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GEORGE R TURNFILL Y

THIS BRIC LOOKING!

The Outlook

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Published Every Saturday
Vol. 56
August 21, 1897

No. 17
BGAIN last week the history feeling. The miners naturally did not

of the coal strike, at least know how much was forbidden, and a in the West Virginia and public meeting, addressed by President Pennsylvania fields where Gompers, of the Federation of Labor, was the struggle centers, was held at Fairmount, in the Monongah dis

little more than a record trict, to ascertain whether such an assemof the granting and serving of injunctions. blage would be interfered with by the In Illinois, however, where public order officers of the court. No interference was also believed to be threatened by took place, and the men felt that a larger crusading strikers, the ordinary processes liberty might safely be assumed. At the of law proved ample to preserve it. The close of the week, however, Judge JackMayors of two towns, Coffeen and Deca son granted six more injunctions to six tur, issued proclamations forbidding com more coal companies forbidding the strikpanies of strangers to enter their precincts, ers "from in any manner interfering and no difficulty was experienced in pre- with the plaintiffs' employees while they venting such assemblages as threatened may be passing to and from their work riot. In Pennsylvania, however, although in 'said mines on and near plaintiffs' the Sheriff preferred to deal with the premises.” A hearing upon this injunction marching strikers under State law, the may be had not earlier than September 7 officers of the coal companies, according -or three weeks from the date of its to the dispatches, protested that the action issue. Whether it is dissolved or not, the of grand and petit juries was too uncer miners and their sympathizers all over taio; and the Sheriff, acquiescing, dis- the country will retain a strong feeling persed the strikers by the reading of a that the Federal Court has strained its temporary injunction granted by local powers against them. judges. These injunctions of the local courts were relatively well received by the strikers. They noted the fact that they were only forbidden to march “in proxim- Circuit Court, has granted another injunc

Judge Simonton, of the United States ity to the mines ... for the purpose, by tion most obnoxious to the temperance peointimidation, menaces, threats, and opprobrious words, of preventing the miners ple of South Carolina. Three months ago, from working.” The leaders of the miners it will be recalled, Judge Simonton started said that they too had enjoined the men the intelligent laity of the country by denot to use any of the forbidden means to did not prohibit the sale of liquor, it had

claring that, inasmuch as South Carolina keep miners from working, and claimed that they had, therefore, a perfect right to

no right to interfere with the free sale of march on the public roads - in proximity" original packages.” imported from other to the De Armitt mines. By the advice States. The United States statute which of their lawyer, however, they gave up

he was interpreting runs as follows: their marches until after the hearing upon

All intoxicating liquors transported into any this injunction, which was reasonably set

State or Territory . . . shall, upon arrival in such

State or Territory, be subject to the operation for Monday of this week.

and effect of the laws of such State or Territory, enacted in the exercise of its police powers, to

the same extent and in the same manner as In West Virginia, however, Judge Jack though such liquids or liquors had been produced son's injunctions continue to arouse bad in such State of Territory, and shall not be ex

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969

Ferris Good Sense

empt therefrom by reason of being introduced therein in original packages or otherwise. The device through which Judge Simonton managed to declare that original packages were not subject to the Dispensary Law was a novel definition of "police powers.” The Maine and Kansas statutes, he ruled, were "enacted in the exercise of police powers” because they prohibited the sale of intoxicating liquors, but the South Carolina statute was not "enacted in the exercise of police power because it merely prohibited saloons, and secured a public revenue by giving State officials an exclusive right to sell liquor ; not to be drunk on the premises.

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Under this decision from the United States Circuit Court, the despairing liquordealers of South Carolina opened many

original package " saloons, and began to sell small packages of liquor. The State officials, while protesting vigorously against the fairness of Judge Simonton's decision, took care not to put themselves in contempt by disobeying his injunction not to interfere with the sale of “original packages.” When, however, single bottles were sold as original packages though imported by the car-load, the officials felt that they had a right to interfere. Again, however, Judge Simonton has decided in favor of the liquor-sellers. On Tuesday of last week he ruled that where “ each of the bottles was delivered to the common carrier singly, sealed and marked, and transported in a car of the carrier, and so received and offered for sale in the same form in which it was shipped, each bottle is an original package.” The liquordealers in South Carolina are, of course, jubilant. Though they may not sell single bottles to be drunk on the premises, they expect to do a considerable business until Senator Tillman's bill, already passed by the Senate, becomes law, and the Federal statute relating to original packages explicitly applies to South Carolina conditions, Toe remarkable success of the dispensary system, despite the violence of partisan opposition, is set forth in Mr. Bacon's article on another page.

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Judge Showalter, of the United States Circuit Court, has disappointed the people of Indianapolis by refusing to dissolve his

u

however, Judge Simonton has decided in original law unconstituen

favor of the liquor-sellers. On Tuesday prire the company of os * expect to do a considerable business until Indianapolis. According the Senate, becomes law, and the Federal condemnation of the lit plicitly applies to South Carolina condi. of Indianapolis kas liko tions. The remarkable success of the the price of gas to xmen

form in which it was shipped, each bottle stand upon the chur

of partisan opposition, is set forth in Mr, company contemplars pas

of Indianapolis by refusing to dissolve his uncompromisingly rezer

empt therefrom by reason of being introduced injunction against the case
therein in original packages or otherwise. three-cent fare la
The device through which Judge Simon- Legislature and sistema
ton managed to declare that original Court of the State.
packages were not subject to the Dispen- will be recalled, aparte
sary Law was a novel definition of "police junction on the greates
powers.” The Maine and Kansas stat- question was a species
utes, he ruled, were "enacted in the exer- fore in violation of the
cise of police powers” because they pro- tion. When the doma
hibited the sale of intoxicating liquors, State unanimously detector
but the South Carolina statute was not that point, it was hopedia
"enacted in the exercise of police power dissolve his injunctie, za
because it merely prohibited saloons, and the decision of the Sara
secured a public revenue by giving State was final upon the
officials an exclusive right to sell liquor State Constitution. Selain
not to be drunk on the premises.

