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I tell you
many of the “master-minds of science, philoso would not come over the river to hear him, he phy, and theology." Naturally, his countrymen went to them. A series of Sunday evening meetWere roused to a good deal of enthusiasm, and ings was inaugurated in the atelier of one of the planned to give him a hearty welcome on his larger schools. There, amidst the surroundings return. It
may be said, by the way, that we have of an artist's workshop-some seated on stools never heard of a single person of eminence or and some on rough chairs--a large company of special intelligence in this country being converted students meet every Sunday night to listen 10 an 10 the Hindu philosophy by Swami Vivekananda, unconventional service. One student presides at or any one else.
He has been listened to with the piano; a half-dozen others with various instrumuch interest, and many have been glad to study ments form an orchestra to lead in the singing of what he has had to teach them. That is all the the hymns. After the Scriptures have been read truth there is in that report. On his return, how a programme of vocal and instrumental musici ver, he was welcomed as a hero. The Swami the best they can obtain in Paris—is listened to. has not expounded in England and America pure The leader then talks to the students for twentyHinduism, but a teaching peculiar to hinself. five or thirty minutes, usually on some theme of The following is condensed from the " Madras special interest to them. These Sunday evening Mail," and gives a very good idea of his beliefs : meetings have been very largely attended, and Every nation has some department in which it excels.
have become a wholesome place of rendezvous for The strength of the Indian people is their intense re
the students. They give the Christian students ligiousness. In other countries religion is a minor
an opportunity to show their Christian sympathies, thing--a mere ornament of life, overshadowed by their commerce or their politics. To the Hindu it is the whole
and bring them into closer touch with each other. of life. His leaders have never been generals or kings,
They keep the ideals of Anglo-Saxon norality but sages. India will never compete with European before the colony. They are of immeasurable nations in politics, but its contribution to the sum total of human knowledge is a spiritual philosophy. India
encouragement to well-doers, and keep the fire may freely learn from the West in material things, but
burning under the consciences of many who are in the things of the spirit India must be the teacher of not doing so well. In individual cases men who the world.
have drifted far have been won back to Christian There are two elements in Hindu literature-one consisting of eternal truth, and the other of ever-changing allegiance. Some have been enlisted in a weekrites and customs and social institutions. The India of night service for prayer and conference, and many to-day is in bondage to these latter. It must cast off have been brought into helpful relations with the the bonds and get back to the original and eternal spirit churches across the river. The sick are visited, ual philosophy--that is, to the doctrine of the Vedanta, which, it is maintained, will supply the only philosophic
the despondent are counseled and encouraged, basis for ethical and moral codes.
and, above all, the essentials of ethical conduct The strength of Hinduism as compared with Chris and Christian faith are discussed with the stu. tianity and other faiths consists in the fact that it is
dents almost daily in the frankest and most perindependent of any historic persons. Christianity must stand or fall with Jesus Christ, and Islam with Moham
sonal way—for the art student, instead of resentmed, but Hinduism rests solely on spiritual truth. ing such conversation, invites it and likes it.” This The Swami attributes all that he knows to his master
work, which has been so well begun, we believe is Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (an illiterate but remarkable Brahman devotee who lived near Calcutta a few
being carried on by the Rev. John R. Paxton, years ago, and of whom Professor Max Müller recently D.D., late of the West Presbyterian Church in wrote an account in the “Nineteenth Century'). “As New York, the Lord,” says Vivekananda," has incarnated himself in time past in Rama, Krishna, Buddha, and others, so for
An Incident the present age he has incarnated himself in Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, who is worshiped to-day by thou On Sunday of last week the Rev. John W. sands of men in America and Europe, because his teach
Chadwick, of Brooklyn, found himself suffering ings are just the teachings which modern circumstances
from a severe cold. require. The modern world must bcw and sit at the
His voice grew more and feet of Sri Ramakrishna."
