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DURHAM CATHEDRAL
Built 1090-1230. The most important example of Norman architecture in England.

The entire building has been recently restored,

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structure. The third chapter, which pre to the amateur as the “Introduction to sents the chronological order of architec- Gothic Architecture," by John Henry tural periods, and also a valuable con Parker (imported, $2), another English densed, ta bulated statement of the peculiar publication, the popularity of which is characteristics of each of the three styles proved by the fact that it is now in its of Gothic architecture, is best studied later. eleventh edition. The book measures The only other chapter of this valuable about 672 x 4% inches, contains 331 little book which claims attention for our pages, is profusely and clearly illustrated, present purpose is Chapter IX., in which and has an excellent index and glossary. the principles of construction and design, The style is somewhat conversational, and some facts about the use of materials and the important text is distinguished in Gothic architecture, are given.

from the less important and incidental by The study of Norman architecture in coarse type. The names of the first chapconnection with English cathedrals is ters may serve to indicate the scope of the not treated in this handbook, except in volume, and are as follows: “From the the brief section of characteristics. For Roman Period to the End of the Tenth this and for needed supplementary study Century; The Eleventh Century; The of the details of Gothic architecture, I Early Norman Period, A.D. 1050-1125; do not know of a book so valuable The Late Norman Style, A.D. 1125–1175;

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SALISBURY CATHEDRAL
The most notable example of Early English. The chief reason for its extraordinary purity and harmony is that it was

begun and finished within a period of forty years (1220-1260). The spire (406 feet) is the loftiest in England,

very

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tion.”

CLERESTORY WINDOW IN THE FORM

OF A SPHERICAL TRIANGLE,

The Change of Style, A.D.

excellent chapter of eight1175-1200," etc.

een pages on

" Gothic An abridged edition of

Architecture in Great Britthis work, called “The A

ain,” with many illustraB C of Gothic Architec

tions, a bibliography, and ture” (imported, $1.25),

a detailed list of monua handy little square vol

ments of the different ume of 265 pages, is

Gothic styles, chiefly ecpopular, and less expen

clesiastical. Fergusson's sive than the “Introduc

History of Architecture

in all Countries(2 vols., Of superior value, also,

$7.50; Dodd, Mead & though less easily obtained

Co.) contains a handin this country, is Edmund

somely illustrated chapter Sharpe's “Seven Periods

of eighty pages on Eccleof English Architecture.” AT CRANFORD ST. ANDREW (1320)

siastical Architecture in It contains forty well-digested and ad- England, which is particularly valuable mirably arranged pages of text descrip. for the study of vaulting, window-tracery, tive of the various styles of cathedral and canopied tombs. Fletcher's History architecture, and nineteen pages of full- (Scribners, $4.50) is a comparative view page illustrations of cathedral exteriors of the historical styles of all periods; it has and interiors. Both literary and pictorial a chapter of thirty pages on Norman and matter are crystal-clear and delightful. Gothic Architecture, which contains some A scale of feet which accompanies the excellent matter not found elsewhere for illustrations enables the reader to obtain the student cathedrals. an exact idea of the dimensions of the The advantage of thorough acquaintvarious cathedrals. As a work of refer- ance with the important terms used in ence for busy readers, and within its lim- ecclesiastical architecture can hardly be its, this volume leaves little to be desired. overestimated. When these are well esIt should be stated, however, that, instead tablished in the mind, let the student of the usual classification of the Gothic as draw for himself the plan of a Gothic Early English, Decorated, and Perpendic- cathedral or Norman cathedral in its most ular, Mr. Sharpe prefers the less popular elaborate form, surrounded by monastic though probably more exact separation buildings, indicating the position of nave, into seven periods—Saxon, Norman, aisle, and transepts, lady chapel, triforium, Transitional, Lancet, Geometrical, Cur- clerestory, choir, cloisters, chapter-house, vilinear, and Rectilinear,

