While you give a flinga

Meanwhile the grenadiers had passed into Hurrah then! We'll see her go sailing away.”

Italy, and soon found themselves in the vicinity But, ah-tale of woes !

of the enemy. They encamped below AlessanAs it gracefully rose

dria, and here Moustache rendered his first ser

vice to the French army. A detachment of AusFar over the tree-tops, disaster befell. Three hands were held out

trians that they thought more distant was conWith a scramble and shout:

cealed in a neighboring valley, and advanced at “Let me hold the string.” It is mournful to tell night to surprise them, and might have succeeded How they struggled and fought

but for the vigilance of their faithful Moustache. And wrestled and caught

Making his rounds with his nose to the wind, he And jerked at the string, till at length-well, well,

scented an odor to which he was strange. He well!

ran, then, uttering cries of alarm, to warn his It slipped from each hand,

friends. The sentinels, advancing, perceived that Alas! and they stand

they had the enemy upon their rear. And dismally gaze with a wail and a yell.

was aroused, every soldier was upon his feet, and

the Austrians, finding themselves discovered, beat A wonderful chance

a retreat. For a frolic and dance,

Some time before the battle of Austerlitz, an So it may have thought it, that frolicsome kite ;

Austrian spy penetrated into the French camp, But the wind quickly took it

He spoke the French language so perfectly that And twisted and shook it,

no one suspected him, and would have returned Till, hustled and hurried,

to render an account to his officers but for his Bewildered and flurried,

meeting with Moustache. The faithful animal, It wabbled and dipped in a craziest flight,

who was a friend to all Frenchmen, no sooner And darted and fopped,

smelt the Austrian than he leaped upon him with Then suddenly stopped

a howl. This attracted attention, and, rememberThe limbs of the linden had fettered it tight.

ing the admirable sagacity of Moustache, they

arrested the stranger, proved him to be a spy, and Alack and alack!

the brave dog had a double allowance that day, It never came back.

On another occasion, seeing the standard-bearer In fragments and tatters from morning till night of his regiment engaged with a detachment of the Its skeleton form

enemy, he ran to his aid, barked, did everything The paint and the gilding have faded from sight.

in his power to encourage his friend and frighten the enemy, but his efforts were in vain; the

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The camp

Is racked in the storm ;

standard-bearer fell, pierced with wounds. Mous- peared than the other boys began making audible tache threw himself upon the body of his dead comments. What made this more striking was friend and took upon himself the duty of defend the fact that this particular Hebrew boy was the ing him; but, had not the fortunes of war turned cleanest boy and the best-dressed boy in the in his favor, his valor could not have prevailed room, and probably, next to the President of the against Austrian bayonets. A discharge of grape club, the most intelligent. At last one of the shot swept away the enemy. Moustache lost a Christian boys said, “ Put that sheeny out.” The paw hy it, but he did not occupy himself with Hebrew boy sat perfectly still, looking at the that. Seeing himself free, he took the standard floor. When he was leaving, he was invited to in his teeth and endeavored to pull it away from join a club of Hebrew boys that met on another his master; but in dying, the standard-bearer had evening. With a perfectly polite and compreembraced the staff so firmly that it was impossi hensive smile he looked at the one who made the ble for Moustache to take it away; at last he suc suggestion, and said, “ They'd like me, if they'd ceeded in detaching the bloody flag in shreds, and let me stay; Mac does.” Mac was the Christian returned to the camp lame, exhausted, and bleed boy who had brought him in. I wonder if Mac ing, but bearing his glorious burden, and exciting was exactly polite to expose bis Hebrew friend anew the general admiration.

to the bad manners displayed by the members of Such action merited honors, and they were ren this club? dered to him. General Lannes ordered his collar In a public school there were two colored chil. to be taken off, and replaced by a red ribbon with dren-a brother and a sister. They were as clean a medal bearing on its face the inscription, “ He as any white child in the department; had soft lost a leg at the battle of Austerlitz, and saved voices and gentle manners. Their mother and the colors of his regiment." And on the reverse father were Southern negroes who had been side, “ Moustache, a French dog. Let him be brought up as house-servants. In this departeverywhere respected and cherished as a hero." ment there were about half a dozen dirty, un

He served with the dragoons in two campaigns, kempt, unattractive children, and not one of them and fought in all the battles. At the battle of would sit beside either this colored boy or girl. Sierra Morena he brought back into camp the While watching them as they stood together one horses of several dragoons that had been killed. was struck with the fact that the colored boy or His last campaign was made with the cannoneers. girl never retaliated by objecting to sit with these He was killed by a cannon-ball at the taking of ragged, dirty schoolmates. The teacher subBadajos, March 11, 1811, at the age of twelve. mitted, but from an entirely different motive than He was buried on the field of battle with his that supposed by her disagreeable pupils. She collar and medal. A stone with the following in put the colored boy and his sister each in seals scription was erected over his grave : “Here by themselves, that they might have more room, rests the brave Moustache.”

be free from annoyance, and because she did not

wish to expose them to close companionship with Is There a Way?

their dirty schoolmates. Time and time again The story is told in the" Youth's Companion” she saw these children share their lunches with that a number of white boys were skating on a those who abused them, and not in any spirit of creek in Kentucky when a colored boy came cringing nor with a desire to gain favor, but down and began putting on his skates. Imme. simply and solely from the spirit of generosity. diately the white boys tried to drive him away, but he refused to go. This angered them, and

The Celebration Pies one of the white boys challenged the colored boy A hundred years ago some village people in to fight, and called him a coward when he refused. England wished to celebrate the recovery of their The little fellow was not to be persuaded into a King's health, and among the rest of the things physical encounter, and proceeded to skate, in they did was to make a meat pie which contained spite of the efforts of the white boys to stop him. fifteen hundred pounds of meat. The pie weighed Suddenly the boy whom he refused to fight fell almost two tons. These same people, thirty through a thin place in the ice. The white boys years later, made another enormous pie to celescattered in every direction, screaming and call. brate an English victory. Last summer they ing for help. The colored boy pulled off his coat

made their sixth pie. Fourteen horses drew it to and jumped into the water, and rescued the boy the place where it was to be eaten. It was who but a short time before wished to fight him. carved with a knife three feet long, with a fork

Recently a number of boys living in a district to match. The third pie made by these people where there are a number of Hebrew boys com. broke down the platform on which it was placed, bined to fight all Hebrew boys who appeared in and it was so broken that much of it was lost. their neighborhood. These boys, who call them

It is expected that these people who find such selves Christian boys, are organized in a club. satisfaction in marking events in history by the All unconsciously one night recently a young making of a huge pie will surpass their former Jewish boy was invited by a new member of this

efforts in celebrating Queen Victoria's diamond club to join the club.

No sooner had he ap- jubilee this year.

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