more husky as he proceeded, and at length, after
struggling with the impediment unsuccessfully, he Missionaries to the Latin Quarter in Paris
stopped in the middle of his discourse and said:
"I shall be obliged to ask Mrs. Chadwick to The free and careless side of life in the so-called finish my sermon for me." As she came up into Latin Quarter has been so clearly portrayed in the pulpit he pointed out the place in his manurecent fiction that anything regarding student lite script which he had reached, and, turning to his in Paris is of interest. In the current number of congregation, explained, “ My wife has not read “ The ()pen Church "the Rev.W. M. Paden, D.D., the manuscript, but I think she can get along with tells of the religious work begun there by the it.” She gracefully completed the discourse in a Rev. Charles Wood, D.D., during his few months' clear, firm voice, notwithstanding the sudden service in the American Chapel. Dr. Wood was emergency and the unusual position; after which much interested in and had intense sympathy for her husband came back into the pulpit to conthese young men, and realized their perils and clude the services of the morning, saying as he temptations, and the meager opportunities which did so, “A friend in need is a wife indeed "-a there existed for strengthening even a nature in felicitous benediction to which the congregation ciined toward religion. Ending that the students must bave wished to say “Amen."
dent Lincoln. The other paper gives the history To the Editors of The Outlook :
of the paper in these words: “ This original and The “Volunteers' Gazette" of April 3—by only draft of the first Emancipation Proclamathe way, an able, wide-awake paper—makes the
tion was presented to the Albany Army Relief following statement, which, if authentic, calls for
Bazaar in February, 1864, and brought the sum more than a passing comment. I quote:
of $1,100 to its funds. It became the proper y "The North and West'tells how, at a recent
of Gerrit Smith, who presented it to the United meeting of the Liquor League of Ohio, one of
States Sanitary Commission in 1865. It was the officers delivered an address in which he gave
purchased of the Commission by vote of the utterance to the following remarkable language. Legislature for $1,000, and ordered deposited in
the State Library.” He said:
W. R. EASTMAN. ** The success of our business is dependent
State Library, Albany, N. Y. largely upon the creation of appetite for drink. Men who drink liquor, like others, will die, and if there is no new appetite created our counters will
Sugar and the Tariff be empty, as will be our coffers. After men are To the Editors of The Outlook : grown and their habits are formed, they rarely Your very intelligent and discriminating revi w ever change in this regard. It will be needfu', of my book on our promising domestic sugar intherefore, that missionary work be done among dustry intimates that its development requires the boys; and I make the suggestion, gentlemen, “very high incirect taxcs.” On the contrary, a that nickels expended in treats to the boys now duty of 1 to 172 cents per pound upon impored will return in dollars to your tills after the appe raw sugar would be sufficient--a material reductite has been formed! Above all things create tion from the tariff of 1883-with a countervailing appetite!""
duty to offset European export bounties. This is It seems scarcely possible that even in a nom. the rate fixed by the Dingley Bill. Contrast it with inally Christian land such diabolical sentiment the duties imposed upon sugar by every European and purpose can be allowed to exist. I wish to country (except Great Britain) of 4 to 9 cents per ask through the pages of your widely read paper pound, averaging 4.86 cents per pound duty on if it be the case. I would also like to ask, if this raw sugar pow levied by eight European nations. is true, what do the heads of our Christian homes (See p. 11, “Sugar.") To this they add direct expect to do about it? How do they intend to subsidies and export bounties to sugar-producers protect the children of the land ?
aggregating $25,000,000 a year. A MOTHER OF Sons. Make Hawaiian sugar pay the same duly as
that from other“ reciprocity” countries, as you so [If correctly reported, the speech above described is a disclosure of the sin of the liquor justly urge, and the new duties proposed, though
less than one-third the average European rate, selling business which stands in no need of cumment.-The Editors.)
will enable over $200,000,000 of capital to be lucratively employed in operating the upward of
1,000 large sugar-mills required to supply the The O:iginal Emancipatirn Proclamation American market with $100,000,000 worth of To the Editors of The Outlook :
sugar annually made from beets and cane grown In your issue of April 3, General J. G. Wilson, by American farmers. This is a very moderate in his valuable and de ightful paper on “Gran.'s
“indirect lax" to supply needed revenue for the Historic Utterances," at p.890, uses these words:
time being, and to create the only industry of " Since the loss by fire of Lincoln's original
enormous proportions that off rs American agriEmancipation Proclamation." He undoubtedly
culture a home market for nearly 2,000,000 actes refers to the loss of the manuscript of the Jinuary,
of a new and profitable crop. Sugar is the best, 1863, proclamation in the Chicago fire. The
simplest, and most practical proposition yet ad. original draft of the September, 1862, proclama
vanced for helping to relieve agricultural deprestion, in the handwriting of President Lincoln,
sion. And we shall never have prosperity in with added pencilings by Secretary W. H. Seward,
America until the farmer is again prosperous. now hangs on the wall of the New York State
HERBERT MYRICK. Library in Albany, and is open to public inspec.