refectory, hospitium, and kitchen (accordA tiny book of about eighty pages, ing to the old plan of the ninth century, called “The Stepping-Stone to Architec- found at St. Gall and pretty generally folture," by Thomas Mitchell, contains ques- lowed in all succeeding years), as laid down tions and answers about architecture in in Professor Smith's Art Handbook. Comgeneral, including a good proportion on pare this plan with printed plans of CanEnglish Norman and Gothic, and is use- terbury, Durham, Salisbury, Westminster, ful for young students. Mention should Gloucester, Peterborough, and as many also be made of a “Concise Glossary of others as possible, carefully noting and Architecture” (imported, $3), by the author writing down points of difference and of of the “Introduction " and the “A B C,” resemblance. This careful view will fix which is fully illustrated, well edited and the main features of a cathedral well in printed, and uniform in size and price mind, and will add more to one's pleasure with the “Introduction."

in visiting the grand ecclesiastical strucIn all general works on architecture tures of the Old World than one can and in reputable cyclopædias are to be easily realize beforehand. It enables the found chapters relating to the Norman student to feel at home in each cathedral. and to the English Gothic, which are, of He will wish to study details, and will not course, useful. In the recently published scorn the services of a verger, but he will and beautiful volume of Professor Hamlin have an intelligent idea of what he has (Longmans, Green & Co., $2) there is an

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seen,

Another excellent exercise for strength- pillars, and capitals may be satisfactorily ening the memory in regard to architect studied from illustrations; and the stuural details consists in studying a number dent will soon become so familiar with the of illustrated cathedral books and in leading characteristics of the more promnaming to one's self the various details inent cathedrals that he need not fear to learned from the “Introduction,” Mold discuss them eyen with an experienced ings, sculpture, tracery, vaulted ceilings, traveler in foreign lands.

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Her Neighbors' Landmark

By Annie Eliot
HE sun had not quite disappeared work of curious wrinkles wande. ed over
behind the horizon, though the his tanned and sun-dried skin. Upon his

days no longer extended them- features, too, dwelt that look of patient selves into the long, murmurous twilight tolerance that is not indifference, that of summer; instead, the evening fell with only the “ wise years can bring ; and a certain definiteness, precursor of the on his face as well as his brother's cerstill later year.

tain lines about the puckered mouth went On the step of the door that led directly far to contradict it. If one saw only one into the living-room of his rambling of the old men, there was nothing grim in house sat Reuben Granger, an old man, the spectacle—that of a weary farmer lookbent with laborious seasons, and not un- ing out upon the highroad from the shuler touched by rheumatism. The wrinkles of his own doorway; but the sight of them on his face were many and curiously both together took on suddenly a forbidintertwined; his weather-beaten straw hat ding air, a suggestion of sullenness, of seemed to supply any festal deficiency dogged resolution; they were so precisely indicated by the shirt-sleeves; and his dim a'ike, and they sat so near one another eyes blinked with shrewdness upon the on thresholds of the

same long, low dusty road, along which, at intervals, a building, and they seemed so unconscious, belated wagon passed, clattering. His the one of the other. It was impossible days of usefulness were not over, but he not to believe the unconsciousness willful had reached the age when one is willing and deliberate. A heavily-freighted and to spend more time looking on. He had loose-jointed wagon rattled noisily but always been tired at this hour of the day, slowly along the road. but it was only of late that fatigue had “Howaryer?” called out one of its occuhad a certain numbing effect, which dis- pants. inclined him to think of the tasks of to "'Are yer," returned Stephen Granger, morrow. He came to this period of repose Reuben had opened his mouth to speak, rather earlier nowadays, and after less but closed it in silence while he gazed sturdy labor—somehow, a great deal of the straight before him, unseeing, apparently, sturdy labor got itself done without him; and unheeding. The leisurely driver and there was an acquiescence in even checked his horse, which responded inthis dispensation perceptible in the fall stantly to the welcome indication. Behind of his knotted hands and the tranquil him in the wagon two calves looked somegaze of his faded eyes.

what perplexedly forth, their mild eyes, About a dozen yards beyond him, on with but slightly accentuated curiosity, the doorstep leading directly into the liv- surveying the Grangers and the landscape ing-room of a house which joined the from the durance of the cart. other, midway between two windows (the “Been tradin'?” asked Stephen. union marked by a third doorway unused Wal, yes, I have,” answered the and boarded up, around whose stone was other, with that lingering intonation that the growth of decades), sat Stephen Gran seems to modify even the most uncondiger. His weather-beaten straw hat shaded tional assent. eyes dim also, but still keen; and a net

“Got a good bargain ?"

