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on our part to have health, then may we expect that the blessed results will follow, and we can ask God in faith to bless our efforts for the preservation of health. He will then answer our prayer, if His name can be glorified thereby. But let all understand that they have a work to do. God will not work in a miraculous manner to preserve the health of persons who are taking a sure course to make themselves sick by their careless inattention to the laws of health."-"How to Live," No. 4, p. 64.

The second article in the series was devoted chiefly to the care of children, and touches on the principles of Christian education. Parents are advised not to allow their little ones to have their brains crammed with book knowledge at the expense of normal physical development:

"During the first six or seven years of a child's life special attention should be given to its physical training, rather than the intellect. After this period, if the physical constitution is good, the education of both should receive attention. Infancy extends to the age of six or seven years. Up to this period, children should be left like little lambs, to roam around the house and in the yard, in the buoyancy of their spirits, skipping and jumping, free from care and trouble.

"Parents, especially mothers, should be the only teachers of such infant minds. They should not educate from books. The children generally will be inquisitive to learn the things of nature. They will ask questions in regard to the things they see and hear, and parents should improve the opportunity to instruct, and patiently answer these little inquiries. They can in this manner get the advantage of the enemy, and fortify the minds of their children, by sowing good seed in their hearts, leaving no room for the bad to take root. The mother's loving instruction at a tender age is what is needed by children in the formation of character."-Id., No. 2, p. 44.

Dress reform is another subject that received timely attention in the series. Women were urged to discard constricting, injurious corsets, in order that the lungs and other organs of the body might have full play, to clothe the limbs warmly, and to wear dresses that would clear the filth of the street.

The progress of health principles was not to depend wholly upon teaching the principles from the desk and by means of publications. An institution was to be founded for the treatment of the sick on rational principles. Mrs. White wrote:

"I was shown that we should provide a home for the afflicted, and those who wish to learn how to take care of their bodies that they may prevent sickness. We should not remain indifferent, and compel those who are sick and desirous of living out the truth, to go to popular water-cure institutions for the recovery of health, where there is no sympathy for our faith.""Testimonies for the Church," Vol. I, p. 489.

Such an institution, it was pointed out, would, if rightly conducted, be a means of helping the patients who might resort to it, spiritually as well as physically. While their bodies were being benefited by the treatments given, their minds might be

opened to spiritual truths, and their lives brought into a closer relation with the will of the heavenly Father. Such an institution, moreover, was to be placed in a position to assist the worthy poor, and for this a plan was proposed:

"Those to whom God has intrusted means should provide a fund to be used for the benefit of the worthy poor who are sick and not able to defray the expenses of receiving treatment at the institution. . . . Unless those who have an abundance give for this object, without calling for returns, the poor will be unable to avail themselves of the benefits derived from the treatment of disease at such an institution, where so much means is required for labor bestowed. Such an institution should not in its infancy, while struggling to live, become embarrassed by a constant expenditure of means without realizing any returns." Id., pp. 494, 495.

The instruction calling for a health institution was first given at the General Conference which convened in May, 1866. And although it looked like a large undertaking to a people few in numbers and of small resources, yet there was no delay in carrying it out. The residence of Judge Graves, with eight acres of land, on the outskirts of Battle Creek, Mich., was purchased, and a two-story addition was built and fitted up as treatmentrooms. A call was made through the Review of June 19, 1866, for persons to take stock. The members of the church in Battle Creek had already subscribed liberally. The institution was held in trust for a time until the Michigan State Legislature could pass legislation authorizing such a corporation. It was legally incorporated April 9, 1867, under the name of the Western Health Reform Institute. Meanwhile it was opened for patients at the appointed time, Sept. 5, 1866, about $11,000 of stock having then been subscribed.

A note in the Review of September 11 called attention to the rapidity with which the enterprise was conceived and carried out:

"We have only to look back to our Conference in May last, less than four short months ago, for the time when this matter first began to take practical shape among our people. Now we behold an elegant site secured, buildings ready for operation, a competent corps of assistants on the ground, . . . a sum bordering on $11,000 already subscribed for stock in the enterprise, and the institute opened and operations actually commenced. In no enterprise ever undertaken by this people, has the hand of the Lord been more evidently manifested than in this thing."- Review and Herald, Sept. 11, 1866; Vol. XVIII, No. 15, p. 116.

The institution thus brought into being was pleasantly situated on high ground in what was known as the "West End " of Battle Creek, then a flourishing manufacturing town, with a population of about 5,000. A grove of trees separated the

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main building from the street in front, and in the rear was a diversified landscape of hill and valley and stream. It was a suitable location for an institution which was to exemplify the principles of right living as a means of recovering and preserving the health, and though the equipment was rather meager, it was adequate to the immediate needs.

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The Western Health - Reform Institute,


Terms: One Dollar per Year, invariably in Advance.
Address Dr. H. S. LAY, Battle Creek, Michigan

Original Articles.



Digestion is that process by which food is reduced to a form in which it can be absorbed and taken up into the blood. This is the way that food builds up the

NO. 1.

while some of higher order have four;
while man, the head of the animal creation,

has but two. There is, however, a great
similarity between the animal digestive
system and that of man. In the human
species, although the digestive apparatus
is simpler than in animals, still it is quite
complicated. The alimentary canal is
divided into different cavities which com-
municate with each other by narrow

At its commencement, we find the cav-
ity of the mouth guarded at its posterior
extremity, by a muscular valve of the
isthmus of the fauces. Through the as-
ophagus it communicates with the stom-
ach, which is guarded at either extremity
by circular folds of muscular fibres, called
ionnativale the cardiga and nularia orifi


The opening of the Health Institute marked an era in the history of the development of our work. It not only gave tangible outward expression to the health principles as a definite phase of denominational belief, but it supplied an effective instrumentality for the propagation of those principles. It represented, on the side of the Adventists, a new and enlarged vision of the world's need, and of the duty resting upon the Christian church to supply that need. The healing ministry of Christ was seen to be a manifestation of divine love which should be continued in the world through the instrumentality

of the church. The practice of health principles and the use of simple hydropathic means of treating disease were regarded as a means of co-operating with the divine power, which alone can truly heal. Disease was seen to be the result of transgression of natural law; and the duty and privilege of Christians to obey all these laws, and teach others to obey them, appeared to be a part of the everlasting gospel.

It was with a view of giving publicity to the health principles that a monthly magazine was started in the month of August, 1866, a short time before the opening of the institute. It bore the name of Health Reformer, which was later changed


Phebe Lamson, M. D.

H. S. Lay, M. D. Kate Lindsay, M. D. to Good Health. A modest success from the start, it soon attained a very representative circulation, and was widely recognized as an effective advocate of hygienic reforms. Elder and Mrs. James White put into the development of this magazine and of the Health Institute the same enthusiastic labor that they had given to the publishing and evangelistic work, and Mrs. White especially carried a heavy burden for the maintenance among the helpers of the institute of a high degree of spirituality and consecration.

Meanwhile no effort was spared to increase the efficiency of the institute as an agency for the scientific treatment of disease. Dr. H. S. Lay, the first head physician, had not only enjoyed a wide medical practice covering seventeen years, but had been connected with the medical faculty of a hydropathic institution, and thus had a first-hand knowledge of the water treatments.

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