Editor " American Agriculturist." tion. Two papers are added to it--one an autograph letter from F. W. Seward, Assistant Secretary of State, dated January 4, 1864, testifying The energy which some people waste in de to the genuineness of the paper, and adding that nouncing their luck would almost enable them to it was sent to Albany with the consent of Presi succeed in spite of it.-Puck.
Notes and Queries
Can all this be substantiated? The writer was on the
other side from Mr. Lincoln during the war, but, with all Note to CORRESPONDENTS.-It is seldom possible his difference with the position of the President politito answer any inquiry in the next issue after its receipt. cally, has not been able to divest his mind of the firm Those who find expected answers late in coming will, belief that Mr. Lincoln was a sincere believer in the we hope, bear in mind the impediments arising from religion of the Saviour, whose purity of life was surely the constant pressure of many subjects upon our limited reflected in the life of Mr. Lincoln.
H. space. Communications should always bear the writer's name and address.
Our statement was strictly correct. It is equally
certain that Mr. Lincoln was a Christian man. “R.'s” inquiry, April 10, for a form of morning
He was one of those whom Dr. Bushnell denomand evening prayer suitable for a child of three
inated “the ou'side saints," who belong to the has brought more communicatiors than we have
invisible church, but not to the visible. space for. Thanking all the writers, we se'ect the following:
Will you please tell us how the Chinese, Japanese, and Morning
Mohammedan countries mark their time, in distinction Now I awake and see the light,
from our Christian era ?
J. E, W. 'Tis God who kept me through the night;
The Chinese for more than 2,000 years have To him I lift my voice and pray
dated events from the year of the accession of That He will keep me through the day. If I should die before 'tis done,
the emperor reigning at the time. For general O God, accept me through thy Son.
chronology their system is a complicated mode of
reckoning by yearly, monthly, and daily cycles of Father, we thank thee for the night,
60. And for the pleasant morning light,
If 1864 is the first year of a cycle, 1873 will For rest and food and loving care,
be the tenth year, etc. Each year, month, and And all that makes the day so fair.
day has its own name in its cycle, and by comHelp us to do the things we should,
pounding these names the year, month, and day To be to others kind and good,
are expressed in a single word. The epoch of In all we do, in work or play,
the first cycle is 2397 B.C., corrected in Chinese To grow more loving every day.
usage to 2277 BC. In Japan, the European or Evening.
Gregorian calendar was introduced in 1872. Jap. Jesus, tender Shepherd, hear me,
anese historians date their ancient history from the Bless thy little lamb to-night.
accession of the Emperor Jimmu, 660 B.C. The Through the darkness be thou near me, Watch my sleep till morning light.
era in use among Mohammedans is that of the
Hegira, the flight of Mohammed from Mecca,
1. What books of the Old Testament were embraced in
the Septuagint ? 2. When was the Old Testament canon Let my sins be all forgiven,
closed, authoritatively or otherwise? 3. Is there any Bless the friends I love so well;
evidence to support the statement that Christ had and Take me when I die to heaven,
used the same books of the Old Testament as we now Happy there with thee to dwell.
possess in our Bible? Or, in other words, did he use the Morning or Evening.
same Bible as we do now? 4. What evidence is there
for the statement that “theology has no infantile stage," Jesus, bless thy little child,
but comes forth as revelation complete and perfect ? Make me gentle, pure, and mild;
T. W. B.
1. The Sepluagint translation into Greek, be. Let my sins be all forgiven,
gun about 280 B.c., includes all our canonical And fit me for a home in heaven.
books, together with the apocryphal. 2. The Amen.