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But they

thra

“Wal, so-so."

and still Reuben and Stephen Granger “Many folks down to the store this sat gazing straight before them at the evenin'?"

hill which faced them from the other side “Wal, considerable."

of the way, at the foot of which the darkAin't any news?”

ness was falling fast. By and by a lamp Not any as I know on."

was lighted in one half of the house, and Stephen nodded his acceptance of this a moment later there was a flash through state of things. The other nodded, too. the window of the other, and slowly and There was a pause.

stiffly the two old men rose and went “G’long," said the trader, as if he inside, each closing his door behind him. would have said it before if he had “ Them's the Granger twins,” had said thought of it. But the horse had taken the owner of the calves in answer to his but a few steps when another voice companion's question as soon as they were greeted him.

out of hearing. “Yes, they be sort of • Howaryer, Monroe ?” said Reuben odd. Don't have nothin' to say to one Granger.

another, and they've lived next door to 'Whoa,” said Monroe. “Howaryer ?” each other ever since they haven't lived “ Been down to the Center ?" asked with each other. It's goin' on thirty Reuben.

years since they've spoke. Yes, they do “Yare."

look alike—I don't see no partickler dif"Got some calves in there, I see.” ference myself, and it would make it “Wal, yes; been doin' some tradin'." kinder awk'ard if they expected folks to

Reuben nodded. “Ain't any news, I know which one he's talkin' to. take it?"

don't. They're kinder sensible about “None in partickler.” Another ex that. They're real sensible 'bout some change of nods followed.

things,” he added, tolerantly. “Oh, they "G’long," said Monroe, after a short was powerful fond of each other at first silence, during which the calves looked —twins, y' know. They was always tomore bored than usual. But the shaky gether, and when each of 'em set up housewheels had made but a few revolutions keepin', nothin' would do for it but they before the owner of the wagon reined in should jine their houses and live side by again.

side-they knew enough not to live togeth“Say,” he called back, twisting him er, seein' as how, though they was twins, self around and resting his hand on the their wives wasn't. So they took and addbar that confined the calves. “They've ed on to the old homestead, and each of took down the shed back of the meetin'. 'em took an end. Wal, I dunno how it house. Said 'twas fallin' to pieces. began-no, it wasn't their wives—it don't Might 'a' come down on the heads of the seem hardly human natur, but it wasn't hosses. Goin' to put up a new one.'

their wives.” The speaker sighed a little. Then, as his steed recommenced its He was commonly supposed to have modest substitute for a trot, unseen of gained more experience than felicity the Grangers he permitted himself an through matrimony. " I've heard it said undemonstrative chuckle. “They can that it was hoss-reddish that begun it. sorter divide that piece of news between You see, they used to eat together, and 'em,” he said to his companion, who had Stephen he used to like a little hossbeen the silent auditor of the conversa reddish along with his victuals in the tion. A moment of indecision on the spring, and Reuben, he said 'twas a pizen part of the Grangers had given him time weed. But there, you can never tell; to make this observation, but it was not they're both of 'em just as sot as—as eryconcluded when Reuben's cracked voice sipelas; and when that's so, somethin' or sang out cheersully, “ Ye don't say!" A other is sure to come. I know for a fact slight contraction passed over Stephen's that Reuben always wanted a taste of moface. Much as he would have liked to lasses in his beans, and Stephen couldn't mark the bit of information for his own, abide anythin' but vinegar. So, bymeby, now that it had been appropriated by they took to havin' their meals separate. another, he gave no further sign. The You know it ain't in human natur to see noise of the wagon died along the road, other folks puttin' things in their mouths

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