continues his injuncie =

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not expressly reputzte :: Under this decision from the United new ground. The art States Circuit Court, the despairing liquor

street railway compare dealers of South Carolina opened many

was chartered gave the city original package" saloons, and began to

to fix fares within cete sell small packages of liquor. The State retaining for the Suster officials, while protesting vigorously against or repeat wat die dier the fairness of Judge Simonton's decision,

lature." Judge Shorze took care not to put themselves in con

the Legislature basme tempt by disobeying his injunction not to original act so as to interfere with the sale of " original pack city of Indianapeks on ages.” When, however, single bottles amendment, i costitust were sold as original packages though the original law as 21 imported by the car-load, the officials felt tional, because spez that they had a right to interfere. Again,

platform. The only question debated anti-fusionists triumphed by a decided
was the adoption of the system of direct majority, and a full State ticket was nom-
primaries for the selection of United inated, with “General” Coxey again at
States Senator. This system, as we have its head. This action would have proven
before stated, is already in successful a great boon to the Republicans had not
operation in South Carolina. It is one charges of bribery made on the floor of
of the reforms introduced by Governor the Convention led to the appointment of

Tillman, but a year ago was the means an investigating committee, before which
of defeating the candidate the Tillman two Cleveland delegates declared that
machine favored. The names of all can- they had been given money by the Chair-
didates are submitted to all the voters of man of the Republican State Committee
the party at the primaries, and the Legis- to work against fusion. One of the dele
lature is pledged to abide by the decision gates produced the check given him.
rendered. A vote at the primary thus The Republican Chairman denies the
becomes vastly more important than a bribery, but admits having had inter-
vote at most elections; and, inasmuch as views with the two delegates. He claims
the various candidates are virtually obliged that the check given to one of them was
to state their position upon important merely a personal loan.” The Kentucky
public questions, direct popular govern- Republican Convention was a discordant
ment is secured. In Virginia the politi- body. At one time there was danger of
cal managers fought against the adoption the passage of a resolution condemning
of the South Carolina system, and car Governor Bradley's administration, and
ried their point by a small majority. The another condemning Civil Service Re-
only other noteworthy action taken by the form. The platform finally adopted
Virginia Convention was the rejection of made no mention of Governor Bradley
the Popuiist demand for representation and approved of Civil Service Reform,
on the State ticket. This means a sepa- though demanding that men should never
rate Populist ticket in Virginia also. Less be in office for more than four years, un-
importance, however, is attached to this less reappointed for meritorious services.
because of the disposition recently mani Although the Populists in Kentucky have
fested by the more moderate Populists to a ticket of their own this year, and the
remain with the Democrats. In the Fourth gold Democrats are conducting a sepa-
Indiana district last week, where the late rate campaign, the Kentucky Republicans
Congressman Holman's successor was to are less confident of victory than a year
be chosen, the Republicans based their ago. Possession of the offices has proved
predictions of success entirely upon the a source of bad feeling within the party.
fact that the Populists were this year sup-
porting a candidate of their own. The
Populist vote, however, was extreme y Next month the first municipal cam
small, and the Democratic candidate was paign of the Greater New York will fairly
chosen by an increased majority.

open. The Citizens' Union has devoted
its energies during the summer to the

one task of proving that there exists a Exceptional importance attached to strong public sentiment in favor of the last week's Convention of the Ohio Popu nomination of President Low for the lists. In 1895, with "General ” Coxey as office of Mayor, in such a way that he their candidate for Governor, they polled shall be absolutely unpledged even by over fifty thousand votes. Last year the remotest implication in the matter of they fused with the Democrats. This appointments, and on a platform which year, with the State in doubt and means good goverament, strict observ. United States Senatorship dependent ance of the public interests, and the abupon the result, the Republican mana solute ignoring of partisan plitics. Al gers were extremely anxious to prevent ready considerably onr 80,000 voters fusion, and the Democratic managers have signified th-ir desire for Mr. Low's to secure it. At last week's Convention nomination on this basis. There can no there was a fierce wrangle between the longer be any question as to the wide exfusion and anti-fusion factions, but the tent of the movemen: or the genuineness

does not on that seperti

the

dechres : lished a contract which

of last week he ruled that where "each

contrary,
of the bottles was delivered to the common
carrier singly, sealed and marked, and tion violates. The cerca
transported in a car of the carrier, and so
received and offered for sale in the same

not even bound to su fares would be used

is an original package." The liquor able to the public is przenia
dealers in South Carolina are, of course,

favorable to itself when jubilant. Though they may not sell single Naturally, this daršie a

fanned the anti-Dengan

bottles to be drunk on the premises, they

of that city,

Senator Tillman's bill, already passed by

throughout the

a

statute relating to original packages ex

sand--the Cleveland in

dispensary system, despite the violence

courts, the "Ners" ment against gorerate will grow still move insa

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Bacon's article on another page.

The Democratic Cortina

Judge Showalter, of the United States Circuit Court, has disappointed the people

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