canon stood as now in the first century before “ A. D." sends the criticism that in the usual Christ, but was not free from controversy as late version of the familiar cradle prayer, “ Now I lay as 90 A.D., when a Jewish synod pronounced me," etc., the phrase, “ I pray the Lord,” should
against Ecclesiastes and the Song of So.omon. be amended to “I pray Thee, Lord,” so as to be 3. Yes; his quotations from the Old Testament really an invocation rather than a declaration.
and those of the Apostles prove this; these quoAre you not wrong in saying, on page 762, that Presi
tations, however, being mainly from the Septuadent Lincoln belonged to no denomination ? My read
gint version. 4. None that we know of. ing of his life years ago, I am sure, gave me a different impression. One of his early biographers, I think, pre It is reported that Robert Ingersoll, in one of his resented him as an unbeliever. He was a member of an cent speeches in New York, said that David starved two infidel club in his early days, but was converted to wives. Will you please tell me if it is spoken of in the Christianity by Butler's Analogy, or Mcllvaine's Evi Bible, and where I can find such a statement ? dences of Christianity, and was a student of the Bible certainly during his Presidency. I distinctly remember,
Mr. Ingersoll has exclusive information on that when comment was made in some papers at the time of his assassination that he was not a Christian because he
subject (if, indeed, he made the statement). We was at the theater on Good Friday, that a leading must refer you to him. clergy man of the Presbyterian Church in Washington stated in a letter, published at the time, that it was Mr. Where can I find a story or novelette entitled " The Lincoln's intention, declared to him, to make a public Bishop's Vagabond"? I read it some years ago, but profession of faith in his church in the then near future. have forgotten where I found it.
A. E. W.
The Relief of the Flood Sufferers while the inside of the ark was flooded and the
roof shut down. Catherine was inclined to disCatherine, Jack, and Bob were in the big play- pute this treatment of her dear, kind Noah, who 100m. All the toys were out, and it looked as
saved all the animals, but to-day it was follow if a cyclone had visited a toy-shop, and a large Margery or she would go home. Catherine conpor:ion of its contents had been blown into this
soled herself by lifting Noah's and Mrs. Noah's
heads out of the water. big, sunny room.
The dolls were picked The children were looking out of the window,
up and shaken, all except Catherine's Li Hung but nothing they saw seemed to interest them at
Chang. She saved him by holding him every all. Catherine exclaimed, iwo or three times,
minute. This debarred her from her full share See that bird!" but the others did not even
of house-cleaning, but it saved her darling from
Suddenly Jack called out, “There's Margery!"
She's coming! She's
The children rushed
was in order Margery tired of the game, to the joy lonesome, and have nothing to play.” And they of Catherine, who quickly rescued the soaking hung round Margery as if she had rescued them family and animals from the basin, and dried out from an awful doom.
the ark with her doll's bed-quilt. Bob had stood Margery asked no more delightful game than very close to his dapple-gray horse, named, after to lead. "Boss" was Jack's name for it, when the butcher's gray horse, “ Bill." Bill was about he was tired of following Margery's lead. To be the only thing in the play-room that had not been the one to plan and direct other children was beaten, shaken, or wiped with a damp cloth by Margery's chief pleasure.
Margery, with Jack's assistance. At last Margery, She looked around the big play-room with shin almost breathless, sat down. ing eyes. She was wise enough to see that the Jack's cart and horse stood on the foor; at first difficulty was that there were too many things once Margery thought of a new game. They about. So she proposed playing house-cleaning. would send food to the people whose homes had Such beating and brushing and dusting was a been destroyed by the Western floods. Barrels new experience to Jumbo, the elephant; the team were taken from the grocery-store, still damp of borses, Dancer and Prancer, if they thought at from the scrubbing Margery bad given them. all, must have decided that the way to care for
Noah, Mrs. Noah, the sons, and the daughters horses was entirely unknown in that family, would in their damp condition represent the flood for they were groomed with a brush-broom and sufferers, while the animals from the ark could dusted off with Catherine's apron. The animals in be scattered about. Wa Sin, the new gentleman the Noah's Ark, Noah, Mrs. Noah, and the sors from China, whom nobody in particular claimed, and daughters, were all put to soak in the basin, and Mabel, Catherine's last doll, who had not