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The college is situated in Takoma Park, a suburb of Washington, lying about eight miles northwest of the Capitol building. The buildings which have been added from time to time, largely by the use of student labor, include Columbia Hall, two dormitories recently enlarged, and a science building, which also accommodates the printing plant. There is a building also for woodwork. The enrolment for 1924-25 was upwards of 300. Healdsburg College, whose rise and early development were recorded in a previous chapter, was found unequal to the growing needs of the Pacific Coast, and it was decided to move to



a location where the industrial features could have room for development. A suitable location was found on Howell Mountain in Napa County, seven miles from St. Helena. The holdings of the institution, known as Pacific Union College, comprise 1,800 acres of land, most of which is heavily wooded. There are 100 acres of rich valley land, twenty of which are in fruit.

In these quiet surroundings, there has grown up an educational institution which is well fitted to give its students an allround training for the duties of life. Almost entirely as a result of student labor, commodious buildings have been erected, including College Hall, dormitories for men and women students respectively, a normal building, gymnasium, printing plant, and others. C. W. Irwin was president of this college from its founding till 1921, when he was succeeded by W. E. Nelson. The annual enrolment is about 400.

In Canada an interest in Christian education was manifested early in the development of our work. One of the first church schools was conducted in Quebec. Somewhat later, academies were carried on at Williamsdale, Nova Scotia, and at Lorne Park, Ontario. The latter institution was moved to Oshawa, on

the northern shore of Lake Ontario, in 1912, and became the training school for the Eastern Canadian Union. In 1915 it also became the training center for French workers. The name of the school was changed in 1916 to Eastern Canadian Missionary Seminary; and later to Oshawa Missionary College.

In like manner, what was originally Alberta Industrial Academy, at Lacombe, Alberta, became in 1919 Canadian Junior College. The institution is located on a farm of 198 acres, lying two miles northwest of the town of Lacombe. The build

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ings are commodious, and the number of students is steadily increasing.

In order to make it possible to provide a thoroughgoing medical education and at the same time develop qualities that make for success in the mission field, the denomination founded its medical school, the College of Medical Evangelists, which was organized and chartered as a medical college in 1909. The institution is located at Loma Linda, San Bernardino Co., and in Los Angeles, Calif. The estate in San Bernardino County contains 300 acres, including extensive orchards and farm lands, as well as the grounds of the Loma Linda Sanitarium.

The equipment and work of the institution have been of such a character that it has been placed in the "A" class by the American Medical Association. Dr. W. A. Ruble, the first president of the college, was succeeded in 1914 by Dr. Newton G. Evans. Dr. P. T. Magan became dean in 1916,

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Advancement in Europe and the
Near East

BEFORE recounting further developments in Europe, it will be in the interests of clearness to speak very briefly of the work as a whole. The reader will remember that after the death of Elder J. N. Andrews in 1883, Elder B. L. Whitney succeeded to the leadership of the Central European Mission. He continued in charge till his death in 1889, after which the chairmanship of the European Council was held for six years by D. A. Robinson, who, however, resided in London, England, where he devoted himself chiefly to the building up of the work in Great Britain. In 1895 H. P. Holser became chairman of the council and director of the Central European Mission, with headquarters at Basel, Switzerland. He continued to be associated with this work till a short time before his death at Cañon City, Colo., in 1901.

With the rapid growth of the work among the Germanspeaking people the center of the denominational activities on the Continent gradually shifted to Germany. About the beginning of the twentieth century, Hamburg became the headquarters of the Adventist work in Europe, and the chairmanship of what came to be known as the European Division fell to

L. R. Conradi, under whose leadership very substantial growth was made both in Germany and in Russia, and in various other parts of Europe and the Near East.

The plan of the present chapter will be to take up first the developments in such countries as Scandinavia, Great Britain,

Switzerland, Germany, and Russia, which have already been dealt with in earlier chapters, and then to pass on to the work in countries not yet mentioned. Scandinavia

Norway passed through a severe crisis in 1899, when at a time of financial panic the Christiania Publishing House found itself unable to meet its obligations, and passed temporarily into the hands of receivers. The brethren in America, however, came to the rescue, and raised more than $90,000 in order that this institution, which had long been an important witness to the truth in Scandinavia, might pay every one of its creditors in full. Thus the fair name of the denomination was kept untarnished in Scandinavia, and business men in Christiania were deeply impressed with a sense of the Christian integrity of the leaders in the advent movement.



The strongest church is still in Christiania, the capital and metropolis of Norway. But there are churches also in Stavanger, Bergen, Trondhjem, and still farther north. Norway was first organized as a conference in 1887. It was later subdivided into three conferences, but still later a single organization was found to be more advantageous. In 1924 the Norway Conference had forty-nine churches, with a membership of 2,054.

Visiting nurses developed an interest in Christiania, which grew until it was thought best to establish treatment-rooms, and finally a small sanitarium.

Lapland, in the extreme north, has had a few believers for a number of years. In 1914 J. J. Hokland opened work among these interesting people, with Karlsjok and Finmark as headquarters.

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